Results for 'Michael I. Blake'

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  1.  34
    Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration?Gillian Brock & Michael I. Blake - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Many of the most skilled and educated citizens of developing countries choose to emigrate. How may those societies respond to these facts? May they ever legitimately prevent the emigration of their citizens? Gillian Brock and Michael Blake debate these questions, and offer distinct arguments about the morality of emigration.
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  2.  53
    Skill‐selection and socioeconomic status: An analysis of migration and domestic justice.Michael Ball-Blakely - 2022 - Journal of Social Philosophy 53 (4):595-613.
    In this paper I present two reasons why generalized skill-selection--a policy whereby skill, education, and economic independence are indefinitely prioritized in immigration decisions--is pro tanto unjust. First, such policies feed into existing biases, exacerbating status harms for low-SES citizens. The claim that we prefer the skilled to the unskilled, the educated to the uneducated, and the financially secure to the insecure is also heard by citizens. And there is considerable overlap between this message and the stereotypes and biases that set (...)
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  3.  20
    Climate Change and Green Borders: Why Closure Won't Save the Planet.Michael Ball-Blakely - 2022 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 28 (2):70-95.
    There is a growing movement advocating for using closed border policies as a tool for solving the climate crisis. On this view, which I call the green border argument, fighting climate change requires drastic reductions in the global population and/or per capita greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, immigration into high-income countries—particularly from low-income countries—increases per capita emissions while leaving the population untouched. Therefore, the green border theorist argues, we should limit entry into high-income countries. I explain why this is a (...)
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  4.  36
    Migration, Mobility, and Spatial Segregation.Michael Ball-Blakely - 2021 - Essays in Philosophy 22 (1):66-84.
    Many supporters of open borders argue that restrictions on immigration are unjust in part because they undermine equal opportunity. Borders prevent the globally least-advantaged from pursuing desirable opportunities abroad, cementing arbitrary facts about birth and citizenship. In this paper I advance an argument from equal opportunity to global freedom of movement. In addition to preventing people from pursuing desirable opportunities, borders also create a prone, segregated population that can be dominated and exploited. Restrictions on mobility do not just trap people (...)
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  5.  27
    Are Citizenship Tests Necessarily Illiberal?Michael Blake - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (2):313-329.
    In recent years, many philosophers have argued that it is inherently illiberal to make citizenship for migrants conditional on a test. On these arguments, liberalism itself demands either that no test be administered, or that the test be so easy as to serve merely a symbolic function. In this paper, I make two claims in response to these ideas. The first is that a citizenship test - even a difficult one - is not inherently illiberal, when what is tested for (...)
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  6.  57
    What is the Border For?Michael Blake - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (4):379-397.
    Many discussions of the moral dimensions of borders emphasize how those borders foster and sustain a national community. In this paper, I discuss three distinct sorts of goods that might be best preserved in the presence of state borders. The first of these is decolonization; I argue that undermining colonial structures might require political institutions with the right to refuse unwanted outsiders. The second of these is social solidarity; we might find that the inability to exclude outsiders could reduce the (...)
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  7.  37
    Agency, Coercion, and Global Justice: A Reply to My Critics.Michael Blake - 2016 - Law and Philosophy 35 (3):313-335.
    Mathias Risse, Andrea Sangiovanni, and Kok-Chor Tan have offered some subtle and powerful criticisms of the ideas given in my Justice and Foreign Policy. Three themes in particular recur in their critiques. The first is that the arguments I make in that book rest upon unjustified, arbitrary, or contradictory premises. The second is that the use of coercion in the analysis of distributive justice is a mistake. The third is that the global institutional set represents, contrary to my arguments, an (...)
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  8.  14
    Voluntary and Involuntary Migrants: On Migration, Safe Third Countries, and the Collective Unfreedom of the Proletariat.Michael Blake - 2023 - Ethics and International Affairs 37 (4):427-451.
    The claims of those who are compelled to migrate are, in general, taken to be more urgent and pressing than the claims of those who were not forced to do so. This article does not defend the moral relevance of voluntarism to the morality of migration, but instead seeks to demonstrate two complexities that must be included in any plausible account of that moral relevance. The first is that the decision to start the migration journey is distinct from the decision (...)
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  9.  13
    Migration and Manipulation.Michael Blake - 2023 - Public Affairs Quarterly 37 (3):174-187.
    Much modern discussion of the morality of migration begins with the concept of coercion, and takes the coercive nature of border enforcement as especially salient in the moral analysis of migration policy. Much migration control, however, begins not with overt coercion, but with what I term manipulations; these are ways of making migration more difficult that do not resemble canonical cases of coercion. Examples include the alteration of the physical pathways between states, attempts to deceive or mislead prospective migrants about (...)
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  10.  6
    Everybody Hates a Tourist: World-Traveling, Epistemic Labor, and Local Citizenship.Michael Blake - forthcoming - Problema. Anuario de Filosofía y Teoria Del Derecho.
    Prior to the pandemic of 2020, global tourism accounted for over ten percent of global GDP, for a total of $9.6 trillion USD; one in every four jobs created that year, across the globe, was in the travel and tourism sector. And yet the figure of the international tourist is often regarded with an attitude ranging from bemusement to outright contempt so much so that a series of books exists to guide tourists on how to avoid looking or acting like (...)
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  11.  25
    Collateral benefit.Michael Blake - 2006 - Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (1):218-230.
    This essay attempts to identify the ethical principles appropriate to a second-order political agent—an agent, that is, whose primary responsibility lies not in the implementation of state power, but in the response to and evaluation of that state power. The specific agent I examine is the human rights non-governmental organization, and the specific context is that of humanitarian military intervention. I argue that the specific role of the human rights NGO gives rise to ethical permissions not available to government agents. (...)
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  12.  50
    Equality without Documents: Political Justice and the Right to Amnesty.Michael Blake - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (S1):99-122.
    All modern democratic societies claim to be egalitarian. They do not agree, of course, about what egalitarianism demands; the ideal of equality is hardly transparent and can be plausibly understood to encompass any number of social arrangements and values. Thatsomeform of equality is to be prized, though, is uncontroversial. Indeed, it may be true that all political theories that have stood the test of time can be understood as specifying and interpreting the ideal of equality. Whether or not this is (...)
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  13.  8
    Money, Refuge, and Justice.Michael Blake - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):235-242.
    Margit Osterloh and Bruno S. Frey have introduced a novel, and potentially powerful, vision of migration rights, on which European states might respond to the current crisis of migration by conditioning admission on the payment of an entry fee. In this comment, I raise a worry about the morality of a world governed by such a principle. While Osterloh and Frey foresee a world in which migration is made more sustainable, with benefits for all stakeholders as a result, I am (...)
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  14.  59
    Toleration and reciprocity: Commentary on Martha Nussbaum and Henry Shue.Michael Blake - 2002 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (3):325-335.
    Rawls's Law of Peoples has not gathered a great deal of public support. The reason for this, I suggest, is that it ignores the differences between the international and domestic realms as regards the methodology of reciprocal agreement. In the domestic realm, reciprocity produces both stability and respect for individual moral agency. In the international realm, we must choose between these two values — seeking stable relations between states, or respect for individual moral agency. Rawls's Law of Peoples ignores the (...)
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  15.  7
    The hermeneutics of dignity: on disability, defiance, and death.Michael Blake - 2020 - Journal of Global Ethics 16 (3):316-325.
    ABSTRACT Pablo Gilabert’s Human Dignity and Human Rights offers an excellent, and welcome, defense of human dignity as a foundational concept for theorizing about human rights. In this paper, I defend the thought that concepts such as human dignity have an inescapably interpretive character, resting upon particular interpretations of human acts and lives. I defend this conclusion in three distinct domains: disability, which looks to the question of how to understand the relationship between dignity and a particular physical or mental (...)
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  16.  12
    Unwanted Compatriots: Alienation, Migration, and Political Autonomy.Michael Blake - 2021 - Ethics and International Affairs 35 (4):491-501.
    In Territorial Sovereignty: A Philosophical Exploration, Anna Stilz argues that legitimate political authority requires the actual—rather than hypothetical—consent of the governed. I argue, however, that her analysis of that consent is inconsistent, in the weight it ascribes to the felt desire to refrain from doing politics with some particular group of people. In the context of secession and self-determination, the lack of actual consent to shared political institutions is weighty enough to render such institutions presumptively illegitimate. In the context of (...)
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  17.  7
    A "Conception" of Truth in Plato's Sophist.Blake E. Hestir - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (1):1-24.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:A "Conception" of Truth in Plato's SophistBlake E. Hestir (bio)1. IntroductionPlato's solution to the problem of falsehood carries a notorious reputation which sometimes overshadows a variety of interesting developments in Plato's philosophy. One of the less-noted developments in the Sophist is a nascent conception of truth which casts truth as a particular relation between language and the world. F. M. Cornford, for one, in his translation and commentary on (...)
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  18.  80
    Specular highlights as a guide to perceptual content.Michael Madary - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):629 – 639.
    This article is a contribution to a recent debate in the philosophy of perception between Alva Noë and Sean Kelly. Noë (2004) has argued that the perspectival part of perception is simultaneously represented along with the non-perspectival part of perception. Kelly (2004) argues that the two parts of perception are not always simultaneously experienced. Here I focus on specular highlights as an example of the perspectival part of perception. First I give a priori motivation to think that specular highlights are (...)
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  19.  35
    Women of the Śūnyasaṃpādane: Housewives and Saints in VīraśaivismWomen of the Sunyasampadane: Housewives and Saints in Virasaivism.R. Blake Michael - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (2):361.
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  20. Attention and cognitive control.Michael I. Posner & C. R. R. Snyder - 1975 - In Robert L. Solso (ed.), Information Processing and Cognition: The Loyola Symposium. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  21.  55
    Foundations of Cognitive Science.Michael I. Posner (ed.) - 1989 - MIT Press.
    All of the chapters have been written especially for the book by the leading scholars in the field.Michael I. Posner is Professor of Psychology at the ...
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  22. .Michael I. Posner & Charles R. Snyder - 2004 - Psychology Press.
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  23.  88
    Components of attention.Michael I. Posner & Stephen J. Boies - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (5):391-408.
  24.  29
    Visual dominance: An information-processing account of its origins and significance.Michael I. Posner, Mary J. Nissen & Raymond M. Klein - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (2):157-171.
  25. Attention: The mechanisms of consciousness.Michael I. Posner - 1994 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 91:7398-7403.
  26.  22
    Chronometric analysis of classification.Michael I. Posner & Ronald F. Mitchell - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (5):392-409.
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  27.  44
    Retention of visual and name codes of single letters.Michael I. Posner, Stephen J. Boies, William H. Eichelman & Richard L. Taylor - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p2):1.
  28.  29
    Forward Models: Supervised Learning with a Distal Teacher.Michael I. Jordan & David E. Rumelhart - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):307-354.
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  29.  12
    Constructing neuronal theories of mind.Michael I. Posner & Mary K. Rothbart - 1994 - In Christof Koch & J. Davis (eds.), Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain. MIT Press. pp. 183--199.
  30. Attentional mechanisms and conscious experience.Michael I. Posner & M. K. Rothbart - 1992 - In A. David Milner & M. D. Rugg (eds.), The Neuropsychology of Consciousness. Academic Press.
  31.  41
    On the role of interference in short-term retention.Michael I. Posner & Andrew F. Konick - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):221.
  32.  31
    Sanctuary Cities and Non-Refoulement.Michael Blake & Blake Hereth - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (2):457-474.
    More than two hundred cities in the United States have now declared themselves to be sanctuary cities. This declaration involves a commitment to non-compliance with federal law; the sanctuary city will refuse to use its own juridical power – including, more crucially, its own police powers – to assist the federal government in the deportation of undocumented residents. We will argue that the sanctuary city might be morally defensible, even if deportation is not always wrong, and even if the federal (...)
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  33.  43
    Brain Mechanisms of Cognitive Skills.Michael I. Posner, Gregory J. DiGirolamo & Diego Fernandez-Duque - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):267-290.
    This article examines the anatomy and circuitry of skills that, like reading, calculating, recognizing, or remembering, are common abilities of humans. While the anatomical areas active are unique to each skill there are features common to all tasks. For example, all skills produce activation of a small number of widely separated neural areas that appear necessary to perform the task. These neural areas relate to internal codes that may not be observed by any external behavior nor be reportable by the (...)
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  34.  52
    Perceived distance and the classification of distorted patterns.Michael I. Posner, Ralph Goldsmith & Kenneth E. Welton Jr - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):28.
  35.  14
    Information reduction in the analysis of sequential tasks.Michael I. Posner - 1964 - Psychological Review 71 (6):491-504.
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  36.  7
    David E. Rumelhart Department of Psychology Stanford University.Michael I. Jordan - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):307-354.
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  37. On the functions of consciousness.Michael I. Posner & M. Klein - 1973 - In S. Kornblum (ed.), Attention and Performance. , Vol 4.
  38. Action.Michael I. Jordan & David A. Rosenbaum - 1989 - In Michael I. Posner (ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Science. MIT Press. pp. 727--767.
  39.  82
    Influencing brain networks: implications for education.Michael I. Posner & Mary K. Rothbart - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):99-103.
    In our view, a central issue in relating brain development to education is whether classroom interventions can alter neural networks related to cognition in ways that generalize beyond the specific domain of instruction. This issue depends upon understanding how neural networks develop under the influence of genes and experience. Imaging studies have revealed common networks underlying many important tasks undertaken at school, such as reading and number skills, and we are beginning to learn how genes and experience work together to (...)
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  40.  31
    Effect of size and location of informational transforms upon short-term retention.Michael I. Posner & Ellen Rossman - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):496.
  41.  42
    Brain states and hypnosis research.Michael I. Posner & Mary K. Rothbart - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):325-327.
    Research in cognitive neuroscience now considers the state of the brain prior to the task an important aspect of performance. Hypnosis seems to alter the brain state in a way which allows external input to dominate over internal goals. We examine how normal development may illuminate the hypnotic state.
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  42.  28
    Précis of Images of Mind.Michael I. Posner & Marcus E. Raichle - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):327-339.
    This volume explores how functional brain imaging techniques like positron emission tomography have influenced cognitive studies. The first chapter outlines efforts to relate human thought and cognition in terms of great books from the late 1800s through the present. Chapter 2 describes mental operations as they are measured in cognitive science studies. It develops a framework for relating mental operations to activity in nerve cells. In Chapter 3, the PET method is reviewed and studies are presented that use PET to (...)
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  43. Political Representation from a Pragmatist Perspective: Aesthetic Democratic Representation.Michael I. Https://orcidorg733X Räber - 2019 - Contemporary Pragmatism 16 (1):84-103.
    In this article I discuss the advantages of a theory of political representation for a prag- matist theory of (global) democracy. I first outline Dewey’s disregard for political rep- resentation by analyzing the political, epistemological and aesthetic underpinnings of his criticism of the Enlightenment ideal of democracy and its trust in the power of the detached gaze. I then show that a theory of political representation is not only com- patible with a pragmatist Deweyan-pragmatist perspective on democratic politics but also (...)
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  44.  25
    Fins, limbs, and tails: outgrowths and axial patterning in vertebrate evolution.Michael I. Coates & Martin J. Cohn - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (5):371-381.
    Current phylogenies show that paired fins and limbs are unique to jawed vertebrates and their immediate ancestry. Such fins evolved first as a single pair extending from an anterior location, and later stabilized as two pairs at pectoral and pelvic levels. Fin number, identity, and position are therefore key issues in vertebrate developmental evolution. Localization of the AP levels at which developmental signals initiate outgrowth from the body wall may be determined by Hox gene expression patterns along the lateral plate (...)
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  45.  26
    Genes and experience shape brain networks of conscious control.Michael I. Posner - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  46.  18
    Comparing Chronometrie methods.Michael I. Posner - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):276-276.
  47.  24
    Characteristics of visual and kinesthetic memory codes.Michael I. Posner - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):103.
  48. Attention and Cognitive Control.Michael I. Posner & Charles R. Snyder - 2004 - In Michael I. Posner & Charles R. Snyder (eds.). Psychology Press. pp. 205-223.
     
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  49.  13
    Cognition and neural systems.Michael I. Posner - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):261-266.
  50. Contemporary Approaches to Cognitive Psychology.Michael I. Posner, B. Dwivedi & I. Singh (eds.) - 1991 - Rishi Publications.
     
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