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Michael Selgelid
Monash University
  1.  69
    Ethical and Philosophical Consideration of the Dual-Use Dilemma in the Biological Sciences.Seumas Miller & Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):523-580.
    The dual-use dilemma arises in the context of research in the biological and other sciences as a consequence of the fact that one and the same piece of scientific research sometimes has the potential to be used for bad as well as good purposes. It is an ethical dilemma since it is about promoting good in the context of the potential for also causing harm, e.g., the promotion of health in the context of providing the wherewithal for the killing of (...)
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  2.  65
    Ethics and Infectious Disease.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (3):272–289.
    This seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics’ glaring neglect of this subject. Timely in view of public concern about SARS, AIDS, avian flu, bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance. Brings together new and classic papers by prominent figures. Tackles the ethical issues associated with issues such as quarantine, vaccination policy, pandemic planning, biodefense, wildlife disease and health care in developing countries.
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  3.  82
    Moderate Eugenics and Human Enhancement.Michael J. Selgelid - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):3-12.
    Though the reputation of eugenics has been tarnished by history, eugenics per se is not necessarily a bad thing. Many advocate a liberal new eugenics—where individuals are free to choose whether or not to employ genetic technologies for reproductive purposes. Though genetic interventions aimed at the prevention of severe genetic disorders may be morally and socially acceptable, reproductive liberty in the context of enhancement may conflict with equality. Enhancement could also have adverse effects on utility. The enhancement debate requires a (...)
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  4.  19
    Gain-of-Function Research: Ethical Analysis.Michael J. Selgelid - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):923-964.
    Gain-of-function research involves experimentation that aims or is expected to increase the transmissibility and/or virulence of pathogens. Such research, when conducted by responsible scientists, usually aims to improve understanding of disease causing agents, their interaction with human hosts, and/or their potential to cause pandemics. The ultimate objective of such research is to better inform public health and preparedness efforts and/or development of medical countermeasures. Despite these important potential benefits, GOF research can pose risks regarding biosecurity and biosafety. In 2014 the (...)
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  5.  48
    A Tale of Two Studies: Ethics, Bioterrorism, and the Censorship of Science.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):35-43.
    : Some scientific research should not be published. The risks to national security and public health override the social benefits of disseminating scientific results openly. Unfortunately, scientists themselves are not in a position to know which studies to withhold from public view, as the National Research Council has proposed. Yet neither can government alone be trusted to balance the competing interests at stake.
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  6.  82
    Victims, Vectors and Villains: Are Those Who Opt Out of Vaccination Morally Responsible for the Deaths of Others?Euzebiusz Jamrozik, Toby Handfield & Michael J. Selgelid - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics (12):762-768.
    Mass vaccination has been a successful public health strategy for many contagious diseases. The immunity of the vaccinated also protects others who cannot be safely or effectively vaccinated—including infants and the immunosuppressed. When vaccination rates fall, diseases like measles can rapidly resurge in a population. Those who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons are at the highest risk of severe disease and death. They thus may bear the burden of others' freedom to opt out of vaccination. It is often asked (...)
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  7.  75
    A Moderate Pluralist Approach to Public Health Policy and Ethics.Michael J. Selgelid - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):195-205.
    Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, The Australian National University, LPO Box 8260, ANU, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@ ' + d + ' '/ /- ->. Home page: http: //www.cappe.edu.au/staff/michael-selgelid.htmThis article advocates the development of a moderate pluralist theory of political philosophy that recognizes that utility, liberty and equality are legitimate, independent social values and that none should have absolute priority over the others. Inter alia, such a theory would provide a principled (...)
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  8.  36
    Ethics and Drug Resistance.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (4):218–229.
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  9.  18
    Ethics, Tuberculosis and Globalization.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):10-20.
    CAPPE LPO Box 8260 ANU Canberra ACT 2601 Australia Tel: +61 (0)2 6125 4355, Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 6579; Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract This article reviews ethically relevant history of tuberculosis and recent developments regarding extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). It argues that tuberculosis is one of the most important neglected topics in bioethics. With an emphasis on XDR-TB, it examines a range of the more challenging ethical issues associated with tuberculosis: (...)
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  10.  19
    Biosecurity and Open-Source Biology: The Promise and Peril of Distributed Synthetic Biological Technologies.Nicholas G. Evans & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1065-1083.
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
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  11.  13
    Burden of Proof in Bioethics.Julian J. Koplin & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (9):597-603.
    A common strategy in bioethics is to posit a prima facie case in favour of one policy, and to then claim that the burden of proof falls on those with opposing views. If the burden of proof is not met, it is claimed, then the policy in question should be accepted. This article illustrates, and critically evaluates, examples of this strategy in debates about the sale of organs by living donors, human enhancement, and the precautionary principle. We highlight general problems (...)
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  12.  11
    A Full-Pull Program for the Provision of Pharmaceuticals: Practical Issues.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (2):134-145.
    Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE), Menzies Centre for Health Policy, The Australian National University, LPO Box 8260, ANU Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Tel.: +61 (0)2 6125 4355; Mobile: +61 (0)431 124 286; Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 6579; Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Thomas Pogge has proposed a supplement to the standard patent regime whereby innovating companies would be rewarded in proportion to the extent to which their innovations lead to (...)
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  13.  76
    An Argument Against Arguments for Enhancement.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 1 (1).
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  14.  12
    Just Liability and Reciprocity Reasons for Treating Wounded Soldiers.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):19 – 21.
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  15.  41
    Dual-Use Research Codes of Conduct: Lessons From the Life Sciences. [REVIEW]Michael J. Selgelid - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):175-183.
    This paper considers multiple meanings of the expression ‘dual use’ and examines lessons to be learned from the life sciences when considering ethical and policy issues associated with the dual-use nature of nanotechnology (and converging technologies). After examining recent controversial dual-use experiments in the life sciences, it considers the potential roles and limitations of science codes of conduct for addressing concerns associated with dual-use science and technology. It concludes that, rather than being essentially associated with voluntary self-governance of the scientific (...)
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  16.  4
    Is the Non-Identity Problem Relevant to Public Health and Policy? An Online Survey.Keyur Doolabh, Lucius Caviola, Julian Savulescu, Michael J. Selgelid & Dominic Wilkinson - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):46.
    The non-identity problem arises when our actions in the present could change which people will exist in the future, for better or worse. Is it morally better to improve the lives of specific future people, as compared to changing which people exist for the better? Affecting the timing of fetuses being conceived is one case where present actions change the identity of future people. This is relevant to questions of public health policy, as exemplified in some responses to the Zika (...)
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  17.  3
    Surveillance and Control of Asymptomatic Carriers of Drug‐Resistant Bacteria.Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):766-775.
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  18.  25
    Improving Global Health: Counting Reasons Why.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):115-125.
    This paper examines cumulative ethical and self-interested reasons why wealthy developed nations should be motivated to do more to improve health care in developing countries. Egalitarian and human rights reasons why wealthy nations should do more to improve global health are that doing so would (1) promote equality of opportunity, (2) improve the situation of the worst-off, (3) promote respect of the human right to have one's most basic needs met, and (4) reduce undeserved inequalities in well-being. Utilitarian reasons for (...)
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  19.  16
    Ethics, Economics, and Aids in Africa.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):96–105.
    AIDS in the Twenty‐First Century: Disease and Globalization, by Tony Barnett and Alan Whiteside. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. 416 pp. US$19.95 The Moral Economy of AIDS in South Africa, by Nicoli Nattrass. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004. 222 pp. US$30.00.
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  20.  16
    A Relational Approach to Saviour Siblings?Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (12):924-925.
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  21.  11
    Specifying the Duty to Treat.Michael J. Selgelid & Yen-Chang Chen - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):26 – 27.
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  22.  16
    Smallpox Revisited?Michael J. Selgelid - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):5 – 11.
    This article reviews the history of smallpox and ethical issues that arise with its threat as a biological weapon. Smallpox killed more people than any infectious disease in history-and perhaps three times more people in the 20th Century than were killed by all the wars of that period. Following a WHO-sponsored global vaccination campaign, smallpox was officially declared eradicated in 1980. It has since been revealed that the Soviet Union, until its fall in the early 1990s, manufactured tens of tons (...)
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  23.  44
    Moral Uncertainty and the Moral Status of Early Human Life.Michael J. Selgelid - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):324-324.
    Because a newborn baby does not have sufficiently complex psychological capacities to have a concept of continuation of life, according to Tooley, it cannot desire continuation of life, and thus cannot have a right to it.1 A similar position has been advocated by Kuhse and Singer2 ,3—and, more recently, by Giubilini and Minerva.4Key assumptions of Tooley are that being able to desire something is a necessary condition of having a right to it and having a concept of something is a (...)
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  24.  5
    Eugenic Abortion, Moral Uncertainty, and Social Consequences.Michael J. Selgelid - 2001 - Monash Bioethics Review 20 (2):26-42.
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  25.  16
    Universal Norms and Conflicting Values.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):267-273.
    ABSTRACTWhile UNESCO's Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights highlights appropriate ethical values, its principles are stated in absolute terms and conflict with one another. The Draft Declaration fails to sufficiently address the possibility of conflict between principles, and it provides no real guidance on how to strike a balance between them in cases where conflict occurs. The document's inadequate treatment of conflicting values is revealed by examination of cases where principles aimed at the promotion of autonomy and liberty (...)
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  26. ¿ El aborto para la prevención de las imperfecciones humanas? Aborto eugenésico, incertidumbres Morales Y consecuencias sociales.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 31:115-130.
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  27.  3
    Moral Uncertainty and the Moral Status of Early Human Life.Michael J. Selgelid - 2012 - Monash Bioethics Review 30 (1):52-57.
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  28.  6
    Neugenics?Michael J. Selgelid - 2000 - Monash Bioethics Review 19 (4):9-33.
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  29.  35
    Infectious Disease Ethics: Limiting Liberty in Contexts of Contagion.Michael J. Selgelid, Angela R. McLean, Nimalan Arinaminpathy & Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):149-152.
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  30.  21
    Influenza Vaccination Strategies Should Target Children.Ben Bambery, Thomas Douglas, Michael J. Selgelid, Hannah Maslen, Alberto Giubilini, Andrew J. Pollard & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (2):221-234.
    Strategies to increase influenza vaccination rates have typically targeted healthcare professionals and individuals in various high-risk groups such as the elderly. We argue that they should focus on increasing vaccination rates in children. Because children suffer higher influenza incidence rates than any other demographic group, and are major drivers of seasonal influenza epidemics, we argue that influenza vaccination strategies that serve to increase uptake rates in children are likely to be more effective in reducing influenza-related morbidity and mortality than those (...)
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  31.  7
    Promoting Justice, Trust, Compliance, and Health: The Case for Compensation.Michael J. Selgelid - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):22-24.
  32.  20
    Commentary: The Ethics of Dangerous Discovery.Michael J. Selgelid - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):444-447.
    The American Medical Association's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs' new “Guidelines to Prevent the Malevolent Use of Biomedical Research” are both timely and appropriate. These guidelines are a product of the increasing realization of the “dual use” potential of life science discoveries. Although biomedical research usually aims at the development of new medicines, vaccines, diagnostics, and so on, the very same discoveries that could benefit humankind in these ways also often have implications for the development of biological weapons. The (...)
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  33.  11
    Democratic Defense Spending in an Age of Bioterrorism.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):49-50.
  34.  8
    Human and Nonhuman Bioethics.Michael J. Selgelid & Justin Oakley - 2017 - Monash Bioethics Review 34 (3-4):157-157.
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  35.  20
    Ethics and Eugenic Enhancement.Michael J. Selgelid - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis 1 (4):239-261.
    Suppose we accept prenatal diagnosis and the selective abortion of fetuses that test positive for severe genetic disorders to be both morally and socially acceptable. Should we consider prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion (or other genetic interventions such as preimplantation diagnosis, genetic therapy, cloning, etc.) for nontherapeutic purposes to be acceptable as well? On the one hand, the social aims to promote liberty in general, and reproductive liberty in particular, provide reason for thinking that individuals should be free to make (...)
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  36.  17
    Necessity and Least Infringement Conditions in Public Health Ethics.Timothy Allen & Michael J. Selgelid - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (4):525-535.
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  37.  36
    Module Four: Standards of Care and Clinical Trials.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (1):55–72.
    ABSTRACTThis module examines ethical debates about the level of care that should be provided to human research participants. Particular attention is placed on the question of what should be considered an ethically acceptable control arm. You will also learn what relevant international and domestic regulatory documents say about standards of care.
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  38.  9
    Ethics, Health Policy, and Zika: From Emergency to Global Epidemic?Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):343-348.
    Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation, with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics (...)
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  39.  17
    Capabilities and Incapabilities of the Capabilities Approach to Health Justice.Michael J. Selgelid - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (1):25-33.
    This first part of this article critiques Sridhar Venkatapuram's conception of health as a capability. It argues that Venkatapuram relies on the problematic concept of dignity, implies that those who are unhealthy lack lives worthy of dignity, sets a low bar for health, appeals to metaphysically problematic thresholds, fails to draw clear connections between appealed-to capabilities and health, and downplays the importance/relevance of health functioning. It concludes by questioning whether justice entitlements should pertain to the capability for health versus health (...)
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  40.  20
    Michael L. Gross, Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Moral Dilemmas of Medicine and War. [REVIEW]Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Minerva 46 (3):381-384.
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  41.  15
    Introduction.Michael J. Selgelid & Justin Oakley - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):323-323.
    In light of controversy surrounding the initial online publication of Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva's article on ‘After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?’ in the Journal of Medical Ethics,1 ….
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  42.  4
    Practical Bioethics.Michael J. Selgelid - 2016 - Monash Bioethics Review 34 (1):1-2.
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  43.  17
    From the Guest Editors.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):iii–vi.
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  44.  15
    Ethical and Empirical Issues Concerning Conditional Treatment of Lead Poisoning From Gold Mining in Nigeria.Michael J. Selgelid - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (3):306-307.
    Whether or not MSF should provide unconditional treatment for lead poisoning in Nigeria partly depends on answers to empirical questions regarding what the overall consequences of such a practice are likely to be. Conditional provision of treatment may yield greater health benefits (especially if treatment resources are limited).
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  45.  14
    Dual‐Use Research.Michael J. Selgelid - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  46.  20
    Focus on Infectious Disease.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4):227-228.
  47.  6
    Ethics, Economics, and Aids in Africa.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):96-105.
    AIDS in the Twenty‐First Century: Disease and Globalization, by Tony Barnett and Alan Whiteside. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. 416 pp. US$19.95 The Moral Economy of AIDS in South Africa, by Nicoli Nattrass. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004. 222 pp. US$30.00.
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  48.  5
    From the Guest Editors.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):iii-vi.
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  49.  9
    Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor – by Paul Farmer.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):114–116.
  50.  2
    Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor – By Paul Farmer.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):114-116.
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