Results for 'Michael J. Thrush'

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  1. Fine-tuning, multiple universes, and the "this universe" objection.Neil A. Manson & Michael J. Thrush - 2003 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 84 (1):67–83.
    When it is suggested that the fine‐tuning of the universe for life provides evidence for a cosmic designer, the multiple‐universe hypothesis is often presented as an alternative. Some philosophers object that the multiple‐universe hypothesis fails to explain why this universe is fine‐tuned for life. We suggest the “This Universe” objection is no better than the “This Planet” objection. We also fault proponents of the “This Universe” objection for presupposing that we could not have existed in any other universe and that (...)
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  2.  37
    The Metaphysics of Perfect Beings.Michael J. Almeida - 2008 - New York: Routledge.
    _The Metaphysics of Perfect Beings_ addresses the problems an Anselmian perfect being faces in contexts involving unlimited options. Recent advances in the theory of vagueness, the metaphysics of multiverses and hyperspace, the theory of dynamic or sequential choice, the logic of moral and rational dilemmas, and metaethical theory provide the resources to formulate the new challenges and the Anselmian responses with an unusual degree of precision. Almeida shows that the challenges arising in the unusual contexts involving unlimited options sometimes produce (...)
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  3.  29
    Making Quantitative Research Work: From Positivist Dogma to Actual Social Scientific Inquiry.Michael J. Zyphur & Dean C. Pierides - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):49-62.
    Researchers misunderstand their role in creating ethical problems when they allow dogmas to purportedly divorce scientists and scientific practices from the values that they embody. Cortina, Edwards, and Powell help us clarify and further develop our position by responding to our critique of, and alternatives to, this misleading separation. In this rebuttal, we explore how the desire to achieve the separation of facts and values is unscientific on the very terms endorsed by its advocates—this separation is refuted by empirical observation. (...)
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  4.  42
    Statistics and Probability Have Always Been Value-Laden: An Historical Ontology of Quantitative Research Methods.Michael J. Zyphur & Dean C. Pierides - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):1-18.
    Quantitative researchers often discuss research ethics as if specific ethical problems can be reduced to abstract normative logics (e.g., virtue ethics, utilitarianism, deontology). Such approaches overlook how values are embedded in every aspect of quantitative methods, including ‘observations,’ ‘facts,’ and notions of ‘objectivity.’ We describe how quantitative research practices, concepts, discourses, and their objects/subjects of study have always been value-laden, from the invention of statistics and probability in the 1600s to their subsequent adoption as a logic made to appear as (...)
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  5.  58
    Ideal worlds and the transworld untrustworthy.Michael J. Almeida - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (1):113-123.
    The celebrated free-will defence was designed to show that the ideal-world thesis presents no challenge to theism. The ideal-world thesis states that, in any world in which God exists, He can actualize a world containing moral good and no moral evil. I consider an intriguing two-stage argument that Michael Bergmann advances for the free-will defence, and show that the argument provides atheologians with no reason to abandon the ideal-world thesis. I show next that the existence of worlds in which (...)
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  6. Is It Impossible to Be Moral?Michael J. Almeida - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (1):3-13.
    ABSTRACT: Recent work in moral theory includes an intriguing new argument that the vagueness of moral properties, together with two well-known and well-received metaethical principles, entails the incredible conclusion that it is impossible to be moral. I show that the argument equivocates between “it is true that A and B are morally indistinguishable” and “it is not false that A and B are morally indistinguishable.” As expected the argument is interesting but unsound. It is therefore not impossible to be moral.RÉSUMÉ: (...)
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  7. On Vague Eschatology.Michael J. Almeida - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (4):359-375.
    Ted Sider’s Proportionality of Justice condition requires that any two moral agents instantiating nearly the same moral state be treated in nearly the same way. I provide a countermodel in supervaluation semantics to the proportionality of justice condition. It is possible that moral agents S and S' are in nearly the same moral state, S' is beyond all redemption and S is not. It is consistent with perfect justice then that moral agents that are not beyond redemption go determinately to (...)
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  8. The birth day of Venus: Pico as platonic exegete in the Commento and the Heptaplus.Michael J. B. Allen - 2007 - In M. V. Dougherty (ed.), Pico Della Mirandola: New Essays. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  9. Eroding the Boundaries of Cognition: Implications of Embodiment 1.Michael L. Anderson, Michael J. Richardson & Anthony Chemero - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):717-730.
    To accept that cognition is embodied is to question many of the beliefs traditionally held by cognitive scientists. One key question regards the localization of cognitive faculties. Here we argue that for cognition to be embodied and sometimes embedded, means that the cognitive faculty cannot be localized in a brain area alone. We review recent research on neural reuse, the 1/f structure of human activity, tool use, group cognition, and social coordination dynamics that we believe demonstrates how the boundary between (...)
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  10. On Continuity: Aristotle versus Topology?Michael J. White - 1988 - History and Philosophy of Logic 9 (1):1-12.
    This paper begins by pointing out that the Aristotelian conception of continuity (synecheia) and the contemporary topological account share the same intuitive, proto-topological basis: the conception of a ?natural whole? or unity without joints or seams. An argument of Aristotle to the effect that what is continuous cannot be constituted of ?indivisibles? (e.g., points) is examined from a topological perspective. From that perspective, the argument fails because Aristotle does not recognize a collective as well as a distributive concept of a (...)
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  11.  35
    Processing of recency items for free recall.Michael J. Watkins & Olga C. Watkins - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):488.
    Argues that although the phenomenon of negative recency in secondary memory is usually attributed to the reduced amount of rehearsal associated with recency items, this phenomenon can be explained by the adoption of a different type of processing for recency items. An experiment with 122 undergraduates is reported in which the recall of recency items was reduced in an immediate test, but increased in a subsequent test, under conditions in which the recency items could not be identified as such during (...)
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  12.  13
    Hunger Bias or Gut Instinct? Responses to Judgments of Harm Depending on Visceral State Versus Intuitive Decision-Making.Helen Brown, Michael J. Proulx & Danaë Stanton Fraser - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  13.  31
    A Theory of Interactive Parallel Processing: New Capacity Measures and Predictions for a Response Time Inequality Series.James T. Townsend & Michael J. Wenger - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (4):1003-1035.
  14.  31
    Evidence for animal metaminds.Justin J. Couchman, Michael J. Beran, Mariana Vc Coutinho, Joseph Boomer & J. David Smith - 2012 - In Michael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The foundations of metacognition. Oxford University Press.
  15.  50
    Metaphysics: contemporary readings.Michael J. Loux (ed.) - 1998 - New York: Routledge.
    Metaphysics: Contemporary Readings is a comprehensive anthology that draws together leading philosophers writing on the major themes in Metaphysics. Chapters appear under the headings: Universals Particulars Modality and Possible Worlds Causation Time Persistence Realism and Anti-Realism Each section is prefaced by an introductory essay by the editor which guides students gently into each topic. Articles by the following leading philosophers are included: Allaire, Anscombe, Armstrong, Black, Broad, Casullo, Dummett, Ewing, Heller, Hume, Kripke, Lewis, Mackie, McTaggart, Mellor, Merricks , Parfit, Plantinga, (...)
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  16. Liberalism and Democracy.Norberto Bobbio, Michael J. Perry, Susan Mendus, Nichola Lacey, Brian Barry & E. F. Paul - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):515-522.
  17.  25
    Unmoved Movers, Celestial Spheres, and Cosmoi: Aristotle’s Diremption of the Divine.Michael J. White - 2022 - Apeiron 55 (1):97-118.
    In Meta. Λ 8, Aristotle argues that the heaven –and, thus, the cosmos – is numerically unique on the grounds that its first unmoved mover is numerically unique. The latter is numerically unique because it is ‘essence’ and does not have matter. “But whatever is many in number has matter.” I refer to this inference as Aristotle’s metaphysical argument for the uniqueness of the cosmos. A problem arises: If the subsidiary unmoved movers of the planetary spheres are, like the prime (...)
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  18. Bursting Bealer’s Bubble: How the Starting Points Argument Begs the Question of Foundationalism Against Quine.Michael J. Shafferjason A. Warnick - 2004 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):87-106.
    In his 1993 article George Bealer offers three separate arguments that are directed against the internal coherence of empiricism, specifically Quine’s version of empiricism. In doing so, Bealer identifies three fundamental principles of Quine’s empiricism. First, the principle of empiricism states that.
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  19.  4
    Grain boundary kinking in f.c.c. bi-crystals.Michael J. Weins & Janine J. Weins - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 26 (4):885-896.
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  20.  33
    Concepts of Space in Greek Thought.Michael J. White - 1996 - Apeiron 29 (2):183 - 198.
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  21.  10
    Peace or Justice?Michael J. White - 1997 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 8 (2):69-73.
  22.  24
    The Unclear, the Inconsequential, and Aristotelian Agency.Michael J. White - 2002 - International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (4):509-518.
    The “Aristotelian” conception of human agency and responsibility locates agency and responsibility in the exercise of practical reason in deliberation. A characteristic of such deliberation is that it must pertain to matters that can be decided either one way or the other. Some of Aristotle’s texts suggest an interpretation of deliberation that appears to yield the paradoxical result that agents are most responsible for (or act most freely with respect to) choices that are least determined, to the exclusion of other (...)
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  23. After the Honeymoon: Neural and Genetic Correlates of Romantic Love in Newlywed Marriages.Bianca P. Acevedo, Michael J. Poulin, Nancy L. Collins & Lucy L. Brown - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  24.  52
    An Essay on Human Action.Carl Ginet & Michael J. Zimmerman - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (1):114.
  25.  39
    Direct brain recordings fuel advances in cognitive electrophysiology.Joshua Jacobs and Michael J. Kahana - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):162.
  26. Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen, edited by John A. Keller. [REVIEW]Michael J. Almeida - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (2):264-271.
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  27. Morgan. 1978. On the biological basis of human laterality: I. Evidence for a maturational left-right gradient.Michael C. Corballis & J. Michael - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1:261-269.
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  28.  29
    Reframing Portfolio Evidence.Craig E. Shepherd & Michael J. Hannafin - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  29.  29
    Resource depletion does not influence prospective memory in college students.Jill Talley Shelton, Michael J. Cahill, Hillary G. Mullet, Michael K. Scullin, Gilles O. Einstein & Mark A. McDaniel - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1223-1230.
    This paper reports an experiment designed to investigate the potential influence of prior acts of self-control on subsequent prospective memory performance. College undergraduates performed either a cognitively depleting initial task or a less resource-consuming version of that task . Subsequently, participants completed a prospective memory task that required attentionally demanding monitoring processes. The results demonstrated that prior acts of self-control do not impair the ability to execute a future intention in college-aged adults. We conceptually replicated these results in three additional (...)
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  30.  12
    Review of Intuitions as Evidence, by Joel Pust. [REVIEW]Michael J. Almeida - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):120-123.
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  31. What Does Aristotle Categorize? Semantics and the Early Peripatetic Reading of the Categories.Michael J. Griffin - 2012 - Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 55 (1):65-108.
    This paper explores the role of early imperial Peripatetics – in particular, Andronicus of Rhodes, Boethus of Sidon, Herminus, and Alexander – in the development of the canonical reading of the Categories influentially maintained by Porphyry. I investigate the common threads of Middle Platonist and Peripatetic views on the value of the Categories, focusing on the utility of the method of division (diairesis) for acquiring knowledge (epistêmê), and argue for a shared Peripatetic-Platonist consensus about the reasons why the Categories should (...)
     
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  32. Bureaucracy and Innovation: An Ethnography of Policy Change.Michael S. Gibson, J. Michael, John Gyford, P. M. Jackson, Tyne South Yorks & West Wear - 1981 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 115:167.
     
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  33.  12
    “Without Inside or Outside”: Nietzsche, Pluralism, and the Problem of the Unity of Human Experience.Michael J. O'Neill - 2013 - In Scott M. Campbell & Paul W. Bruno (eds.), The Science, Politics, and Ontology of Life-Philosophy. New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 123.
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  34.  8
    Commonplace Commitments: Thinking Through the Legacy of Joseph P. Fell.Peter S. Fosl, Michael J. McGandy & Mark D. Moorman (eds.) - 2016 - Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press.
    This volume explores the many dimensions of the work of Joseph P. Fell. Drawing from continental sources such as Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre as well as North American thinkers such as John William Miller, Fell has secured a place as an enduring and important thinker within the tradition of phenomenological thought. Fell’s critical development of these strands of philosophy has resulted in a provocative and original challenge to complacent dualism and persistent problems of skepticism, alienation, and nihilism.
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  35.  16
    Carol Jean White, 1946-2000.Elizabeth S. Radcliffe & Michael J. Meyer - 2001 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 74 (5):251 - 253.
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  36.  12
    Sovereign Lives: Power in Global Politics.Jenny Edkins, Michael J. Shapiro & Veronique Pin-Fat (eds.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    For International Relations scholars, discussions of globalization inevitably turn to questions of sovereignty. How much control does a country have over its borders, people and economy? Where does that authority come from? _Sovereign Lives_ explores these changes through reading of humanitarian intervention, human rights discourses, securitization, refugees, the fragmentation of identities and the practices of development.
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  37.  9
    Computerzing Mathematics: Logic and Computation.J. C. Shepherdson & Michael J. Beeson - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1090.
  38.  82
    Why the Submarine Alkaline Vent is the Most Reasonable Explanation for the Emergence of Life.Elbert Branscomb & Michael J. Russell - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (1):1800208.
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  39.  38
    Doing What We Can With Advance Care Planning.Benjamin H. Levi & Michael J. Green - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):1-2.
  40.  16
    Introducing Art History: A Guide for Teachers.Jerry G. Smoke & Michael J. McCarthy - 1980 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 14 (4):111.
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  41.  42
    Introduction.Roman Altshuler & Michael J. Sigrist - 2015 - In Roman Altshuler Michael J. Sigrist (ed.), Time and the Philosophy of Action. New York: Routledge. pp. 1-18.
    We do things in time. Philosophy of action can capture this phenomenon in at least two ways. On one hand, it might focus on the way that temporal preferences and long-term temporal horizons affect the rationality of decisions in the present (see, e.g., Parfit 1984; Rawls 1971). Such work may focus on the way we discount the distant future, for example, or prioritize the future over the past. Approaches of this kind treat time as, in a sense, something external to (...)
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  42.  13
    Learning and retention of verbal lists: Serial anticipation and serial discrimination.Edward A. Wade & Michael J. Blier - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):732.
  43.  16
    Remembering eventful and uneventful word presentations.John M. Gardiner & Michael J. Watkins - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (2):108-110.
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  44.  64
    Stylistics, synonymity, and E. D. Hirsch.Michael J. O'Neal - 1977 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (1):91-94.
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  45. Indexical Reference and the Ontology of Belief.Michael J. Pendlebury - 1982 - South African Journal of Philosophy 1:65-74.
    According to the propositional view of belief, a belief situation involves a believer’s standing in the relation of belief to a proposition. It is argued that the propositional view has unacceptable implications concerning the identity conditions of belief situations involving beliefs with indexical contents, especially where such beliefs are held over a period of time during which background circumstances change. After a critical discussion of Perry’s alternative to the propositional view, a version of the adverbial theory of belief, which accounts (...)
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  46.  8
    Reading "Adam Smith": Desire, History and Value.Michael J. Shapiro - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This innovative volume, by Michael Shapiro, is not about Adam Smith in the sense in which 'about' is usually understood, for it is neither a comprehensive explication of his views nor a careful tracing of the sources of them. Instead it is a confrontation. This is a book about modernity whose vehicle is a reading of Adam Smith—it is an enactment of the convention that despite the contribution Smith made to creating and legitimating the conceptual space for modern, commercial, (...)
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  47. Brill Online Books and Journals.Willemien Otten, Michael J. Fitzgerald & C. H. Kneepkens - 1990 - Vivarium 28 (1).
     
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  48.  12
    Experimenter and reviewer bias.Joseph C. Witt & Michael J. Hannafin - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):243-244.
  49.  14
    Hobbes's Minimalist Moral Theory.Michael J. Green - 2021 - In Marcus P. Adams (ed.), A Companion to Hobbes. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 171–183.
    Thomas Hobbes's theory of the laws of nature covers only a subset of these rules, namely, those that “concern the doctrine of Civill Society”. There are many interpretations that attribute more ambitious aims to Hobbes, such as reconciling the claims of morality and interest, defending a version of divine command theory, showing that some aims are supremely rational, or using a theory of reciprocity to unite reason and morality. This chapter argues that Hobbes can accomplish his most important goals with (...)
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  50.  17
    Gross chromosome rearrangements mediated by transposable elements in Drosophila melanogaster.Johng K. Lim & Michael J. Simmons - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (4):269-275.
    A combination of cytogenetic and molecular analyses has shown that several different transposable elements are involved in the restructuring of Drosophila chromosomes. Two kinds of elements, P and hobo, are especially prone to induce chromosome rearrangements. The mechanistic details of this process are unclear, but, at least some of the time, it seems to involve ectopic recombination between elements inserted at different chromosomal sites; the available data suggest that these ectopic recombination events are much more likely to occure between elements (...)
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