Results for 'Michael K����hler'

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  1.  47
    Judgment Aggregation and Subjective Decision-Making*: Michael K. Miller.Michael K. Miller - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):205-231.
    I present an original model in judgment aggregation theory that demonstrates the general impossibility of consistently describing decision-making purely at the group level. Only a type of unanimity rule can guarantee a group decision is consistent with supporting reasons, and even this possibility is limited to a small class of reasoning methods. The key innovation is that this result holds when individuals can reason in different ways, an allowance not previously considered in the literature. This generalizes judgment aggregation to subjective (...)
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  2.  3
    Max Wertheimer: 1880-1943.W. K.?Hler - 1944 - Psychological Review 51 (3):143-146.
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  3.  30
    Selected Individual Differences and Collegians' Ethical Beliefs.Michael K. McCuddy & Barbara L. Peery - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):261 - 272.
    This paper develops twenty hypotheses concerning the relationships among selected individual differences variables (locus of control, delay of gratification, gender, and race) and five different ethical beliefs. The results of a study of collegians provide support for seventeen out of twenty research hypotheses. As predicted, locus of control, delay of gratification, and race are related to ethical beliefs. Also as predicted, gender is not related to ethical beliefs.
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  4. Representationalism and Husserlian Phenomenology.Michael K. Shim - 2011 - Husserl Studies 27 (3):197-215.
    According to contemporary representationalism, phenomenal qualia—of specifically sensory experiences—supervene on representational content. Most arguments for representationalism share a common, phenomenological premise: the so-called “transparency thesis.” According to the transparency thesis, it is difficult—if not impossible—to distinguish the quality or character of experiencing an object from the perceived properties of that object. In this paper, I show that Husserl would react negatively to the transparency thesis; and, consequently, that Husserl would be opposed to at least two versions of contemporary representationalism. First, (...)
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  5.  38
    Phonological Typicality and Sentence Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus & Mary Hare - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):93-95.
  6. The Duality of Non-Conceptual Content in Husserl’s Phenomenology of Perception.Michael K. Shim - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (2):209-229.
    Recently, a number of epistemologists have argued that there are no non-conceptual elements in representational content. On their view, the only sort of non-conceptual elements are components of sub-personal organic hardware that, because they enjoy no veridical role, must be construed epistemologically irrelevant. By reviewing a 35-year-old debate initiated by Dagfinn F.
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  7.  8
    Context Effects in Lexical Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus & Margery M. Lucas - 1987 - Cognition 25 (1-2):213-234.
  8.  3
    Frontal Underactivation During Working Memory Processing in Adults With Acute Partial Sleep Deprivation: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study.Michael K. Yeung, Tsz L. Lee, Winnie K. Cheung & Agnes S. Chan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  9.  5
    Using Social Media to Communicate Sustainable Preventive Measures and Curtail Misinformation.Michael K. Hauer & Suruchi Sood - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  10.  25
    Processing Scalar Implicature: A Constraint‐Based Approach.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):667-710.
    Three experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with 13 gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs then dropped to the lower chamber and participants evaluated statements, such as “You got some of the gumballs.” Experiment 1 established that some is less natural for reference to small sets and unpartitioned sets compared to intermediate sets. Partitive some of was (...)
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  11.  1
    A Perspective on American Psychology.W. K.?Hler - 1943 - Psychological Review 50 (1):77-79.
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  12. Brandes, J rgen: Die relativistischen Paradoxien und Thesen zu Raum und Zeit. Interpretationen der speziellen und allgemeinen Relativit tstheorie. 2. erw. Auflage. [REVIEW]Frank K. Hler - 1998 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (1):136-139.
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  13.  7
    Kurt Koffka, 1886-1941.W. K.?Hler - 1942 - Psychological Review 49 (2):97-101.
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  14.  16
    Is It Reasonable to Deny Older Patients Treatment for Glioblastoma?Michael K. Gusmano - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):183-189.
    Is it ever fair to limit treatment for diseases like glioblastoma for which prognosis is poor? Because resources are finite and health care spending limits the other possible uses for those resources, limiting access to an intervention that does not generate benefits is ethically sound. Ignoring the balance of benefits and burdens associated with treatment ignores opportunity costs and leads us to treat some lives as more valuable than others. It also ignores evidence that patients and families, when presented with (...)
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  15.  15
    Is It Reasonable to Deny Older Patients Treatment for Glioblastoma?Michael K. Gusmano - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):183-189.
    Is it ever fair to limit treatment for diseases like glioblastoma for which prognosis is poor? Because resources are finite and health care spending limits the other possible uses for those resources, limiting access to an intervention that does not generate benefits is ethically sound. Ignoring the balance of benefits and burdens associated with treatment ignores opportunity costs and leads us to treat some lives as more valuable than others. Although it is ethically sound to set limits on medical care, (...)
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  16.  22
    Are Scalar Implicatures Computed Online?Michael K. Tanenhaus - unknown
    Since Horn (1972) the notion of conversational implicature proposed by Grice has been put to use to explain certain interpretive differences between expressions in natural language and their counterparts in formal logic. For example, the sentences in (1) seem to convey more than they would be expected to if the natural language disjunction or had the same meaning as the logical disjunction ∨, or if the quantificational determiner some was interpreted as the existential quantifier ∃.
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  17.  23
    The Effects of Bedtime Writing on Difficulty Falling Asleep: A Polysomnographic Study Comparing to-Do Lists and Completed Activity Lists.Michael K. Scullin, Madison L. Krueger, Hannah K. Ballard, Natalya Pruett & Donald L. Bliwise - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):139-146.
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  18.  5
    Population Aging and the Sustainability of the Welfare State.Michael K. Gusmano & Kieke G. H. Okma - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S3):S57-S61.
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  19.  12
    Vertebrate Evolution: The Developmental Origins of Adult Variation.Michael K. Richardson - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (7):604-613.
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  20.  28
    Limits to the Effectiveness of Accounting Ethics Education.Michael K. Shaub - 1994 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 13 (1/2):129-145.
  21.  13
    The Science and Art of Medical Knowledge.Michael K. Gusmano - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (2):46-47.
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  22.  47
    A Kantian Evaluation of Taylorism in the Workplace.Michael K. Green - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):165 - 169.
    A Kantian evaluation of Taylorism in the workplace requires a consideration of four problems; (1) the conditions of agency, (2) the relation of Taylorism to these conditions, (3) an explanation of the method given by the Typic for applying the Categorical Imperative, and (4) the actual application of the Categorical Imperative to Taylorism. An agent who views himself as a performer is distinguished from an agent who is a mere observer of his own actions, and it is argued that Taylorism (...)
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  23.  13
    Real‐Time Investigation of Referential Domains in Unscripted Conversation: A Targeted Language Game Approach.Sarah Brown-Schmidt & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (4):643-684.
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  24.  12
    Sentence Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  25.  24
    The Time Course of Spoken Word Learning and Recognition: Studies with Artificial Lexicons.James S. Magnuson, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Delphine Dahan - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (2):202.
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  26.  34
    Availability of Alternatives and the Processing of Scalar Implicatures: A Visual World Eye‐Tracking Study.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):172-201.
    Two visual world experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with orange and blue gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs dropped to the lower chamber, creating a contrast between a partitioned set of gumballs of one color and an unpartitioned set of the other. Participants then evaluated spoken statements, such as “You got some of the blue gumballs.” (...)
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  27.  8
    Sentence-Picture Verification Models as Theories of Sentence Comprehension: A Critique of Carpenter and Just.Michael K. Tanenhaus, J. M. Carroll & T. G. Bever - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (4):310-317.
  28.  5
    Perception of Speech Reflects Optimal Use of Probabilistic Speech Cues.Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Robert A. Jacobs - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804-809.
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  29.  32
    Pragmatic Effects on Reference Resolution in a Collaborative Task: Evidence From Eye Movements.Joy E. Hanna & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (1):105-115.
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  30.  44
    Kant and Moral Self-Deception.Michael K. Green - 1992 - Kant-Studien 83 (2):149-169.
    An agent is one who regulates his/her own actions through positive and negative feedback. It is painful for a rational being to set himself a task and then find himself unable to complete it entirely as he/she conceives it. To escape this pain, a person may use self-deception to avoid such negative feedback. When this denial becomes universalized, an agent can no longer function as a self-regulating, cybernetic system, i.e., as an agent who directs his/her own actions. Ten types of (...)
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  31. Michael Martin, Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism Reviewed By.Michael K. Potter - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (4):277-279.
  32.  16
    Why We Should All Pay for Fertility Treatment: An Argument From Ethics and Policy.JosephineGusmano Johnston Michael K. - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (2):18-21.
    Since 1980, the number of twin births in the United States has increased 76 percent, and the number of triplets or higher-order multiples has increased over 400 percent. These increases are due in part to increased maternal age, which is associated with spontaneous twinning. But the primary reason for these increases is that more and more people are undergoing fertility treatment. Despite an emerging (but not absolute) consensus in the medical literature that multiples, including twins, should be a far less (...)
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  33.  41
    What Kind of Idealist Was Leibniz?Michael K. Shim - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (1):91 – 110.
    I argue Leibniz could not have been a dualist since his notion of matter is not defined by extension but by mentalistic "primitive passive force." So Leibniz was some kind of idealist. However, Leibniz was neither a phenomenal idealist like Berkeley nor a conceptualist idealist like Hegel. Instead, despite some suggestions in favor of the latter kind of idealism, Leibniz must be regarded as an idealist who admitted extraconceptual considerations irreducible to materialism.
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  34.  7
    Presence and Origin: On the Possibility of the Static-Genetic Distinction.Michael K. Shim - 2005 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 36 (2):129-147.
    In this paper, I defend Husserl against Derrida's critique that Husserl's phenomenology is of a piece with the "the metaphysics of presence." I show much of Derrida's critique can be met by what Husserl calls "genetic phenomenology.".
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  35. Spoken Language Comprehension: Insights From Eye Movements.Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  36.  7
    Materializing the Ghost of K?Hler's Gestalt Psychology.F. M. Gregg - 1932 - Psychological Review 39 (3):257-270.
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  37.  18
    Perception of Speech Reflects Optimal Use of Probabilistic Speech Cues.Robert A. Jacobs Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804.
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  38.  18
    Unities in Inductive Reasoning.Robert J. Sternberg & Michael K. Gardner - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):80-116.
  39.  12
    The Ethics of Synthetic Biology:Next Steps and Prior Questions.Gregory E. Kaebnick, Michael K. Gusmano & Thomas H. Murray - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (S5):S4-S26.
  40.  32
    Gradient Effects of Within-Category Phonetic Variation on Lexical Access.Bob McMurray, Michael K. Tanenhaus & Richard N. Aslin - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):B33-B42.
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  41.  20
    In Defense of the Principle for Deducibility of Justification.Michael K. Hooker - 1973 - Philosophical Studies 24 (6):402 - 406.
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  42.  2
    Flirting in Online Dating: Giving Empirical Grounds to Flirtatious Implicitness.Kristine Køhler Mortensen - 2017 - Discourse Studies 19 (5):581-597.
    Various fields have examined the activity of flirting, predominantly based on experimental and reported data; the interactional workings are therefore often overlooked. Based on emails and chats from two Danish online dating sites, this article investigates how users negotiate romantic connections through the flirting strategy of ‘imagined togetherness’, linguistically constructing imagery of a shared future. Using the notion of the chronotope, turn-by-turn analysis demonstrates how users, embedded in the activity of getting to know each other, tenuously communicate romantic interest by (...)
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  43.  23
    Moral Conflict and Ordinary Emotional Experience.Michael K. Morris - 1992 - Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (2):223-237.
    If we ask ourselves whether ultimate moral conflicts exist, and if we take seriously the goal of capturing ordinary emotional experience in our views about morality, we find the evidence mixed. We might have some reason for concluding that some situations are ultimate moral conflicts, but we also have good reasons of the same kind for concluding that these situations are not ultimate moral conflicts. So this kind of argument does not provide secure enough footing for any sort of powerful (...)
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  44.  15
    Embodied Communication: Speakers' Gestures Affect Listeners' Actions.Susan Wagner Cook & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):98-104.
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  45.  6
    Syllable Inference as a Mechanism for Spoken Language Understanding.Meredith Brown, Michael K. Tanenhaus & Laura Dilley - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (2):351-398.
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  46.  65
    Images of Native Americans in Advertising: Some Moral Issues.Michael K. Green - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (4):323-330.
    Images of Native Americans and of aspects of Native American culture are common in advertisements in the United States. Three such images can be distinguished — the Noble Savage, the Civilizable Savage and the Bloodthirsty Savage images. The aim of this paper is to argue that the use of such images is not morally acceptable because these images depend upon an underlying conception of Native Americans that denies that they are human beings. By so doing, it also denies to them (...)
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  47.  39
    Place Geography and the Ethics of Care: Introductory Remarks on the Geographies of Ethics, Responsibility and Care.Cheryl McEwan & Michael K. Goodman - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (2):103-112.
    In a recent review article, Jeff Popke (2006, p. 510) calls for a ?more direct engagement with theories of ethics and responsibility? on the part of human geographers, and for a reinscription of the social as a site of ethics and responsibility. This requires that we also continue to develop ways of thinking through our responsibilities toward unseen others?both unseen neighbours and distant others?and to cultivate a renewed sense of social interconnectedness. Popke suggests that a feminist-inspired ethic of care might (...)
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  48. User Consultation Behaviour in Internet Dictionaries: An Eyetracking Study.Henrik Køhler Simonsen - 2011 - Hermes: Journal of Language and Communication Studies 46:75-101.
     
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  49.  23
    Embodied Communication: Speakers’ Gestures Affect Listeners’ Actions.Michael K. Tanenhaus Susan Wagner Cook - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):98.
  50.  35
    Fairness in Hierarchical and Entrepreneurial Firms.Michael K. Green - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (11):877-882.
    Discussions of fairness in the workplace are built on assumptions about the organization of work and about fairness. Writers on business ethics have not appreciated that work is often organized differently in different stages of the life cycle of a firm. In this paper it is argued that the conceptions of fairness applied to a mature firm are often not applicable to a fledgling one. In a mature firm authority and responsibility are typically delegated and divided into specific jobs with (...)
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