Results for 'Michael K��hler'

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  1.  48
    Judgment Aggregation and Subjective Decision-Making*: Michael K. Miller.Michael K. Miller - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):205-231.
    I present an original model in judgment aggregation theory that demonstrates the general impossibility of consistently describing decision-making purely at the group level. Only a type of unanimity rule can guarantee a group decision is consistent with supporting reasons, and even this possibility is limited to a small class of reasoning methods. The key innovation is that this result holds when individuals can reason in different ways, an allowance not previously considered in the literature. This generalizes judgment aggregation to subjective (...)
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  2.  3
    Public Deliberation About Gene Editing in the Wild.Michael K. Gusmano, Gregory E. Kaebnick, Karen J. Maschke, Carolyn P. Neuhaus & Ben Curran Wills - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (S2):2-10.
  3.  1
    War No More: An Introduction to Nonviolent Struggles for Justice.Michael K. Duffey - 2021 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This introduction to nonviolent movements analyzes fourteen classic and contemporary cases to show how nonviolent strategies can work where violent warfare has failed. Drawing on practitioner knowledge and diverse philosophical and religious texts, Michael K. Duffey offers a multifaceted argument for embracing nonviolent resolutions to conflict.
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  4. Brandes, J rgen: Die relativistischen Paradoxien und Thesen zu Raum und Zeit. Interpretationen der speziellen und allgemeinen Relativit tstheorie. 2. erw. Auflage. [REVIEW]Frank K. Hler - 1998 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (1):136-139.
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  5. Islam, Technology, and Education: The Case for Culturally Grounded Design.Michael K. Thomas - 2016 - Routledge.
    Based in a global array of case studies - Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Turkey, and Islamic education in the United States - this volume shows how the discourse concerning educational technology in the Islamic world has emphasized neoliberal and neofundamentalist themes, and argues that the design and implementation of educational technologies in schools would be better accomplished by taking a culturally grounded approach. This approach would be rooted in the context and local needs of learners, with implications and possible application (...)
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  6.  8
    Kurt Koffka, 1886-1941.W. K.?Hler - 1942 - Psychological Review 49 (2):97-101.
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  7.  13
    The Ethics of Synthetic Biology:Next Steps and Prior Questions.Gregory E. Kaebnick, Michael K. Gusmano & Thomas H. Murray - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (S5):S4-S26.
  8. Semantics and Grammatical Theory.Michael K. Brame - 1978 - New York, NY, USA: Haven.
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  9.  1
    A Perspective on American Psychology.W. K.?Hler - 1943 - Psychological Review 50 (1):77-79.
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  10.  3
    Max Wertheimer: 1880-1943.W. K.?Hler - 1944 - Psychological Review 51 (3):143-146.
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  11. Michael Martin, Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism Reviewed By.Michael K. Potter - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (4):277-279.
  12.  30
    Selected Individual Differences and Collegians' Ethical Beliefs.Michael K. McCuddy & Barbara L. Peery - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):261 - 272.
    This paper develops twenty hypotheses concerning the relationships among selected individual differences variables (locus of control, delay of gratification, gender, and race) and five different ethical beliefs. The results of a study of collegians provide support for seventeen out of twenty research hypotheses. As predicted, locus of control, delay of gratification, and race are related to ethical beliefs. Also as predicted, gender is not related to ethical beliefs.
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  13.  7
    Materializing the Ghost of K?Hler's Gestalt Psychology.F. M. Gregg - 1932 - Psychological Review 39 (3):257-270.
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  14.  39
    Gender and Perceived Fundamental Moral Orientations: An Empirical Study of the Turkish Hotel Industry.Michael K. McCuddy, Musa Pinar, Ibrahim Birkin & Metin Kozak - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):331-349.
    Recent history is replete with scandalous acts and charitable acts within the business community. Unfortunately, scandalous acts seem to occur with greater frequency than charitable acts – at least as reported in the broadcast and print media. An interesting corollary to the incidence of scandalous and charitable acts is the apparent differential involvement of men and women, particularly in scandals. This article explores a possible explanation for the apparent gender differential in involvement in scandals and acts of charity. Drawing on (...)
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  15.  6
    Flirting in Online Dating: Giving Empirical Grounds to Flirtatious Implicitness.Kristine Køhler Mortensen - 2017 - Discourse Studies 19 (5):581-597.
    Various fields have examined the activity of flirting, predominantly based on experimental and reported data; the interactional workings are therefore often overlooked. Based on emails and chats from two Danish online dating sites, this article investigates how users negotiate romantic connections through the flirting strategy of ‘imagined togetherness’, linguistically constructing imagery of a shared future. Using the notion of the chronotope, turn-by-turn analysis demonstrates how users, embedded in the activity of getting to know each other, tenuously communicate romantic interest by (...)
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  16. Representationalism and Husserlian Phenomenology.Michael K. Shim - 2011 - Husserl Studies 27 (3):197-215.
    According to contemporary representationalism, phenomenal qualia—of specifically sensory experiences—supervene on representational content. Most arguments for representationalism share a common, phenomenological premise: the so-called “transparency thesis.” According to the transparency thesis, it is difficult—if not impossible—to distinguish the quality or character of experiencing an object from the perceived properties of that object. In this paper, I show that Husserl would react negatively to the transparency thesis; and, consequently, that Husserl would be opposed to at least two versions of contemporary representationalism. First, (...)
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  17. User Consultation Behaviour in Internet Dictionaries: An Eyetracking Study.Henrik Køhler Simonsen - 2011 - Hermes: Journal of Language and Communication Studies 46:75-101.
     
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  18.  30
    Processing Scalar Implicature: A Constraint‐Based Approach.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):667-710.
    Three experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with 13 gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs then dropped to the lower chamber and participants evaluated statements, such as “You got some of the gumballs.” Experiment 1 established that some is less natural for reference to small sets and unpartitioned sets compared to intermediate sets. Partitive some of was (...)
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  19. The Duality of Non-Conceptual Content in Husserl’s Phenomenology of Perception.Michael K. Shim - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (2):209-229.
    Recently, a number of epistemologists have argued that there are no non-conceptual elements in representational content. On their view, the only sort of non-conceptual elements are components of sub-personal organic hardware that, because they enjoy no veridical role, must be construed epistemologically irrelevant. By reviewing a 35-year-old debate initiated by Dagfinn F.
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  20.  38
    Phonological Typicality and Sentence Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus & Mary Hare - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):93-95.
  21.  8
    Context Effects in Lexical Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus & Margery M. Lucas - 1987 - Cognition 25 (1-2):213-234.
  22.  7
    Using Social Media to Communicate Sustainable Preventive Measures and Curtail Misinformation.Michael K. Hauer & Suruchi Sood - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  23.  22
    Are Scalar Implicatures Computed Online?Michael K. Tanenhaus - unknown
    Since Horn (1972) the notion of conversational implicature proposed by Grice has been put to use to explain certain interpretive differences between expressions in natural language and their counterparts in formal logic. For example, the sentences in (1) seem to convey more than they would be expected to if the natural language disjunction or had the same meaning as the logical disjunction ∨, or if the quantificational determiner some was interpreted as the existential quantifier ∃.
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  24.  3
    Frontal Underactivation During Working Memory Processing in Adults With Acute Partial Sleep Deprivation: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study.Michael K. Yeung, Tsz L. Lee, Winnie K. Cheung & Agnes S. Chan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  16
    Is It Reasonable to Deny Older Patients Treatment for Glioblastoma?Michael K. Gusmano - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):183-189.
    Is it ever fair to limit treatment for diseases like glioblastoma for which prognosis is poor? Because resources are finite and health care spending limits the other possible uses for those resources, limiting access to an intervention that does not generate benefits is ethically sound. Ignoring the balance of benefits and burdens associated with treatment ignores opportunity costs and leads us to treat some lives as more valuable than others. It also ignores evidence that patients and families, when presented with (...)
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  26.  15
    Is It Reasonable to Deny Older Patients Treatment for Glioblastoma?Michael K. Gusmano - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):183-189.
    Is it ever fair to limit treatment for diseases like glioblastoma for which prognosis is poor? Because resources are finite and health care spending limits the other possible uses for those resources, limiting access to an intervention that does not generate benefits is ethically sound. Ignoring the balance of benefits and burdens associated with treatment ignores opportunity costs and leads us to treat some lives as more valuable than others. Although it is ethically sound to set limits on medical care, (...)
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  27.  2
    Envisioning Complex Futures: Collective Narratives and Reasoning in Deliberations Over Gene Editing in the Wild.Ben Curran Wills, Michael K. Gusmano & Mark Schlesinger - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (S2):92-100.
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  28.  28
    Limits to the Effectiveness of Accounting Ethics Education.Michael K. Shaub - 1994 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 13 (1/2):129-145.
  29.  12
    Vertebrate Evolution: The Developmental Origins of Adult Variation.Michael K. Richardson - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (7):604-613.
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  30.  23
    The Effects of Bedtime Writing on Difficulty Falling Asleep: A Polysomnographic Study Comparing to-Do Lists and Completed Activity Lists.Michael K. Scullin, Madison L. Krueger, Hannah K. Ballard, Natalya Pruett & Donald L. Bliwise - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):139-146.
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  31.  44
    Kant and Moral Self-Deception.Michael K. Green - 1992 - Kant-Studien 83 (2):149-169.
    An agent is one who regulates his/her own actions through positive and negative feedback. It is painful for a rational being to set himself a task and then find himself unable to complete it entirely as he/she conceives it. To escape this pain, a person may use self-deception to avoid such negative feedback. When this denial becomes universalized, an agent can no longer function as a self-regulating, cybernetic system, i.e., as an agent who directs his/her own actions. Ten types of (...)
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  32.  47
    A Kantian Evaluation of Taylorism in the Workplace.Michael K. Green - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):165 - 169.
    A Kantian evaluation of Taylorism in the workplace requires a consideration of four problems; (1) the conditions of agency, (2) the relation of Taylorism to these conditions, (3) an explanation of the method given by the Typic for applying the Categorical Imperative, and (4) the actual application of the Categorical Imperative to Taylorism. An agent who views himself as a performer is distinguished from an agent who is a mere observer of his own actions, and it is argued that Taylorism (...)
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  33.  34
    Availability of Alternatives and the Processing of Scalar Implicatures: A Visual World Eye‐Tracking Study.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):172-201.
    Two visual world experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with orange and blue gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs dropped to the lower chamber, creating a contrast between a partitioned set of gumballs of one color and an unpartitioned set of the other. Participants then evaluated spoken statements, such as “You got some of the blue gumballs.” (...)
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  34.  5
    Population Aging and the Sustainability of the Welfare State.Michael K. Gusmano & Kieke G. H. Okma - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S3):S57-S61.
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  35.  37
    Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality.Michael K. Bartalos (ed.) - 2009 - Praeger.
    As the team in this volume shows through groundbreaking research, surveys, interviews, and vignettes, death awareness has grown strong, and has changed the way ...
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  36.  1
    Three Questions We Never Stop Asking.Michael K. Kellogg - 2010 - Prometheus Books.
    Plato and the eternal forms -- Wittgenstein and the end of philosophy -- Kant and the leap of faith -- Nietzsche and the death of God -- Aristotle and public virtue -- Heidegger and authenticity.
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  37.  13
    Real‐Time Investigation of Referential Domains in Unscripted Conversation: A Targeted Language Game Approach.Sarah Brown-Schmidt & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (4):643-684.
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  38. Alive and Content : The Art of Living with Mortality.Michael K. Bartalos - 2008 - In Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality. Praeger Publishers.
     
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  39. Alive and Content : The Art of Living with Mortality Awareness.Michael K. Bartalos - 2009 - In Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality. Praeger.
     
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  40. Coping with Mortality : A Societal Perspective.Michael K. Bartalos - 2009 - In Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality. Praeger.
     
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  41. The Quest for Permanence : Scientific Visions of Surviving the Eventual Demise of Our Universe.Michael K. Bartalos - 2009 - In Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality. Praeger.
     
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  42. Acceptance of Mortality : What is Confirmed, What is Denied.Michael K. Bartalos - 2009 - In Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality. Praeger.
     
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  43.  26
    The Time Course of Spoken Word Learning and Recognition: Studies with Artificial Lexicons.James S. Magnuson, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Delphine Dahan - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (2):202.
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  44. Sentence Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  45.  5
    Perception of Speech Reflects Optimal Use of Probabilistic Speech Cues.Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Robert A. Jacobs - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804-809.
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  46. Moral Dilemmas and Forms of Moral Distress.Michael K. Morris - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Some philosophers have recently complained that moral theories almost always portray the distresses of ordinary people in moral predicaments as irrational. In the name of having a minimally realistic picture of ethical thought, these philosophers argue that accounts of morality must allow for strong moral dilemmas, choices involving mutually exclusive all-things-considered requirements or jointly exhaustive all-things-considered prohibitions. In this dissertation I clarify and reject several versions of this argument, which I call the argument from experience. ;In chapters one and two (...)
     
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  47.  9
    Sentence-Picture Verification Models as Theories of Sentence Comprehension: A Critique of Carpenter and Just.Michael K. Tanenhaus, J. M. Carroll & T. G. Bever - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (4):310-317.
  48.  13
    The Science and Art of Medical Knowledge.Michael K. Gusmano - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (2):46-47.
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  49.  19
    Democratic philanthropy.Michael K. MacKenzie - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (3):568-590.
    A number of scholars have argued that we should pay closer attention to the role that philanthropy plays in shaping our societies. Philanthropic foundations are inherently political. They use private money for public purposes, and they receive tax advantages for the donations they make, but they typically lack transparency and public accountability. In this article, I argue that elite philanthropy may also violate three other democratic principles: the all-affected principle; the principle of non-arbitrary power; and the provisionality principle. In response, (...)
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  50. Autism, Modularity and Theories of Mind.Michael K. Cundall - 2003 - Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    In this dissertation I argue for a wider and more robust notion of the modularity of mind thesis. The developmental disorder of autism is the prime analytic tool for developing this approach. I argue that a variety of other approaches are deeply flawed in that they cannot account for the autistic spectrum disorder. I mean by this the autistic profile of deficits such as the lack of social interaction and the avoidance of social contact. I begin with Fodorian modularity. I (...)
     
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