Results for 'Michael K. Georgieff'

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  1.  64
    Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  2. Infantile Iron Deficiency Affects Brain Development in Monkeys Even After Treatment of Anemia.Roza M. Vlasova, Qian Wang, Auriel Willette, Martin A. Styner, Gabriele R. Lubach, Pamela J. Kling, Michael K. Georgieff, Raghavendra B. Rao & Christopher L. Coe - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    A high percent of oxidative energy metabolism is needed to support brain growth during infancy. Unhealthy diets and limited nutrition, as well as other environmental insults, can compromise these essential developmental processes. In particular, iron deficiency anemia has been found to undermine both normal brain growth and neurobehavioral development. Even moderate ID may affect neural maturation because when iron is limited, it is prioritized first to red blood cells over the brain. A primate model was used to investigate the neural (...)
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  3.  48
    Judgment Aggregation and Subjective Decision-Making*: Michael K. Miller.Michael K. Miller - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):205-231.
    I present an original model in judgment aggregation theory that demonstrates the general impossibility of consistently describing decision-making purely at the group level. Only a type of unanimity rule can guarantee a group decision is consistent with supporting reasons, and even this possibility is limited to a small class of reasoning methods. The key innovation is that this result holds when individuals can reason in different ways, an allowance not previously considered in the literature. This generalizes judgment aggregation to subjective (...)
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  4.  1
    War No More: An Introduction to Nonviolent Struggles for Justice.Michael K. Duffey - 2021 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This introduction to nonviolent movements analyzes fourteen classic and contemporary cases to show how nonviolent strategies can work where violent warfare has failed. Drawing on practitioner knowledge and diverse philosophical and religious texts, Michael K. Duffey offers a multifaceted argument for embracing nonviolent resolutions to conflict.
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  5.  1
    The Greek Search for Wisdom.Michael K. Kellogg - 2012 - Prometheus Books.
    Homer and the heroic ideal -- Hesiod, poet of everyday life -- Aeschylus and the institution of justice -- Sophocles, the Theban plays -- Euripides and the twilight of the gods -- The inquiries of Herodotus of Halicarnassus -- Thucydides, power and pathos -- Aristophanes and the serious business of comedy -- Plato, philosophy, and poetry -- Aristotle and the invention of political science.
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  6.  30
    Selected Individual Differences and Collegians' Ethical Beliefs.Michael K. McCuddy & Barbara L. Peery - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):261 - 272.
    This paper develops twenty hypotheses concerning the relationships among selected individual differences variables (locus of control, delay of gratification, gender, and race) and five different ethical beliefs. The results of a study of collegians provide support for seventeen out of twenty research hypotheses. As predicted, locus of control, delay of gratification, and race are related to ethical beliefs. Also as predicted, gender is not related to ethical beliefs.
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  7. Michael Martin, Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism Reviewed By.Michael K. Potter - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (4):277-279.
  8. Representationalism and Husserlian Phenomenology.Michael K. Shim - 2011 - Husserl Studies 27 (3):197-215.
    According to contemporary representationalism, phenomenal qualia—of specifically sensory experiences—supervene on representational content. Most arguments for representationalism share a common, phenomenological premise: the so-called “transparency thesis.” According to the transparency thesis, it is difficult—if not impossible—to distinguish the quality or character of experiencing an object from the perceived properties of that object. In this paper, I show that Husserl would react negatively to the transparency thesis; and, consequently, that Husserl would be opposed to at least two versions of contemporary representationalism. First, (...)
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  9.  3
    Frontal Underactivation During Working Memory Processing in Adults With Acute Partial Sleep Deprivation: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study.Michael K. Yeung, Tsz L. Lee, Winnie K. Cheung & Agnes S. Chan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  10. The Duality of Non-Conceptual Content in Husserl’s Phenomenology of Perception.Michael K. Shim - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (2):209-229.
    Recently, a number of epistemologists have argued that there are no non-conceptual elements in representational content. On their view, the only sort of non-conceptual elements are components of sub-personal organic hardware that, because they enjoy no veridical role, must be construed epistemologically irrelevant. By reviewing a 35-year-old debate initiated by Dagfinn F.
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  11.  4
    African-Americans and the Doctoral Experience: Implications for Policy.Charles Vert Willie, Michael K. Grady & Richard O. Hope - 1991
  12.  3
    Public Deliberation About Gene Editing in the Wild.Michael K. Gusmano, Gregory E. Kaebnick, Karen J. Maschke, Carolyn P. Neuhaus & Ben Curran Wills - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (S2):2-10.
  13.  11
    Advertising Policies of Medical Journals: Conflicts of Interest for Journal Editors and Professional Societies.David Orentlicher & Michael K. Hehir - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (2):113-121.
    As the medical profession becomes more and more of a commercial enterprise, commentators are subjecting conflicts of interest in medicine to increasing scrutiny. However, one critical area of conflict has largely escaped discussion—the conflicts of interest raised by the advertising policies of medical journals. Moreover, when these conflicts are discussed, they are examined almost exclusively in terms of the concerns that they pose for journal editors. Yet, there is a second critical concern with journal advertising policies. The policies also create (...)
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  14.  8
    Advertising Policies of Medical Journals: Conflicts of Interest for Journal Editors and Professional Societies.David Orentlicher & Michael K. Hehir - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (2):113-121.
    As the medical profession becomes more and more of a commercial enterprise, commentators are subjecting conflicts of interest in medicine to increasing scrutiny. However, one critical area of conflict has largely escaped discussion—the conflicts of interest raised by the advertising policies of medical journals. Moreover, when these conflicts are discussed, they are examined almost exclusively in terms of the concerns that they pose for journal editors. Yet, there is a second critical concern with journal advertising policies. The policies also create (...)
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  15.  8
    Using Social Media to Communicate Sustainable Preventive Measures and Curtail Misinformation.Michael K. Hauer & Suruchi Sood - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  16.  30
    Processing Scalar Implicature: A Constraint‐Based Approach.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):667-710.
    Three experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with 13 gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs then dropped to the lower chamber and participants evaluated statements, such as “You got some of the gumballs.” Experiment 1 established that some is less natural for reference to small sets and unpartitioned sets compared to intermediate sets. Partitive some of was (...)
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  17. Dualism a Feminist Perspective.Michael K. Lacewing - 1995
     
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  18.  28
    Limits to the Effectiveness of Accounting Ethics Education.Michael K. Shaub - 1994 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 13 (1/2):129-145.
  19.  16
    Is It Reasonable to Deny Older Patients Treatment for Glioblastoma?Michael K. Gusmano - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):183-189.
    Is it ever fair to limit treatment for diseases like glioblastoma for which prognosis is poor? Because resources are finite and health care spending limits the other possible uses for those resources, limiting access to an intervention that does not generate benefits is ethically sound. Ignoring the balance of benefits and burdens associated with treatment ignores opportunity costs and leads us to treat some lives as more valuable than others. It also ignores evidence that patients and families, when presented with (...)
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  20.  23
    The Effects of Bedtime Writing on Difficulty Falling Asleep: A Polysomnographic Study Comparing to-Do Lists and Completed Activity Lists.Michael K. Scullin, Madison L. Krueger, Hannah K. Ballard, Natalya Pruett & Donald L. Bliwise - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):139-146.
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  21.  15
    Is It Reasonable to Deny Older Patients Treatment for Glioblastoma?Michael K. Gusmano - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):183-189.
    Is it ever fair to limit treatment for diseases like glioblastoma for which prognosis is poor? Because resources are finite and health care spending limits the other possible uses for those resources, limiting access to an intervention that does not generate benefits is ethically sound. Ignoring the balance of benefits and burdens associated with treatment ignores opportunity costs and leads us to treat some lives as more valuable than others. Although it is ethically sound to set limits on medical care, (...)
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  22.  38
    Phonological Typicality and Sentence Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus & Mary Hare - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):93-95.
  23.  8
    Context Effects in Lexical Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus & Margery M. Lucas - 1987 - Cognition 25 (1-2):213-234.
  24.  22
    Are Scalar Implicatures Computed Online?Michael K. Tanenhaus - unknown
    Since Horn (1972) the notion of conversational implicature proposed by Grice has been put to use to explain certain interpretive differences between expressions in natural language and their counterparts in formal logic. For example, the sentences in (1) seem to convey more than they would be expected to if the natural language disjunction or had the same meaning as the logical disjunction ∨, or if the quantificational determiner some was interpreted as the existential quantifier ∃.
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  25.  12
    Vertebrate Evolution: The Developmental Origins of Adult Variation.Michael K. Richardson - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (7):604-613.
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  26.  8
    Population Aging and the Sustainability of the Welfare State.Michael K. Gusmano & Kieke G. H. Okma - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S3):S57-S61.
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  27. The Relevance of Religious Freedom.Michael K. Young - 2009 - In Scott W. Cameron, Galen L. Fletcher & Jane H. Wise (eds.), Life in the Law: Service & Integrity. J. Reuben Clark Law Society, Brigham Young University Law School.
  28.  44
    Kant and Moral Self-Deception.Michael K. Green - 1992 - Kant Studien 83 (2):149-169.
    An agent is one who regulates his/her own actions through positive and negative feedback. It is painful for a rational being to set himself a task and then find himself unable to complete it entirely as he/she conceives it. To escape this pain, a person may use self-deception to avoid such negative feedback. When this denial becomes universalized, an agent can no longer function as a self-regulating, cybernetic system, i.e., as an agent who directs his/her own actions. Ten types of (...)
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  29.  47
    A Kantian Evaluation of Taylorism in the Workplace.Michael K. Green - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):165 - 169.
    A Kantian evaluation of Taylorism in the workplace requires a consideration of four problems; (1) the conditions of agency, (2) the relation of Taylorism to these conditions, (3) an explanation of the method given by the Typic for applying the Categorical Imperative, and (4) the actual application of the Categorical Imperative to Taylorism. An agent who views himself as a performer is distinguished from an agent who is a mere observer of his own actions, and it is argued that Taylorism (...)
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  30.  45
    What Kind of Idealist Was Leibniz?Michael K. Shim - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (1):91 – 110.
    I argue Leibniz could not have been a dualist since his notion of matter is not defined by extension but by mentalistic "primitive passive force." So Leibniz was some kind of idealist. However, Leibniz was neither a phenomenal idealist like Berkeley nor a conceptualist idealist like Hegel. Instead, despite some suggestions in favor of the latter kind of idealism, Leibniz must be regarded as an idealist who admitted extraconceptual considerations irreducible to materialism.
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  31.  13
    The Science and Art of Medical Knowledge.Michael K. Gusmano - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (2):46-47.
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  32.  1
    Maybe Favors: How to Get More Good Deeds Done.Michael K. Zürn, Judith Gerten & Sascha Topolinski - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 27 (3):503-507.
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  33.  26
    The Time Course of Spoken Word Learning and Recognition: Studies with Artificial Lexicons.James S. Magnuson, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Delphine Dahan - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (2):202.
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  34.  9
    Presence and Origin: On the Possibility of the Static-Genetic Distinction.Michael K. Shim - 2005 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 36 (2):129-147.
    In this paper, I defend Husserl against Derrida's critique that Husserl's phenomenology is of a piece with the "the metaphysics of presence." I show much of Derrida's critique can be met by what Husserl calls "genetic phenomenology.".
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  35.  34
    Availability of Alternatives and the Processing of Scalar Implicatures: A Visual World Eye‐Tracking Study.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):172-201.
    Two visual world experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with orange and blue gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs dropped to the lower chamber, creating a contrast between a partitioned set of gumballs of one color and an unpartitioned set of the other. Participants then evaluated spoken statements, such as “You got some of the blue gumballs.” (...)
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  36.  19
    Democratic philanthropy.Michael K. MacKenzie - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (3):568-590.
    A number of scholars have argued that we should pay closer attention to the role that philanthropy plays in shaping our societies. Philanthropic foundations are inherently political. They use private money for public purposes, and they receive tax advantages for the donations they make, but they typically lack transparency and public accountability. In this article, I argue that elite philanthropy may also violate three other democratic principles: the all-affected principle; the principle of non-arbitrary power; and the provisionality principle. In response, (...)
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  37.  5
    Perception of Speech Reflects Optimal Use of Probabilistic Speech Cues.Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Robert A. Jacobs - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804-809.
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  38.  18
    Perception of Speech Reflects Optimal Use of Probabilistic Speech Cues.Robert A. Jacobs Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804.
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  39. Moral Dilemmas and Forms of Moral Distress.Michael K. Morris - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Some philosophers have recently complained that moral theories almost always portray the distresses of ordinary people in moral predicaments as irrational. In the name of having a minimally realistic picture of ethical thought, these philosophers argue that accounts of morality must allow for strong moral dilemmas, choices involving mutually exclusive all-things-considered requirements or jointly exhaustive all-things-considered prohibitions. In this dissertation I clarify and reject several versions of this argument, which I call the argument from experience. ;In chapters one and two (...)
     
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  40.  33
    Gradient Effects of Within-Category Phonetic Variation on Lexical Access.Bob McMurray, Michael K. Tanenhaus & Richard N. Aslin - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):B33-B42.
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  41.  13
    Real‐Time Investigation of Referential Domains in Unscripted Conversation: A Targeted Language Game Approach.Sarah Brown-Schmidt & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (4):643-684.
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  42.  32
    Pragmatic Effects on Reference Resolution in a Collaborative Task: Evidence From Eye Movements.Joy E. Hanna & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (1):105-115.
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  43.  37
    Fairness in Hierarchical and Entrepreneurial Firms.Michael K. Green - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (11):877-882.
    Discussions of fairness in the workplace are built on assumptions about the organization of work and about fairness. Writers on business ethics have not appreciated that work is often organized differently in different stages of the life cycle of a firm. In this paper it is argued that the conceptions of fairness applied to a mature firm are often not applicable to a fledgling one. In a mature firm authority and responsibility are typically delegated and divided into specific jobs with (...)
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  44. Autism, Modularity and Theories of Mind.Michael K. Cundall - 2003 - Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    In this dissertation I argue for a wider and more robust notion of the modularity of mind thesis. The developmental disorder of autism is the prime analytic tool for developing this approach. I argue that a variety of other approaches are deeply flawed in that they cannot account for the autistic spectrum disorder. I mean by this the autistic profile of deficits such as the lack of social interaction and the avoidance of social contact. I begin with Fodorian modularity. I (...)
     
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  45. Sentence Processing.Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  46.  58
    Leibniz on Concept and Substance.Michael K. Shim - 2006 - International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (3):309-325.
    A historically persistent way of reading Leibniz regards him as some kind of conceptualist. According to this interpretation, Leibniz was either an ontological conceptualist or an epistemological conceptualist. As an ontological conceptualist, Leibniz is taken to hold the view that there exist only concepts. As an epistemological conceptualist, he is seen as believing that we think only with concepts. I argue against both conceptualist renditions. I confront the ontological conceptualist view with Leibniz’s metaphysics of creation. If the ontological conceptualist interpretation (...)
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  47.  54
    Rethinking the Divide: Modules and Central Systems.Michael K. Cundall - 2006 - Philosophia 34 (4):379-393.
    In this paper I argue that the cognitive system is best viewed as a continuum of cognitive processing from modules to central systems rather than having these as discrete and wholly different modes of cognitive processing. I rely on recent evidence on the development of theory of mind (ToM) abilities and the developmental disorder of autism. I then turn to the phenomenology of modular processes. I show that modular outputs have a stronger force than non-modular or central system outputs. I (...)
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  48.  39
    Gender and Perceived Fundamental Moral Orientations: An Empirical Study of the Turkish Hotel Industry.Michael K. McCuddy, Musa Pinar, Ibrahim Birkin & Metin Kozak - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):331-349.
    Recent history is replete with scandalous acts and charitable acts within the business community. Unfortunately, scandalous acts seem to occur with greater frequency than charitable acts – at least as reported in the broadcast and print media. An interesting corollary to the incidence of scandalous and charitable acts is the apparent differential involvement of men and women, particularly in scandals. This article explores a possible explanation for the apparent gender differential in involvement in scandals and acts of charity. Drawing on (...)
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  49. Monad and Consciousness in Husserl. A Quasi-Representationalist Interpretation.Michael K. Shim - 2013 - Discipline Filosofiche 23 (2):175-190.
    In this paper, I show that by “Monade” the later Husserl means roughly what he meant by “das reine Bewußtsein” in the period of Ideas I. Of both consciousness and Monade, Husserl claims that objects of perception are immanent to them. I describe this claim as “quasi-representationalist” just because it bears enough similarity to some versions of contemporary representationalism. Since Husserl also claims that perceptual objects are publicly accessible, the inevitable conclusion seems to be that parts of perceptual consciousness must (...)
     
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  50.  16
    Why We Should All Pay for Fertility Treatment: An Argument From Ethics and Policy.JosephineGusmano Johnston Michael K. - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (2):18-21.
    Since 1980, the number of twin births in the United States has increased 76 percent, and the number of triplets or higher-order multiples has increased over 400 percent. These increases are due in part to increased maternal age, which is associated with spontaneous twinning. But the primary reason for these increases is that more and more people are undergoing fertility treatment. Despite an emerging (but not absolute) consensus in the medical literature that multiples, including twins, should be a far less (...)
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