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Profile: Michael Kremer (University of Chicago)
  1.  4
    A Capacity to Get Things Right: Gilbert Ryle on Knowledge.Michael Kremer - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):25-46.
    Gilbert Ryle's distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that faces a significant challenge: accounting for the unity of knowledge. Jason Stanley, an ‘intellectualist’ opponent of Ryle's, brings out this problem by arguing that Ryleans must treat ‘know’ as an ambiguous word and must distinguish knowledge proper from knowledge-how, which is ‘knowledge’ only so-called. I develop the challenge and show that underlying Ryle's distinction is a unified vision of knowledge as ‘a capacity to get things right’, covering both knowledge-how and knowledge-that. I show (...)
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  2.  19
    Marti on Descriptions in Carnap's S.Michael Kremer - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (6):629-634.
    This note is a friendly amendment to Marti's analysis of the failure of Føllesdal's argument that modal distinctions collapse in Carnap's logic S2. Føllesdal's argument turns on the treatment of descriptions. Marti considers how modal descriptions, which Carnap banned, might be handled; she adopts an approach which blocks Føllesdal's argument, but requires a separate treatment of non-modal descriptions. I point out that a more general treatment of descriptions in S2 is possible, and indeed is implicit in Marti's informal discussion, and (...)
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  3.  51
    Kripke and the Logic of Truth.Michael Kremer - 1988 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (3):225 - 278.
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  4.  67
    The Purpose of Tractarian Nonsense.Michael Kremer - 2001 - Noûs 35 (1):39–73.
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  5.  75
    Sense and Reference: The Origins and Development of the Distinction.Michael Kremer - 2010 - In Tom Ricketts & Michael D. Potter (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Frege. Cambridge University Press. pp. 220--292.
    Frege’s distinction between sense (Sinn) and meaning (Bedeutung) is his most influential contribution to philosophy, however central it was to his own projects, and however he may have conceived its importance. Philosophers of language influenced by, or reacting against the distinction, and historians of philosophy commenting on it, have all contributed to the voluminous literature surrounding it.1 Nonetheless in this essay I hope to shed new light on the distinction by considering it in the context of the development of Frege’s (...)
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  6.  38
    Some Supervaluation-Based Consequence Relations.Philip Kremer & Michael Kremer - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (3):225-244.
    In this paper, we define some consequence relations based on supervaluation semantics for partial models, and we investigate their properties. For our main consequence relation, we show that natural versions of the following fail: upwards and downwards Lowenheim-Skolem, axiomatizability, and compactness. We also consider an alternate version for supervaluation semantics, and show both axiomatizability and compactness for the resulting consequence relation.
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  7. Strong Medicine: Creating Incentives for Pharmaceutical Research on Neglected Diseases.Michael Kremer & Rachel Glennerster - 2005 - Ethics & International Affairs 19 (3).
    The authors suggest creating a scheme that offers new incentives for research on diseases disproportionately affecting the poor, with the goal of making development of neglected disease vaccines a lucrative endeavor for pharmaceutical companies.
     
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  8.  45
    Intuitive Consequences of the Revision Theory of Truth.Michael Kremer - 2002 - Analysis 62 (4):330–336.
  9. The Multiplicity of General Propositions.Michael Kremer - 1992 - Noûs 26 (4):409-426.
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  10.  39
    Mathematics and Meaning in Tractatus.Michael Kremer - 2002 - Philosophical Investigations 25 (3):272–303.
  11.  13
    I. Russell's Merit—the Obvious Interpretation.Michael Kremer - 2012 - In Jl Zalabardo (ed.), Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 195.
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  12.  4
    Ryle’s “Intellectualist Legend” in Historical Context.Michael Kremer - 2017 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 5 (5).
    Gilbert Ryle’s distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that emerged from his criticism of the “intellectualist legend” that to do something intelligently is “to do a bit of theory and then to do a bit of practice,” and became a philosophical commonplace in the second half of the last century. In this century Jason Stanley has attacked Ryle’s distinction, arguing that “knowing-how is a species of knowing-that,” and accusing Ryle of setting up a straw man in his critique of “intellectualism.” Examining the (...)
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  13.  42
    The Argument of "on Denoting".Michael Kremer - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):249-297.
  14.  38
    Logic and Meaning: The Philosophical Significance of the Sequent Calculus.Michael Kremer - 1988 - Mind 97 (385):50-72.
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  15.  76
    Judgment and Truth in Frege.Michael Kremer - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (4):549-581.
    Thomas Ricketts has developed a powerful interpretation of Frege on judgment, truth and logic. Recently, Ricketts has modified his reading, holding that judgment is an act of knowledge-acquisition; this rules out incorrect judgment. I argue that Ricketts goes too far here. I criticize the textual basis for Ricketts's new view, and show that the interpretive problems which led him to this change can be met without such extreme measures. Thus, I defend Ricketts' earlier view against his own later modification. Along (...)
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  16.  19
    Penelope Maddy: The Logical Must: Wittgenstein on Logic.Michael Kremer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (12):671-677.
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  17.  34
    Must We Choose? Should We?Michael Kremer - 2010 - In Bernhard Weiss & Jeremy Wanderer (eds.), Reading Brandom: On Making It Explicit. Routledge. pp. 227.
  18.  37
    How Not to Argue for Incompatibilism.Michael Kremer - 2004 - Erkenntnis 60 (1):1-26.
    Ted A. Warfield has recently employed modal logic to argue that compatibilism in the free-will/determinism debate entails the rejection of intuitively valid inferences. I show that Warfield's argument fails. A parallel argument leads to the false conclusion that the mere possibility of determinism, together with the necessary existence of any contingent propositions, entails the rejection of intuitively valid inferences. The error in both arguments involves a crucial equivocation, which can be revealed by replacing modal operators with explicit quantifiers over possible (...)
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  19.  9
    A Capacity to Get Things Right: Gilbert Ryle on Knowledge.Michael Kremer - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4).
    Gilbert Ryle's distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that faces a significant challenge: accounting for the unity of knowledge. Jason Stanley, an ‘intellectualist’ opponent of Ryle's, brings out this problem by arguing that Ryleans must treat ‘know’ as an ambiguous word and must distinguish knowledge proper from knowledge-how, which is ‘knowledge’ only so-called. I develop the challenge and show that underlying Ryle's distinction is a unified vision of knowledge as ‘a capacity to get things right’, covering both knowledge-how and knowledge-that. I show (...)
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  20.  40
    Read on Identity and Harmony – a Friendly Correction and Simplification.Michael Kremer - 2007 - Analysis 67 (294):157–159.
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  21.  90
    To What Extent is Solipsism a Truth?Michael Kremer - unknown
    My title1 is taken from one of the most obscure, and most discussed, sections of an already obscure and much discussed work, the discussion of the self, the world, and solipsism in sections 5.6-5.641 of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus.2 Wittgenstein writes: 5.6 The limits of my language mean the limits of my world. 5.61 Logic fills the world: the limits of the world are also its limits. We cannot therefore say in logic: This and this there is in the (...)
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  22.  35
    The Cardinal Problem of Philosophy.Michael Kremer - 2007 - In Alice Crary (ed.), Wittgenstein and the Moral Life: Essays in Honor of Cora Diamond. MIT Press. pp. 143.
  23.  62
    Wilson on Kripke's Wittgenstein.Michael Kremer - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):571-584.
    George Wilson has recently defended Kripke’s well-known interpretation of Wittgenstein against the criticisms of John McDowell. Wilson claims that these criticisms rest on misunderstandings of Kripke and that, when correctly understood, Kripke’s interpretation stands up to them well. In particular, Wilson defends Kripke’s Wittgenstein against the charge of “non-factualism” about meaning. However, Wilson has not appreciated the full significance of McDowell’s criticism. I use a brief exploration of Kripke’s analogy between Wittgenstein and Hume to put this significance in sharp relief. (...)
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  24.  21
    Soames on Russell's Logic: A Reply.Michael Kremer - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):209 - 212.
    In “What is History For?,” Scott Soames responds to criticisms of his treatment of Russell’s logic in volume 1 of his Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century. This note rebuts two of Soames’s replies, showing that a first-order presentation of Russell’s logic does not fit the argument of the Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, and that Soames’s contextual definition of classes does not match Russell’s contextual definition of classes. In consequence, Soames’s presentation of Russell’s logic misrepresents what Russell took to be (...)
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  25.  34
    Logicist Responses to Kant: (Early) Frege and (Early) Russell.Michael Kremer - 2006 - Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):163-188.
  26.  19
    Contextualism and Holism in the Early Wittgenstein.Michael Kremer - 1997 - Philosophical Topics 25 (2):87-120.
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  27.  28
    Frege's Theory of Number and the Distinction Between Function and Object.Michael Kremer - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 47 (3):313 - 323.
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  28.  8
    Mark Textor, Frege on Sense and Reference.Michael Kremer - 2014 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 2 (10).
  29. What is the Good of Philosophical History?Michael Kremer - 2013 - In Erich H. Reck (ed.), The Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  30.  44
    Comments on Klima, Contemporary "Essentialism" Vs. Aristotelian Essentialism.Michael Kremer - manuscript
    Gyula begins with a contrast between contemporary scare-quotes essentialism and Aristotelian full-blooded essentialism. The former is a semantic thesis couched in the vocabulary of possible-worlds semantics, holding that some terms are rigid designators, while the latter is a metaphysical thesis, couched in a more ancient vocabulary, holding that things have essences. Gyula argues that the more traditional metaphysical framework deserves reconsideration, both because it can help us with problems arising from the contemporary approach, and because it possesses greater expressive power (...)
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  31.  26
    Contemporary Analytic Philosophy.Michael Kremer - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (3):286-289.
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  32.  12
    Palmer House Hilton Hotel, Chicago, Illinois April 23–24, 2004.Warren Goldfarb, Erich Reck, Jeremy Avigad, Andrew Arana, Geoffrey Hellman, Colin McLarty, Dana Scott & Michael Kremer - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (3).
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  33.  28
    Review of Gottlob Frege, Dale Jacquette (Tr.), The Foundations of Arithmetic[REVIEW]Michael Kremer - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (1).
    Last spring, as I was beginning a graduate seminar on Frege, I received a complimentary copy of this new translation of his masterwork, The Foundations of Arithmetic . I had ordered Austin's famous translation, well-loved for the beauty of its English and the clarity with which it presents Frege's overall argument, but known to be less than literal, and to sometimes supplement translation with interpretation. I was intrigued by Dale Jacquette's promise "to combine literal accuracy and readability for beginning students (...)
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  34.  2
    Logic and Language in Wittgenstein's "Tractatus".Michael Kremer & Ian Proops - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (2):327.
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  35.  1
    Contextualism and Holism in the Early Wittgenstein: From Prototractatus to Tractatus.Michael Kremer - 1997 - Philosophical Topics 25 (2):87-120.
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  36.  7
    2004 Spring Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic, Palmer House Hilton Hotel, Chicago, Illinois April 23-24, 2004. [REVIEW]Michael Kremer - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):438-446.
  37.  2
    Soames on Russell’s Logic: A Reply.Michael Kremer - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):209-212.
    In "What is History For?," Scott Soames responds to criticisms of his treatment of Russell's logic in volume 1 of his "Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century." This note rebuts two of Soames's replies, showing that a first-order presentation of Russell's logic does not fit the argument of the "Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy," and that Soames's contextual definition of classes does not match Russell's contextual definition of classes. In consequence, Soames's presentation of Russell's logic misrepresents what Russell took to be (...)
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  38.  10
    Set-Theoretic Realism and Arithmetic.Michael Kremer - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (3):253 - 271.
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  39.  10
    'If' is Unambiguous.Michael Kremer - 1987 - Noûs 21 (2):199-217.
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  40.  10
    Review of Scott Soames, Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Vol. 1, the Dawn of Analysis; Vol. 2, the Age of Meaning[REVIEW]Michael Kremer - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (9).
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  41.  3
    2004 Spring Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic.Michael Kremer - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):438-446.
  42.  3
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Michael Kremer - 1996 - Philosophia Mathematica 4 (3):294-297.
  43.  1
    Paradox and Reference.Michael Kremer - 1990 - In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 33--47.
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  44. Of the Association for Symbolic Logic.Warren Goldfarb, Jeremy Avigad, Andrew Arana, Geoffrey Hellman, Dana Scott & Michael Kremer - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):438.
     
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  45. Logic and Language in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. [REVIEW]Michael Kremer - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (2):327-330.
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  46. Logicist Responses to Kant: Frege and Russell.Michael Kremer - 2006 - Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):163-188.
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  47. Mathematics and Meaning in Tractatus.Michael Kremer - 2002 - Philosophical Investigations 25 (3):272-303.
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  48. Russell's Merit.Michael Kremer - 2012 - In Jose L. Zalabardo (ed.), Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  49. Wilson on Kripke’s Wittgenstein.Michael Kremer - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):571-584.
    George Wilson has recently defended Kripke’s well-known interpretation of Wittgenstein against the criticisms of John McDowell. Wilson claims that these criticisms rest on misunderstandings of Kripke and that, when correctly understood, Kripke’s interpretation stands up to them well. In particular, Wilson defends Kripke’s Wittgenstein against the charge of “non-factualism” about meaning. However, Wilson has not appreciated the full significance of McDowell’s criticism. I use a brief exploration of Kripke’s analogy between Wittgenstein and Hume to put this significance in sharp relief. (...)
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  50. Wilson on Kripke's Wittgenstein.Michael Kremer - 2000 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):571-584.
    George Wilson has recently defended Kripke's well-known interpretation of Wittgenstein against the criticisms of John McDowell. Wilson claims that these criticisms rest on misunderstandings of Kripke and that, when correctly understood, Kripke's interpretation stands up to them well. In particular, Wilson defends Kripke's Wittgenstein against the charge of "non-factualism" about meaning. However, Wilson has not appreciated the full significance of McDowell's criticism. I use a brief exploration of Kripke's analogy between Wittgenstein and Hume to put this significance in sharp relief. (...)
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