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Michael Levin [95]Michael E. Levin [37]Michael Eric Levin [1]Michael L. Levin [1]
  1.  15
    Blindspots.Michael Levin - 1991 - Noûs 25 (3):389-392.
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  2.  23
    On Having No Head: Cognition Throughout Biological Systems.František Baluška & Michael Levin - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  3.  1
    The Computational Boundary of a “Self”: Developmental Bioelectricity Drives Multicellularity and Scale-Free Cognition.Michael Levin - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  4. Is the Generality Problem Too General?Michael Levin - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):87 - 97.
    Reliabilism holds that knowledge is true belief reliably caused. Reliabilists should say something about individuating processes; critics deny that the right degree of generality can be specified without arbitrariness. It is argued that this criticism applies as well to processes mentioned in scientific explanations. The gratuitous puzzles created thereby show that the “generality problem” is illusory.
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  5.  10
    Scale‐Free Biology: Integrating Evolutionary and Developmental Thinking.Chris Fields & Michael Levin - forthcoming - Bioessays:1900228.
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  6.  10
    Beyond Mechanism: Putting Life Back Into Biology, Edited by Brian Henning, Adam Scarfe, and Dorion Sagan.Michael Levin - 2020 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 34 (1).
    A collection of essays on the foundations of biology and its connection to other sciences. Its lengthy and profound foreword by Stuart Kauffman, a major figure in the quantitative analysis of biological regulation at the system level, summarizes the intended main point: “we live not only in a world of webs of cause and effect, but webs of opportunities that enable, but do not cause, often in unforeseeable ways, the possibilities of becoming of the bio- sphere, let alone human life. (...)
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  7.  7
    On the Generalization of Habituation: How Discrete Biological Systems Respond to Repetitive Stimuli.Mattia Bonzanni, Nicolas Rouleau, Michael Levin & David Lee Kaplan - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (7):1900028.
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  8.  11
    Revisiting Burr and Northrop’s “The Electro-Dynamic Theory of Life”.Michael Levin - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (2):83-90.
    Harold Saxton Burr was a biologist working throughout the 1930s–1950s on an important set of problems related to biological organization and the origin of complex living forms. He was a profound thinker, suggesting a complementary focus on field concepts in addition to the emphasis on particle models and integrating concepts from physics and philosophy in his work. He developed innovations in electrophysiological technique and used them to perform a wide experimental survey of bioelectricity in normal and pathological growth. Here, I (...)
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  9. What Kind of Explanation is Truth.Michael Levin - 1984 - In J. Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism. University of California. pp. 124--139.
     
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  10.  1
    Mental Content.Michael Levin - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):137-139.
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  11. Compatibilism and Special Relativity.Michael Levin - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy 104 (9):433-463.
  12.  96
    Gettier Cases Without False Lemmas?Michael Levin - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (3):381-392.
    Examples cited by Feldman, Lehrer and others of true beliefs that are justified, but not by false lemmas, turn out under scrutiny to involve false lemmas after all. In each case there is an EG inference whose conclusion is unwarranted unless its base instance is false. A shift to non-deductive justification does not avert the difficulty. The relation of this result to non-inferential Gettier cases is suggested.
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  13. Book Review: On the Creation of Benthamism. [REVIEW]Michael Levin - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (4):122-126.
  14. Kripke's Argument Against the Identity Thesis.Michael E. Levin - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (March):149-67.
  15. Why Homosexuality is Abnormal.Michael Levin - 1984 - The Monist 67 (2):251-283.
    This paper defends the view that homosexuality is abnormal and hence undesirable—not because it is immoral or sinful, or because it weakens society or hampers evolutionary development, but for a purely mechanical reason. It is a misuse of bodily parts. Clear empirical sense attaches to the idea of the use of such bodily parts as genitals, the idea that they are for something, and consequently to the idea of their misuse. I argue on grounds involving natural selection that misuse of (...)
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  16. How Philosophical Errors Impede Freedom.Michael Levin - 1999 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 14 (1; SEAS WIN):125-134.
     
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  17.  18
    Molecular Bioelectricity in Developmental Biology: New Tools and Recent Discoveries.Michael Levin - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (3):205-217.
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  18. Controversies in Feminism.James P. Sterba, Claudia Card, Jane Flax, Virginia Held, Ellen Klein, Janet Kournay, Michael Levin, Martha Nussbaum & Rosemarie Tong - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Feminism was born in controversy and it continues to flourish in controversy. The distinguished contributors to this volume provide an array of perspectives on issues including: universal values, justice and care, a feminist philosophy of science, and the relationship of biology to social theory.
     
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  19. You Can Always Count on Reliabilism.Michael Levin - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):607 - 617.
    This article considers some recent objections to reliabilism, particularly those of Susan Haack in Evidence and Inquiry. Haack complains that reliabilism solves the "ratification" problem trivially, making it analytic that evidence relates to truth; this paper defends an analytic solution to this problem. It argues as well that reliabilism is not tacitly committed to "evidentialism." Familiar counterexamples to and repairs of reliabilism are reviewed, with an eye to finding their rationale. Finally, it suggests that the underlying dispute between reliabilism and (...)
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  20.  88
    Responses to Race Differences in Crime.Michael Levin - 1992 - Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (1):5-29.
  21.  70
    On Theory-Change and Meaning-Change.Michael E. Levin - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (3):407-424.
    I argue against the currently popular view that a radical change in theory affects the meaning of theoretical terms, and hence render pre- and post-shift theories incomparable. I first show how to pose the meaning-change issue without appeal to meanings reified. I contend that arguments against theory-neutral observation languages are faulty, but that even if they were sound, there are semantic devices that allow a theory to refer to the factual basis of a competitor. This suggests a picture of science (...)
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  22.  3
    The Secular Enlightenment.Michael Levin - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-2.
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  23.  79
    Virtue Epistemology: No New Cures.Michael Levin - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):397–410.
    One version of virtue epistemology defines knowledge as belief whose truth arises from, or is explained by, the motives that produced it. This version is also intended to solve the Gettier problem, by shielding properly caused beliefs from double accidents. Unfortunately, there is no notion of "explains" or "arises from" which explains in the intended sense the truth of true beliefs.
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  24. Why We Believe in Other Minds.Michael E. Levin - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (March):343-59.
  25.  36
    Demons, Possibility and Evidence.Michael Levin - 2000 - Noûs 34 (3):422–440.
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  26. Exchange: Racial and Ethnic Profiling.Mathias Risse, Annabelle Lever & Michael Levin - 2007 - Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):3-35.
    In this paper I respond to Mathias Risse's objections to my critique of his views on racial profiling in Philosophy and Public Affairs. I draw on the work of Richard Sampson and others on racial disadvantage in the USA to show that racial profiling likely aggravates racial injustices that are already there. However, I maintain, clarify and defend my original claim against Risse that racial profiling itself is likely to cause racial injustice, even if we abstract from unfair background conditions. (...)
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  27. A Hobbesian Minimal State.Michael Levin - 1982 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (4):338-353.
  28. Your Use of the JSTOR Archive Indicates Your Acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, Available At.Michael Levin - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):125-136.
    Many philosophers believe that the faculty of introspection, and the subjective states revealed in introspection, present difficulties to materialism. This paper argues that introspection can be construed physicalistically, and that the states introspected need not be imbued with phenomenally self-revealing qualities. The central argument is that introspected states are identified in terms of (but the terms denoting them not defined in terms of) the external circumstances in which they occur. It is also argued that this broadly behaviorist perspective can be (...)
     
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  29.  12
    Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Michael E. Levin - 1982 - Noûs 16 (3):461-466.
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  30. Phenomenal Properties.Michael E. Levin - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (March):42-58.
  31.  33
    Plantinga on Functions and the Theory of Evolution.Michael Levin - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (1):83 – 98.
  32.  21
    Metaphysics and the Mind-Body Problem.Michael E. Levin - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
  33.  40
    The Race Concept: A Defense.Michael Levin - 2002 - Behavior and Philosophy 30:21 - 42.
    It is argued against critics that the concept of race is well-formed. The issue is formulated in terms of the classic sense/reference distinction and shown that "race" has a sense specified in terms of geographic ancestry, and thereby a reference. Excessive constraints on "race," for instance that races must by definition have signature genes, are rejected. Empirical validation is considered, although the emphasis here is to place empirical validation in a philosophical context, not answer the empirical questions themselves. At several (...)
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  34.  12
    Motor Protein Control of Ion Flux is an Early Step in Embryonic Left-Right Asymmetry.Michael Levin - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (10):1002-1010.
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  35. Feminism and Freedom.Michael E. Levin - 1987
  36.  13
    Past, Present and Future.Michael E. Levin - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (10):313-319.
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  37.  62
    Putnam on Reference and Constructible Sets.Michael Levin - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (1):55-67.
    Putnam argues that, by ‘reinterpretation’, the Axiom of Constructibility can be saved from empirical refutation. This paper contends that this argument fails, a failure which leaves Putnam's sweeping appeal to the Lowenheim –Skolem Theorem inadequately motivated.
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  38.  86
    Bundling Hume with Kripkenstein.Michael E. Levin - 2007 - Synthese 155 (1):35-64.
    It is argued that the intuition driving Kripke’s famous version of Wittgenstein’s meaning skepticism is precisely the one that prompted Hume to despair of his bundle theory of the self: there are no necessary connections between distinct mental states. This interpretation is shown to throw light on Wittgenstein’s notorious idea that all proofs “create concepts.” Wittgenstein has invented a new form of skepticism. Personally I am inclined to regard it as the most radical and original skeptical problem that philosophy has (...)
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  39.  27
    Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief, by Michael G. Titelbaum: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. Xii + 345, £40.00. [REVIEW]Michael Levin - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):200-203.
  40.  33
    Left–Right Patterning From the Inside Out: Widespread Evidence for Intracellular Control.Michael Levin & A. Richard Palmer - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (3):271-287.
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  41.  23
    The Extensionality of Causation and Causal-Explanatory Contexts.Michael E. Levin - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (2):266-277.
    I argue that 'c' occurs extensionally in 'c caused e' and 'D' occurs extensionally in 'c caused e because c is D'. I claim that this has been insufficiently appreciated because the two contexts are often run together and because it has not been clear that the description D of c is among the referents of an explanatory argument. I argue as well that Hume's analysis of causation is consistent with taking causation to be a relation between single events, and (...)
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  42. Is Racial Discrimination Special?Michael E. Levin - 1981 - Journal of Value Inquiry 15 (3):225-234.
  43.  47
    Equality of Opportunity.Michael E. Levin - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (123):110-125.
  44. William Lyons, The Disappearance of Introspection Reviewed By.Michael Levin - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (10):411-412.
  45. The Universalizability of Moral Judgments Revisited.Michael E. Levin - 1979 - Mind 88 (349):115-119.
    The question is not whether the word "ought" means what hare says; the question is whether the concept of objectivity can be applied to practical judgments. Universalizability is the key, According to the kantian, And that's why the universalizability of moral judgments is conceptually important. As a preliminary to arguing this, I show that some common counterexamples to hare's thesis misfire--And I end by suggesting that it is no a priori truth that every speaker and every culture have morality.
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  46. Why Race Matters: Race Differences and What They Mean.Michael Levin - 1999 - Behavior and Philosophy 27 (2):165-172.
  47.  27
    Comments on Risse and Lever.Michael Levin - 2007 - Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):29-35.
  48.  3
    Tortuous Dualism.Michael Levin - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (6):314.
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  49. Understanding the Euthyphro Problem.Michael Levin - 1989 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 25 (2):83 - 97.
  50. The Modal Confusion in Rawls' Original Position.Michael E. Levin & Margarita Levin - 1979 - Analysis 39 (2):82 - 87.
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