Results for 'Michael M. Lederman'

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  1.  75
    Intrinsic Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: A Need for Disclosure.Sharmon Sollitto, Sharona Hoffman, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Robert J. Lederman, Stuart J. Youngner & Michael M. Lederman - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):83-91.
    : Protection of human subjects from investigators' conflicts of interest is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation. Personal financial conflicts of interest are addressed by university policies, professional society guidelines, publication standards, and government regulation, but "intrinsic conflicts of interest"—conflicts of interest inherent in all clinical research—have received relatively less attention. Such conflicts arise in all clinical research endeavors as a result of the tension among professionals' responsibilities to their research and to their patients and both academic and financial (...)
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  2.  15
    Moving From Understanding of Consent Conditions to Heuristics of Trust.Michael M. Burgess & Kieran C. O’Doherty - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):24-26.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 24-26.
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  3.  38
    Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice.Michael M. J. Fischer - 2003 - Duke University Press.
    Now, in Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice, path-breaking scholar Michael M. J. Fischer moves the discussion to a consideration of the ...
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  4.  5
    Rhythmus Als Fundamentale Soziale Orientierung.Michael M. Dittmann - 2018 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 27 (1):345-367.
    How do actors co-ordinate their actions in a well-tested stage play? And how does a dance-theatre performance contribute to a better understanding of processes of social coordination? The way participants co-ordinate social interactions is guided by mechanisms that are true for the actors involved in the scene. Viewed as a burning glass, the dance-theatre scene is analysed in a cumulative theoretical process, as actors in this scripted coordination are oriented towards i) implicit rules in social contexts, ii) non-linear system attributes, (...)
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  5.  10
    Testing Normative and Self-Appraisal Feedback in an Online Slot-Machine Pop-Up in a Real-World Setting.Michael M. Auer & Mark D. Griffiths - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  6.  38
    Public Consultation in Ethics an Experiment in Representative Ethics.Michael M. Burgess - 2004 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1 (1):4-13.
    Genome Canada has funded a research project to evaluate the usefulness of different forms of ethical analysis for assessing the moral weight of public opinion in the governance of genomics. This paper will describe a role of public consultation for ethical analysis and a contribution of ethical analysis to public consultation and the governance of genomics/biotechnology. Public consultation increases the robustness of ethical analysis with a more diverse and rich accounts experiences. Consultation must be carefully and respectfully designed to generate (...)
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  7.  13
    The Use of Personalized Behavioral Feedback for Online Gamblers: An Empirical Study.Michael M. Auer & Mark D. Griffiths - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  8.  17
    Aither and the Four Roots in Empedocles.Michael M. Shaw - 2014 - Research in Phenomenology 44 (2):170-193.
    This paper surveys the meaning of aither in Empedocles. Since Aristotle, Empedoclean aither has been generally considered synonymous with air and understood anachronistically in terms of its Aristotelian conception as hot and wet. In critiquing this interpretation, the paper first examines the meaning of “air” in Empedocles, revealing scant and insignificant use of the term. Next, the ancient controversy of Empedocles’ “four roots” is recast from the perspective that aither, rather than air, designates the fourth root. Finally, the nineteen instances (...)
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  9.  9
    Using Questions to Improve Informed Consent Form Reading Behavior in Students.Michael M. Knepp - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (7):560-577.
    Previous research shows that students often do not read informed consent forms to understand their rights. Four hundred fifty-eight students participated in an advertised temperament study that actually measured whether they noticed a manipulation within the consent form. Answering five questions about the form raised the percentage of students noticing the manipulation in multiple settings; however, overall rates were low. Fewer than 10% of ethnic minority students noticed the manipulation. If the goal of consent forms in higher education remains an (...)
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  10.  4
    Personalized Behavioral Feedback for Online Gamblers: A Real World Empirical Study.Michael M. Auer & Mark D. Griffiths - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  11.  8
    Why the Fair Innings Argument is Not Persuasive.Michael M. Rivlin - 2000 - BMC Medical Ethics 1 (1):1.
    The fair innings argument is frequently put forward as a justification for denying elderly patients treatment when they are in competition with younger patients and resources are scarce. In this paper I will examine some arguments that are used to support the FIA. My conclusion will be that they do not stand up to scrutiny and therefore, the FIA should not be used to justify the denial of treatment to elderly patients, or to support rationing of health care by age.There (...)
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  12. William James and the National Academy of Sciences.Michael M. Sokal - 2010 - William James Studies 5:29-38.
    Williams James’s 1903 election to the National Academy of Sciences has long been understood as well-deserved recognition for his scientific achievement and as evidence that other sciences had begun to accept the “new psychology” as a peer discipline. This note offers a detailed review of the complex course of events that led to James’s election – presented within the context of the Academy’s own history – that illustrates just how a variety of extra-scientific factors had a significant impact on this (...)
     
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  13.  16
    Brain Plasticity-Based Therapeutics.Michael M. Merzenich, Thomas M. Van Vleet & Mor Nahum - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  14.  7
    Correcting Memory Improves Accuracy of Predicted Task Duration.Michael M. Roy, Scott T. Mitten & Nicholas J. S. Christenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 14 (3):266-275.
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  15.  10
    Parataxis in Anaxagoras.Michael M. Shaw - 2017 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):273-288.
    This paper examines parataxis and ring composition in Anaxagoras Fragment B4a, arguing that this ostensibly prose philosopher employs these poetic techniques to capture his thought. Comparing the fragment with Homeric similes and his description of Achilles’s Shield from Ililad XVIII reveals an immanent poetics within the Anaxagorean text. Lying between two instances of "πολλά τε καὶ παντοῖα" most of fragment constitutes a single sentence. Such ring composition advises that no part of the paratactic clause should be read independently from any (...)
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  16.  27
    Freedom, Indeterminism and Imagination.Michael M. Pitman - 2012 - South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):369-383.
    A suspicion about libertarian free will is that freedom is undermined, rather than supported, by the positing of indeterminism within processes of volition. In response, this paper presents a way in which moments of indeterminism can enhance freedom, by showing how such moments can genuinely belong to the agent. The key idea is that of putting the imagination to work in the service of free agency. The suggestion is that indeterministic processes of imaginative generativity can both belong to an agent, (...)
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  17.  24
    [Book Review] Anthropology as Cultural Critique, an Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences. [REVIEW]George E. Marcus & Michael M. J. Fischer - 1992 - Ethics 102:635-649.
  18. Classical Opacity.Michael Caie, Jeremy Goodman & Harvey Lederman - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 101 (3):524-566.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  19.  59
    The Medicalization of Dying.Michael M. Burgess - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):269-279.
    Physician assisted suicide or active euthanasia is analyzed as a medicalization of the needs of persons who are suffering interminably. As with other medicalized responses to personal needs, the availability of active euthanasia will likely divert attention and resources from difficult social and personal aspects of the needs of dying and suffering persons, continuing the pattern of privatization of the costs of caregiving for persons who are candidates for active euthanasia, limiting the ability of caregivers to assist suffering persons to (...)
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  20.  14
    Rumination and Performance in Dynamic, Team Sport.Michael M. Roy, Daniel Memmert, Anastasia Frees, Joseph Radzevick, Jean Pretz & Benjamin Noël - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  21.  10
    Intention and Suggestion in the Abhidharmakśa: Sandhābhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}$$ Ārevisited. [REVIEW]Michael M. Broido - 1985 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 13 (4):327-381.
    At Abhidharmakośa VI .3, Vasubandhu analyses the phrase sandhāya ... bha $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ as used in the sūtras. Here bhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ mentions an utterance, to which a figurative sense is ascribed by the gerundive (not noun) sandhāya. The audience is split: some are intended to understand the literal, others the figurative sense. Vasubandhu's analysis works well for sandhābhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ a etc. in the Saddharmapu $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}$$ $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{d}$$ arīka and the Guhyasamājatantra. (The Hevajratantra is (...)
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  22.  20
    Genetic Testing for Hereditary Disease: Attending to Relational Responsibility.Michael M. Burgess & Lori D'Agincourt-Canning - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (4):361.
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  23.  87
    Hume's Theory of Belief.Michael M. Gorman - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):89-101.
    The paper defends Hume's theory of belief against charges of inconsistency (but does not argue that Hume's theory is correct). It is noted that his statements about belief are actually statements about three different questions: the nature of belief, the effects of belief, and the causes of belief. The question of the nature of belief is analyzed in the most detail. Hume has two theories, which I call his "manner of conception theory" and his "feeling theory," but on Humean assumptions, (...)
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  24.  32
    Mental States, Processes, and Conscious Intent in Libet's Experiments.Michael M. Pitman - 2013 - South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):71-89.
    The meaning and significance of Benjamin Libet’s studies on the timing of conscious will have been widely discussed, especially by those wishing to draw sceptical conclusions about conscious agency and free will. However, certain important correctives for thinking about mental states and processes undermine the apparent simplicity and logic of Libet’s data. The appropriateness, relevance and ecological validity of Libet’s methods are further undermined by considerations of how we ought to characterise intentional actions, conscious intention, and what it means to (...)
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  25.  19
    The Haptic Radial-Tangential Effect: Two Tests of Wong’s “Moments-of-Inertia” Hypothesis.F. M. Marchetti & S. J. Lederman - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (1):43-46.
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  26.  17
    Intention and Suggestion in the Abhidharmakśa: Sandhābhā\ Underset {\ Raise0. 3em\ Hbox {Ārevisited. [REVIEW]Michael M. Broido - 1985 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 13 (4):327-381.
    At Abhidharmakośa VI .3, Vasubandhu analyses the phrase sandhāya ... bha $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ as used in the sūtras. Here bhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ mentions an utterance, to which a figurative sense is ascribed by the gerundive (not noun) sandhāya. The audience is split: some are intended to understand the literal, others the figurative sense. Vasubandhu's analysis works well for sandhābhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ a etc. in the Saddharmapu $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}$$ $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{d}$$ arīka and the Guhyasamājatantra. (The Hevajratantra is (...)
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  27.  39
    Abhiprāya and Implication in Tibetan Linguistics.Michael M. Broido - 1984 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 12 (1):1-33.
  28. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  29.  7
    Culture and Cultural Analysis.Michael M. J. Fischer - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):360-364.
  30.  16
    A Further Note on "EPOIESEN" Signatures.Michael M. Eisman - 1974 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 94:172.
  31.  4
    Philosophy in Mind: The Place of Philosophy in the Study of Mind.M. Michael & John O'Leary-Hawthorne (eds.) - 1994 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Increasingly, the mind is being treated as a fit subject for scientific inquiry. As cognitive science and empirical psychology strive to uncover the mind's secrets, it is fitting to inquire as to what distinctive role is left for philosophy in the study of mind. This collection, which includes contributions by some of the leading scholars in the field, offers a rich variety of perspectives on this issue. Topics addressed include: the place of a priori inquiry in philosophy of mind, moral (...)
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  32.  3
    The Problem is Not Monsters: The FRANKENCON Panel on Science and Ethics.Michael M. Chemers - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (5):1-20.
    In November of 2019, the University of California Santa Cruz hosted a 3-day interdisciplinary conference to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the publication of Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley. A panel of senior researchers convened to discuss the impact of the novel on modern discussions of scientific ethics. The panel featured Nandini Bhattacharya, George Blumenthal, Michael M. Chemers, David Haussler, and Jenny Reardon. In the process, the panelists acted as the Institutional Review Board for a proposal from Victor Frankenstein himself.
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  33.  5
    The Paradigm and the Fuzzy Logical Model of Perception Are Alive and Well.Dominic W. Massaro & Michael M. Cohen - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (1):115-124.
  34.  64
    Ontological Priority and John Duns Scotus.Michael M. Gorman - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (173):460-471.
    The philosophical literature understands ontological priority in two ways, in terms of dependence, and in terms of degrees-of-being. These views are not reconcilable in any straightforward manner. However, they can be reconciled indirectly, if both are seen as instances of higher-level concept that is a modification of John Duns Scotus' notion of essential order. The result is a theory of ontological priority that takes the form of a list of membership criteria for the class of "ontological priority relations", of which (...)
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  35.  37
    The Formation and Stability of Marriage in Fourteenth-Century England: Evidence of an Ely Register.Michael M. Sheehan - 1971 - Mediaeval Studies 33 (1):228-263.
  36.  42
    Baldwin, Cattell and the Psychological Review: A Collaboration and its Discontents.Michael M. Sokal - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):57-89.
    This paper provides a detailed account of the origins of the Psycho logical Review in 1894, of the policies and practices of its editors (James Mark Baldwin and James McKeen Cattell) during its first decade, and of the public and private disagreements that led them to dissolve their collaboration in 1904. In doing so, it sheds light on the significant roles played by specialized scientific journals in the development of specific scientific specialities, and illustrates the value for historical exploration of (...)
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  37.  20
    The Development and Role of the Ṣeyhülislam in Early Ottoman HistoryThe Development and Role of the Seyhulislam in Early Ottoman History.Michael M. Pixley - 1976 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (1):89.
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  38.  22
    Should HECs Involved in Case Review Have a Healthcare Ethics Consultant?Michael M. Burgess, Elizabeth A. Flagler & Veronica A. Dalla-Longa - 1993 - HEC Forum 5 (3):196-204.
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  39.  5
    Science, Technology and Society.Michael M. J. Fischer - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):172-174.
  40.  21
    Commentary.Michael M. Burgess - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (4):363-366.
    In Michael Stingl argues that the legalization of euthanasia can be made reasonable social policy only in the context of healthcare reform to deliver primary- and community-based care. Stingl accepts that euthanasia and that includes not only pain, but He is not worried The failure of the healthcare system to adequately respond to the needs of people who are suffering with chronic or terminal conditions may lead competent people to elect euthanasia. Stingl argues that it is the institutionalization of (...)
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  41.  12
    The Perception of Causality: Feature Binding in Interacting Objects.John K. Kruschke & Michael M. Fragassi - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 441--446.
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  42.  69
    Social Contract Theory and Just Decision Making: Lessons From Genetic Testing for the BRCA Mutations.Bryn Williams-Jones & Michael M. Burgess - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (2):115-142.
    : Decisions about funding health services are crucial to controlling costs in health care insurance plans, yet they encounter serious challenges from intellectual property protection—e.g., patents—of health care services. Using Myriad Genetics' commercial genetic susceptibility test for hereditary breast cancer (BRCA testing) in the context of the Canadian health insurance system as a case study, this paper applies concepts from social contract theory to help develop more just and rational approaches to health care decision making. Specifically, Daniels's and Sabin's "accountability (...)
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  43.  29
    Client Preferences for Informed Consent Information.Ellen B. Braaten & Michael M. Handelsman - 1997 - Ethics and Behavior 7 (4):311 – 328.
    Thirty-five current therapy clients, 47 former clients, and 42 college students with no therapy experience rated 27 items in terms of importance for inclusion in informed consent discussions. The current and former client samples rated information about inappropriate therapeutic techniques, confidentiality, and the risks of alternative treatments as most important, and information about the personal characteristics of the therapist and the therapist's degree as least important. The results of this study provide evidence for differential informed consent disclosure practices.
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  44.  23
    Optical Images of Visible and Invisible Percepts in the Primary Visual Cortex of Primates.Stephen L. Macknik & Michael M. Haglund - 1999 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96 (26):15208-15210.
  45.  4
    Social Science Research and the Crafting of Policy on Population Resettlement.Michael M. Cernea - 1993 - Knowledge and Policy 6 (3-4):176-200.
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  46.  5
    Fluctuation Electron Microscopy of Medium-Range Order in Ion-Irradiated Zircon.Gongpu Zhao, Michael M. J. Treacy & Peter R. Buseck - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (35-36):4661-4677.
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  47.  35
    Michael M. Woolfson, Materials, Matter and Particles: A Brief History. [REVIEW]Sean F. Johnston - 2011 - Ambix 58:182-183.
  48.  32
    Distributist Thinking Today.Michael M. Jordan - 1998 - The Chesterton Review 24 (1/2):254-255.
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  49.  21
    Exploring Researchers’ Experiences of Working with a Researcher-Driven, Population-Specific Community Advisory Board in a South African Schizophrenia Genomics Study.Megan M. Campbell, Ezra Susser, Jantina de Vries, Adam Baldinger, Goodman Sibeko, Michael M. Mndini, Sibonile G. Mqulwana, Odwa A. Ntola, Raj S. Ramesar & Dan J. Stein - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundCommunity engagement within biomedical research is broadly defined as a collaborative relationship between a research team and a group of individuals targeted for research. A Community Advisory Board is one mechanism of engaging the community. Within genomics research CABs may be particularly relevant due to the potential implications of research findings drawn from individual participants on the larger communities they represent. Within such research, CABs seek to meet instrumental goals such as protecting research participants and their community from research-related risks, (...)
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  50.  5
    Existential Judgment and Transcendental Reduction: A Critical Analysis of Edmund Husserl's Phaenomenologische Fundamentalbetrachtung (Ideen I, [Paragraphen] 27-62).Michael M. Tavuzzi - 1982 - Massimo.
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