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Michael Murray
Franklin and Marshall College
Michael Paul Murray
University of Oxford
  1.  46
    The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion.Jeffrey Schloss & Michael J. Murray (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Over the last two decades, scientific accounts of religion have received a great deal of scholarly and popular attention both because of their intrinsic interest and because they are widely as constituting a threat to the religion they analyse. The Believing Primate aims to describe and discuss these scientific accounts as well as to assess their implications. The volume begins with essays by leading scientists in the field, describing these accounts and discussing evidence in their favour. Philosophical and theological reflections (...)
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  2.  84
    Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering.Michael Murray - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Problems of and explanations for evil -- Neo-cartesianism -- Animal suffering and the fall -- Nobility, flourishing, and immortality : animal pain and animal well-being -- Natural evil, nomic regularity, and animal suffering -- Chaos, order, and evolution -- Combining CDs.
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  3.  86
    Scientific Explanations of Religion and the Justification of Religious Belief.Michael J. Murray - 2009 - In Michael J. Murray & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.), The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 168.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001788486; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 168-178.; Language(s): English; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
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  4. Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering.Michael J. Murray - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (3):173-177.
     
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  5. Intellect, Will, and Freedom: Leibniz and His Precursors.Michael Murray - 1996 - The Leibniz Review 6:25-59.
    Among the many puzzling features of Leibniz’s philosophy, none has received more attention in the recent literature than his position on freedom. Leibniz makes his views on freedom a central theme in his philosophical writings from early in his career until its close. And yet while significant efforts have been concentrated on decoding his views on this issue, much of the discussion has focused on only one facet of Leibniz’s treatment of it. I have argued elsewhere that there are at (...)
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  6. Four Arguments That the Cognitive Psychology of Religion Undermines the Justification of Religious Belief.Michael J. Murray - manuscript
    Over the last decade a handful of cognitive models of religious belief have begun to coalesce in the literature. Attempts to offer “scientific explanations of religious belief ” are nothing new, stretching back at least as far as David Hume, and perhaps as far back as Cicero. What is also not new is a belief that scientific explanations of religious belief serve in some way to undermine the justification for those beliefs.
     
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  7.  79
    Coercion and the Hiddenness of God.Michael J. Murray - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):27 - 38.
  8. Pure Omissions, Responsibility, and Character.Michael Murray - manuscript
    Many defenders of libertarianism have, in recent years, come to endorse the idea that free agents are rarely able to choose otherwise than they do.1 These libertarians argue that it is often true that the beliefs and desires, or the character of a free agent are sufficient to render numerous possible choice-alternatives ineligible for the agent having them. In fact, they claim, it is frequently the case that beliefs, desires, character, etc. are sufficient to narrow the eligible alternatives to a (...)
     
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  9. Spontaneity and Freedom in Leibniz.Michael J. Murray - 2005 - In Donald Rutherford & J. A. Cover (eds.), Leibniz: Nature and Freedom. Oxford University Press. pp. 194--216.
  10. Deus absconditus.Michael J. Murray - 2002 - In Daniel Howard-Snyder & Paul K. Moser (eds.), Divine Hiddenness: New Essays. Cambridge University Press. pp. 63.
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  11.  35
    Ask and It Will Be Given to You: Michael J. Murray and Kurt Meyers.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):311-330.
    Consider the following situation. It is the first day of school, and the new third-grade students file into the classroom to be shown to their seats for the coming year. As they enter, the third-grade teacher notices one small boy who is particularly unkempt. He looks to be in desperate need of bathing, and his clothes are dirty, torn and tight-fitting. During recess, the teacher pulls aside the boy's previous teacher and asks about his wretched condition. The other teacher informs (...)
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  12. Heaven and Hell.Michael Murray - 1999 - In Reason for the Hope Within. Eerdmans. pp. 289--317.
     
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  13.  5
    Costly Signaling and the Origin of Religion.Michael Murray & Lyn Moore - 2009 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 9 (3-4):225-245.
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  14.  45
    Trent Dougherty, The Problem of Animal Pain: A Theodicy for All Creatures Great and Small.Michael J. Murray - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (1):137-141.
  15. The God's I Point of View.Michael Murray - manuscript
    Recent non-representationalists and metaphysical anti-realists have argued that the “Enlightenment notion” of a “God’s eye” point of view of the world is unsustainable. Deployment of conceptual schemes and/or intersubjective assent both constitute the world and fix the truth value of our statements about it. Many theists, on the contrary, hold an equally extreme realist position according to which God has a view of the world as it is “in itself" which provides an exhaustive description of the world. Furthermore, on this (...)
     
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  16.  49
    Pre-Leibnizian Moral Necessity.Michael J. Murray - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:1-28.
    The mature Leibniz frequently uses the phrase “moral necessity” in the context of discussing free choice. In this essay I provide a seventeenth century geneology of the phrase. I show that the doctrine of moral necessity was developed by scholastic philosophers who sought to retain a robust notion of freedom while purging bruteness from their systems. Two sorts of bruteness were special targets. The first is metaphysical bruteness, according to which contingent events or states of affairs occur without a sufficient (...)
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  17.  35
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.Michael J. Murray & Michael C. Rea - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion provides a broad overview of the topics which are at the forefront of discussion in contemporary philosophy of religion. Prominent views and arguments from both historical and contemporary authors are discussed and analyzed. The book treats all of the central topics in the field, including the coherence of the divine attributes, theistic and atheistic arguments, faith and reason, religion and ethics, miracles, human freedom and divine providence, science and religion, and immortality. In addition (...)
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  18.  37
    Ask and It Will Be Given to You.Michael J. Murray & Kurt Meyers - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):311 - 330.
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  19. Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom.Michael J. Murray - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):75-108.
    The Prevolitional Condition: The subjunctive conditionals of human freedom known by God must have their truth value prior to any free decree of God, i.e., be known prevolitionally.
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  20. Neo-Cartesianism and the Problem of Animal Suffering.Michael Murray - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):169-190.
    The existence and extent of animal suffering provides grounds for a serious evidential challenge to theism. In the wake of the Darwinian revolution, this strain of natural atheology has taken on substantially greater significance. In this essay we argue that there are at least four neo-Cartesian views on the nature of animal minds which would serve to deflect this evidential challenge.
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  21. Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions.Eleanore Stump & Michael J. Murray (eds.) - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  22. Who's Afraid of Religion?Michael Murray - manuscript
    And in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
     
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  23. Coercion and the Hiddennessofgod.Michael J. Murray - 2009 - In Kevin Timpe (ed.), Arguing About Religion. Routledge. pp. 282.
     
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  24.  42
    Philosophy and Christian Theology.Michael Murray - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Many of the doctrines central to Christianity have important philosophical implications or presuppositions. In this article, we begin with a brief general discussion of the relationship between philosophy and Christian dogma, and then we turn our attention to three of the most philosophically challenging Christian doctrines: the trinity, the incarnation, and the atonement. We take these three as our focus because, unlike (for example) doctrines about providence or the attributes of God, these are distinctive to Christian theology and, unlike (for (...)
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  25. Dissertation on Predestination and Grace.Michael J. Murray (ed.) - 2011 - Yale University Press.
    In this book G. W. Leibniz presents not only his reflections on predestination and election but also a more detailed account of the problem of evil than is found in any of his other works apart from the _Theodicy_. Surprisingly, his _Dissertation on Predestination and Grace_ has never before been published in any form. Michael J. Murray's project of translating, editing, and providing commentary for the volume will therefore attract great interest among scholars and students of Leibniz's philosophy and theology. (...)
     
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  26.  24
    Heidegger and Modern Philosophy: Critical Essays.Michael Murray (ed.) - 1978 - Yale University Press.
  27.  45
    Evolutionary Accounts of Religion: Explaining or Explaining Away.Michael J. Murray - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 472--478.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Notes * References.
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  28.  42
    Natural Providence: Reply to Dembski.Michael J. Murray - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (3):337-341.
  29.  11
    Theodicy.Michael J. Murray - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    From Leibniz's time until the mid-1970s, the word ‘theodicy’ was used to describe attempts to explain God's permission of evil. Since the mid-1970s, however, it has taken on a more refined sense among philosophers of religion – a change that can be attributed to Alvin Plantinga's book God, Freedom and Evil. In this work, Plantinga distinguishes between two types of explanations of evil that theists might construct. The first type is offered in response to arguments that the coexistence of God (...)
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  30.  43
    Intellect, Will, and Freedom in Leibniz.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - The Leibniz Review 4:11-12.
    In this paper I claim that there are three primary dimensions to the issue of freedom in Leibniz’s work. The first, and most widely discussed, is the logical dimension. When discussing this dimension, Leibniz is concerned primarily about the relationship between freedom and modality: what does it mean for choice to be contingent? The second dimension is the theological one. When discussing this dimension, Leibniz is interested in considering such issues as the relationships between divine knowledge or providence and human (...)
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  31. Does Prayer Change Things?Michael Murray - manuscript
    The belief that God responds to prayer is widespread. According to a recent Newsweek survey 87% of Americans said that they believe that God answers prayers. In fact, they believe so heartily in the efficacy of prayer that nearly one third of those polled said that they prayed to God more than once a day. What is even more interesting about this belief among ordinary Americans is that it has been denied by so many theologians. One might think such denials (...)
     
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  32. Do Objective Ethical Norms Need Theistic Grounding?Michael Murray - manuscript
    Recent Christian reflection on the relation of religion and ethics has focused a great deal on establishing a conception of ethics in which God plays a central role. The numerous attempts to respond to Plato's "Euthyphro Dilemma" and the various defenses of the divine command theory provide two examples of this phenomenon. But much of this ethical reflection has gone on in a way that is largely “defensive.” That is, those engaged in such discussions typically describe an ethical theory which (...)
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  33.  38
    Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - The Leibniz Review 4:2-5.
  34.  26
    BOEHNER, PHILOTHEUS, O. F. M. "The Tractatus de Praedestinatione Et de Praescientia Dei Et de Futuris Contingentibus of William Ockham". [REVIEW]Michael V. Murray - 1946 - Modern Schoolman 24:55.
  35.  53
    The Evolution of Religion: Adaptationist Accounts.Michael J. Murray - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 437--457.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * I Introduction * II One Preliminary * III Adaptationist Theories * IV Punishment Theories * V Commitment Signaling * VI Group Selection * V Conclusion * Notes * References.
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  36.  37
    The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy.Michael J. Murray - 2002 - The Leibniz Review 12:103-106.
    In recent years historians of modern philosophy have begun to pay much more attention to the theological thought of both major and minor figures in the period. These theological views are interesting and important in their own right, but they also provide substantial insights into the interconnections between, and the motivations for, many philosophical positions these figures advocate. This volume continues this recent tradition by providing an engaging look at the ways in which key figures in the modern period addressed (...)
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  37.  36
    Leibniz and His Correspondents.Michael J. Murray - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:105-112.
  38.  6
    Pre-Leibnizian Moral Necessity.Michael J. Murray - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:1-28.
    The mature Leibniz frequently uses the phrase “moral necessity” in the context of discussing free choice. In this essay I provide a seventeenth century geneology of the phrase. I show that the doctrine of moral necessity was developed by scholastic philosophers who sought to retain a robust notion of freedom while purging bruteness from their systems. Two sorts of bruteness were special targets. The first is metaphysical bruteness, according to which contingent events or states of affairs occur without a sufficient (...)
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  39.  24
    Leibniz’s Proposal for Theological Reconciliation Among the Protestants.Michael J. Murray - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):623-646.
    Between 1701 and 1705 Leibniz focused on the task of securing theological reunion between Lutherans and Calvinists, the two major Protestant sects at the time. Doing so, he believed, required reconciliation on two key topics, namely, the doctrine of the Eucharist, and the doctrine of election. To bring unity on the second issue, Leibniz composed a lengthy treatise based on a commentary on the Thirty-nine articles of the Church of England. This treatise stakes out a position springing from Leibniz’s own (...)
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  40.  30
    Time In Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.Michael Murray - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (4):682 - 705.
    IN ONE of the last seminars of his life, Heidegger remarks that just as Hegel was trying to lay the definitive foundation of the modern age, so was his friend Hölderlin trying to break through the ground of the age in order to inaugurate a step beyond modernity. For this reason, Heidegger clearly regards the poet as more radical than the philosopher. Without trying myself to assess the validity of this contrast, I shall take it as a clue and argue (...)
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  41.  72
    Three Versions of Universalism.Michael J. Murray - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (1):55-68.
    In recent years a number of sophisticated versions of soteriological universalism have appeared in the literature. In this essay I offer some critical retlections them. In particular, I argue that universalism offers no explanation for the fact that God puts human creatures through the earthly life, and that if there is no such reason then the earthly life and the evil it contains are both gratuitous. Finally, I argue that universalists are obliged to deny that human beings have a centrally (...)
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  42.  5
    Introduction.Michael J. Murray - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (5):515-520.
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  43.  5
    Connecting Narrative and Social Representation Theory in Health Research.Michael Murray - 2002 - Social Science Information 41 (4):653-673.
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  44.  5
    Christia Mercer on the Early Leibniz: A Review Essay on Leibniz’s Metaphysics.Michael J. Murray - 2005 - Philosophia Christi 7 (1):189-198.
  45.  5
    Leibniz on Freedom and Determinism in Relation to Aquinas and Molina.Michael Murray - 2001 - Philosophia Christi 3 (2):578-580.
  46.  28
    Critical Review of Cover and Hawthorne on Leibnizian Modality.Michael J. Murray - 2000 - The Leibniz Review 10:73-86.
    In the introduction to Substance and Individuation in Leibniz, Jan Cover and John Hawthorne inform us that the aim of the book is to “grasp more clearly the metaphysical problems of individuation by taking seriously how these are played out in the hands of one influential philosopher standing as the important mediary between scholastic and modern philosophers.” Were the book to succeed in this modest aim it would be a significant achievement. In fact, it achieves this aim and a good (...)
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  47.  12
    Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom.Michael J. Murray - 1992 - The Leibniz Review 2:18-19.
    Despite Russell’s protestations to the contrary, it has become evident that Leibniz had more than a passing interest in a number of the problems plaguing seventeenth century philosophical theology. In published work, correspondence, and private notes, Leibniz spends significant energy sorting through numerous solutions to the standard problems. Not least among these was the perennial problem of how to reconcile divine foreknowledge and providence and human freedom. In this essay I discuss how Leibniz understands this problem against the background of (...)
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  48. God Responds to Prayer.Michael Murray - 2004 - In Michael L. Peterson (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 242-254.
     
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  49.  53
    Vernon Venable 1906-1996.Jesse Kalin, Michael McCarthy, Mitchell Miller & Michael Murray - 1997 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 70 (5):164 - 166.
    In memoriam of Vernon Venable, American philosopher who for four decades was a master teacher in the history of Western philosophy, author of an important study of Marx, and the seminal spirit in the development and flourishing of the program in philosophy at Vassar College.
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  50.  19
    Heidegger and Ryle: Two Versions of Phenomenology.Michael Murray - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):88 - 111.
    An alternative title for this discussion might have run: "Heidegger or The Concept of Mind." Its ambivalence provides a direction. Read in an inclusive or appositional way "or" has the sense of "Heidegger Revisited," while interpreted exclusively it confronts us with the necessity to choose between two incompatible versions. No one would seriously dispute that there are significant differences in technique, motive, and goal between Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit and Ryle’s Concept of Mind, and in their philosophizing generally. Ryle’s technique (...)
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