Results for 'Michael N. Abbott'

982 found
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  1.  59
    Emerging Ethical Issues Related to the Use of Brain-Computer Interfaces for Patients with Total Locked-in Syndrome.Michael N. Abbott & Steven L. Peck - 2016 - Neuroethics 10 (2):235-242.
    New brain-computer interface and neuroimaging techniques are making differentiation less ambiguous and more accurate between unresponsive wakefulness syndrome patients and patients with higher cognitive function and awareness. As research into these areas continues to progress, new ethical issues will face physicians of patients suffering from total locked-in syndrome, characterized by complete loss of voluntary muscle control, with retention of cognitive function and awareness detectable only with neuroimaging and brain-computer interfaces. Physicians, researchers, ethicists and hospital ethics committees should be aware of (...)
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  2.  36
    Hidden processes in structural representations: A reply to Abbott, Austerweil, and Griffiths (2015).Michael N. Jones, Thomas T. Hills & Peter M. Todd - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):570-574.
  3. Systematizing the theoretical virtues.Michael N. Keas - 2017 - Synthese 1 (6):1-33.
    There are at least twelve major virtues of good theories: evidential accuracy, causal adequacy, explanatory depth, internal consistency, internal coherence, universal coherence, beauty, simplicity, unification, durability, fruitfulness, and applicability. These virtues are best classified into four classes: evidential, coherential, aesthetic, and diachronic. Each virtue class contains at least three virtues that sequentially follow a repeating pattern of progressive disclosure and expansion. Systematizing the theoretical virtues in this manner clarifies each virtue and suggests how they might have a coordinated and cumulative (...)
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  4.  35
    Representing word meaning and order information in a composite holographic lexicon.Michael N. Jones & Douglas J. K. Mewhort - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (1):1-37.
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  5.  43
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
  6.  17
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2005 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
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  7.  58
    Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Hegel's Idea of a Phenomenology of Spirit, Michael N. Forster advances an original reading of the work.
  8. Kant and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This book puts forward a much-needed reappraisal of Immanuel Kant's conception of and response to skepticism, as set forth principally in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is widely recognized that Kant's theoretical philosophy aims to answer skepticism and reform metaphysics--Michael Forster makes the controversial argument that those aims are closely linked. He distinguishes among three types of skepticism: "veil of perception" skepticism, which concerns the external world; Humean skepticism, which concerns the existence of a priori concepts and synthetic (...)
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  9.  73
    German philosophy of language: from Schlegel to Hegel and beyond.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book not only sets the historical record straight but also champions the Herderian tradition for its philosophical depth and breadth.
  10.  61
    Hegel and skepticism.Michael N. Forster - 1989 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    This book should cause a re-evaluation of Hegel, and German Idealism generally, and contribute to a re-evaluation of the skeptical tradition in philosophy.
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  11.  20
    Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster - 1989 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Forster demonstrates that Hegel did not in fact ignore epistemology, but on the contrary he fought a tireless and subtle campaign to defeat the threat of skepticism. Forster's work should dispel once and for all the view that Hegel was naive or careless in epistemological matters. Along the way, Forster makes much that has hither to remained obscure in Hegel's texts intelligible for the first time.
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  12. Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. FORSTER - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (2):351-352.
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  13.  60
    After Herder: Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition.Michael N. Forster - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In the course of developing these historical points, this book also shows that Herder and his tradition are in many ways superior to dominant trends in more ...
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  14. Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):145-147.
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  15. Genealogy.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - American Dialectic 1 (2):230-250.
    Nietzsche and Foucault famously employ a philosophical method of “genealogy” and apply it to the realm of morality in particular. In this article I would like to do two main things: I will begin by offering a contribution toward a sort of “genealogy of genealogy,” that is, toward an account of how the method emerged historically. I will then give an explanation of how the method is supposed to work. In a subsequent, companion article in this journal, “Genealogy and Morality,” (...)
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  16. Kant's Philosophy of Language?Michael N. Forster - 2012 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (3):485.
  17.  33
    Can mathematics education and history of mathematics coexist?Michael N. Fried - 2001 - Science & Education 10 (4):391-408.
  18.  15
    Odysseus: The Proem and the Problem.Michael N. Nagler - 1990 - Classical Antiquity 9 (2):335-356.
  19.  11
    Herder's Philosophy.Michael N. Forster - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Johann Gottfried Herder is a towering figure in modern thought, but one who has hitherto been severely underappreciated. Michael Forster seeks to rectify that situation by exploring the full range of his ideas, and showing their enormous impact in philosophy, linguistics, anthropology, and comparative literature.
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  20.  20
    Selective maintenance of value information helps resolve the exploration/exploitation dilemma.Michael N. Hallquist & Alexandre Y. Dombrovski - 2019 - Cognition 183 (C):226-243.
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  21.  67
    Socrates' demand for definitions.Michael N. Forster - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31:1-47.
  22. Genealogy and Morality.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - American Dialectic 1 (3):346-369.
    In a previous article in this journal, “Genealogy,” I offered a sort of “genealogy of genealogy,” an account of the method’s development, according to which it mainly grew, not from English or French antecedents, but out of a German tradition that began with Herder and then continued with Hegel before eventually culminating in Nietzsche himself. [...] Presupposing this account of the method of genealogy, the present article will consider the method in relation to one of its most important areas of (...)
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  23. Life-centered ethics, and the human future in space.Michael N. Mautner - 2008 - Bioethics 23 (8):433-440.
    In the future, human destiny may depend on our ethics. In particular, biotechnology and expansion in space can transform life, raising profound questions. Guidance may be found in Life-centered ethics, as biotic ethics that value the basic patterns of organic gene/protein life, and as panbiotic ethics that always seek to expand life. These life-centered principles can be based on scientific insights into the unique place of life in nature, and the biological unity of all life. Belonging to life then implies (...)
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  24.  9
    Introduction.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press. pp. 1-4.
  25. On the very idea of denying the existence of radically different conceptual schemes.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):133 – 185.
    It has become very popular among philosophers to attempt to discredit, or at least set severe limits to, the thesis that there exist conceptual schemes radically different from ours. This fashion is misconceived. Philosophers have attempted to justify it in two main ways: by means of arguments which are a priorist relative to the relevant linguistic and textual evidence (and either independent of or based upon positive theories of meaning, understanding, and interpretation); and by means of arguments which are a (...)
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  26.  12
    »Spiritualität« im Christentum und darüber hinaus. Soziologische Vermutungen zur Hochkonjunktur eines Begriffs.Michael N. Ebertz - 2005 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 13 (2):193-208.
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  27.  14
    Sex differences moderate decision making behaviour in high impulsive sensation seekers.Michael N. Dretsch & Jason Tipples - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):149-155.
  28. Herder: Philosophical Writings.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Johann Gottfried von Herder is one of the most important German philosophers of the eighteenth century, who had enormous influence on later thinkers such as Hegel, Schleiermacher and Nietzsche. His wide-ranging ideas were formative in the development of linguistics, hermeneutics, anthropology and bible scholarship, and even today they retain their vitality and relevance to an extraordinary degree. This volume presents a translation of Herder's most important and characteristic philosophical writings in his areas of central interest, including philosophy of language, philosophy (...)
     
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  29.  98
    Herder’s Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation: Three Fundamental Principles.Michael N. Forster - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):323 - 356.
    A GOOD CASE COULD BE MADE that Herder is the founder not only of the modern philosophy of language but also of the modern philosophy of interpretation and translation and that he has many things to say on these subjects from which we may still learn today. This essay will not attempt to make such a case, but it will be concerned with some aspects of Herder’s position that would be central to it: three fundamental principles in his philosophy of (...)
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  30.  15
    Perspectives in Quantum Theory. Essays in Honor of Alfred Landé.Michael N. Audi - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):72-78.
  31.  8
    Perspectives in Quantum Theory: Essays in Honor of Alfred Landé.Michael N. Audi - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (2):323-324.
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  32. Hermeneutics.Michael N. Forster - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford handbook of continental philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.
    For the purpose of this article, "hermeneutics" means the theory of interpretation, i.e. the theory of achieving an understanding of texts, utterances, and so on (it does not mean a certain twentieth-century philosophical movement). Hermeneutics in this sense has a long history, reaching back at least as far as ancient Greece. However, new focus was brought to bear on it in the modern period, in the wake of the Reformation with its displacement of responsibility for interpreting the Bible from the (...)
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  33. Free will in antiquity and in Kant.Michael N. Forster - 2018 - In Christian H. Krijnen (ed.), Metaphysics of Freedom? Kant’s Concept of Cosmological Freedom in Historical and Systematic Perspective. Boston: Brill.
  34. Herder and Spinoza.Michael N. Forster - unknown
    What was the source of this great flowering? Much of the credit for it has tended to go to Jacobi and Mendelssohn, who in 1785 began a famous public dispute concerning the question whether or not Lessing had been a Spinozist, as Jacobi alleged Lessing had admitted to him shortly before his death in 1781. But Jacobi and Mendelssohn were both negatively disposed towards Spinoza. In On the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Mr.
     
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  35.  21
    Catholic Priests' Knowledge of Pastoral Codes of Conduct in the United States.Michael N. Kane - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:150527093230007.
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  36.  15
    The Philosophy of Translation, the Translation of Philosophy, and Chinese.Michael N. Forster, Guido Kreis & Tze-wan Kwan - 2023 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 50 (3):219-224.
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  37.  61
    Nietzsche on morality as a “sign language of the affects”.Michael N. Forster - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (1-2):165-188.
    This article argues that Nietzsche’s meta-ethics is basically a form of sentimentalism, but a form of sentimentalism that includes cognitive components in the sentiments that are involved. The article also ascribes to Nietzsche the more original position that the moral sentiments in question vary dramatically between historical periods, cultures, and even individuals, sometimes indeed to the point of becoming inverted between one case and another. Finally, the article also attributes to Nietzsche a hermeneutic insight into certain problems that this situation (...)
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  38.  8
    The Autonomy of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 269–277.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein in his later works often implies commitment to a doctrine of the autonomy or arbitrariness of grammar. This chapter discusses the conception of grammar that is presupposed in this doctrine and then explains the doctrine itself. The chapter also explains a sense in which grammar is not autonomous or arbitrary for Wittgenstein and discusses some possible criticisms of the doctrine. It should be noted at the outset that this whole area of exegetical concern is one in which the (...)
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  39.  41
    Nonviolence.Michael N. Nagler - 1986 - The Acorn 1 (2):11-11.
  40.  7
    Nonviolence.Michael N. Nagler - 1986 - The Acorn 1 (2):11-11.
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  41.  28
    Nonviolence as New Science.Michael N. Nagler - 1988 - The Acorn 3 (2/1):8-13.
  42.  10
    Nonviolence as New Science.Michael N. Nagler - 1988 - The Acorn 3 (2):8-13.
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  43.  12
    Who was badshah Khan?Michael N. Nagler - 2016 - Common Knowledge 22 (2):207-210.
    Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, also called Badshah Khan, is a nearly unknown champion of nonviolence in South Asia and a forgotten Muslim ally of Mohandas Gandhi. The story of Khan's Khudai Khidmatgars movement in what was to become Pakistan is not only inspirational but also instructive, exploding as it does several widespread myths about nonviolence. Today, the United States is embroiled in that region in the longest war in American history and among the Pashtun people from whom Khan arose. Thus (...)
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  44.  23
    Incidence of metacarpal fractures in the US population.Michael N. Nakashian, Lauren Pointer, Brett D. Owens & Jennifer Moriatis Wolf - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press. pp. 426-430.
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  45.  5
    Archaeology and the Social Study of Technological Innovation.Michael N. Geselowitz - 1993 - Science, Technology and Human Values 18 (2):231-246.
    Prehistoric archaeology, which in the American academic structure is part of anthropology, has always included and continues to include the study of social aspects of technology, particularly of technological innovation. Despite early calls for their inclusion in the field of science, technology, and society, however, archaeologists and their research have not, by and large, been integrated into this new discipline. This article is a renewed appeal for the use of archaeology in studying issues of technology and society. An example drawn (...)
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  46. Genealogies of immersive media and virtual reality (VR) as practical aesthetic machines.Michael N. Goddard - 2021 - In Bernd Herzogenrath (ed.), Practical aesthetics. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
  47.  13
    Romantic Hermeneutics and Its Impact in the Long Nineteenth Century.Michael N. Forster - 2023 - In Christian Berner, Sarah Schmidt, Brent W. Sockness & Denis Thouard (eds.), Kommunikation in Philosophie, Religion und Gesellschaft: Akten des InternationalenSchleiermacher-Kongresses 25.–29. Mai 2021. De Gruyter. pp. 81-118.
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  48.  91
    Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?Michael N. Marsh - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Discrediting 'mystical' or 'psychical' interpretations of out-of-body and near-death experiences, Michael Marsh demonstrates how these phenomena are explicable in terms of brain neurophysiology and its neuropathological disturbances, and discusses the theological and philosophical implications of his hypotheses.
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  49. Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century.Michael N. Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume constitutes the first collective critical study of German philosophy in the nineteenth century. A team of leading experts explore the influential figures associated with the period--including Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Frege--and provide fresh accounts of the philosophical movements and key debates with which they engaged.
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  50.  35
    Catholic Priests' Knowledge of Pastoral Codes of Conduct in the United States.Michael N. Kane - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (3):199-213.
    This exploratory study investigated Catholic priests' knowledge and perceptions of pastoral codes of conduct and their perceptions about the processes for reporting misconduct. Overall, respondents understood that they had to breach confidentiality when parishioners divulged a threat to harm self or others or when there was an allegation of misconduct involving a colleague. Fewer respondents understood that information received in spiritual counseling or spiritual direction must be maintained confidentially. Respondents were aware that their codes of pastoral conduct offered guidance about (...)
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