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Michael S. Pritchard [74]Michael Pritchard [18]MichaelS Pritchard [1]Michael Scott Pritchard [1]
  1.  13
    Engineering ethics: concepts and cases.Charles Edwin Harris, Michael S. Pritchard & Michael Jerome Rabins - 2009 - Boston, MA: Cengage.
    This book helps engineering students carry over their natural analytical talents into a new area - moral deliberation. It shows them the importance of being analytical by stressing that many apparent moral disagreements are really disagreements over the facts or over the definitions of crucial terms, and that the locus of moral disagreement can only be discovered by analysis. Since engineers are interested in real-world problems, the text catches the attention of students in the field by focusing on cases that (...)
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  2.  56
    Professional responsibility: Focusing on the exemplary. [REVIEW]Michael S. Pritchard - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):215-233.
    The literature on ethics in science and engineering tends to dwell on the negative, emphasizing disasters, scandals, and problems of wrongdoing in everyday practice. This paper shifts to the positive, focusing on the exemplary. After outlining different possible conceptions of responsibility (ranging from a minimalist view of “staying out of trouble” to “going above and beyond the call of duty”), the paper discusses the importance of certain virtues for scientists and engineers. Finally, a broad range of examples of exemplary practice (...)
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  3.  56
    Responsible engineering: The importance of character and imagination. [REVIEW]Michael S. Pritchard - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):391-402.
    Engineering Ethics literature tends to emphasize wrongdoing, its avoidance, or its prevention. It also tends to focus on identifiable events, especially those that involve unfortunate, sometimes disastrous consequences. This paper shifts attention to the positive in engineering practice; and, as a result, the need for addressing questions of character and imagination becomes apparent.
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  4.  14
    Ethics Across the Curriculum—Pedagogical Perspectives.Elaine E. Englehardt, Michael S. Pritchard, Robert Baker, Michael D. Burroughs, José A. Cruz-Cruz, Randall Curren, Michael Davis, Aine Donovan, Deni Elliott, Karin D. Ellison, Challie Facemire, William J. Frey, Joseph R. Herkert, Karlana June, Robert F. Ladenson, Christopher Meyers, Glen Miller, Deborah S. Mower, Lisa H. Newton, David T. Ozar, Alan A. Preti, Wade L. Robison, Brian Schrag, Alan Tomhave, Phyllis Vandenberg, Mark Vopat, Sandy Woodson, Daniel E. Wueste & Qin Zhu - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    Late in 1990, the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology (lIT) received a grant of more than $200,000 from the National Science Foundation to try a campus-wide approach to integrating professional ethics into its technical curriculum.! Enough has now been accomplished to draw some tentative conclusions. I am the grant's principal investigator. In this paper, I shall describe what we at lIT did, what we learned, and what others, especially philosophers, can learn (...)
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  5.  39
    Social Constructivism, Mental Models, and Problems of Obedience.Patricia H. Werhane, Laura P. Hartman, Dennis Moberg, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard & Bidhan Parmar - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (1):103 - 118.
    There are important synergies for the next generation of ethical leaders based on the alignment of modified or adjusted mental models. This entails a synergistic application of moral imagination through collaborative input and critique, rather than "me too" obedience. In this article, we will analyze the Milgram results using frameworks relating to mental models (Werhane et al., Profitable partnerships for poverty alleviation, 2009), as well as work by Moberg on "ethics blind spots'' (Organizational Studies 27(3): 413-428, 2006), and by Bazerman (...)
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  6. On Becoming Responsible.Michael S. PRITCHARD - 1991 - Ethics 102 (2):390-392.
     
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  7.  67
    Human dignity and justice.Michael S. Pritchard - 1972 - Ethics 82 (4):299-313.
  8.  16
    [Book review] on becoming responsible. [REVIEW]Michael S. PRITCHARD - 1991 - Ethics 102 (1):390-392.
  9.  5
    Philosophical Adventures with Children.Michael S. Pritchard - 1985
  10.  40
    Reason and Passion.Michael S. Pritchard - 1978 - The Monist 61 (2):283-298.
    Although Hume’s theory of the passions has been vigorously criticized by contemporary philosophers, Hume’s immediate successors are seldom credited with serious criticisms of that theory. In fact, insofar as their views are considered at all, they typically are summarily dismissed. Alasdair MacIntyre’s treatment is a good illustration.
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  11.  48
    Engineering Ethics: Looking Back, Looking Forward.Richard A. Burgess, Michael Davis, Marilyn A. Dyrud, Joseph R. Herkert, Rachelle D. Hollander, Lisa Newton, Michael S. Pritchard & P. Aarne Vesilind - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1395-1404.
    The eight pieces constituting this Meeting Report are summaries of presentations made during a panel session at the 2011 Association for Practical and Professional Ethics (APPE) annual meeting held between March 3rd and 6th in Cincinnati. Lisa Newton organized the session and served as chair. The panel of eight consisted both of pioneers in the field and more recent arrivals. It covered a range of topics from how the field has developed to where it should be going, from identification of (...)
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  12.  24
    Philosophy for children.Michael Pritchard - 2008 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society.
  13. Professional standards in engineering practice.Michael S. Pritchard - 2009 - In Anthonie W. M. Meijers (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. pp. 953--971.
     
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  14.  54
    Responsibility, Understanding, and Psychopathology.Michael S. Pritchard - 1974 - The Monist 58 (4):630-645.
    Philosophical discussions of the conditions of moral agency typically are confined to various aspects of the age-old free will-determinism controversy. Important as the issues raised in the controversy are, they will not be my concern. Instead, I will try to show that, quite apart from whether moral agents must have “free will,” they must meet two other conditions. First, moral agents must have a minimal understanding of the moral concepts applicable to them. I will refer to this as “moral understanding.” (...)
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  15.  66
    Justice and the treatment of animals: A critique of Rawls.Michael S. Pritchard & Wade L. Robison - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (1):55-61.
    Although the participants in the initial situation of justice in John Rawls’ Theory of Justice choose principles of justice only, their choices have implications for other moral concerns. The only check on the self-interest of the participants is that there be unanimous acceptance of the principles. But, since animals are not participants, it is possible that principles will be adopted which confiict with what Rawls calls“duties of compassion and humanity” toward animals. This is a consequence of the initial situation’s assumption (...)
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  16.  69
    Bribery: The concept.Michael S. Pritchard - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (3):281-286.
    The aim of this paper is to clarify the concept of bribery, and to do this in a way that reveals its underlying normative features. Bribery, like lying is not a value neutral concept. It has a negative connotation and is regarded by most as generally, although not necessarily universally, wrong. At the very least, those who resort to bribery bear a burden of justification for what they do. This is no small point, as no such burden must be borne (...)
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  17.  20
    Justice and the Treatment of Animals: A Critique of Rawls.Michael S. Pritchard & Wade L. Robison - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (1):55-61.
    Although the participants in the initial situation of justice in John Rawls’ Theory of Justice choose principles of justice only, their choices have implications for other moral concerns. The only check on the self-interest of the participants is that there be unanimous acceptance of the principles. But, since animals are not participants, it is possible that principles will be adopted which confiict with what Rawls calls“duties of compassion and humanity” toward animals. This is a consequence of the initial situation’s assumption (...)
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  18.  35
    Service-learning and engineering ethics.Michael S. Pritchard - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):413-422.
    This paper explores ways in which service-learning programs can enhance ethics education in engineering. Service-learning programs combine volunteer work and academic study. The National Society for Professional Engineers (NSPE) and American Society for Civil Engineers (ASCE) codes of ethics explicitly encourage engineers to seek opportunities, beyond their work-related responsibilities, to serve their communities. Examples of how this can be encouraged as a part of the educational experiences of engineering students are explored. Calvin: How good do you have to be to (...)
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  19.  98
    Responsible engineering: Gilbane gold revisited. [REVIEW]Michael Pritchard & Mark Holtzapple - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (2):217-230.
    This paper addresses several concerns in teaching engineering ethics. First, there is the problem of finding space within already crowded engineering curricula for meaningful discussions of ethical dimensions in engineering. Some engineering programs may offer entire courses on engineering ethics; however, most do not at present and may not in the foreseeable future. A promising possibility is to weave ethics into already existing courses using case studies, but most current case studies are not well integrated with engineering technical analysis. There (...)
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  20.  39
    Conflict of interest in journalism.Sandra L. Borden & Michael S. Pritchard - 2001 - In Michael Davis & Andrew Stark (eds.), Conflict of Interest in the Professions. Oxford University Press. pp. 73--91.
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  21.  85
    Justice And Resentment In Hume, Reid, And Smith.Michael S. Pritchard - 2008 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 6 (1):59-70.
    Adam Smith and Thomas Reid follow Joseph Butler's lead in discussing the moral significance of resentment in great detail. David Hume does not. For Smith and Reid, resentment reveals shortcomings in Hume's attempt to ground justice solely in terms of self-interest and public utility. This can be seen most clearly in Reid's critique of Hume's response to the sensible knave. Reid argues that Hume's appeal to our integrity can have force only if Hume concedes that there are elements of justice (...)
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  22.  12
    Teaching Practical Ethics.Elaine E. Englehardt & Michael S. Pritchard - 2013 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):161-173.
    A common view is that, whether taught in philosophy departments or elsewhere, practical ethics should include some introduction to philosophical ethics. But even an entire course cannot afford much time for this and expect to do justice to ethical concerns in the practical area . The concern is that ethical theories would need to be “watered down,” or over-simplified. So, we should not expect that this will be in good keeping with either the theories or the practical concerns.In addressing this (...)
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  23.  18
    Introduction: Exigent decision-making in engineering.Michael Pritchard, Taft H. Broome, Vivian Weil, Michael S. Pritchard, Joseph R. Herkert, Michael Davis & Taft Broome - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (4):541-567.
  24.  16
    On "Should I Be Moral?": A Reply to Snare.Michael S. Pritchard - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):121 - 126.
  25.  74
    Moral Machines?Michael S. Pritchard - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):411-417.
    Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen’s Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong (Oxford University Press, 2009) explores efforts to develop machines that, not only can be employed for good or bad ends, but which themselves can be held morally accountable for what they do— artificial moral agents (AMAs). This essay is a critical response to Wallach and Allen’s conjectures. Although Wallach and Allen do not suggest that we are close to being able to create full-fledged AMAs, they do talk seriously (...)
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  26.  25
    Response to "ordinary reasonable care is not the minimum for engineers" (m. davis).Michael S. Pritchard - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):291-297.
  27.  30
    Cognition and affect in moral development: A critique of Lawrence Kohlberg. [REVIEW]Michael S. Pritchard - 1984 - Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (1):35-49.
  28.  88
    Moral Philosophy for Children and Character Education.Michael S. Pritchard - 2000 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):13-26.
    This paper discusses the growing prominence of character education and the role moral philosophy can play here. It examines the place of inquiry in character education, and the ways in which moral philosophy can help young people to develop the virtue of reasonableness. Reasonableness, as herein described, takes into account the views and feelings of others, the willingness to allow one’s views to be scrutinized by others, and the acceptance of some degree of uncertainty about whether one’s views are necessarily (...)
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  29.  36
    Conscience and Reason in Butler’s Ethics.Michael S. Pritchard - 1978 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):39-49.
  30.  36
    Teaching Research Ethics Across the Curriculum: An Institutional Change Model.Michael S. Pritchard - 2012 - Teaching Ethics 12 (2):81-82.
  31.  46
    Self-Regard and the Supererogatory.Michael S. Pritchard - 1982 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 31:139-151.
  32. Tales of Greed and the Search for Remedies.Elaine E. Englehardt & Michael S. Pritchard - 2021 - In Michael S. Pritchard & Elaine Englehardt (eds.), Everyday Greed: Analysis and Appraisal. Springer Verlag. pp. 25-41.
    Examples of greed and environmental beneficence will be discussed in this chapter. The first example involves the crash of Wallstreet in 2008. Subprime mortgages instruments, complex derivatives and overleveraging in investment banks were major provocateurs in bringing down the economy. Volkswagen’s deceptive practices in measuring diesel fuel efficiency follows. The final example of greed is Boeing and the shoddy decision-making processes on the Boeing 737 MAX that led to the catastrophic crashes resulting in 346 deaths. Good news examples comprise the (...)
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  33. The ethical considerations of science education.Theodore D. Goldfarb & Michael S. Pritchard - 2018 - In Eamon Doyle (ed.), The role of science in public policy. Greenhaven Publishing.
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  34. Philosophy for Children Workshops: Reflections from Kalamazoo.Marie Hungerman & Michael Pritchard - unknown - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 15.
     
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  35.  3
    A History of Photography in Fifty Cameras.Michael Pritchard - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    The ubiquity of camera phones today has made us all photographers, and as these nano-devices attest, the history of photography, perhaps more so than any other art, is also a history of technology, one best revealed in the very vehicle that makes it possible—the camera. Through brief, illustrated chapters on fifty landmark cameras and the photographers who used them, Michael Pritchard offers an entertaining look at photography as practiced by professionals, artists, and amateurs. A History of Photography in Fifty Cameras (...)
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  36. Everyday Greed: Analysis and Appraisal.Michael S. Pritchard & Elaine Englehardt (eds.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This collection examines how greed should be understood and appraised. Roundly condemned by virtually all religions, greed receives mixed appraisals in the domains of business and economics. The volume examines these mixed appraisals and how they fare in light of their implications for greed in our everyday world. Greed in children is uniformly criticized by parents, other adults, and even children’s peers. However, in adulthood, greed is commended by some as essential to profit-seeking in business and for offering the greatest (...)
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  37. Golf Lessons.Michael Pritchard - unknown - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 21.
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  38. In Support of a “Generalist” Orientation for an Ethics Center in advance.Michael S. Pritchard & Sandra L. Borden - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  39. Philosophy and the Young Child. [REVIEW]Michael S. Pritchard - 1982 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 3 (3-4):81-83.
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  40. Philosophical Encounters With Children.Michael S. Pritchard - 1980 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 2 (1):65-67.
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  41. Philosophy for Children: Self-Knowledge.Michael Pritchard - 1984 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 9.
     
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  42. Personal Oughts.Michael Pritchard - 1979 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 4.
     
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  43. Reciprocity Revisited.Michael S. Pritchard - 1988 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 9 (2).
    I had the pleasure of meeting Lawrence Kohlberg just two months before his tragic and untimely death. He told me that he had prepared some written comments on my article, "Reciprocity," which appeared in Analytic Teaching, Vol. 4, No. 2. I mentioned an article I had written about his work. We agreed to make an exchange. I jokingly said, "Stage 2. You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours." I sent him my paper, but he did not send his. At (...)
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  44. Review: [untitled]. [REVIEW]Michael Pritchard - 1993 - Ethics 103:377-379.
     
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  45. Violence to Persons.Michael Pritchard - 1973 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 1 (2).
     
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  46.  7
    Medical Responsibility: Paternalism, Informed Consent, and Euthanasia.Wade L. Robison & Michael S. Pritchard - 1979 - Humana PressInc.
    As our powerful medical technology continues rapidly to develop, we seem to be confronted by fresh bioethical dilemmas at an ever increasing rate. This volume provides an introduction to modern thinking on these issues, concentrating particularly on paternalism, informed consent and euthanasia.
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  47. The Kalamazoo Papers on Affirmative Action.Harvey Williams, Joseph Elfin, Wade Robinson & Michael Pritchard - 1980 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 5.
     
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  48.  52
    Rawls’s Moral Psychology.Michael S. Pritchard - 1977 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):59-72.
  49. Lost in Space.Michael S. Pritchard - 1990 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 11 (1).
    Flying several miles above ground for several thousand miles gives one pause for reflection. "Don't worry about the world coming to an end today, sir," says one of the children in Peanuts. "It's already tomorrow in Australia." Enroute to Taipei, I suspected that travelling halfway around the world to participate in the 3rd International Conference Philosophy for Children would stand me on my head. I was right. I knew before I left that half of today in Taipei is somehow concurrent (...)
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  50. The Land of Curiosity.Michael S. Pritchard - 1987 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 8 (1).
    THE LAND OF CURIOSITY has evolved over the past several years as a result of discussions I have had with groups of 4th, 5th, and 6th graders. It all began many years ago in my daughter's 4th grade class. I wanted the group with whom I met once a week to think about rules. So I wrote a little episode about The Basic Rule. The responses to this episode were used as a basis for another episode, this one dealing with (...)
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