18 found
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  1.  34
    The Myth of Cognitive Decline: Non‐Linear Dynamics of Lifelong Learning.Michael Ramscar, Peter Hendrix, Cyrus Shaoul, Petar Milin & Harald Baayen - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):5-42.
    As adults age, their performance on many psychometric tests changes systematically, a finding that is widely taken to reveal that cognitive information-processing capacities decline across adulthood. Contrary to this, we suggest that older adults'; changing performance reflects memory search demands, which escalate as experience grows. A series of simulations show how the performance patterns observed across adulthood emerge naturally in learning models as they acquire knowledge. The simulations correctly identify greater variation in the cognitive performance of older adults, and successfully (...)
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  2.  33
    The Effects of Feature-Label-Order and Their Implications for Symbolic Learning.Michael Ramscar, Daniel Yarlett, Melody Dye, Katie Denny & Kirsten Thorpe - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):909-957.
    Symbols enable people to organize and communicate about the world. However, the ways in which symbolic knowledge is learned and then represented in the mind are poorly understood. We present a formal analysis of symbolic learning—in particular, word learning—in terms of prediction and cue competition, and we consider two possible ways in which symbols might be learned: by learning to predict a label from the features of objects and events in the world, and by learning to predict features from a (...)
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  3.  28
    Granularity and the Acquisition of Grammatical Gender: How Order-of-Acquisition Affects What Gets Learned.Inbal Arnon & Michael Ramscar - 2012 - Cognition 122 (3):292-305.
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  4.  12
    On the Experiential Link Between Spatial and Temporal Language.Teenie Matlock, Michael Ramscar & Lera Boroditsky - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (4):655-664.
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  5.  41
    Developmental Change and the Nature of Learning in Childhood.Michael Ramscar & Nicole Gitcho - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (7):274-279.
  6.  13
    Linguistic Self‐Correction in the Absence of Feedback: A New Approach to the Logical Problem of Language Acquisition.Michael Ramscar & Daniel Yarlett - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (6):927-960.
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  7. The Feature-Label-Order Effect in Symbolic Learning.Michael Ramscar, Daniel Yarlett, Melody Dye & Nal Kalchbrenner - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (7).
     
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  8.  2
    Exploratory Decision-Making as a Function of Lifelong Experience, Not Cognitive Decline.Nathaniel J. Blanco, Bradley C. Love, Michael Ramscar, A. Ross Otto, Kirsten Smayda & W. Todd Maddox - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (3):284-297.
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  9.  7
    Semantic Grounding in Models of Analogy: An Environmental Approach.Michael Ramscar & Daniel Yarlett - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (1):41-71.
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  10.  15
    Relationships Between Language Structure and Language Learning: The Suffixing Preference and Grammatical Categorization.Michelle C. St Clair, Padraic Monaghan & Michael Ramscar - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (7):1317-1329.
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  11.  76
    Jesse J. Prinz,Furnishing the Mind: Concepts and Their Perceptual Basis. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002. [REVIEW]Jonathan M. Weinberg, Daniel Yarlett, Michael Ramscar, Dan Ryder & Jesse J. Prinz - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):279-303.
  12.  18
    First, We Assume a Spherical Cow..Lera Boroditsky & Michael Ramscar - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):656-657.
    There is an old joke about a theoretical physicist who was charged with figuring out how to increase the milk production of cows. Although many farmers, biologists, and psychologists had tried and failed to solve the problem before him, the physicist had no trouble coming up with a solution on the spot. “ First,” he began, “we assume a spherical cow... ” [Tenenbaum & Griffiths].
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  13.  6
    Regular Articles Learning to Divide the Labor: An Account of Deficits in Light and Heavy Verb Production 1 Jean K. Gordon, Gary S. Dell Semantic Grounding in Models of Analogy: An Environmental Approach 41.Michael Ramscar, Daniel Yarlett, Shimon Edelman, Nathan Intrator, Gergely Csibra, Szilvia Bıró, Orsolya Koós, György Gergely, Holk Cruse & Michael D. Lee - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27:945-948.
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  14.  5
    Alternative Solutions to a Language Design Problem: The Role of Adjectives and Gender Marking in Efficient Communication.Melody Dye, Petar Milin, Richard Futrell & Michael Ramscar - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):209-224.
    A central goal of typological research is to characterize linguistic features in terms of both their functional role and their fit to social and cognitive systems. One long-standing puzzle concerns why certain languages employ grammatical gender. In an information theoretic analysis of German noun classification, Dye, Milin, Futrell, and Ramscar enumerated a number of important processing advantages gender confers. Yet this raises a further puzzle: If gender systems are so beneficial to processing, what does this mean for languages that make (...)
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  15.  14
    The Past-Tense Debate: Exocentric Form Versus the Evidence.Michael Ramscar - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):107-108.
  16.  27
    Computing Machinery and Understanding.Michael Ramscar - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):966-971.
    How are natural symbol systems best understood? Traditional “symbolic” approaches seek to understand cognition by analogy to highly structured, prescriptive computer programs. Here, we describe some problems the traditional computational metaphor inevitably leads to, and a very different approach to computation (Ramscar, Yarlett, Dye, Denny, & Thorpe, 2010; Turing, 1950) that allows these problems to be avoided. The way we conceive of natural symbol systems depends to a large degree on the computational metaphors we use to understand them, and machine (...)
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  17.  1
    The Myth of Cognitive Decline: Non‐Linear Dynamics of Lifelong Learning.Michael Ramscar, Peter Hendrix, Cyrus Shaoul, Petar Milin & Harald Baayen - 2014 - Cognitive Science.
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  18. Similarity and Categorization.Ulrike Hahn & Michael Ramscar (eds.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press UK.