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Michael Ruse
Florida State University
Michael Ruse
University of Sydney
  1.  21
    The Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1973 - London: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
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  2.  11
    Taking Darwin Seriously: A Naturalistic Approach to Philosophy.Michael Ruse - 1986 - Prometheus Books.
    Brings together traditional philosophy and modern sociobiology to examine evolutionary biology and its relation to the evolution of knowledge and ethics.
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  3.  19
    Darwinism and Human Affairs.Michael Ruse - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (4):627-628.
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  4.  26
    The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change. R. C. Lewontin.Michael Ruse - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (2):302-304.
  5. Moral Philosophy as Applied Science.Michael Ruse & Edward O. Wilson - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (236):173-192.
    For much of this century, moral philosophy has been constrained by the supposed absolute gap between is and ought , and the consequent belief that the facts of life cannot of themselves yield an ethical blueprint for future action. For this reason, ethics has sustained an eerie existence largely apart from science. Its most respected interpreters still believe that reasoning about right and wrong can be successful without a knowledge of the brain, the human organ where all the decisions about (...)
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  6. Is Science Sexist? And Other Problems in the Biomedical Sciences.Michael Ruse - 1981 - D. Reidel Distributed in the U.S.A. And Canada by Kluwer Boston.
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  7.  19
    Taking Darwin Seriously.Michael Ruse - 1988 - Ethics 98 (2):400-402.
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  8. Darwin and His Critics: The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community. David Hull.Michael Ruse - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (3):338-339.
  9.  22
    Abusing Science: The Case Against Creationism.Michael Ruse - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (1):147-148.
  10. Darwin and Design: Does Evolution Have a Purpose?Michael Ruse - 2003 - Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press.
    Preface ix Introduction 1 1 Two Thousand Years of Design 9 2 Paley and Kant Fight Back 31 3 Sowing the Seeds of Evolution 51 4 A Plurality of Problems 69 5 Charles Darwin 89 6 A Subject Too Profound 107 7 Darwinian against Darwinian 129 8 The Century of Evolutionism 151 9 Adaptation in Action 171 10 Theory and Test 195 11 Formalism Redux 223 12 From Function to Design 249 13 Design as Metaphor 271 14 Natural Theology Evolves (...)
     
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  11.  6
    The Biology of Moral Systems.Michael Ruse - 1987 - Ethics 99 (1):182-183.
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  12. Biological Species: Natural Kinds, Individuals, or What?Michael Ruse - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):225-242.
    What are biological species? Aristotelians and Lockeans agree that they are natural kinds; but, evolutionary theory shows that neither traditional philosophical approach is truly adequate. Recently, Michael Ghiselin and David Hull have argued that species are individuals. This claim is shown to be against the spirit of much modern biology. It is concluded that species are natural kinds of a sort, and that any 'objectivity' they possess comes from their being at the focus of a consilience of inductions.
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  13. Darwin's Debt to Philosophy: An Examination of the Influence of the Philosophical Ideas of John F.W. Herschel and William Whewell on the Development of Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution.Michael Ruse - 1975 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 6 (2):159-181.
  14.  5
    On Purpose.Michael Ruse - 2018 - Princeton University Press.
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  15.  13
    The Cambridge Handbook of Evolutionary Ethics.Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Evolutionary ethics - the application of evolutionary ideas to moral thinking and justification - began in the nineteenth century with the work of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer, but was subsequently criticized as an example of the naturalistic fallacy. In recent decades, however, evolutionary ethics has found new support among both the Darwinian and the Spencerian traditions. This accessible volume looks at the history of thought about evolutionary ethics as well as current debates in the subject, examining first the claims (...)
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  16.  20
    The Darwinian Paradigm: Essays on its History, Philosophy, and Religious Implications.Michael Ruse - 1989 - Routledge.
    INTRODUCTION I first read Charles Darwin's masterpiece, On the Origin of Species , some twenty years ago. At once I fell under its spell - an emotion which ...
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  17.  59
    Medicine as Social Science: The Case of Freud on Homosexuality.Michael Ruse - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (4):361-386.
    This paper considers the question of whether the explanation of homosexual orientation offered by Sigmund Freud qualifies as a genuine explanation, judged by the criteria of the social sciences. It is argued that the explanation, namely that homosexual orientation is a function of atypical parental influences, is indeed an explanation of the kind found in the social sciences. Nevertheless, it is concluded that to date Freud's hypotheses about homosexuality are no more than unproven speculations. Also considered is the question of (...)
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  18.  9
    Philosophy of Biology Today.Michael Ruse - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This short and highly accessible volume opens up the subject of the philosophy of biology to professionals and to students in both disciplines. The text covers briefly and clearly all of the pertinent topics in the subject, dealing with both human and non-human issues, and quite uniquely surveying not only scholars in the English-speaking world but others elsewhere, including the Eastern block. As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life’s mysteries, there are those who fear that such ‘reductionism’ conceals (...)
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  19.  46
    Moral Philosophy as Applied Science.Michael Ruse & Edward O. Wilson - 1994 - In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. pp. 61--421.
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  20. Evolutionary Ethics: A Phoenix Arisen.Michael Ruse - 1986 - Zygon 21 (1):95-112.
    Evolutionary ethics has a bad reputation. But we must not remain prisoners of our past. Recent advances in Darwinian evolutionary biology pave the way for a linking of science and morality, at once more modest yet more profound than earlier excursions in this direction. There is no need to repudiate the insights of the great philosophers of the past, particularly David Hume. So humans’ simian origins really matter. The question is not whether evolution is to be linked to ethics, but (...)
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  21.  52
    Definitions of Species in Biology.Michael Ruse - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):97-119.
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  22.  10
    Towards a Theoretical Biology.Michael Ruse - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):105-106.
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  23.  2
    Charles Darwin.Michael Ruse - 2008 - Blackwell.
    The definitive work on the philosophical nature and impact of the theories of Charles Darwin, written by a well-known authority on the history and philosophy of Darwinism. Broadly explores the theories of Charles Darwin and Darwin studies Incorporates much information about modern Biology Offers a comprehensive discussion of Darwinism and Christianity – including Creationism – by one of the leading authorities in the field Written in clear, concise, user-friendly language supplemented with quality illustrations Examines the status of evolutionary theory as (...)
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  24. Science and Spirituality: Making Room for Faith in the Age of Science.Michael Ruse - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Michael Ruse offers a new analysis of the often troubled relationship between science and religion. Arguing against both extremes - in one corner, the New Atheists; in the other, the Creationists and their offspring the Intelligent Designers - he asserts that science is the highest source of human inquiry. Yet, by its very nature and its deep reliance on metaphor, science restricts itself and is unable to answer basic, significant questions about the meaning of the universe and humankind's place within (...)
     
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  25.  93
    Karl Popper's Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):638-661.
    In recent years Sir Karl Popper has been turning his attention more and more towards philosophical problems arising from biology, particularly evolutionary biology. Popper suggests that perhaps neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory is better categorized as a metaphysical research program than as a scientific theory. In this paper it is argued that Popper can draw his conclusions only because he is abysmally ignorant of the current status of biological thought and that Popper's criticisms of biology are without force and his suggestions for (...)
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  26.  30
    Functional Statements in Biology.Michael E. Ruse - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (1):87-95.
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  27.  24
    Species as Individuals: Logical, Biological, and Philosophical Problems.Michael Ruse - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):299-300.
  28.  32
    Evolutionary Naturalism: Selected Essays.Michael Ruse - 1995 - Routledge.
    First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  29. Response to the Commentary: Pro Judice.Michael Ruse - 1982 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 7 (41):19-23.
  30.  4
    Homosexuality: A Philosophical Inquiry.Michael Ruse - 1988 - Blackwell.
  31. Darwinism and Mechanism: Metaphor in Science.Michael Ruse - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):285-302.
    There are two main senses of ‘mechanism’, both deriving from the metaphor of nature as a machine. One sense refers to contrivance or design, as in ‘the plant’s mechanism of attracting butterflies’. The other sense refers to cause or law process, as in ‘the mechanism of heredity’. In his work on evolution, Charles Darwin showed that organisms are produced by a mechanism in the second sense, although he never used this language. He also discussed contrivance, where he did use the (...)
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  32.  46
    The Philosophy of Human Evolution.Michael Ruse - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    1. Evolutionary biology -- 2. Human evolution -- 3. Real science? Good science? -- 4. Progress -- 5. Knowledge -- 6. Morality -- 7. Sex, orientation, and race -- 8. From eugenics to medicine.
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  33.  18
    But is It Science? The Philosophical Question in the Creation/Evolution Controversy.Robert T. Pennock & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1988 - Prometheus Books.
    Preface 9 PART I: RELIGIOUS, SCIENTIFIC, AND PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND Introduction to Part I 19 1. The Bible 27 2. Natural Theology 33 William Paley 3. On the Origin of Species 38 Charles Darwin 4. Objections to Mr. Darwin’s Theory of the Origin of Species 65 Adam Sedgwick 5. The Origin of Species 73 Thomas H. Huxley 6. What Is Darwinism? 82 Charles Hodge 7. Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Program 105 Karl Popper 8. Karl Popper’s Philosophy of Biology 116 Michael (...)
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  34.  34
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse (ed.) - 1998 - Prometheus Books.
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of time? (...)
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  35.  57
    The Morality of the Gene.Michael Ruse - 1984 - The Monist 67 (2):167-199.
    The relationship between biology, the science of organisms, and ethics, the philosophy of morality, has never been a particularly happy or fruitful one. Indeed, for much of this century, attempts to relate our animal nature to our sense of right and wrong have been taken as paradigms of how not to do moral philosophy. It has been argued that such systems of “evolutionary ethics” commit the most basic fallacies, and can serve only as dreadful warnings to those who would cross (...)
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  36.  41
    Natural Selection in "The Origin of Species".Michael Ruse - 1971 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (4):311.
  37.  46
    The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The philosophy of biology is one of the most exciting new areas in the field of philosophy and one that is attracting much attention from working scientists. This Companion, edited by two of the founders of the field, includes newly commissioned essays by senior scholars and up-and-coming younger scholars who collectively examine the main areas of the subject - the nature of evolutionary theory, classification, teleology and function, ecology, and the problematic relationship between biology and religion, among other topics. Up-to-date (...)
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  38.  52
    Are There Laws in Biology?Michael E. Ruse - 1970 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48 (2):234 – 246.
  39. Methodological Naturalism Under Attack.Michael Ruse - 2005 - South African Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):44-60.
    Methodological naturalism is the assumption or working hypothesis that understanding nature (the physical world including humans and their thoughts and actions) can be understood in terms of unguided laws. There is no need to Suppose interventions (miracles) from outside. It does not commit one to metaphysical naturalism, the belief that there is nothing other than nature as we can see and observe it (in other words, that atheism is the right theology for the sound thinker). Recently the Intelligent Design movement (...)
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  40.  28
    Charles Darwin and Group Selection.Michael Ruse - 1980 - Annals of Science 37 (6):615-630.
    The question of the levels at which natural selection can be said to operate is much discussed by biologists today and is a key factor in the recent controversy about sociobiology. It is shown that this problem is one to which Charles Darwin addressed himself at some length. It is argued that apart from some slight equivocation over man, Darwin opted firmly for hypotheses supposing selection always to work at the level of the individual rather than the group. However, natural (...)
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  41. Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution: An Analysis.Michael Ruse - 1975 - Journal of the History of Biology 8 (2):219 - 241.
  42.  11
    Evolution and Religion: A Dialogue.Michael Ruse - 2008 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Michael Ruse, a leading expert on Charles Darwin, presents a fictional dialogue among characters with sharply contrasting positions regarding the tensions between science and religious belief.
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  43.  33
    The Value of Analogical Models in Science.Michael Ruse - 1973 - Dialogue 12 (2):246-253.
  44.  10
    Charles Darwin and Artificial Selection.Michael Ruse - 1975 - Journal of the History of Ideas 36 (2):339.
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  45.  11
    Can a Darwinian Be a Christian?Michael Ruse - 2001 - Philosophical Inquiry 23 (3):156-159.
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  46.  64
    Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Michael Ruse (ed.) - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    Introduction -- Part I: Epistemology after Darwin -- Part II: Ethics after Darwin -- Part III: The evolution of ideas -- Part IV: The evolution of rationality -- - Part V: Ethics and progress -- Part VI: The evolution of altruism.
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  47.  20
    The Cambridge Companion to the 'Origin of Species'.Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin is universally recognized as one of the most important science books ever written. Published in 1859, it was here that Darwin argued for both the fact of evolution and the mechanism of natural section. The Origin of Species is also a work of great cultural and religious significance, in that Darwin maintained that all organisms, including humans, are part of a natural process of growth from simple forms. This Companion commemorates the 150th anniversary (...)
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  48. Genetic Testing and Insurance: The Complexity of Adverse Selection.Maureen Durnin, Michael Hoy & Michael Ruse - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19 (1):123-54.
    The debate on whether insurance companies should be allowed to use results of individuals’ genetic tests for underwriting purposes has been both lively and increasingly relevant over the past two decades. Yet there appears to be no widely agreed upon resolution regarding appropriate and effective regulation. There exists today a gamut of recommendations and actual practices addressing this phenomenon ranging from laissez-faire to voluntary industry moratoria to strict legal prohibition. One obvious reason for such a variance in views and approaches (...)
     
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  49.  94
    The Biological Sciences Can Act as a Ground for Ethics.Michael Ruse - 2008 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This paper is interested in the relationship between evolutionary thinking and moral behavior and commitments, ethics. There is a traditional way of forging or conceiving of the relationship. This is traditional evolutionary ethics, known as Social Darwinism. Many think that this position is morally pernicious, a redescription of the worst aspects of modern, laissez-faire capitalism in fancy biological language. It is argued that, in fact, there is much more to be said for Social Darwinism than many think. In respects, it (...)
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  50.  56
    Why I Am an Accommodationist and Proud of It.Michael Ruse - 2015 - Zygon 50 (2):361-375.
    There is a strong need of a reasoned defense of what was known as the “independence” position of the science–religion relationship but that more recently has been denigrated as the “accommodationist” position, namely that while there are parts of religion—fundamentalist Christianity in particular—that clash with modern science, the essential parts of religion do not and could not clash with science. A case for this position is made on the grounds of the essentially metaphorical nature of science. Modern science functions because (...)
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