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Michael A. Santoro [10]Michael Santoro [3]
  1.  46
    Post-Westphalia and Its Discontents: Business, Globalization, and Human Rights in Political and Moral Perspective.Michael A. Santoro - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (2):285-297.
    This article examines the presuppositions and theoretical frameworks of the “new-wave” “Post-Westphalian” approach to international business ethics and compares it to the more philosophically oriented moral theory approach that has predominated in the field. I contrast one author’s Post-Westphalian political approach to the human rights responsibilities of transnational corporations with my own “Fair Share” theory of moral responsibility for human rights. I suggest how the debate about the meaning of corporate human rights “complicity” might be informed by the fair share (...)
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  2.  55
    Ahoy There!Michael Santoro - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):481-502.
    The literatures of business ethics and international business have generally had little influence on each other. Nevertheless, the decline in the power of nation states, the emergence of non-governmental organizations, the proliferation of self-regulatory bodies, and the changing responsibilities, roles, and structure of multinational corporations make constructive engagement between these two disciplines imperative. This changing institutional landscape creates many areas of common concern. In this article, we describe the changing institutional context of global business and suggest ways in which both (...)
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  3.  41
    China 2020.Michael A. Santoro - 2009 - The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 19 (4):3-3.
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  4.  41
    The Importance of Value Diversity in Corporate Life.Michael Santoro - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):433-452.
    Donaldson and Dunfee (1999) suggest in a brief discussion that a manager may in some cases rely on his or her own values inmaking organizational decisions. Our paper examines the role of diversity in values in an organizational context. Our central contentionis that value diversity among managers, employees, and other stakeholders on dimensions such as prudence-boldness, clarity-flexibility, and rigor-mercy is highly useful for an organization. We introduce nontechnical models of individual and board decision-making in which value diversity cuts across group (...)
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  5.  12
    Business and Human Rights: From Principles to Practice, Edited by Dorothée Baumann-Pauly and Justine Nolan. New York: Routledge, 2016. 329 Pp. ISBN: 978-1138833586. [REVIEW]Michael A. Santoro - 2017 - Business Ethics Quarterly 27 (4):645-647.
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  6.  96
    Case Study Chrysler and Gao Feng: Corporate Responsibility for Religious and Political Freedom in China.Michael A. Santoro - forthcoming - Business Ethics.
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  7.  18
    The Ethics of Insurance Industry Step Therapy Policies.Michael A. Santoro - 2019 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 38 (3):339-351.
    Step therapy is an insurance company policy whereby patients must try a less costly treatment and fail-first before the insurer will cover another, more costly treatment. This article argues that there are relevant and well-established principles of medical ethics—the duty to practice evidenced-based medicine and the duty to consider cost-effectiveness when treating patients—that constrain and guide physician behavior with respect to step therapy; clinical practice guidelines promulgated by authoritative physician groups attempt to incorporate and reconcile the competing demands of evidenced-based (...)
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  8.  28
    Ethics and the Business of Biomedicine.Michael A. Santoro - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4):617-621.
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  9.  19
    Pay Now, Lose Later: The Role of Bonuses and Non-Equity Incentives in the Financial Meltdown of 2007-2009.Dan Palmon, Michael A. Santoro & Ron Strauss - 2009 - Open Ethics Journal 3 (2):76-80.
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  10.  1
    Ethical Redress of Racial Inequities in AI: Lessons From Decoupling Machine Learning From Optimization in Medical Appointment Scheduling.Robert Shanklin, Michele Samorani, Shannon Harris & Michael A. Santoro - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (4):1-19.
    An Artificial Intelligence algorithm trained on data that reflect racial biases may yield racially biased outputs, even if the algorithm on its own is unbiased. For example, algorithms used to schedule medical appointments in the USA predict that Black patients are at a higher risk of no-show than non-Black patients, though technically accurate given existing data that prediction results in Black patients being overwhelmingly scheduled in appointment slots that cause longer wait times than non-Black patients. This perpetuates racial inequity, in (...)
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  11.  7
    Ethics and the Business of Biomedicine, Ed. Denis G. Arnold. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Hardcover, 302 Pp., $80. ISBN: 978-0521764315. [REVIEW]Michael A. Santoro - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4):617-621.
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