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Michael J. Selgelid [65]Michael Selgelid [15]Michaelj Selgelid [1]
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Michael Selgelid
Monash University
  1.  82
    Ethical and Philosophical Consideration of the Dual-Use Dilemma in the Biological Sciences.Seumas Miller & Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):523-580.
    The dual-use dilemma arises in the context of research in the biological and other sciences as a consequence of the fact that one and the same piece of scientific research sometimes has the potential to be used for bad as well as good purposes. It is an ethical dilemma since it is about promoting good in the context of the potential for also causing harm, e.g., the promotion of health in the context of providing the wherewithal for the killing of (...)
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  2.  59
    Ethical Criteria for Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Diseases: Table 1.Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Charles Weijer, Julian Savulescu & Andrew J. Pollard - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):92-103.
    Purposeful infection of healthy volunteers with a microbial pathogen seems at odds with acceptable ethical standards, but is an important contemporary research avenue used to study infectious diseases and their treatments. Generally termed ‘controlled human infection studies’, this research is particularly useful for fast tracking the development of candidate vaccines and may provide unique insight into disease pathogenesis otherwise unavailable. However, scarce bioethical literature is currently available to assist researchers and research ethics committees in negotiating the distinct issues raised by (...)
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  3.  87
    Ethics and Infectious Disease.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (3):272–289.
    This seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics’ glaring neglect of this subject. Timely in view of public concern about SARS, AIDS, avian flu, bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance. Brings together new and classic papers by prominent figures. Tackles the ethical issues associated with issues such as quarantine, vaccination policy, pandemic planning, biodefense, wildlife disease and health care in developing countries.
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  4.  36
    Influenza Vaccination Strategies Should Target Children.Ben Bambery, Thomas Douglas, Michael J. Selgelid, Hannah Maslen, Alberto Giubilini, Andrew J. Pollard & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (2):221-234.
    Strategies to increase influenza vaccination rates have typically targeted healthcare professionals and individuals in various high-risk groups such as the elderly. We argue that they should focus on increasing vaccination rates in children. Because children suffer higher influenza incidence rates than any other demographic group, and are major drivers of seasonal influenza epidemics, we argue that influenza vaccination strategies that serve to increase uptake rates in children are likely to be more effective in reducing influenza-related morbidity and mortality than those (...)
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  5. Moderate Eugenics and Human Enhancement.Michael J. Selgelid - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):3-12.
    Though the reputation of eugenics has been tarnished by history, eugenics per se is not necessarily a bad thing. Many advocate a liberal new eugenics—where individuals are free to choose whether or not to employ genetic technologies for reproductive purposes. Though genetic interventions aimed at the prevention of severe genetic disorders may be morally and socially acceptable, reproductive liberty in the context of enhancement may conflict with equality. Enhancement could also have adverse effects on utility. The enhancement debate requires a (...)
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  6. Impartiality and Infectious Disease: Prioritizing Individuals Versus the Collective in Antibiotic Prescription.Bernadine Dao, Thomas Douglas, Alberto Giubilini, Julian Savulescu, Michael Selgelid & Nadira S. Faber - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (1):63-69.
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health disaster driven largely by antibiotic use in human health care. Doctors considering whether to prescribe antibiotics face an ethical conflict between upholding individual patient health and advancing public health aims. Existing literature mainly examines whether patients awaiting consultations desire or expect to receive antibiotic prescriptions, but does not report views of the wider public regarding conditions under which doctors should prescribe antibiotics. It also does not explore the ethical significance of public views (...)
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  7. Victims, Vectors and Villains: Are Those Who Opt Out of Vaccination Morally Responsible for the Deaths of Others?Euzebiusz Jamrozik, Toby Handfield & Michael J. Selgelid - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics (12):762-768.
    Mass vaccination has been a successful public health strategy for many contagious diseases. The immunity of the vaccinated also protects others who cannot be safely or effectively vaccinated—including infants and the immunosuppressed. When vaccination rates fall, diseases like measles can rapidly resurge in a population. Those who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons are at the highest risk of severe disease and death. They thus may bear the burden of others' freedom to opt out of vaccination. It is often asked (...)
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  8.  58
    A Tale of Two Studies: Ethics, Bioterrorism, and the Censorship of Science.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):35-43.
    : Some scientific research should not be published. The risks to national security and public health override the social benefits of disseminating scientific results openly. Unfortunately, scientists themselves are not in a position to know which studies to withhold from public view, as the National Research Council has proposed. Yet neither can government alone be trusted to balance the competing interests at stake.
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  9.  15
    Ethics and Infectious Disease.Michael Selgelid, Margaret Battin & Charles B. Smith (eds.) - 2006 - Wiley.
    This seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics’ glaring neglect of this subject. Timely in view of public concern about SARS, AIDS, avian flu, bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance. Brings together new and classic papers by prominent figures. Tackles the ethical issues associated with issues such as quarantine, vaccination policy, pandemic planning, biodefense, wildlife disease and health care in developing countries.
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  10.  22
    Gain-of-Function Research: Ethical Analysis.Michael J. Selgelid - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):923-964.
    Gain-of-function research involves experimentation that aims or is expected to increase the transmissibility and/or virulence of pathogens. Such research, when conducted by responsible scientists, usually aims to improve understanding of disease causing agents, their interaction with human hosts, and/or their potential to cause pandemics. The ultimate objective of such research is to better inform public health and preparedness efforts and/or development of medical countermeasures. Despite these important potential benefits, GOF research can pose risks regarding biosecurity and biosafety. In 2014 the (...)
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  11.  81
    A Moderate Pluralist Approach to Public Health Policy and Ethics.Michael J. Selgelid - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):195-205.
    Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, The Australian National University, LPO Box 8260, ANU, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@ ' + d + ' '/ /- ->. Home page: http: //www.cappe.edu.au/staff/michael-selgelid.htmThis article advocates the development of a moderate pluralist theory of political philosophy that recognizes that utility, liberty and equality are legitimate, independent social values and that none should have absolute priority over the others. Inter alia, such a theory would provide a principled (...)
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  12.  16
    Burden of Proof in Bioethics.Julian J. Koplin & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (9):597-603.
    A common strategy in bioethics is to posit a prima facie case in favour of one policy, and to then claim that the burden of proof falls on those with opposing views. If the burden of proof is not met, it is claimed, then the policy in question should be accepted. This article illustrates, and critically evaluates, examples of this strategy in debates about the sale of organs by living donors, human enhancement, and the precautionary principle. We highlight general problems (...)
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  13.  44
    Ethics and Drug Resistance.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (4):218–229.
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  14.  33
    Freedom and Moral Enhancement.Michael J. Selgelid - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):215-216.
    This issue of Journal of Medical Ethics includes a pair of papers debating the implications of moral bioenhancement for human freedom–and, especially, the question of whether moral enhancement should potentially be compulsory. In earlier writings Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu argue that compulsory moral bioenhancement may be necessary to prevent against catastrophic harms that might result from immoral behaviour.1 In “Voluntary moral enhancement and the survival-at-any-cost bias” Vojin Rakic agrees with P&S that moral bioenhancement is important, but he argues that (...)
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  15.  20
    Ethics, Tuberculosis and Globalization.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):10-20.
    CAPPE LPO Box 8260 ANU Canberra ACT 2601 Australia Tel: +61 (0)2 6125 4355, Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 6579; Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract This article reviews ethically relevant history of tuberculosis and recent developments regarding extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). It argues that tuberculosis is one of the most important neglected topics in bioethics. With an emphasis on XDR-TB, it examines a range of the more challenging ethical issues associated with tuberculosis: (...)
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  16.  3
    Ethical Issues Surrounding Controlled Human Infection Challenge Studies in Endemic Low‐and Middle‐Income Countries.Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (8):797-808.
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  17.  10
    Coronavirus Human Infection Challenge Studies: Assessing Potential Benefits and Risks.Euzebiusz Jamrozik, George S. Heriot & Michael J. Selgelid - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):709-715.
    Human infection challenge studies have been proposed as a means to accelerate SARS-CoV2 vaccine development and thereby help to mitigate a prolonged global public health crisis. A key criterion for the ethical acceptability of SARS-CoV2 HCS is that potential benefits outweigh risks. Although the assessment of risks and benefits is meant to be a standard part of research ethics review, systematic comparisons are particularly important in the context of SARS-CoV2 HCS in light of the significant potential benefits and harms at (...)
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  18.  5
    Human Infection Challenge Studies in Endemic Settings and/or Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries: Key Points of Ethical Consensus and Controversy.Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):601-609.
    Human infection challenge studies involve intentionally infecting research participants with pathogens. There have been recent calls for more HCS to be conducted in low-income and middle-income countries, where many relevant diseases are endemic. HCS in general, and HCS in LMICs in particular, raise numerous ethical issues. This paper summarises the findings of a project that explored ethical and regulatory issues related to LMIC HCS via a review of relevant literature and 45 qualitative interviews with scientists and ethicists. Among other areas (...)
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  19.  7
    Should Practice and Policy Be Revised to Allow for Risk-Proportional Payment to Human Challenge Study Participants?Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):835-836.
    Human infection challenge studies provide illuminating case studies for several ongoing debates in research ethics, including those related to research risks and payment of participants. Grimwade et al 1 add to previous public engagement, qualitative evidence and philosophical literature on these topics.1–8 The authors advocate revision of research payment policy and practice based on their main finding that members of the public endorse ex ante payment of participants proportional to research-related risk exposure, in addition to post hoc compensation for any (...)
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  20.  84
    An Argument Against Arguments for Enhancement.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 1 (1).
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  21.  20
    Necessity and Least Infringement Conditions in Public Health Ethics.Timothy Allen & Michael J. Selgelid - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (4):525-535.
    The influential public health ethics framework proposed by Childress et al. includes five “justificatory conditions,” two of which are “necessity” and “least infringement.” While the framework points to important moral values, we argue it is redundant for it to list both necessity and least infringement because they are logically equivalent. However, it is ambiguous whether Childress et al. would endorse this view, or hold the two conditions distinct. This ambiguity has resulted in confusion in public health ethics discussions citing the (...)
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  22.  29
    Biosecurity and Open-Source Biology: The Promise and Peril of Distributed Synthetic Biological Technologies.Nicholas G. Evans & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1065-1083.
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
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  23.  8
    Is the Non-Identity Problem Relevant to Public Health and Policy? An Online Survey.Keyur Doolabh, Lucius Caviola, Julian Savulescu, Michael J. Selgelid & Dominic Wilkinson - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):46.
    The non-identity problem arises when our actions in the present could change which people will exist in the future, for better or worse. Is it morally better to improve the lives of specific future people, as compared to changing which people exist for the better? Affecting the timing of fetuses being conceived is one case where present actions change the identity of future people. This is relevant to questions of public health policy, as exemplified in some responses to the Zika (...)
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  24.  58
    Dual-Use Research Codes of Conduct: Lessons From the Life Sciences. [REVIEW]Michael J. Selgelid - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):175-183.
    This paper considers multiple meanings of the expression ‘dual use’ and examines lessons to be learned from the life sciences when considering ethical and policy issues associated with the dual-use nature of nanotechnology (and converging technologies). After examining recent controversial dual-use experiments in the life sciences, it considers the potential roles and limitations of science codes of conduct for addressing concerns associated with dual-use science and technology. It concludes that, rather than being essentially associated with voluntary self-governance of the scientific (...)
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  25.  17
    A Full-Pull Program for the Provision of Pharmaceuticals: Practical Issues.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (2):134-145.
    Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE), Menzies Centre for Health Policy, The Australian National University, LPO Box 8260, ANU Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Tel.: +61 (0)2 6125 4355; Mobile: +61 (0)431 124 286; Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 6579; Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Thomas Pogge has proposed a supplement to the standard patent regime whereby innovating companies would be rewarded in proportion to the extent to which their innovations lead to (...)
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  26.  42
    The Case for Mandatory Flu Vaccination of Children.Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Hannah Maslen, Andrew J. Pollard & Julian Savulescu - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):38 - 40.
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  27.  4
    Surveillance and Control of Asymptomatic Carriers of Drug‐Resistant Bacteria.Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):766-775.
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  28.  15
    Promoting Justice, Trust, Compliance, and Health: The Case for Compensation.Michael J. Selgelid - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):22-24.
  29.  26
    Improving Global Health: Counting Reasons Why.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):115-125.
    This paper examines cumulative ethical and self-interested reasons why wealthy developed nations should be motivated to do more to improve health care in developing countries. Egalitarian and human rights reasons why wealthy nations should do more to improve global health are that doing so would (1) promote equality of opportunity, (2) improve the situation of the worst-off, (3) promote respect of the human right to have one's most basic needs met, and (4) reduce undeserved inequalities in well-being. Utilitarian reasons for (...)
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  30.  12
    Just Liability and Reciprocity Reasons for Treating Wounded Soldiers.Michael J. Selgelid - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):19 – 21.
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  31.  12
    Ethics, Health Policy, and Zika: From Emergency to Global Epidemic?Euzebiusz Jamrozik & Michael J. Selgelid - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):343-348.
    Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation, with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics (...)
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  32.  34
    Zika, Contraception and the Non‐Identity Problem.Keyur Doolabh, Lucius Caviola, Julian Savulescu, Michael Selgelid & Dominic J. C. Wilkinson - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (3):173-204.
    The 2016 outbreak of the Zika arbovirus was associated with large numbers of cases of the newly-recognised Congenital Zika Syndrome. This novel teratogenic epidemic raises significant ethical and practical issues. Many of these arise from strategies used to avoid cases of CZS, with contraception in particular being one proposed strategy that is atypical in epidemic control. Using contraception to reduce the burden of CZS has an ethical complication: interventions that impact the timing of conception alter which people will exist in (...)
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  33. The Value of Security: A Moderate Pluralist Perspective.Michael Selgelid - unknown
     
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  34.  6
    Moral Uncertainty and the Moral Status of Early Human Life.Michael J. Selgelid - 2012 - Monash Bioethics Review 30 (1):52-57.
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  35.  18
    Ethics, Economics, and Aids in Africa.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):96–105.
    AIDS in the Twenty‐First Century: Disease and Globalization, by Tony Barnett and Alan Whiteside. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. 416 pp. US$19.95 The Moral Economy of AIDS in South Africa, by Nicoli Nattrass. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004. 222 pp. US$30.00.
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  36.  41
    Infectious Diseases, Security and Ethics: The Case of Hiv\textfractionsolidus{}Aids: Articles.Michaelj Selgelid - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):457-465.
    Securitization of infectious diseases may involve suspension of ordinary human rights and liberties. In the event of an epidemic, therefore, it is important to limit the occasions upon which draconian disease control measures are implemented in the name of security. The term 'security', moreover, should not be used too loosely if it is to retain force and meaning in political discourse. It may be argued that the bar for disease securitization should be set high so that it is limited to (...)
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  37.  17
    Universal Norms and Conflicting Values.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):267-273.
    ABSTRACTWhile UNESCO's Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights highlights appropriate ethical values, its principles are stated in absolute terms and conflict with one another. The Draft Declaration fails to sufficiently address the possibility of conflict between principles, and it provides no real guidance on how to strike a balance between them in cases where conflict occurs. The document's inadequate treatment of conflicting values is revealed by examination of cases where principles aimed at the promotion of autonomy and liberty (...)
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  38.  9
    Eugenic Abortion, Moral Uncertainty, and Social Consequences.Michael J. Selgelid - 2001 - Monash Bioethics Review 20 (2):26-42.
    The proliferation of prenatal genetic testing likely to follow from advances in genetic science invites reconsideration of the moral status of abortion. In this article I examine arguments surrounding the moral status of the fetus. I conclude that secular philosophy should ultimately admit that the moral status of the fetus is uncertain, and that this uncertainty itself makes abortion morally problematic. While this does not imply that abortion is always morally wrong or that it should be legally prohibited, it does (...)
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  39.  18
    Smallpox Revisited?Michael J. Selgelid - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):5 – 11.
    This article reviews the history of smallpox and ethical issues that arise with its threat as a biological weapon. Smallpox killed more people than any infectious disease in history-and perhaps three times more people in the 20th Century than were killed by all the wars of that period. Following a WHO-sponsored global vaccination campaign, smallpox was officially declared eradicated in 1980. It has since been revealed that the Soviet Union, until its fall in the early 1990s, manufactured tens of tons (...)
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  40.  15
    Specifying the Duty to Treat.Michael J. Selgelid & Yen-Chang Chen - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):26 – 27.
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  41.  17
    A Relational Approach to Saviour Siblings?Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (12):924-925.
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  42.  19
    An Argument Against Arguments for Enhancement: The Treatment-Enhancement Distinction is Difficult to Make, and Defenders of Enhancement Often Base Their Case on That. Critics of Enhancement, However, Often Have Prototypical Cases of Enhancement-Oriented Interventions in Mind, and the Ethics of These Can Be Evaluated on a Case by Case Basis. Things Like Intelligence Enhancement May Have Adverse Effects on Equality and Utility. If the Equality and Utility Effects of Such Enhancements Were Sufficiently Severe, Then Restrictions Would Be Called For. We Need to Think More About How to Make Tradeoffs Between Liberty, Equality, and Utility—and We Need to Know More About the Extent to Which Each of These is at Stake—Before Reaching Conclusions About the Ethics of, and Appropriate Social Policy Regarding, Human Enhancement. [REVIEW]Michael Selgelid - 2007 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 1 (1).
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  43.  44
    Moral Uncertainty and the Moral Status of Early Human Life.Michael J. Selgelid - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):324-324.
    Because a newborn baby does not have sufficiently complex psychological capacities to have a concept of continuation of life, according to Tooley, it cannot desire continuation of life, and thus cannot have a right to it.1 A similar position has been advocated by Kuhse and Singer2 ,3—and, more recently, by Giubilini and Minerva.4Key assumptions of Tooley are that being able to desire something is a necessary condition of having a right to it and having a concept of something is a (...)
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  44. Emergency Ethics.A. M. Viens & Michael Selgelid (eds.) - 2012 - Ashgate.
    Emergencies are extreme events which threaten to cause massive disruption to society and negatively affect the physical and psychological well-being of its members. They raise important practical and theoretical questions about how we should treat each other in times of "crisis". The articles selected for this volume focus on the nature and significance of emergencies; ethical issues in emergency public policy and law; war, terrorism and supreme emergencies; and public health and humanitarian emergencies. Together they demonstrate the normative implications of (...)
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  45.  52
    Infectious Disease Ethics: Limiting Liberty in Contexts of Contagion.Michael J. Selgelid, Angela R. McLean, Nimalan Arinaminpathy & Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):149-152.
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  46.  6
    Neugenics?Michael J. Selgelid - 2000 - Monash Bioethics Review 19 (4):9-33.
    Many are worried that the Human Genome Project will lead to a revival of eugenics. In this essay I examine the troublesome history of the ‘old eugenics’ which included the Nazi program of ‘Racial Hygiene’ and the sterilization of the ‘feebleminded’ in the United States of America. A ‘new eugenics’, involving prenatal diagnosis and the selective abortion of fetuses likely to develop into severely disabled infants, on the other hand, is claimed by many to be morally acceptable. If this is (...)
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  47. ¿ El aborto para la prevención de las imperfecciones humanas? Aborto eugenésico, incertidumbres Morales Y consecuencias sociales.Michael J. Selgelid - 2004 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 31:115-130.
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  48.  28
    Commentary: The Ethics of Dangerous Discovery.Michael J. Selgelid - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):444-447.
    The American Medical Association's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs' new “Guidelines to Prevent the Malevolent Use of Biomedical Research” are both timely and appropriate. These guidelines are a product of the increasing realization of the “dual use” potential of life science discoveries. Although biomedical research usually aims at the development of new medicines, vaccines, diagnostics, and so on, the very same discoveries that could benefit humankind in these ways also often have implications for the development of biological weapons. The (...)
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  49.  11
    Democratic Defense Spending in an Age of Bioterrorism.Michael J. Selgelid - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):49-50.
  50.  23
    Ethics and Eugenic Enhancement.Michael Selgelid - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis 1 (4):239-261.
    Suppose we accept prenatal diagnosis and the selective abortion of fetuses that test positive for severe genetic disorders to be both morally and socially acceptable. Should we consider prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion (or other genetic interventions such as preimplantation diagnosis, genetic therapy, cloning, etc.) for nontherapeutic purposes to be acceptable as well? On the one hand, the social aims to promote liberty in general, and reproductive liberty in particular, provide reason for thinking that individuals should be free to make (...)
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