47 found
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  1.  7
    Feynman Diagrams: Modeling Between Physics and Mathematics.Michael Stöltzner - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (4):482-500.
    Since its inception in the late 1920s and 30s, the main problem of quantum electrodynamics had been that any interaction or scattering event involved processes of a higher order that arose from vacuum polarization, the creation and subsequent annihilation of particle-antiparticle pairs, and the mutual interactions of all those short-lived entities.1 These processes posed two kinds of conceptual problems. First, they were not detectable individually, but had a measurable effect on the energy of the overall process. Even in simple quantum (...)
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  2.  21
    Model Landscapes in the Higgs Sector.Arianna Borrelli & Michael Stöltzner - 2013 - In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 241--252.
  3. The Principle of Least Action as the Logical Empiricist's Shibboleth.Michael Stöltzner - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (2):285-318.
    The present paper investigates why logical empiricists remained silent about one of the most philosophy-laden matters of theoretical physics of their day, the principle of least action (PLA). In the two decades around 1900, the PLA enjoyed a remarkable renaissance as a formal unification of mechanics, electrodynamics, thermodynamics, and relativity theory. Taking Ernst Mach's historico-critical stance, it could be liberated from much of its physico-theological dross. Variational calculus, the mathematical discipline on which the PLA was based, obtained a new rigorous (...)
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  4.  16
    Higgs Models and Other Stories About Mass Generation.Michael Stöltzner - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (2):369-386.
    The paper studies the topography of the model landscape of the physics in the Higgs sector both within the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics and beyond in the months before the discovery of a SM Higgs boson. At first glance, this landscape appears fragmented into a large number of different models and research communities. But it also clusters around certain guiding ideas, among them supersymmetry or dynamical symmetry breaking, in which representative and narrative features of the models are combined. (...)
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  5.  62
    Vienna Indeterminism: Mach, Boltzmann, Exner.Michael Stöltzner - 1999 - Synthese 119 (1-2):85-111.
    The present paper studies a specific way of addressing the question whether the laws involving the basic constituents of nature are statistical. While most German physicists, above all Planck, treated the issues of determinism and causality within a Kantian framework, the tradition which I call Vienna Indeterminism began from Mach’s reinterpretation of causality as functional dependence. This severed the bond between causality and realism because one could no longer avail oneself of a priori categories as a criterion for empirical reality. (...)
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  6.  8
    John von Neumann and the Foundations of Quantum Physics.Miklós Rédei, Michael Stöltzner, Walter Thirring, Ulrich Majer & Jeffrey Bub - 2001 - Springer Verlag.
    ... of Quantum Physics Book Editors Miklós Rédei1 Michael Stöltzner2 Eötvös University, Budapest, Hungary Institute Vienna Circle, Vienna, University of Salzburg, Vienna, Austria ISSN 09296328 ISBN 9789048156511 ISBN 9789401720120 ...
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  7.  16
    Model Choice and Crucial Tests. On the Empirical Epistemology of the Higgs Discovery.Peter Mättig & Michael Stöltzner - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 65:73-96.
    : Our paper discusses the epistemic attitudes of particle physicists on the discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider. It is based on questionnaires and interviews made shortly before and shortly after the discovery in 2012. We show, to begin with, that the discovery of a Standard Model Higgs boson was less expected than is sometimes assumed. Once the new particle was shown to have properties consistent with SM expectations – albeit with significant experimental uncertainties –, there (...)
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  8.  21
    Constraining the Higgs Mechanism: Ontological Worries and the Prospects for an Algebraic Cure.Michael Stöltzner - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):930-941.
  9. Le principe de moindre action et les trois ordres de la téléologie formelle dans la Physique.Michael Stöltzner - 2000 - Archives de Philosophie 63 (4):621-655.
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  10.  17
    What John von Neumann Thought of the Bohm Interpretation.Michael Stöltzner - 1999 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 7:257-262.
    Papers advocating a hidden-variable interpretation of quantum mechanics typically begin by emphasizing that John von Neumann’s no-go theorem does not apply to them. If authors are ontologically minded, their criticism also takes aim at his theory of measurement as expressed in his seminal 1932 book Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics Additionally, David Bohm and Basil Hiley have recently argued that “in so far as von Neumann effectively gave the quantum state a certain ontological significance, the net result was to produce (...)
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  11.  18
    Opportunistic Axiomatics: Von Neumann on the Methodology of Mathematical Physics.Michael Stöltzner - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8:35-62.
    On December 10th, 1947, John von Neumann wrote to the Spanish translator of his Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: 1Your questions on the nature of mathematical physics and theoretical physics are interesting but a little difficult to answer with precision in my own mind. I have always drawn a somewhat vague line of demarcation between the two subjects, but it was really more a difference in distribution of emphases. I think that in theoretical physics the main emphasis is on the (...)
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  12.  30
    The Dynamics of Thought Experiments - Comment to Atkinson.Michael Stöltzner - unknown
    Commenting on Atkinson 's paper I argue that leading to a successful real experiment is not the only scale on which a thought experiment's value is judged. Even the path from the original EPR thought experiment to Aspect's verification of the Bell inequalities was long-winded and involved considerable input from the sides of technology and mathematics. Von Neumann's construction of hidden variables was, moreover, a genuinely mathematical thought experiment that was successfully criticized by Bell. Such thought experiments are also possible (...)
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  13.  9
    Gangarten des Rationalen. Zu den Zeitstrukturen der Quantenrevolution†.Michael Stöltzner - 2009 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 32 (2):176-192.
    Paces of Rationality in the History of Science: On the Temporal Structures of the Quantum Revolution. I argue that the Kuhnian picture of scientific revolutions must be modified by introducing various levels of historical reality and reference points for rational justification in order to permit the constant movement back and forth between long shots and close-ups that is indispensable in the history of science. Such an account makes it possible to describe a scientific revolution not as a simultaneous break on (...)
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  14.  32
    On Optimism and Opportunism in Applied Mathematics: Mark Wilson Meets John Von Neumann on Mathematical Ontology. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 2004 - Erkenntnis 60 (1):121-145.
    Applied mathematics often operates by way of shakily rationalizedexpedients that can neither be understood in a deductive-nomological nor in an anti-realist setting.Rather do these complexities, so a recent paper of Mark Wilson argues, indicate some element in ourmathematical descriptions that is alien to the physical world. In this vein the mathematical opportunistopenly seeks or engineers appropriate conditions for mathematics to get hold on a given problem.Honest mathematical optimists, instead, try to liberalize mathematical ontology so as to include all physicalsolutions. Following (...)
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  15. Appraising Lakatos Mathematics, Methodology, and the Man.George Kampis, Ladislav Kvasz & Michael Stöltzner - 2002
     
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  16.  29
    Mach’s Principle: From Newton’s Bucket to Quantum Gravity. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 1995 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 3:313-315.
    The relation between Ernst Mach and Albert Einstein is probably one of the most debated issues in the history of twentieth century physics. For many physicists general relativity is the paradigm ofhow a mature theory should look. This opinion was supported by philosophers, in particular logical empiricists, to whom general relativity was the main touchstone of their principles of theory formation. Mach’s principle penetrates all three domains. Einstein’s first formulation of it in 1918 read: “The G-field is without remainder determined (...)
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  17.  18
    The Variety of Explanations in the Higgs Sector.Michael Stöltzner - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2).
    This paper argues that there is no single universal conception of scientific explanation that is consistently employed throughout the whole domain of Higgs physics—ranging from the successful experimental search for a standard model Higgs particle and the hitherto unsuccessful searches for any particles beyond the standard model, to phenomenological model builders in the Higgs sector and theoretical physicists interested in how the core principles of quantum field theory apply to spontaneous symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism. Yet the coexistence of (...)
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  18.  23
    Amsterdam Talk About “Problems in Mathematics” September 2, 1954.Miklós Rédei & Michael Stöltzner - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8:247-248.
  19.  20
    Soft Axiomatisation: John von Neumann on Method and von Neumann's Method in the Physical Sciences.Miklós Rédei & Michael Stöltzner - 2006 - In Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.), Intuition and the Axiomatic Method. Springer. pp. 235--249.
  20.  17
    Hilbert's Axiomatic Method and Carnap's General Axiomatics.Michael Stöltzner - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:12-22.
  21.  5
    Josef Georg Huber. Walther Gerlach und sein Weg zum erfolgreichen Experimentalphysiker bis etwa 1925. 589 pp., apps., tables, figs., bibl., indexes. Augsburg: Dr. Erwin Rauner Verlag, 2015. €26.50. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 2017 - Isis 108 (3):727-728.
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  22.  13
    Editors’ Notes.Miklós Rédei & Michael Stöltzner - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8 (4):221-224.
    The documents selected for publication in this book have never been published before. All are deposited in the von Neumann Archive of the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress . The rich von Neumann Archive contains numerous documents that have never been published in any form. The documents included in this volume have been selected on the basis of their direct relevance to von Neumann’s work on the foundations of quantum physics, the main topic of this volume. Three kinds (...)
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  23.  13
    Philipp Frank and the German Physical Society.Michael Stöltzner - 1995 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 3:293-302.
    After the death of Otto Neurath in 1945, Philipp Frank appeared to be the most talented organizer of the Vienna Circle in exile. From his new position at Harvard he organized many of the Unity of Science meetings and served from 1947 on as president of the Institute for the Unity of Science. It is well known that in 1929 he had organized the famous first meeting on Erkenntnislehre der exakten Wissenschaften in Prague, at which the Vienna Circle went public. (...)
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  24.  3
    What is the Legacy of Austrian Academic Liberalism?Veronika Hofer & Michael Stöltzner - 2012 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 20 (1):31-42.
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  25.  11
    Die ewige Wiederkunft wissenschaftlich betrachtet. Oskar Beckers Nietzscheinterpretation im Kontext.Michael Stöltzner - 2014 - In D. Ginev (ed.), The Multidimensionality of Hermeneutic Phenomenology. Springer. pp. 113--135.
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  26.  12
    Did Reichenbach Anticipate Quantum Mechanical Indeterminism?Michael Stöltzner - 2013 - In Nikolay Milkov & Volker Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer. pp. 123--150.
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  27.  11
    Unpublished Correspondence.Miklós Rédei & Michael Stöltzner - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8:225-229.
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  28.  10
    Introduction.Miklós Rédei & Michael Stöltzner - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8:1-4.
    John von Neumann was, undoubtedly, one of the true scientific geniuses of the 20th century. The main fields to which he contributed include different disciplines of pure and applied mathematics, mathematical and theoretical physics, logic, theoretical computer science and computer design. Von Neumann was also actively involved in politics, science management, served on a number of commissions and advisory committees and had a major impact on U.S. government decisions during, and especially after, the Second World War.
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  29.  10
    Bangs, Crunches, Whimpers, and Shrieks. Singularities and Acausalities in Relativistic Spacetimes. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 1999 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 6:320-325.
    Quantum theorists silently slaughter cats in tightly closed boxes. For matters of consistency, general relativists prefer family affairs instead. They travel back in time to murder their grandfathers before they themselves were born. John Earman’s new book brings good news for the elder generation: Grandfathers do not figure so prominently in a critical account of general relativity that any such experiment will ever pass an ethics commission.
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  30.  10
    Vienna-Berlin-Prague: Centenaries Carnap, Reichenbach, Zilsel.Michael Stöltzner - 1995 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 3:317-342.
    Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach can be considered as the most influential protagonists-in-exile of the scientific philosophy that arose in the twenties and early thirties under the headings Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung and Wissenschaftliche Philosophie. Both were born in 1891 — as was a generally forgotten member of the Vienna Circle: Edgar Zilsel.
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  31.  9
    Levels of Physical Theories.Michael Stöltzner - 1995 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 3:47-64.
    Many physicists view the most sublime task of physics in presenting some day a world formula or a simple Theory of Everything that accounts for all major physical theories and from which everything follows by pure deduction.1 This striving for universality can look back on a long history, which contains the failed attempts to incorporate electrodynamics into universal mechanics, Einstein’s einheitliche Feldtheorie and Heisenberg’s explicit proposal of an Urgleichung. Those attempts were encouraged by the success of general relativity, which embraced (...)
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  32.  9
    Conoscenza E Realtà. Saggio di Filosofia Positiva. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 1998 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 5:415-420.
    During my first year of philosophy study at a German university I shared the prejudice of my colleagues that positivist texts are tedious if not boring, at least compared to Schopenhauer or Nietzsche, to Sartre or other French philosophers. Here is a book that shows the opposite and succeeds in keeping the esprit of an essay over 233 pages. Parrini’s use of the word ‘essay’ alludes to Hume’s Essays, more generally to the English tradition rather than to those contemporaries to (...)
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  33.  7
    Federigo Enriques e l'Enciclopedia Neurathiana.Michael Stoltzner - 1998 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 3.
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  34.  15
    A New Glimpse of John von Neumann's Thought Laboratory.Michael Stöltzner - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (4):938-947.
  35.  16
    Über Zwei Formen Von Realismus in der Quantentheorie.Michael Stöltzner - 1999 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 30 (2):289-316.
    On Two Types of Realism in Quantum Theory. Current realist approaches to the foundations of quantum theory emphasize the dichotomy between (Copenhagen) positivism and ‘beable’-realism. Recently it was even attempted to turn this picture into two (equally possible) histories in order to legitimate Bohmian Mechanics as a viable alternative. This paper argues that this dichotomy is philosophically inadequate and historically questionable by embedding it into the philosophical discussion on positivism and realism that has taken place since the 1920s. Logical Empiricists (...)
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  36.  6
    Shifting the (Non-Relativized) A Priori: Hans Reichenbach on Causality and Probability (1915–1932).Michael Stöltzner - 2011 - In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. pp. 465--475.
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  37.  5
    The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics, 1915–1925. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 2008 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:858-859.
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  38.  4
    A New Glimpse of John von Neumann's Thought Laboratory.Michael Stöltzner - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (4):938-947.
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  39.  4
    Rezension: Theorien und Tatsachen. Eine Untersuchung zur wissenschaftstheorie-geschichtlichen Charakteristik der theoretischen Philosophie des frühen Moritz Schlick von Carsten Seck.Michael Stöltzner - 2010 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 33 (4):443-445.
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  40.  3
    Eine Enzyklopädie für das Kaiserreich†.Michael Stöltzner - 2008 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 31 (1):11-28.
    An Encyclopedia for the Empire. In the preface to the universal encyclopedia Die Kultur der Gegenwart , the editor-in-chief Paul Hinneberg places his project – not openly but nevertheless unequivocally – in the tradition of the French Encyclopédie that Diderot and d'Alembert had organized from 1751 until 1765. The attempt to accomplish anew such a large-scale project and, in this way, to win the German Empire the kind of intellectual leadership which the Encyclopédie, in historical retrospect, had achieved for the (...)
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  41.  2
    Thomas Ryckman. The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics, 1915–1925. Ix + 317 Pp., Apps., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. $60. [REVIEW]Michael Stöltzner - 2008 - Isis 99 (4):858-859.
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  42. Probabilities, Laws, and Structures.Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzalez, Stephan Hartmann, Michael Stöltzner & Weber - 2012 - Springer.
  43. Philipp Frank: Vienna, Prague, Boston.Veronika Hofer & Michael Stöltzner (eds.) - forthcoming - Open Court.
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  44.  7
    Time and History: Proceedings of the 28. International Ludwig Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg Am Wechsel, Austria 2005.Friedrich Stadler & Michael Stöltzner (eds.) - 2006 - De Gruyter.
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  45. Zeit Und Geschichte. Beiträge des 28. Internationalen Wittgenstein-Sym­Posiums.Friedrich Stadler & Michael Stöltzner (eds.) - 2005 - Ilwg.
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  46. The Logical Empiricists.Michael Stöltzner - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
     
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  47. Vienna Indeterminism II.Michael Stoltzner - 2003 - In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres. pp. 194.
     
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