83 found
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  1. A Radical Solution to the Species Problem.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1974 - Systematic Zoology 23:536-44.
    Traditionally, species have been treated as classes. In fact they may be considered individuals. The logical term “individual” has been confused with a biological synonym for “organism.” If species are individuals, then: 1) their names are proper, 2) there cannot be instances of them, 3) they do not have defining properties, 4) their constituent organisms are parts, not members. “ Species " may be defined as the most extensive units in the natural economy such that reproductive competition occurs among their (...)
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  2. The Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):324-324.
     
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  3. The Triumph of the Darwinian Method.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):466-467.
  4.  39
    Metaphysics and the Origin of Species.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1997 - State University of New York Press.
    _This sweeping discussion of the philosophy of evolutionary biology is based on the revolutionary idea that species are not kinds of organisms but wholes composed of organisms._.
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  5.  61
    Categories, Life, and Thinking.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):269-283.
  6.  3
    The Triumph of the Darwinian Method.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1969 - University of California Press.
    A coherent treatment of the flow of ideas throughout Darwin's works, this volume presents a unified theoretical system that explains Darwin's investigations, evaluating the literature from a historical, scientific, and philosophical perspective.
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  7.  43
    On Semantic Pitfalls of Biological Adaptation.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1966 - Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):147-.
    "Adaptation" has several meanings which have often been confused, including relations, processes, states, and intrinsic properties. It is used in comparative and historical contexts. "Adaptation" and "environment" may designate probabilistic concepts. Recognition of these points refutes arguments for the notions that: 1) all organisms are perfectly adapted; 2) organisms cannot be ill-adapted and survive or well-adapted and die; 3) adaptation is necessarily relative to the environment; 4) change in environment is necessary for evolution; 5) preadaptation implies teleology. Such notions are (...)
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  8. The Development of Darwin's Theory: Natural History, Natural Theology & Natural Selection 1838-1859.Dov Ospovat & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (3):363.
  9.  15
    Lloyd Morgan's Canon in Evolutionary Context.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):362.
  10.  14
    On Psychologism in the Logic of Taxonomic Controversies.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1966 - Systematic Zoology 15 (3):207-215.
  11.  25
    On Mechanisms of Cultural Evolution, and the Evolution of Language and the Common Law.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):11-11.
  12.  17
    Darwinism Versus Neo-Darwinism in the Study of Human Mate Preferences.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):20-20.
  13.  89
    Darwin's Language May Seem Teleological, but His Thinking is Another Matter.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (4):489-492.
    Darwin''s biology was teleological only if the term teleology is defined in a manner that fails to recognize his contribution to the metaphysics and epistemology of modern science. His use of teleological metaphors in a strictly teleonomic context is irrelevant to the meaning of his discourse. The myth of Darwin''s alleged teleology is partly due to misinterpretations of discussions about whether morphology should be a purely formal science. Merely rejecting such notions as special creation and vitalism does not prevent the (...)
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  14.  13
    Evolutionary Anatomy and Language.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):20-20.
  15.  52
    Ostensive Definitions of the Names of Species and Clades.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):219-22.
  16. Animal Species and Their Evolution.Arthur J. Cain & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
  17. Intellectual Compromise: The Bottom Line.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1989 - Paragon House.
    Uncovers the disturbing underlying principle that American universities reach decisions on economic grounds. Cf. blurb.
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  18. The Individuality Thesis, Essences, and Laws of Nature.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (4):467-474.
  19.  20
    Metaphysics and Classification: Update and Overview.Michael T. Ghiselin - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (3):253-259.
    The differences between classes and individuals are profound and the fact that biological species are individuals rather than classes provides the basis for organizing knowledge on a causal basis. The class of species is a natural kind and there are laws of nature for this and other classes of natural kinds such as the organism and the molecule. Particular species, like other individuals, function in historical narratives by virtue of laws of nature applying to them. The notion that species can (...)
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  20.  43
    The Darwinian Revolution as Viewed by a Philosophical Biologist.Michael T. Ghiselin - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):123-136.
    Darwin proclaimed his own work revolutionary. His revolution, however, is still in progress, and the changes that are going on are reflected in the contemporary historical and philosophical literature, including that written by scientists. The changes have taken place at different levels, and have tended to occur at the more superficial ones. The new ontology that arose as a consequence of the realization that species are individuals at once provides an analytical tool for explaining what has been happening and an (...)
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  21. Is the Pope a Catholic?Michael T. Ghiselin - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):283-291.
    The whole-part relationship is generally considered transitive, but there are some apparent exceptions. Componential sortals create some apparent problems. Homo sapiens, the Pope, and his heart are all individuals. A human being, such as the Pope, is an organism-level component of Homo sapiens. The Pope’s heart is an organ-level component of both Homo sapiens and the Pope. Although the Pope is a part, and not an instance, of the Roman Catholic Church, it seems odd to say that his heart is (...)
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  22.  27
    Sex and the Individuality of Species: A Reply to Mishler and Brandon. [REVIEW]Michael T. Ghiselin - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (1):73-76.
  23.  11
    Darwin: German Mystic or French Rationalist?Michael T. Ghiselin - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (3):305-311.
    The notion that Charles Darwin embraced the German Romantic tradition seems plausible, given the early influence of Alexander von Humboldt. But this view fails to do justice to other scientific traditions. Darwin was a protégé of the Englishman John Stevens Henslow and was a follower of the Scott Charles Lyell. He had important debts to French scientists, notably Henri Milne-Edwards, Étienne and Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, and Alphonse de Candolle. Many Germans were quite supportive of Darwin, but not all of these (...)
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  24.  12
    Response to Commentary on the Individuality of Species.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):207.
  25. An Autobiographical Anatomy. [REVIEW]Michael T. Ghiselin & Stephen Jay Gould - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (2):285 - 291.
    An 'anatomy' is a literary work that treats a particul.1r topic at great length and in minute detail. Viewed as a contribution to that genre, this massive and prolix tome may be read with patience and also with sympathy for its author. Gould diccl around the time that it was published, and the book is a fitting monument to his life's work. Because he goes into so much detail, providing an immense amount..
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  26.  56
    The Origin of Vertebrates and the Principle of Succession of Functions: Genealogical Sketches by Anton Dohrn 1875.Anton Dohrn & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (1):3 - 96.
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  27.  15
    The Bioeconomics of Phenotypic Selection.Michael T. Ghiselin & Francesco M. Scudo - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):194-195.
  28. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 8, 1860.Frederick Burkhardt, Duncan M. Porter, Janet Browne, Marsha Richmond & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  29.  24
    Taxa, Life, and Thinking.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):303-313.
  30. Mayr on Species Concepts, Categories and Taxa.Michael T. Ghiselin - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12 (21):109-114.
     
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  31.  43
    Etiological Classification and the Acquisition and Structure of Knowledge.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):72-73.
    Millikan's account of how we acquire our most basic concepts might be clarified by a better ontological taxonomy, especially one that distinguishes between natural kinds on the one hand and wholes composed of parts on the other. The two have a different causal basis, which is important because once classification goes beyond the stage of naive induction, it becomes fundamentally etiological.
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  32. Die Rezeption von Evolutionstheorien Im 19. Jahrhundert.Eve-Marie Engels, Pete Goldie & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):225-229.
     
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  33. Classification as an Activity.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1987 - In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press. pp. 70.
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  34. Rediscovering the Science of the History of Life. [REVIEW]Michael T. Ghiselin - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):123 - 128.
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  35. Rediscovering the Science of the History of Life. A Review of E. Ray Lankester and the Making of Modern British Biology. [REVIEW]Michael T. Ghiselin, Joseph Lester & Peter J. Bowler - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):123-128.
     
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  36. The Role of Behavior in EvolutionH. C. Plotkin.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1990 - Isis 81 (2):383-383.
  37. With Commentary.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):177.
  38. Anton Dohrn, Rudolf Virchow. Briefwechsel 1864-1902.Christian Groeben, Klaus Wenig & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
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  39. Book Reviews-Biology Takes Form: Animal Morphology and the German Universities (1800-1900).Lynn K. Nyhardt & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1999 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (2):229-229.
     
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  40. Book Reviews-Organisms, Genes and Evolution. Evolutionary Theory at the Crossroads.Dieter Stefan Peters, Michael Weingarten & Michael T. Ghiselin - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):439-440.
  41. Biology as History Papers From International Conferences Sponsored by the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milan.Giovanni Pinna, Michael T. Ghiselin, California Academy of Sciences & Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano - 1996 - Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali E Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano.
  42. History of Carcinology.Frank Truesdale & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):503.
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  43.  38
    Will a Real Evolutionary Ecologist Please Stand Up?Michael T. Ghiselin - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):355-359.
  44.  35
    Differences in Male and Female Cognitive Abilities: Sexual Selection or Division of Labor?Michael T. Ghiselin - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):254-255.
    In Darwinian terminology, “sexual selection” refers to purely reproductive competition and is conceptually distinct from natural selection as it affects reproduction generally. As natural selection may favor the evolution of sexual dimorphism by virtue of the division of labor between males and females, this possibility needs to be taken very seriously.
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  45.  8
    Mr. Darwin's Critics, Old and New.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1973 - Journal of the History of Biology 6 (1):155-165.
  46.  52
    A Consumer's Guide to Superorganisms.Michael T. Ghiselin - 2011 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (2):152-167.
    The notion of a superorganism has had a long and not altogether respectable history (Ghiselin 1974). The idea of comparing the world to a divine animal goes back to a creation myth in Plato's dialogue Timaeus, and it has played an important role in occult metaphysics ever since. Astrology, for example, works by superimposing a diagram of the human body over a map of the celestial bodies. The analogy between organisms and societies has also played a major role in political (...)
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  47.  6
    The Relevance of Phylogenetics to the Study of Behavioral Diversity.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):144-145.
  48.  17
    Evolving Economies, Natural and Political: Nature: An Economic History Geerat J. Vermeij Princeton : Princeton University Press , 2004 (448 Pp; $35.00 Hbk; ISBN 0691115273).Michael T. Ghiselin - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):106-107.
  49.  17
    Evolving the Language of Evolution.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (2):263-269.
  50.  20
    Reviving the Living.Michael T. Ghiselin - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (4):612-616.
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