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Michael W. Hickson
Trent University
  1.  71
    A Brief History of Problems of Evil.Michael W. Hickson - 2013 - In Justin P. McBrayer & Daniel Howard-Snyder (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 3-18.
  2.  17
    Belief and Invincible Objections: Bayle, Le Clerc, Leibniz.Michael W. Hickson - 2015 - In Christian Leduc, Paul Rateau & Jean-Luc Solère (eds.), Leibniz et Bayle: Confrontation et Dialogue. pp. 69-86.
  3.  43
    Pierre Bayle: Dialogues of Maximus and Themistius.Pierre Bayle & Michael W. Hickson - 2016 - Leiden, Netherlands: Brill's Texts and Sources in Intellectual History 256/18.
    An English translation of Pierre Bayle's posthumous last book, Entretiens de Maxime et de Themiste (1707), in which Bayle defends his skeptical position on the problem of the evil. This book is often cited and attacked by G.W. Leibniz in his Theodicy (1710). Over one hundred pages of original philosophical and historical material introduce the translation, providing it with context and establishing the work's importance.
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  4.  72
    Theodicy and Toleration in Bayle's Dictionary.Michael W. Hickson - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (1):49-73.
    Theodicy and Toleration Seem at first glance to be an unlikely pair of topics to treat in a single paper. Toleration usually means putting up with beliefs or actions with which one disagrees, and it is practiced because the beliefs or actions in question are not disagreeable enough to justify interference. It is usually taken to be a topic for moral and political philosophy. Theodicy, on the other hand, is the attempt to solve the problem of evil; that is, to (...)
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  5.  52
    Conscientious Refusals Without Conscience.Michael W. Hickson - 2010 - Philo 13 (2):167-184.
    In this paper I uncover and critically analyze a methodological assumption in the literature on conscientious refusals in health care. The assumption is what I call the “Priority of Conscience Principle,” which says the following: to determine the moral status of any act of conscientious refusal, it is first necessary to determine the nature and value of conscience. I argue that it is not always necessary to discuss conscience in the debate on conscientious refusals, and that discussing conscience is even (...)
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  6.  31
    Pierre Bayle and the Secularization of Conscience.Michael W. Hickson - 2018 - Journal of the History of Ideas 79 (2):199-220.
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  7.  1
    Pierre Bayle.Michael W. Hickson & Thomas M. Lennon - 2017 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  8.  29
    The Rise of Religious Skepticism in the Seventeenth Century.Michael W. Hickson & Thomas M. Lennon - 2018 - In Dan Kaufman (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth-century Philosophy. New York, NY, USA: pp. 563-582.
  9.  27
    Simon Foucher and Anti-Cartesian Skepticism.Michael W. Hickson - 2019 - In Delphine Antoine-Mahut, Steven Nadler & Tad Schmaltz (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford, UK: pp. 678-690.
    A survey of the skepticism of Simon Foucher, with particular attention to his objections to Descartes' philosophy.
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  10.  11
    The Real Significance of Bayle’s Authorship of the Avis.Michael W. Hickson & Thomas M. Lennon - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 1 (17):191-205.
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  11.  11
    Varieties of Academic Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy: Pierre-Daniel Huet and Simon Foucher.Michael W. Hickson - 2018 - In Diego Machuca & Baron Reed (eds.), Skepticism: From Antiquity to the Present. London, UK: pp. 320-341.
  12.  8
    Bayle on Évidence as a Criterion of Truth.Michael W. Hickson - 2018 - In Antony McKenna (ed.), Libertinage et philosophie à l’époque classique (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle), n° 14, La pensée de Pierre Bayle. Paris, France: pp. 105-125.
    A survey of Bayle's skeptical arguments regarding Descartes' criterion of truth, which Bayle refers to as "evidence." Bayle's arguments for degrees of evidence, as well as for the necessity and sufficiency of possessing a high degree of evidence in order to form virtuous beliefs, are surveyed as well.
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  13.  8
    Pierre Bayle.Michael W. Hickson - 2016 - In Lawrence Nolan (ed.), The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon. Cambridge, UK: pp. 55-56.
  14.  68
    The Moral Certainty of Immortality in Descartes.Michael W. Hickson - 2011 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (3):227-247.
    In the Dedicatory Letter of the Meditations, René Descartes claims that he will offer a proof of the soul’s immortality, to be accomplished by reason alone. This proof is also promised by the title page of the first edition of the Meditations, which includes the words “in which the existence of God and the immortality of the soul are demonstrated.” But in the Synopsis, and later in his replies to objections, Descartes gives a more nuanced account of the possibility of (...)
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  15.  22
    Skepsis: Le Débat des Modernes Sur le Scepticisme. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (1):163-166.
  16.  40
    The Message of Bayle's Last Title: Providence and Toleration in the Entretiens de Maxime Et de Thémiste.Michael W. Hickson - 2010 - Journal of the History of Ideas 71 (4):547-567.
    In this paper I uncover the identities of the interlocutors of Pierre Bayle's Entretiens de Maxime et de Themiste, and I show the significance of these identities for a proper understanding of the Entretiens and of Bayle's thought more generally. Maxime and Themiste represent the philosophers of late antiquity, Maximus of Tyre and Themistius. Bayle brought these philosophers into dialogue in order to suggest that the problem of evil, though insoluble by means of speculative reason, could be dissolved and thus (...)
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  17.  47
    Reductio Ad Malum: Bayle’s Early Skepticism About Theodicy.Michael W. Hickson - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3/4):201-221.
    Pierre Bayle is perhaps most well-known for arguing in his Dictionary that the problem of evil cannot be solved by reason alone. This skepticism about theodicy is usually credited to a religious crisis suffered by Bayle in 1685 following the unjust imprisonment and death of his brother, the death of his father, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. But in this paper I argue that Bayle was skeptical about theodicy a decade earlier than these events, from at least (...)
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  18.  2
    How a Huguenot Philosopher Realized That Atheists Could Be Virtuous.Michael W. Hickson - 2018 - Aeon.
    A 1400-word article presenting Bayle's philosophical defence of the possibility of a virtuous atheist. I argue that this defence is an important moment in the history of the secularization of Western morality.
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  19.  33
    Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century: Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung, Edited by Sébastien Charles and Plinio J. Smith. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2016 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 6 (4):405-411.
  20.  24
    Academic Skepticism in Seventeenth-Century French Philosophy: The Charronian Legacy 1601–1662, Written by José R. Maia Neto. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (1):137-140.
  21.  50
    Philosophical Legacies.Michael W. Hickson - 2009 - Review of Metaphysics 62 (3):649-651.
  22. Pierre Bayle.Michael W. Hickson - 2022 - Oxford Bibliographies in Renaissance and Reformation.
    An annotated bibliography of the primary and secondary literature of Pierre Bayle.
     
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  23. Scientific Certainty Survival Kit: How to Push Back Against Skeptics Who Exploit Uncertainty for Political Gain.Michael W. Hickson, Paul Frost, Marguerite Xenopoulos & Michael Epp - 2022 - The Conversation.
    Demands for absolute or near certainty are a common way for those with a political agenda to undermine science and to delay action. Through our combined experience in science, philosophy and cultural theory, we are acquainted with these attempts to undermine science. We want to help readers figure out how to evaluate their merits or lack thereof.
     
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  24.  30
    Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin. Edited by José R. Maia Neto, Gianni Paganini, and John Christian Laursen. Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 181. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2009. Pp. X + 390. ISBN: 978-90-04-17784-0. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2013 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 3 (4):304-307.
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  25.  26
    Reductio Ad Malum.Michael W. Hickson - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3/4):201-221.
    Pierre Bayle is perhaps most well-known for arguing in his Dictionary (1697) that the problem of evil cannot be solved by reason alone. This skepticism about theodicy is usually credited to a religious crisis suffered by Bayle in 1685 following the unjust imprisonment and death of his brother, the death of his father, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. But in this paper I argue that Bayle was skeptical about theodicy a decade earlier than these events, from at (...)
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  26. The Role of Skepticism in Bayle's Theory of Toleration.Michael W. Hickson - 2021 - In V. R. Rosaleny & P. J. Smith (eds.), Sceptical Doubt and Disbelief in Modern European Thought. pp. 161-176.
    Pierre Bayle’s theory of religious toleration has received much attention over the past three centuries, yet there is still little consensus surrounding the precise logic of Bayle’s argument, and even less consensus concerning whether that argument is successful or perhaps utterly inconsistent. One of the central themes in the literature concerns the role of skepticism in Bayle’s argument for toleration. Some argue that Baylean toleration is based entirely in a non-skeptical morality that is in turn based in conscience, while others (...)
     
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  27.  40
    The Real Significance of Bayle's Authorship of the Avis.Michael W. Hickson & Thomas M. Lennon - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):191 – 205.
    Did Bayle write the Avis aux réfugiés? Although the long debate over this question might not be over, we are convinced that strong probability supports Gianluca Mori's position that Bayle was indeed its sole author. We are also convinced, however, that the significance that Mori assigns to Bayle's authorship gets it exactly the wrong way around, for while Mori is right that the Avis is not only consistent but also representative of the views espoused by Bayle in his subsequent work (...)
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  28.  17
    Anstey, Peter R., John Locke and Natural Philosophy. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (2):423-425.
  29.  5
    Review of Daniel Dahlstrom, Philosophical Legacies. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2009 - Review of Metaphysics 62 (3):649-651.
  30.  9
    Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century: Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2016 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 6 (4).
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  31.  9
    Review of Neven Leddy, Avi S. Lifschitz (Eds.), Epicurus in the Enlightenment[REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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