Results for 'Michael W. Yang'

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  1.  27
    Algorithmic reparation.Michael W. Yang, Apryl Williams & Jenny L. Davis - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    Machine learning algorithms pervade contemporary society. They are integral to social institutions, inform processes of governance, and animate the mundane technologies of daily life. Consistently, the outcomes of machine learning reflect, reproduce, and amplify structural inequalities. The field of fair machine learning has emerged in response, developing mathematical techniques that increase fairness based on anti-classification, classification parity, and calibration standards. In practice, these computational correctives invariably fall short, operating from an algorithmic idealism that does not, and cannot, address systemic, Intersectional (...)
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  2.  13
    Association of Chinese herbal medicine use with the depression risk among the long-term breast cancer survivors: A longitudinal follow-up study.Shu-Yi Yang, Hanoch Livneh, Jing-Siang Jhang, Shu-Wen Yen, Hua-Lung Huang, Michael W. Y. Chan, Ming-Chi Lu, Chia-Chou Yeh, Chang-Kuo Wei & Tzung-Yi Tsai - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundBreast cancer patients are at elevated risk of depression during treatment, thus provoking the chance of poor clinical outcomes. This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate whether integrating Chinese herbal medicines citation into conventional cancer therapy could decrease the risk of depression in the long-term breast cancer survivors.MethodsA cohort of patients aged 20–70 years and with newly diagnosed breast cancer during 2000–2008 was identified from a nationwide claims database. In this study, we focused solely on survivors of breast cancer at (...)
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  3.  22
    Expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in muscle flaps treated with ischemic postconditioning.Mei Yang, Michael F. Angel, Yi Pang, John J. Angel, Zhe Wang, Michael W. Neumeister, Nathan Wetter & Feng Zhang - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press. pp. 297-302.
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  4. Defining the method of reflective equilibrium.Michael W. Schmidt - 2024 - Synthese 203 (5):1-22.
    The method of reflective equilibrium (MRE) is a method of justification popularized by John Rawls and further developed by Norman Daniels, Michael DePaul, Folke Tersman, and Catherine Z. Elgin, among others. The basic idea is that epistemic agents have justified beliefs if they have succeeded in forming their beliefs into a harmonious system of beliefs which they reflectively judge to be the most plausible. Despite the common reference to MRE as a method, its mechanisms or rules are typically expressed (...)
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  5.  4
    One earth, one mind.Michael W. Fox - 1980 - Malabar, Fla.: R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
  6.  60
    The Politics of the textbook.Michael W. Apple & Linda K. Christian-Smith (eds.) - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    The Politics of the Texbook analyzes the factors that shape production, distribution and reception of school texts through original essays which emphasize the double-edged quality of textbooks. Textbooks are viewed as systems of moral regulation in the struggle of powerful groups to build political and cultural accord. They are also regarded as the site of popular resistance around discloding the interest underlying schoolknowledge and incorporating alternative traditions.
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  7.  24
    Plato's Cratylus: Argument, Form, and Structure.Michael W. Riley (ed.) - 2005 - BRILL.
    This book explains how the _Cratylus_, Plato’s apparently meandering and comical dialogue on the correctness of names, makes serious philosophical progress by its notorious etymological digressions. While still a wild ride through a Heraclitean flood of etymologies which threatens to swamp language altogether, the _Cratylus_ emerges as an astonishingly organized evaluation of the power of words.
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  8. Varieties of Academic Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy: Pierre-Daniel Huet and Simon Foucher.Michael W. Hickson - 2016 - In Diego Machuca & Baron Reed (eds.), Skepticism: From Antiquity to the Present. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 320-341.
  9.  46
    Tools of the trade: Deductive schemas taught in psychology and philosophy.Michael W. Morris & Richard E. Nisbett - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for reasoning. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 228--256.
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  10.  23
    The Cleveland Museum of Art's Ṭūtī-Nāma/ Tales of a ParrotThe Cleveland Museum of Art's Tuti-Nama/ Tales of a Parrot.Michael W. Meister, Ziya' ud-Din Nakshabi & Muhammed A. Simsar - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (2):246.
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  11.  12
    Conceptions of Parenthood: Ethics and the Family.Michael W. Austin - 2007 - Routledge.
    Provides a philosophical analysis of the numerous and distinct conceptions of parenthood. This work considers such issues as the nature and justification of parental rights, the sources of parental obligations, the value of autonomy, and the moral obligations and tensions present within interpersonal relationships.
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  12. Kant, liberal legacies, and foreign affairs.Michael W. Doyle - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (3):205-235.
  13.  11
    Humility and Human Flourishing: A Study in Analytic Moral Theology.Michael W. Austin - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Grounded in the canonical gospels and other New Testament passages, especially Philippians 2:1-11, this study offers an account of humility from a Christian perspective.
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  14.  12
    Understanding and tackling the reproducibility crisis - Why we need to study scientists’ trust in data.Michael W. Calnan, Simon T. Kirchin, David L. Roberts, Mark N. Wass & Martin Michaelis - unknown
    In the life sciences, there is an ongoing discussion about a perceived ‘reproducibility crisis’. However, it remains unclear to which extent the perceived lack of reproducibility is the consequence of issues that can be tackled and to which extent it may be the consequence of unrealistic expectations of the technical level of reproducibility. Large-scale, multi-institutional experimental replication studies are very cost- and time-intensive. This Perspective suggests an alternative, complementary approach: meta-research using sociological and philosophical methodologies to examine researcher trust in (...)
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  15. The failure of biological accounts of parenthood.Michael W. Austin - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (4):499-510.
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  16.  10
    Rethinking the Just War Tradition.Michael W. Brough, John W. Lango & Harry van der Linden (eds.) - 2007 - State University of New York Press.
    The just war tradition is an evolving body of tenets for determining when resorting to war is just and how war may be justly executed. Rethinking the Just War Tradition provides a timely exploration in light of new security threats that have emerged since the end of the Cold War, including ongoing conflicts in the Middle East, threats of terror attacks, and genocidal conflicts within states. The contributors are philosophers, political scientists, a U.S. Army officer, and a senior analyst at (...)
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  17. Controlling the work of teachers.Michael W. Apple - 2008 - In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge.
  18. Anxiety and Performance: The Processing Efficiency Theory.Michael W. Eysenck & Manuel G. Calvo - 1992 - Cognition and Emotion 6 (6):409-434.
  19.  58
    A better life through information technology? The techno-theological eschatology of posthuman speculative science.Michael W. DeLashmutt - 2006 - Zygon 41 (2):267-288.
  20.  24
    Laboratory Animal Husbandry: Ethology, Welfare, and Experimental Variables.Michael W. Fox - 1986 - State University of New York Press.
    The laboratory animal environment: room for concern.
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  21. Ways of War and Peace: Realism, Liberalism, and Socialism.Michael W. Doyle - 1997 - W W Norton & Company.
    Examines political philosophies of the classic theorists as a means to understand international dilemmas in the post-Cold War world.
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  22. Parental Rights and Obligations.Michael W. Austin - 2013 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Rights and Obligations of Parents Historically, philosophers have had relatively little to say about the family. This is somewhat surprising, given the pervasive presence and influence of the family upon both individuals and social life. Most philosophers who have addressed issues related to the parent-child relationship—Kant and Aristotle, for example—have done so in a fairly […].
     
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  23.  11
    The State and the Politics of Knowledge.Michael W. Apple - 2003 - Routledge.
    _The State and the Politics of Knowledge_ extends the insightful arguments Michael Apple provided in _Educating_ _the "Right" Way_ in new and truly international directions. Arguing that schooling is, by definition, political, Apple and his co-authors move beyond a critical analysis to describe numerous ways of interrupting dominance and creating truly democratic and realistic alternatives to the ways markets, standards, testing, and a limited vision of religion are now being pressed into schools.
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  24.  12
    Doing things the'Right'way: legitimating educational inequalities.Michael W. Apple - 2004 - In Jerome Satterthwaite, Elizabeth Atkinson & Wendy Martin (eds.), Educational Counter-Cultures: Confrontations, Images, Vision. Trentham Books. pp. 3--3.
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  25. Chasing happiness together : running and Aristotle's philosophy of friendship.Michael W. Austin - 2007 - In Running and Philosophy: A Marathon for the Mind. Blackwell.
  26.  56
    Running and Philosophy: A Marathon for the Mind.Michael W. Austin (ed.) - 2007 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A unique anthology of essays exploring the philosophical wisdom runners contemplate when out for a run. It features writings from some of America’s leading philosophers, including Martha Nussbaum, Charles Taliaferro, and J.P. Moreland. A first-of-its-kind collection of essays exploring those gems of philosophical wisdom runners contemplate when out for a run Topics considered include running and the philosophy of friendship; the freedom of the long distance runner; running as aesthetic experience, and “Could a Zombie Run a Marathon?” Contributing essayists include (...)
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  27. The necessary ground of being.Michael W. Austin - 2011 - In Scott F. Parker & Michael W. Austin (eds.), Coffee - Philosophy for Everyone: Grounds for Debate. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  28.  13
    Virtues in Action: New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics.Michael W. Austin (ed.) - 2013 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In recent decades, many philosophers have considered the strengths and weaknesses of a virtue-centered approach to moral theory. Much less attention has been given to how such an approach bears on issues in applied ethics. The essays in this volume apply a virtue-centered perspective to a variety of contemporary moral issues, and in so doing offer a fresh and illuminating perspective. Some of the essays focus on a particular virtue and its application to one or more realms of applied ethics, (...)
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  29. Contextual Vocabulary Acquisition: from Algorithm to Curriculum.Michael W. Kibby & William J. Rapaport - 2014 - In Adriano Palma (ed.), Castañeda and His Guises: Essays on the Work of Hector-Neri Castañeda. De Gruyter. pp. 107-150.
    Deliberate contextual vocabulary acquisition (CVA) is a reader’s ability to figure out a (not the) meaning for an unknown word from its “context”, without external sources of help such as dictionaries or people. The appropriate context for such CVA is the “belief-revised integration” of the reader’s prior knowledge with the reader’s “internalization” of the text. We discuss unwarranted assumptions behind some classic objections to CVA, and present and defend a computational theory of CVA that we have adapted to a new (...)
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  30.  8
    Dads and Daughters.Michael W. Austin - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Lon S. Nease & Michael W. Austin (eds.), Fatherhood ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 190–201.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Interests and Obligations Self‐Knowledge Moral Development Through Humility, Courage, and Wisdom Character and the Common Good Further Down the Road Notes.
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  31.  4
    From Shoes to Saddle.Michael W. Austin - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Jesús Ilundáin‐Agurruza & Michael W. Austin (eds.), Cycling ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 173–182.
    This chapter contains sections titled: A Runner is Born A Runner's Conversion to Cycling A Few Lessons from a Relatively New Convert The End of the Tour Notes.
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  32. Magnanimity, athletic excellence, and performance-enhancing drugs.Michael W. Austin - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (1):46-53.
    abstract In this paper, I first develop a neo-Aristotelian account of the virtue of magnanimity. I then apply this virtue to ethical issues that arise in sport, and argue that the magnanimous athlete will rightly use sport to foster her own moral development. I also address how the magnanimous athlete responds to the moral challenges present in sport by focusing on the issue of performance-enhancing drugs, and conclude that athletic excellence as it is conventionally understood, without moral excellence, has very (...)
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  33.  37
    Sport for the Sake of the Soul.Michael W. Austin - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (1):20-29.
    The relationship between Christianity and sport is a long and varied one. Christian thinkers, past and present, have been highly critical of sport, for a variety of reasons. Others have been much more positive, and extol the virtues of sport. In this paper, I argue that sport is a context in which the Christian theological virtues of faith, hope, and love can be cultivated and displayed. One significant worry about this claim is that using sport to cultivate these theological virtues, (...)
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  34.  11
    Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe.Michael W. Austin - 2006 - Philosophia Christi 8 (1):183-185.
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  35.  41
    The Echo Phase.Michael W. Barclay - 1993 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 24 (1):17-45.
    This article focuses on the significance of acoustical phenomena in the development of the subjectivity of the infant. An attribute of that development, beginning with the breakdown of psychological symbiosis for the infant, is the loss implicit in the eventual participation of the subject in a symbolic order and the consequent acquisition of language. The essay examines how such loss can contribute to the constitution of the subject and the ego of the subject. Two aspects of language, metaphor and metonymy, (...)
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  36.  52
    The utility of hermeneutic interpretation in psychotherapy.Michael W. Barclay - 1992 - Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 12 (2):103-118.
    Examines how a hermeneutic psychotherapy might be possible by adapting interpretive theory arising in the human sciences and in response to the critiques that continue to question hermeneutics proper. Based on the work of several noted researchers, including M. Foucault , M. Merleau-Ponty , and H. Dreyfus and P. Rabinow , such topics as the relationship of psychoanalysis and phenomenology, the distinction of hermeneutics and interpretive analytics, hermeneutics and the deep self, and hermeneutics and psychoanalysis are discussed. 2012 APA, all (...)
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  37.  41
    Do Children Have a Right to Play?Michael W. Austin - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (2):135-146.
  38.  98
    Sport as a Moral Practice: An Aristotelian Approach.Michael W. Austin - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:29-43.
    Sport builds character. If this is true, why is there a consistent stream of news detailing the bad behavior of athletes? We are bombarded with accounts of elite athletes using banned performance-enhancing substances, putting individual glory ahead of the excellence of the team, engaging in disrespectful and even violent behavior towards opponents, and seeking victory above all else. We are also given a steady diet of more salacious stories that include various embarrassing, immoral, and illegal behaviors in the private lives (...)
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  39.  46
    Is Humility a Virtue in the Context of Sport?Michael W. Austin - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):203-214.
    I define humility as a virtue that includes both proper self-assessment and a self-lowering other-centeredness. I then argue that humility, so understood, is a virtue in the context of sport, for several reasons. Humility is a component of sportspersonship, deters egoism in sport, fuels athletic aspiration and risk-taking, fosters athletic forms of self-knowledge, decreases the likelihood of an athlete seeking to strongly humiliate her opponents or be weakly humiliated by them, and can motivate an athlete to achieve greater levels of (...)
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  40.  28
    Social class, solipsism, and contextualism: How the rich are different from the poor.Michael W. Kraus, Paul K. Piff, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Michelle L. Rheinschmidt & Dacher Keltner - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):546-572.
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  41.  36
    James and Dewey on three aspects of relativism.Michael W. Allen - unknown
    This first chapter locates crucial elements of James's notion of truth within James's 'The Will to Believe." James recognizes evidential criteria in the formation of belief, in contrast to a common claim that for him beliefs are generated in an evidential vacuum. Jamess view of evidence in "The Will to Believe" also stands as a pragmatic reappraisal of traditional epistemology, and such criteria are individualistic. But his treatment should not be taken as subjectivist, in the sense that personal whim or (...)
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  42. William James: Social Philosopher.Michael W. Allen - 2003 - Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
    Chapter One distinguishes the early, individualistic, writings from the later, more socially conscious ones. The metaphysical language of impermeable surfaces and levels, and rigid hierarchies, is consonant in James's writing with the assumption of what Dewey calls an individual/society split. ;Chapter Two focuses upon the relational self from the Principles of Psychology. The central pair of terms is that of strength/fragility, in which a self is revealed that is both functionally efficacious through activities of emphasis, selection, and negation, and permeable (...)
     
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  43. Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs, Part 2.Michael W. Doyle - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (4):323 - 353.
  44.  20
    Reframing the Question of Whether Education Can Change Society.Michael W. Apple - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (3):299-315.
    Among the most important questions critical educators can ask today are the following: Can schools play a role in making a more just society possible? If not, why not? If so, what can they do? These questions provide the basis for this article by Michael Apple, as well as for the books under discussion here. The books by David Blacker, John Marsh, Mike Cole, and Pauline Lipman discussed in this essay are either Marxist, have been influenced by Marxist and (...)
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  45. Leaders, Values, and Organizational Climate: Examining Leadership Strategies for Establishing an Organizational Climate Regarding Ethics.Michael W. Grojean, Christian J. Resick, Marcus W. Dickson & D. Brent Smith - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (3):223-241.
    This paper examines the critical role that organizational leaders play in establishing a values based climate. We discuss seven mechanisms by which leaders convey the importance of ethical values to members, and establish the expectations regarding ethical conduct that become engrained in the organizations climate. We also suggest that leaders at different organizational levels rely on different mechanisms to transmit values and expectations. These mechanisms then influence members practices and expectations, further increase the salience of ethical values and result in (...)
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  46.  45
    Relativism and James’s Pragmatic Notion of Truth.Michael W. Allen - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1):103-111.
  47.  9
    Gramsci and the History of Dialectical ThoughtMaurice A. Finocchiaro.Michael W. Apple - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):617-618.
  48.  14
    Herbert Kliebard and the Curriculum Field at Wisconsin.Michael W. Apple - 2015 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 51 (5):417-419.
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  49.  23
    Interrupting the right: On doing critical educational work in conservative times.Michael W. Apple - 2002 - Symploke 10 (1):133-152.
  50.  10
    Producing Inequality: Ideology and Economy in the National Reports on Education.Michael W. Apple - 1987 - Educational Studies 18 (2):195-220.
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