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Michael Williams [121]Michael E. Williams [6]Michael C. Williams [5]Michael Stuart Williams [4]
Michael Allen Williams [3]Michael J. Williams [2]Michael A. Williams [2]Michael David Williams [1]

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Michael Williams
Johns Hopkins University
  1. Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    In this exciting and original introduction to epistemology, Michael Williams explains and criticizes traditional philosophical theories of the nature, limits, methods, possibility, and value of knowing. All the main contemporary perspectives are explored and questioned, and the author's own theories put forward, making this new book essential reading for anyone, beginner or specialist, concerned with the philosophy of knowledge.
     
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  2. Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Michael Williams - 1991 - Blackwell.
    In Unnatural Doubts, Michael Williams constructs a masterly polemic against the very idea of epistemology, as traditionally conceived.
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  3.  19
    Groundless Belief: An Essay on the Possibility of Epistemology.Michael Williams - 1977 - Yale University Press.
    Inspired by the work of Wilfrid Sellars, Michael Williams launches an all-out attack on what he calls "phenomenalism," the idea that our knowledge of the world rests on a perceptual or experiential foundation.
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  4. Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism.Huw Price, Simon Blackburn, Robert Brandom, Paul Horwich & Michael Williams - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Pragmatists have traditionally been enemies of representationalism but friends of naturalism, when naturalism is understood to pertain to human subjects, in the sense of Hume and Nietzsche. In this volume Huw Price presents his distinctive version of this traditional combination, as delivered in his René Descartes Lectures at Tilburg University in 2008. Price contrasts his view with other contemporary forms of philosophical naturalism, comparing it with other pragmatist and neo-pragmatist views such as those of Robert Brandom and Simon Blackburn. Linking (...)
     
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  5.  10
    Truth and Objectivity.Michael Williams & Crispin Wright - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):145.
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  6.  30
    Unnatural Doubts.Christopher Hookway & Michael Williams - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):389.
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  7. Why (Wittgensteinian) Contextualism Is Not Relativism.Michael Williams - 2007 - Episteme 4 (1):93-114.
    This article distinguishes Wittgensteinian contextualism from epistemic relativism. The latter involves the view that a belief ’s status as justified depends on the believer’s epistemic system, as well as the view that no system is superior to another. It emerges from the thought that we must rely, circularly, on our epistemic system to determine whether any belief is justified. Contextualism, by contrast, emerges from the thought that we need not answer a skeptical challenge to a belief unless there is good (...)
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  8. Meaning and Deflationary Truth.Michael Williams - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):545-564.
  9. Pragmatism, Minimalism, Expressivism.Michael Williams - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):317-330.
    Although contemporary pragmatists tend to be sympathetic to expressivist accounts of moral, modal and other problematic vocabularies, it is not clear that they have any right to be. The problem arises because contemporary pragmatists tend to favour deflationary accounts of truth and reference, thereby seeming to elide the distinction between expressive and repressentational uses of language. To address this problem, I develop a meta-theoretical framework for understanding what is involved in explanations of meaning in terms of use, and why some (...)
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  10.  20
    It's All in the Hands of the Beholder: New Data on Free-Ranging Rhesus Monkeys.Marc Hauser, Susan Perry, Joseph H. Manson, Helen Ball, Michael Williams, Erik Pearson & John Berard - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):342-344.
  11. Responsibility and Reliability.Michael Williams - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (1):1-26.
    ‘Responsibilist' approaches to epistemology link knowledge and justification with epistemically responsible belief management, where responsible management is understood to involve an essential element of guidance by recognized epistemic norms. By contrast, reliabilist approaches stress the de facto reliability of cognitive processes, rendering epistemic self-consciousness as inessential. I argue that, although an adequate understanding of human knowledge must make room for both responsibility and reliability, philosophers have had a hard time putting them together, largely owing to a tendency, on the part (...)
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  12. Contextualism, Externalism and Epistemic Standards.Michael Williams - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (1):1 - 23.
    I want to discuss an approach to knowledge that I shall call simple conversational contextualism or SCC for short. Proponents of SCC think that it offers an illuminating account of both why scepti- cism is wrong and why arguments for scepticism are so intuitively appealing. I have my doubts.
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  13. Knowledge, Reflection and Sceptical Hypotheses.Michael Williams - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):315-343.
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  14. Science and Sensibility: McDowell and Sellars on Perceptual Experience.Michael Williams - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):302–325.
  15.  4
    Meaning and Deflationary Truth.Michael Williams - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):545.
  16.  90
    What's so Special About Human Knowledge?Michael Williams - 2015 - Episteme 12 (2):249-268.
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  17.  84
    Do We (Epistemologists) Need a Theory of Truth?Michael Williams - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):223-242.
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  18. Scepticism and the Context of Philosophy.Michael Williams - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):456–475.
  19.  59
    The Agrippan Problem, Then and Now.Michael Williams - 2015 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (2):80-106.
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  20. Context, Meaning, and Truth.Michael Williams - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):107-130.
  21. Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Michael Williams - 1988 - Mind 97 (387):415-439.
  22. 3 Rorty on Knowledge and Truth.Michael Williams - 2003 - In Charles B. Guignon & David R. Hiley (eds.), Richard Rorty. Cambridge University Press. pp. 61.
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  23. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature: Thirtieth-Anniversary Edition.Richard Rorty, Michael Williams & David Bromwich - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    When it first appeared in 1979, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature hit the philosophical world like a bombshell. In it, Richard Rorty argued that, beginning in the seventeenth century, philosophers developed an unhealthy obsession with the notion of representation: comparing the mind to a mirror that reflects reality. Rorty's book is a powerful critique of this imagery and the tradition of thought that it spawned. Thirty years later, the book remains a must-read and stands as a classic of twentieth-century (...)
     
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  24.  10
    Review of Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Keith DeRose & Michael Williams - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (4):604.
  25.  77
    Dretske on Epistemic Entitlement.Michael Williams - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):607-612.
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  26. Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):292-295.
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  27. Skepticism, Evidence and Entitlement1.Michael Williams - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (1):36-71.
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  28.  43
    The Unity of Hume's Philosophical Project.Michael Williams - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (2):265-296.
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  29. Wright Against the Sceptics.Michael Williams - 2012 - In Crispin Wright & Annalisa Coliva (eds.), Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes From the Philosophy of Crispin Wright. Oxford University Press.
     
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  30.  37
    Is Contextualism Statable?Michael J. Williams - 2000 - Noûs 34 (s1):80-85.
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  31.  69
    Pyrrhonian Skepticism and Two Kinds of Knowledge.Michael Williams - 2011 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 1 (2):124-137.
    In his Reflective Knowledge, Ernest Sosa offers a theory of knowledge, broadly virtue-theoretic in character, that is meant to transcend simple ways of contrasting "internalist" with "externalist" or "foundationalist" with "coherentist" approaches to knowledge and justification. Getting beyond such simplifications, Sosa thinks, is the key to finding an exit from "the Pyrrhonian Problematic": the ancient and profound skeptical problem concerning the apparent impossibility of validating the reliability of our basic epistemic faculties and procedures in a way that escapes vicious circularity. (...)
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  32. Wittgenstein's Refutation of Idealism.Michael Williams - 2004 - In Denis McManus (ed.), Wittgenstein and Scepticism. Routledge.
  33. Descartes and the Metaphysics of Doubt.Michael Williams - 1998 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  22
    The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism.Michael Williams - 2004 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Oxford University Press. pp. 121--145.
    This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a contextualist picture of justification. Contextualism is said to incorporate the best features of its traditionalist rivals — foundationalism and coherentism — and also to avoid skepticism. It is argued that we should not ask which conception is really true, but instead give up epistemological realism.
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  35.  6
    The Process of Retrieval From Very Long‐Term Memory.Michael David Williams & James D. Hollan - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (2):87-119.
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  36.  4
    Hume's Skepticism in the Treatise of Human Nature.Michael Williams & Robert J. Fogelin - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (2):263.
  37. Book Review: Gnosis and Faith in Early Christianity: An Introduction to Gnosticism. [REVIEW]Michael A. Williams - 2001 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 55 (1):96-98.
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  38.  96
    Are There Two Grades of Knowledge?Michael Williams - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):91–112.
    [Michael Williams] A response to Sosa's criticisms of Sellars's account of the relation between knowledge and experience, noting that Sellars excludes merely animal knowledge, and hopes to bypass epistemology by an adequate philosophy of mind and language. /// [Ernest Sosa] I give an exposition and critical discussion of Sellars's Myth of the Given, and especially of its epistemic side. In later writings Sellars takes a pragmatist turn in his epistemology. This is explored and compared with his earlier critique of givenist (...)
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  39. Problems of Knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (1):126-132.
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  40. The Realist Tradition and the Limits of International Relations.Michael C. Williams - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Realism is commonly portrayed as theory that reduces international relations to pure power politics. Michael Williams provides an important reexamination of the Realist tradition and its relevance for contemporary international relations. Examining three thinkers commonly invoked as Realism's foremost proponents - Hobbes, Rousseau, and Morgenthau - the book shows that, far from advocating a crude realpolitik, Realism's most famous classical proponents actually stressed the need for a restrained exercise of power and a politics with ethics at its core. These ideas (...)
     
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  41.  13
    [Book Review] Value-Form and the State, the Tendencies of Accumulation and the Determination of Economic Policy in Capitalist Society. [REVIEW]G. A. Reuten & Michael Williams - 1992 - Science and Society 56 (2):223-225.
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  42.  60
    Inference, Justification, and the Analysis of Knowledge.Michael Williams - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (5):249-263.
  43. A Symposium on Louis E. Loeb, Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise.Michael Williams, Frederick F. Schmitt, Erin I. Kelly & Louis E. Loeb - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (2):265-404.
     
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  44.  61
    Knowledge, Reasons, and Causes: Sellars and Skepticism.Michael Williams - 2014 - In Andrea Kern & James Conant (eds.), Varieties of Skepticism: Essays After Kant, Wittgenstein, and Cavell. De Gruyter. pp. 59-80.
  45.  34
    Scepticism and Charity.Michael Williams - 1988 - Ratio 1 (2):176-194.
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  46.  31
    Coherence, Justification, and Truth.Michael Williams - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):243 - 272.
  47.  9
    Groundless Belief.Michael Williams - 1977 - Mind 88 (350):314-315.
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  48.  1
    Is Contextualism Statable?Michael J. Williams - 2000 - Philosophical Issues 10 (1):80-85.
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  49. Hume's Skepticism.Michael Williams - 2008 - In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press.
  50.  29
    The Tragic Vision of Politics: Ethics, Interests and Orders.Michael Williams - 2005 - Contemporary Political Theory 4 (3):340-342.
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