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Michael Williams [126]Michael Stuart Williams [9]Michael C. Williams [5]Michael A. Williams [3]
Michael J. Williams [3]Michael Allen Williams [2]Michael de Courcy Williams [1]Michael Courcy Williams [1]

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  1.  87
    Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism.Huw Price, Simon Blackburn, Robert Brandom, Paul Horwich & Michael Williams - 2013 - Burlington, VT: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Simon Blackburn, Robert Brandom, Paul Horwich & Michael Williams.
    Pragmatists have traditionally been enemies of representationalism but friends of naturalism, when naturalism is understood to pertain to human subjects, in the sense of Hume and Nietzsche. In this volume Huw Price presents his distinctive version of this traditional combination, as delivered in his René Descartes Lectures at Tilburg University in 2008. Price contrasts his view with other contemporary forms of philosophical naturalism, comparing it with other pragmatist and neo-pragmatist views such as those of Robert Brandom and Simon Blackburn. Linking (...)
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  2. Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    In this exciting and original introduction to epistemology, Michael Williams explains and criticizes traditional philosophical theories of the nature, limits, methods, possibility, and value of knowing. All the main contemporary perspectives are explored and questioned, and the author's own theories put forward, making this new book essential reading for anyone, beginner or specialist, concerned with the philosophy of knowledge.
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  3. Unnatural doubts: epistemological realism and the basis of scepticism.Michael Williams - 1991 - Cambridge, USA: Blackwell.
    In Unnatural Doubts, Michael Williams constructs a masterly polemic against the very idea of epistemology, as traditionally conceived.
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  4.  63
    Groundless belief: an essay on the possibility of epistemology.Michael Williams - 1977 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Inspired by the work of Wilfrid Sellars, Michael Williams launches an all-out attack on what he calls "phenomenalism," the idea that our knowledge of the world rests on a perceptual or experiential foundation.
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  5.  16
    Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature: Thirtieth-Anniversary Edition.Richard Rorty, Michael Williams & David Bromwich - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    When it first appeared in 1979, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature hit the philosophical world like a bombshell. In it, Richard Rorty argued that, beginning in the seventeenth century, philosophers developed an unhealthy obsession with the notion of representation: comparing the mind to a mirror that reflects reality. Rorty's book is a powerful critique of this imagery and the tradition of thought that it spawned. Thirty years later, the book remains a must-read and stands as a classic of twentieth-century (...)
  6. Unnatural Doubts.Michael Williams - 1994 - Noûs 28 (4):533-547.
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  7. Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Michael Williams - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (263):110-112.
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  8. Why (Wittgensteinian) Contextualism Is Not Relativism.Michael Williams - 2007 - Episteme 4 (1):93-114.
    This article distinguishes Wittgensteinian contextualism from epistemic relativism. The latter involves the view that a belief ’s status as justified depends on the believer’s epistemic system, as well as the view that no system is superior to another. It emerges from the thought that we must rely, circularly, on our epistemic system to determine whether any belief is justified. Contextualism, by contrast, emerges from the thought that we need not answer a skeptical challenge to a belief unless there is good (...)
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  9. Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):292-295.
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  10. Meaning and deflationary truth.Michael Williams - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):545-564.
  11. Problems of Knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (1):126-132.
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  12.  66
    Truth and Objectivity.Michael Williams - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):145.
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  13.  24
    Meaning and Deflationary Truth.Michael Williams - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):545.
  14. Epistemological realism and the basis of scepticism.Michael Williams - 1988 - Mind 97 (387):415-439.
  15. The Realist Tradition and the Limits of International Relations.Michael C. Williams - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Realism is commonly portrayed as theory that reduces international relations to pure power politics. Michael Williams provides an important reexamination of the Realist tradition and its relevance for contemporary international relations. Examining three thinkers commonly invoked as Realism's foremost proponents - Hobbes, Rousseau, and Morgenthau - the book shows that, far from advocating a crude realpolitik, Realism's most famous classical proponents actually stressed the need for a restrained exercise of power and a politics with ethics at its core. These ideas (...)
     
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  16. Pragmatism, Minimalism, Expressivism.Michael Williams - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):317-330.
    Although contemporary pragmatists tend to be sympathetic to expressivist accounts of moral, modal and other problematic vocabularies, it is not clear that they have any right to be. The problem arises because contemporary pragmatists tend to favour deflationary accounts of truth and reference, thereby seeming to elide the distinction between expressive and repressentational uses of language. To address this problem, I develop a meta-theoretical framework for understanding what is involved in explanations of meaning in terms of use, and why some (...)
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  17. Contextualism, externalism and epistemic standards.Michael Williams - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (1):1 - 23.
    I want to discuss an approach to knowledge that I shall call simple conversational contextualism or SCC for short. Proponents of SCC think that it offers an illuminating account of both why scepti- cism is wrong and why arguments for scepticism are so intuitively appealing. I have my doubts.
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  18. Do We (Epistemologists) Need a Theory of Truth?Michael Williams - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):223-242.
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  19.  69
    Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Keith DeRose & Michael Williams - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (4):604.
  20.  35
    Hume's Skepticism in the Treatise of Human Nature.Michael Williams & Robert J. Fogelin - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (2):263.
  21. Responsibility and Reliability.Michael Williams - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (1):1-26.
    ‘Responsibilist' approaches to epistemology link knowledge and justification with epistemically responsible belief management, where responsible management is understood to involve an essential element of guidance by recognized epistemic norms. By contrast, reliabilist approaches stress the de facto reliability of cognitive processes, rendering epistemic self-consciousness as inessential. I argue that, although an adequate understanding of human knowledge must make room for both responsibility and reliability, philosophers have had a hard time putting them together, largely owing to a tendency, on the part (...)
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  22.  67
    It's all in the hands of the beholder: New data on free-ranging rhesus monkeys.Marc Hauser, Susan Perry, Joseph H. Manson, Helen Ball, Michael Williams, Erik Pearson & John Berard - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):342-344.
  23.  23
    Do We (Epistemologists) Need a Theory of Truth?Michael Williams - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):223-242.
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  24. Descartes and the Metaphysics of Doubt.Michael Williams - 1986 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  25. What's so special about human knowledge?Michael Williams - 2015 - Episteme 12 (2):249-268.
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  26.  22
    Sense and Certainty.Michael Williams - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (157):520-524.
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  27.  99
    Scepticism without Theory.Michael Williams - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (3):547 - 588.
    PYRRHONIAN SCEPTICISM, as presented in the writings of Sextus Empiricus, differs in various ways from the forms of scepticism that continue to be of such central concern to modern philosophers. Two differences stand out immediately. One is Pyrrhonism's practical orientation. For Sextus, scepticism is a way of life in which suspension of judgment leads to the peace of mind the sceptic identifies with happiness. The other is the puzzling failure on the part of the Pyrrhonists, along with all other ancient (...)
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  28. Skepticism, Evidence and Entitlement1.Michael Williams - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (1):36-71.
  29.  31
    Meaning Without Representation: Expression, Truth, Normativity, and Naturalism.Steven Gross, Nicholas Tebben & Michael Williams (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press UK.
    Much contemporary thinking about language is animated by the idea that the core function of language is to represent how the world is and that therefore the notion of representation should play a fundamental explanatory role in any explanation of language and language use. Leading thinkers in the field explore various ways this idea may be challenged as well as obstacles to developing various forms of anti-representationalism. Particular attention is given to deflationary accounts of truth, the role of language in (...)
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  30.  82
    The Agrippan argument and two forms of skepticism.Michael Williams - 2004 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Oxford University Press. pp. 121--145.
    This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a contextualist picture of justification. Contextualism is said to incorporate the best features of its traditionalist rivals — foundationalism and coherentism — and also to avoid skepticism. It is argued that we should not ask which conception is really true, but instead give up epistemological realism.
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  31. Science and Sensibility: McDowell and Sellars on Perceptual Experience.Michael Williams - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):302-325.
  32.  25
    Skepticism.Michael Williams - 2017 - In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 33–69.
    Skepticism has been (and remains) a central concern of the theory of knowledge. Indeed, some philosophers think that, without the problem of skepticism, we would not know what to make of the idea of distinctively philosophical theories of knowledge. However, a philosopher who thinks along these lines is likely to have in mind a rather special form of skepticism. Let us call it philosophical skepticism. Philosophical skepticism has a long history. Indeed, it is almost coeval with systematic philosophy itself.
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  33. Knowledge, Reflection and Sceptical Hypotheses.Michael Williams - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):315-343.
  34. Wittgenstein, truth and certainty.Michael Williams - 2004 - In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance. Routledge.
     
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  35.  59
    No Shadow of a Doubt.Michael Williams - 2021 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 45:179-208.
    On the standard reading of On Certainty, Wittgenstein’s fundamental idea is that primitive certainty is categorially distinct from knowledge. Since primitive certainties shape our understanding of doubt or justification, our relation to such certainties is necessarily non-epistemic: they cannot be things we know. This ‘Wittgensteinian’ perspective on knowledge and certainty has come to be known as “hinge epistemology, after one of Wittgenstein’s striking metaphors: “The questions that we raise and our doubts depend on the fact that some propositions are not (...)
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  36.  15
    Groundless Belief: An Essay on the Possibility of Epistemology - Second Edition.Michael Williams - 1999 - Princeton University Press.
    Inspired by the work of Wilfrid Sellars, Michael Williams launches an all-out attack on what he calls "phenomenalism," the idea that our knowledge of the world rests on a perceptual or experiential foundation. The point of this wider-than-normal usage of the term "phenomenalism," according to which even some forms of direct realism deserve to be called phenomenalistic, is to call attention to important continuities of thought between theories often thought to be competitors. Williams's target is not phenomenalism in its classical (...)
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  37. Descartes' transformation of the sceptical tradition.Michael Williams - 2010 - In Richard Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  38. Wittgenstein's refutation of idealism.Michael Williams - 2004 - In Denis McManus (ed.), Wittgenstein and Scepticism. Routledge.
  39. The Agrippan Problem, Then and Now.Michael Williams - 2015 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (2):80-106.
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  40.  74
    Coherence, Justification, and Truth.Michael Williams - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):243 - 272.
    THE central idea of modern empiricism has been that, if there is to be such a thing as justification at all, empirical knowledge must be seen as resting on experiential "foundations." To claim that knowledge rests on foundations is to claim that there is a privileged class of beliefs the members of which are "intrinsically credible" or "directly evident" and which are able, therefore, to serve as ultimate terminating points for chains of justification. An important development in current epistemology has (...)
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  41. The Unity of Hume's Philosophical Project.Michael Williams - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (2):265-296.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Hume Studies Volume 30, Number 2, November 2004, pp. 265-296 A Symposium on Louis E. Loeb, Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise The Unity of Hume's Philosophical Project MICHAEL WILLIAMS 1. Introduction In both his Treatise of Human Nature and Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, Hume presents a protean figure.1 By turns, he appears as a naturalistic theorist of the mind, a proto-Positivist critic of speculative metaphysics, and an utter (...)
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  42.  30
    The Process of Retrieval from Very Long‐Term Memory.Michael David Williams & James D. Hollan - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (2):87-119.
    In this paper we argue that the protocols of subjects recalling the names of their high school classmates, as well as an army of traditional memory phenomena, can be understood from an information processing analysis which interprets retrieval as a problem‐solving process. This characterization of retrieval focuses on the reconstructive and recursive nature of the process of remembering. Retrieval is viewed as a process in which some information about a target item is used to construct a description of the item (...)
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  43. Scepticism and the context of philosophy.Michael Williams - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):456–475.
  44.  33
    Kaplan’s Way with Skepticism.Michael Williams - 2022 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 12 (3):207-225.
    Austin is not much in fashion these days. In Austin’s Way with Skepticism, Mark Kaplan swims against the current, arguing that Austin still has much to teach us about how to do epistemology. Methodologically, Austin’s insistence on fidelity to ordinary ways of talking about knowledge is a non-negotiable constraint on epistemological theorizing. Substantively, Austin has important things to say about knowledge. But while I am fully in accord with the spirit of Kaplan’s enterprise, I take Austin to occupy a more (...)
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  45.  48
    Scepticism and charity.Michael Williams - 1988 - Ratio 1 (2):176-194.
  46.  20
    Skepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties.Michael Williams - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (144):444-448.
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  47.  36
    From critique to reaction: The new right, critical theory and international relations.Michael C. Williams & Jean-Francois Drolet - 2022 - Journal of International Political Theory 18 (1):23-45.
    Across the globe, radical conservative political forces and ideas are influencing and even transforming the landscape of international politics. Yet IR is remarkably ill-equipped to understand and engage these new challenges. Unlike political theory or domestic political analyses, conservatism has no distinctive place in the fields’ defining alternatives of realism, liberalism, Marxism, and constructivism. This paper seeks to provide a point of entry for such engagement by bringing together what may seem the most unlikely of partners: critical theory and the (...)
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  48. 3 Rorty on Knowledge and Truth.Michael Williams - 2003 - In Charles Guignon & David R. Hiley (eds.), Richard Rorty. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 61.
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  49.  21
    Is Contextualism Statable?Michael J. Williams - 2000 - Philosophical Issues 10 (1):80-85.
  50. Inference, justification, and the analysis of knowledge.Michael Williams - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (5):249-263.
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