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Michael Wreen [79]Michael J. Wreen [21]MichaelJ Wreen [1]Michael Joseph Wreen [1]
  1.  18
    Omnipotence.Michael Wreen - forthcoming - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-17.
    If asked to define ‘omnipotence,’ the man on the street would probably say that it’s the ability to do anything. That’s about it, he’d think; nothing more needs be said. Philosophers are never so easily satisfied. They take it as matter of professional duty to find serious problems in important concepts, and to suggest that the concept be rejected or that solutions are at hand. This paper falls into the latter camp. Beginning with a relatively simple definition of ‘omnipotence,’ increasingly (...)
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  2.  22
    Relativism and Comparative Moral Judgments.Michael Wreen - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):105-111.
    On relativism, it has been argued, certain comparative moral judgments are impossible. Judgments which compare two moral codes, judgments which compare one’s own moral code with another, judgments which, on the basis of a comparison with one’s own code, condemn specific moral practices permitted or required by other codes, judgments which speak of moral progress or reform—all are nonsensical or impossible, the argument alleges. Although commonly conflated, arguments for these distinct but related theses are first distinguished, then exposed, and last (...)
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  3.  51
    Existence as a Property.Michael Wreen - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (3):297-312.
    This paper is a defense of the view that existence is a property. Since the view is still a minority one, a fair amount of space is allotted to defending it against objections and counter-arguments. Positive arguments aren’t lacking, however, and emerge in the course of the discussion. Not all of the many positive or negative arguments which follow are wholly original—a fact to be expected in this context—but a fair number are, and both sorts of argument are seamlessly interwoven (...)
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  4. Relativism, Absolutism, and Tolerance.Hye-Kyung Kim & Michael Wreen - 2003 - Metaphilosophy 34 (4):447-459.
  5. Counterfeit Coins and Forged Paintings: Caveat Emptor.Michael Wreen - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):146 - 151.
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  6.  25
    In Defense of Speciesism.Michael Wreen - unknown
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  7.  95
    Knockdown Arguments.Michael J. Wreen - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (3):316-336.
    Two brainless curs, Alan Brinton and Douglas Walton, have recently had the impudence to suggest that several of my views on argumentum ad baculum are mistaken. While hardship and toil await them in this life and eternal damnation in the next, punishment begins with this paper. In it, I clarify my position, defend my views, and critique their arguments. Last, I argue ad baculum against both of them, threatening both with the loss of reputation, employment, and respect unless they repudiate (...)
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  8.  88
    Forgery.Michael Wreen - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):143 - 166.
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  9. What's Really Wrong with Adultery.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):45-49.
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  10.  74
    Admit No Force But Argument.Michael J. Wreen - 1988 - Informal Logic 10 (2).
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  11. Nihilism, Relativism, and Engelhardt.Michael Wreen - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):73-88.
    This paper is a critical analysis of Tristram Engelhardt''s attempts to avoid unrestricted nihilism and relativism. The focus of attention is his recent book, The Foundations of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 1996). No substantive or content-full bioethics (e.g., that of Roman Catholicism or the Samurai) has an intersubjectively verifiable and universally binding foundation, Engelhardt thinks, for unaided secular reason cannot show that any particular substantive morality (or moral code) is correct. He thus seems to be committed to either nihilism or (...)
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  12.  65
    The Ontology of Intellectual Property.Michael Wreen - 2010 - The Monist 93 (3):433-449.
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  13.  30
    May the Force Be with You.Michael J. Wreen - 1988 - Argumentation 2 (4):425-440.
    This paper is a critical assessment of argumentum ad baculum, or appeal to force. Its principal contention is that, contrary to common opinion, there is no general fallacy of ad baculum. Most real-life ad baculums are, in fact, fairly strong. A basic logical form for reconstructed ad baculums is proposed, and a number of heterodoxical conclusions are also advanced and argued for. They include that ad baculum is not necessarily a prudential argument, that ad baculum need not involve force, violence, (...)
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  14.  29
    Look, Ma! No Frans!Michael J. Wreen - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 2 (2):285-306.
    This paper criticizes the pragma-dialectical conception of a fallacy, according to which a fallacy is an argumentative speech act which violates one or more of the rules of 'rational discussion'. That conception is found to be neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for committing a fallacy. It is also found wanting in several other respects.
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  15.  84
    Jealousy.Michael J. Wreen - 1989 - Noûs 23 (5):635-652.
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  16. Proper Names and the Necessity of Identity Statements.Michael Wreen - 1998 - Synthese 114 (2):319-335.
    An identity statement flanked on both sides with proper names is necessarily true, Saul Kripke thinks, if it's true at all. Thus, contrary to the received view – or at least what was, prior to Kripke, the received view – a statement like(A) Hesperus is Phosphorus.
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  17.  49
    Passing the Bottle.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - Philosophia 15 (4):427-444.
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  18. The Definition of Euthanasia.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (4):637-653.
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  19. Abortion and Pregnancy Due to Rape.Michael Wreen - 1992 - Philosophia 21 (3-4):201-220.
  20.  74
    Goodman on Forgery.Michael Wreen - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (133):340-353.
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  21.  86
    The 'By' Word.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):154 - 159.
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  22.  74
    Abortion: The Extreme Liberal Position.Michael Wreen - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (3):241-265.
    Discussions regarding abortion are often misguided and confused. This paper critically examines the extreme liberal view, which argues that neither the fetus, at any stage of development, nor the young infant has a right to life. It focuses on the general argumentative strategy employed by a number of philosophers in arriving at an extreme liberal view. An evaluative critique of an extreme liberal view is offered as a step toward clarifying and expanding upon the abortion debate. Keywords: abortion, personhood, speciesism, (...)
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  23.  41
    The Identity of Indiscernibles.Michael Wreen - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (1):33-57.
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  24.  13
    Medical Futility and Physician Discretion.Michael Wreen - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:257-267.
    Some patients have no chance of surviving if not treated, but very little chance if treated. A number of medical ethicists and physicians have argued that treatment in such cases is medically futile and a matter of physician discretion. This paper is a critical examination of that position. According to Howard Brody and others, a judgment of medical futility is a purely technical matter, and one which physicians are uniquely qualified to make. Although Brody later retracted these claims, he held (...)
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  25.  89
    A Second Form of Argument From Analogy.Michael J. Wreen - 2007 - Theoria 73 (3):221-239.
    One form of argument from analogy is identified and Stephen Barker's remarks about a second kind of argument from analogy, non-inductive (and non-deductive) argument from analogy, are used as a springboard to identify a second form. That form is then refined, explained, exemplified, and related to the first form. It is argued that there is a spectrum of different forms of argument from analogy, with the two forms identified being end points on the spectrum. Except in terms of form, however, (...)
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  26.  90
    The Power of Potentiality.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - Theoria 52 (1-2):16-40.
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  27.  41
    Kripke's Contingent A Priori.Michael Wreen - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):55-59.
  28.  31
    Creativity.Michael Wreen - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):891-913.
    This paper is an analysis of the concept of creativity. Tradition is followed in distinguishing three related but increasing complex concepts. The first concerns mere making or bringing into existence. It is not examined at length. The second builds on the first but includes the notion of novelty. The third incorporates the second but adds the notion of value. The latter two concepts of creativity are explored in great detail.
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  29.  47
    Three Arguments Against Intentionalism in Interpretation.Michael Wreen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 1:283-287.
    Some philosophers identify the meaning of a work of art with what the artist intended the work to mean. Other philosophers think that although an artist’s intentions don’t fully determine a work’s meaning, they are a partial determinate of it. Last, there are philosophers who think that an artist’s intentions have no bearing on a work’s meaning. This paper is an examination of several arguments for the last of these three positions. In particular, it is a critical examination of three (...)
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  30.  47
    The Standing is Slippery.Michael J. Wreen - 2004 - Philosophy 79 (4):553-572.
    This paper is a critical examination of the so-called slippery slope argument for the conservative position on abortion. The argument was discussed in the philosophic literature some time back, but has since fallen into disfavor. The argument is first exposed and a general objection to it is advanced, then rebutted. Rosalind Hursthouse's more detailed and stronger objection is next aired, but also found less than convincing. In the course of discussing her objection, the correct form of the argument is identified, (...)
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  31.  72
    Once is Not Enough?Michael Wreen - 1990 - British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):149-158.
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  32.  38
    Kant's Philosophy of Religion Reconsidered.Philip J. Rossi & Michael Wreen (eds.) - 1991 - Indiana University Press.
    "The essays, both philosophical and historical, demonstrate the continuing significance of a neglected aspect of Kant’s thought."—Religious Studies Review Challenging the traditional view that Kant's account of religion was peripheral to his thinking, these essays demonstrate the centrality of religion to Kant's critical philosophy. Contributors are Sharon Anderson-Gold, Leslie A. Mulholland, Anthony N. Perovich, Jr., Philip J. Rossi, Joseph Runzo, Denis Savage, Walter Sparn, Burkhard Tuschling, Nicholas P. Wolterstorff, and Allen W. Wood.
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  33.  18
    The Definition of Death.Michael J. Wreen - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (4):87-99.
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  34.  11
    J. Skelly Wright And Refusal Of Treatment.Michael Wreen - 1982 - Journal of Medical Humanities 4 (1):11-28.
    This article is a critical analysis of Judge J. Skelly Wright's “Application of President and Directors of Georgetown College.” Wright's paper concerns the refusal of a Mrs. Jones to allow a blood transfusion needed to save her life and Wright's decision, based on a number of social, medical, legal, religious, and psychological facts, to permit the transfusion. The presentation is a close paraphrase of Wright's own case write-up. Critical expositions of five arguments explicitly advanced by Wright for his decision to (...)
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  35.  29
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen & Steven W. Davis - 1985 - Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (3).
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  36.  72
    Some Remarks on Forgery, Plagiarism, and Piracy.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):129-137.
  37.  48
    A P.S. On B.S.: Some Remarks on Humbug and Bullshit.Michael Wreen - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):105-115.
    While lies have attracted philosophical attention since antiquity, phenomena in the near area have generated considerably less interest. Lately, however, Max Black and Harry Frankfurt have visited a close relative: humbug or bullshit, as it's either more politely or more rudely called. In this article their views on humbug and bullshit are exposed, explained, critiqued, and, ultimately, rejected. An alternative view is then proposed and defended.
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  38.  42
    Two 'By' Ways.Michael Wreen - 1987 - Analysis 47 (2):120 - 124.
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  39.  19
    A Bolt of Fear.Michael J. Wreen - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (2):131 - 140.
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  40.  64
    Most Assur'd of What He is Most Ignorant.Michael J. Wreen - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44 (3):341 - 368.
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  41.  33
    The Asymmetry of Verification and Falsification.Michael Wreen - 1990 - Sophia 29 (1):42-55.
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  42.  9
    What’s Really Wrong with Adultery.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):45-49.
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  43.  79
    A Prolegomenon to Moral Relativism.Michael Wreen - 2005 - Philosophia 32 (1-4):253-274.
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  44.  36
    Breathing a Little Life Into a Distinction.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 46 (3):395 - 402.
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  45.  58
    The Restoration and Reproduction of Works of Art.Michael Wreen - 1985 - Dialogue 24 (1):91-.
    In 1972, one of Michelangelo's earliest and best-known Pietàs was attacked by an evident lunatic. Fifteen times it was struck with a ninepound hammer; the Madonna's arm was broken in several places, her nose was knocked off, and her eye and veil were badly chipped. Immediately after the assault, and before knowing precisely what was needed to be replaced, the Director of the Vatican Museum, Redig de Campos, decided that integral restoration was called for.
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  46.  71
    H.G. Callaway, Context for Meaning and Analysis: A Critical Study in the Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):401-405.
    Context is mainly a critical history of one of the central strands – arguably, the central strand – of the analytic tradition in philosophy, namely, the philosophy of language. Key figures that put in an appearance include Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ayer, Hempel, Tarski, Quine, Davidson, Putnam, and Dewey, the last being a somewhat odd figure, given the general tenor of Callaway’s cavalcade of stars. Meaning and analysis are the focus of attention, and true to his title, Callaway doesn’t hesitate (...)
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  47.  8
    Some Remarks on Forgery, Plagiarism and Piracy.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):129-137.
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  48.  29
    The Definition of Suicide.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Social Theory and Practice 14 (1):1-23.
  49.  34
    Plantinga on the De Dicto/De Re Distinction.Michael Wreen - 1986 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 27:49-55.
    Over the past fifteen years or so the distinction between de diclo and de re modality has been revived and pressed into service in a number of areas of philosophy. In "Plantinga on the De Dicto/De Re Distinction" it is argued that one prominent argument/persuasion advanced for making the distinction in the first place is unsound. The argument for making the distinction attempts to elicit rational acceptance of it by clearly illustrating it with a proposition that is false when modal-fied (...)
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  50.  44
    The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective Michael Allen Fox Berkeley, Ca: University of California Press, 1986. Pp. Xiv, 262. $18.95. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen & Peter Amadio - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (3):597.
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