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Profile: Michel Bitbol (Université paris 1)
  1. Ontology, Matter and Emergence.Bitbol Michel - 2007 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):293-307.
    “Ontological emergence” of inherent high-level properties with causal powers is witnessed nowhere. A non-substantialist conception of emergence works much better. It allows downward causation, provided our concept of causality is transformed accordingly.
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  2.  18
    Listening From Within.Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
    In this paper we list the various criticisms that have been formulated against introspection, from Auguste Comte denying that consciousness can observe itself, to recent criticisms of the reliability of first person descriptions. We show that these criticisms rely on the one hand on poor knowledge of the introspective process, and on the other hand on a naïve conception of scientific objectivity. Two kinds of answers are offered: the first one is grounded on a refined description of the process of (...)
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  3. Mécanique Quantique Une Introduction Philosophique.Michel Bitbol - 1996
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  4. Traces of Objectivity: Causality and Probabilities in Quantum Physics.Michel Bitbol - 2011 - Diogenes 58 (4):30-57.
    It is pointed out that the probabilistic character of a theory does not indicate by itself a distancing with respect to the norms of objectification. Instead, the very structure of the calculation of probabilities utilised by this theory is capable of bearing the trace of a constitution of objectivity in Kant’s sense. Accordingly, the procedure of the constitution of objectivity is first studied in standard and in quantum cases with due reference to modern cognitive science. Then, an examination of the (...)
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  5.  75
    Science as If Situation Mattered.Michel Bitbol - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):181-224.
    When he formulated the program of neurophenomenology, Francisco Varela suggested a balanced methodological dissolution of the hard problem of consciousness. I show that his dissolution is a paradigm which imposes itself onto seemingly opposite views, including materialist approaches. I also point out that Varela's revolutionary epistemological ideas are gaining wider acceptance as a side effect of a recent controversy between hermeneutists and eliminativists. Finally, I emphasize a structural parallel between the science of consciousness and the distinctive features of quantum mechanics. (...)
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  6. Downward Causation Without Foundations.Michel Bitbol - 2012 - Synthese 185 (2):233-255.
    Emergence is interpreted in a non-dualist framework of thought. No metaphysical distinction between the higher and basic levels of organization is supposed, but only a duality of modes of access. Moreover, these modes of access are not construed as mere ways of revealing intrinsic patterns of organization: They are supposed to be constitutive of them, in Kant’s sense. The emergent levels of organization, and the inter-level causations as well, are therefore neither illusory nor ontologically real: They are objective in the (...)
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  7.  48
    On Pure Reflection.Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):24-37.
  8. Is Consciousness Primary?Michel Bitbol - unknown
    Six arguments against the view that conscious experience derives from a material basis are reviewed. These arguments arise from epistemology, phenomenology, neuropsychology, and philosophy of quantum mechanics. It turns out that any attempt at proving that conscious experience is ontologically secondary to material objects both fails and brings out its methodological and existential primacy. No alternative metaphysical view is espoused (not even a variety of Spinoza’s attractive double-aspect theory). Instead, an alternative stance, inspired from F. Varela’s neurophenomenology is advocated. This (...)
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  9.  35
    On the Possibility and Reality of Introspection.Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin - 2013 - Kairos 6:173-198.
  10.  25
    Physique quantique et cognition.Michel Bitbol - forthcoming - Revue Internationale de Philosophie.
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  11.  72
    Some Steps Towards a Transcendental Deduction of Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - 1998 - Philosophia Naturalis 35:253-280.
    The two major options on which the current debate on the interpretation of quantum mechanics relies, namely realism and empiricism, are far from being exhaustive. There is at least one more position available, which is metaphysically as agnostic as empiricism, but which shares with realism a committment to considering the structure of theories as highly significant. The latter position has been named transcendentalism after Kant. In this paper, a generalized version of Kant's method is used. This yields a reasoning that (...)
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  12.  40
    Schrèodinger's Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - 1996 - Taylor & Francis.
    This book gives a comprehensive account of Schrödinger's successive interpretations of quantum mechanics, culminating in their final synthesis in the 1950s. Schrödinger's original position in the realism-anti-realism debate is analyzed. His views on the wave-corpuscle issue are contrasted with Bohr's, and his conceptions of the measurement problem are systematically compared with current no-collapse interpretations.
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  13. Materialism, Stances, and Open-Mindedness.Michel Bitbol - 2007 - In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
  14. Consciousness, Situations, and the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - unknown
    There are two versions of the putative connection between consciousness and the measurement problem of quantum mechanics : consciousness as the cause of state vector reduction, and state vector reduction as the physical basis of consciousness. In this article, these controversial ideas are neither accepted uncritically, nor rejected from the outset in the name of some prejudice about objective knowledge. Instead, their origin is sought in our most cherished (but disputable) beliefs about the place of mind and consciousness in the (...)
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  15.  89
    Non-Representationalist Theories of Knowledge and Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - 2001 - SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):37-61.
    Quantum Mechanics has imposed strain on traditional (dualist and representationalist) epistemological conceptions. An alternative was offered by Bohr and Heisenberg, according to whom natural science does not describe nature, but rather the interplay between nature and ourselves. But this was only a suggestion. In this paper, a systematic development of the Bohr-Heisenberg conception is outlined, by way of a comparison with the modern self-organizational theories of cognition. It is shown that a perfectly consistent non-representationalist (and/or relational) reading of quantum mechanics (...)
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  16. The Quantum Structure of Knowledge.Michel Bitbol - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (2):357-371.
    This paper analyzes how conflicts of perspective are resolved in the field of the human sciences. Examples of such conflicts are the duality between the actor and spectator standpoints, or the duality of participancy between a form of social life and a socio-anthropological study of it. This type of duality look irreducible, because the conflicting positions express incompatible interests. Yet, the claim of incommensurability is excessive. There exists a level of mental activity at which dialogue and resolution are possible. Reaching (...)
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  17.  31
    Reflective Metaphysics: Understanding Quantum Mechanics From a Kantian Standpoint.Michel Bitbol - 2010 - Philosophica 83:53-83.
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  18.  69
    Heat, Temperature and Phenomenal Concepts.Isabelle Peschard & Michel Bitbol - 2008 - In Edmond Wright (ed.), The Case for Qualia. MIT Press. pp. 155.
    The reduction of the concept of heat to that of molecular kinetic energy is recurrently presented as lending analogical support to the project of reduction of phenomenal concepts to physical concepts. The claimed analogy draws on the way the use of the concept of heat is attached to the experience in first person of a certain sensation. The reduction of this concept seems to prove the possibility to reduce discourse involving phenomenal concepts to a scientific description of neural activity. But (...)
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  19.  4
    Lets Trust the (Skilled) Subject! A Reply to Froese, Gould and Seth.Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):90-97.
    The article by Froese, Gould and Seth is a survey rather than a commentary, dealing with the intertwined issues of the validity of first- person reports and of their interest for a science of consciousness. While acknowledging that experiential research has already produced promising results, the authors find that it has not yet produced 'killer experiments' providing a definitively positive answer to these two questions, and wonder what kind of experiment would allow it. Our response will address these two questions (...)
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  20. On Pure Reflection A Reply to Dan Zahavi.Michel Bitbol & C. Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):24-37.
     
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  21. L'épistémologie Française, 1830-1970.Michel Bitbol & Jean Gayon (eds.) - 2006 - Presses Universitaires de France.
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  22.  13
    La Philosophie des Sciences Comme Interface.Michel Bitbol - 2003 - Rue Descartes 41 (3):19.
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  23.  15
    Quantum Mechanics as Generalised Theory of Probabilities.Michel Bitbol - unknown
    It is argued that quantum mechanics does not have merely a predictive function like other physical theories; it consists in a formalisation of the conditions of possibility of any prediction bearing upon phenomena whose circumstances of detection are also conditions of production. This is enough to explain its probabilistic status and theoretical structure.
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  24.  78
    Physical Relations or Functional Relations ? A Non-Metaphysical Construal of Rovelli's Relational Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - unknown
    Rovelli’s RQM is first characterized by contrast with both Everett’s and Bohr’s interpretations of quantum mechanics. Then, it is shown that a basic difficulty arises from the choice of formulating RQM in a naturalistic framework. Even though, according to Rovelli’s interpretation, statements about the world only make sense relative to certain naturalized observers described by means of quantum mechanics, this very meta-statement seems to make sense relative to a sort of super-observer which does not partake of the naturalized status of (...)
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  25.  7
    Panpsychism in the First Person.Michel Bitbol - 2016 - In Harald A. Wiltsche & Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl (eds.), Analytic and Continental Philosophy: Methods and Perspectives. Proceedings of the 37th International Wittgenstein Symposium. De Gruyter. pp. 231-246.
  26. L'aveuglante Proximité du Réel Anti-Réalisme Et Quasi-Réalisme En Physique.Michel Bitbol - 1998
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  27.  13
    Non-Representationalist Theories of Knowledge and Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - 2001 - SATS 2 (1).
  28.  9
    Form and Actuality.Michel Bitbol - unknown
    Physics could be defined, inter alia, as a systematic attempt at pushing actuality aside and bringing form to the fore. On the other hand, the formal descriptions which are the theoretical end-products of physics have to connect somewhere with actuality. Having to connect with actuality but holding no appropriate counterpart of actuality in it: such is the particularity of physics. As a consequence, many well-known enigma appear as paradoxes OF physics rather than just difficulties IN physics.
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  29.  14
    IS NOW A MOMENT IN TIME? A Discussion of McTaggart’s Argument Against the Reality of Time From a Transcendental Idealist Standpoint.Michel Bitbol - unknown
    A concept of the ‘actual now’ is introduced. The ‘actual now’ is negatively characterized by the fact that it is absent from the time-series. This does not mean that the ‘actual now’ is outside the time-series. For saying so would wrongly suggest the existence of an ‘outside’ where the ‘actual now’ could be located. Instead, one considers that the ‘actual now’ is just the name of ‘that with respect to which’ any event can be said to be past or future, (...)
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  30. L'esprit et la matière.Erwin Schrödinger & Michel Bitbol - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (4):714-716.
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  31.  19
    On Life Beneath the Subject/Object Duality.Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):125-27.
  32.  45
    Perspectival Realism and Quantum Mechanics.Simon Bitbol, Michel, Guy - unknown
    A complete reappraisal of the philosophical meaning of Everett's interpretation of quantum mechanics is carried out, by analysing carefully the role of the concept of "observer" in physics. It is shown that Everett's interpretation is the limiting case of a series of conceptions of the measurement problem which leave less and less of the observer out of the quantum description of the measuring interaction. This limiting case, however, should not be considered as one wherein nothing is left outside the description. (...)
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  33. Schrödinger's Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):329-331.
     
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  34.  39
    The Problem of Other Minds: A Debate Between Schrödinger and Carnap. [REVIEW]Michel Bitbol - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):115-123.
    This paper reviews the debate between Carnap and Schrödinger about Hypothesis P (It is not only I who have perceptions and thoughts; other human beings have them too)–a hypothesis that underlies the possibility of doing science. For Schrödinger this hypothesis is not scientifically testable; for Carnap it is. But Schrödinger and Carnap concede too much to each other and miss an alternative understanding: science does not depend on an explicit hypothesis concerning what other human beings see and think; it is (...)
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  35.  13
    Jean-Louis Destouches: Théories de la Prévision Et Individualité.Michel Bitbol - 2001 - Philosophia Scientiae 5 (1):1-30.
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  36.  12
    Coming Into Contact with Experience.Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):146-49.
  37.  6
    Traces d'objectivité. Causalité et probabilités en physique quantique.Michel Bitbol - 2010 - Diogène 232 (4):41.
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  38.  5
    Néo-pragmatisme et incommensurabilité en physique.Michel Bitbol - 2004 - Philosophia Scientiae 8 (1):203-234.
    Three interdependent levels are distinguished in Kuhn’s concept of paradigm: experimental know-how, formalism, and ontological commitment. The onlogical level is the only one which happens to be entirely and explicitly expressed in the framework of ordinary language. It then appears that identifying “incommensurability” with untranslatability is tantamount to skipping part of the problem. To compensate for this incompleteness, a neo-pragmatist and structuralist view of physics is developed along the lines of A. Pickering’s and I. Hacking’s. In this conception, the domain (...)
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  39. Holism and Iconicity in Physics Papers Read at Linacre College, Oxford, 17 November 1990.Julian B. Barbour, Michel Bitbol, Arthur I. Miller & Rom Harré - 1990 - [S.N.].
     
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  40. Aux Rives de l'Île de la Raison Meyerson Et la Physique Quantique.Michel Bitbol - 2010 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 58:81-97.
     
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  41. CONSTITUTING OBJECTIVITY The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science.Michel Bitbol, Jean Petitot & Pierre Kerszberg (eds.) - 2009
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  42. Erwin Schrödinger Philosophy and the Birth of Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol, Olivier Darrigol & Institut Autrichien de Paris - 1992
     
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  43. Facts and Time in Quantum Mechanics: A Study in Phenomenology and Pragmatics.Michel Bitbol - 2010 - Manuscrito 33 (1):73-121.
    The concept of well-defined and mutually exclusive objective facts has no counterpart in the formalism of standard quantum mechanics. Bypassing decoherence theories, we then inquire into the conditions of use of this concept of objective fact, and find that it is grounded on the possibility of making reference to spatio-temporal continuants and permanent properties. Since these conditions are not fulfilled within the quantum paradigm, one must look for appropriate substitutes. Two such substitutes are discussed. The first one is phenomenal fact (...)
     
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  44. L'Alter-ego et les sciences de la nature: Autour d'un débat entre Schrödinger et Carnap.Michel Bitbol - 1998 - Philosophia Scientiae 3 (2):203-214.
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  45. La neurofenomenologia esperienza, percezione, cognizione.Michel Bitbol, Carmelo Call, Massimiliano Cappuccio, Mauro Ceruti, Luisa Damiano, Giovanna Colombetti, Evan Thompson, Carlo Conni, Giuseppe Longo & Mauro Maldonato - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):9-168.
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  46. Néo-pragmatisme et incommensurabilité en physique.Michel Bitbol - 2004 - Philosophia Scientae 8:203-234.
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  47. Neurofenomenologia: Una scienza Che trae vantaggio dal proprio punto cieco.Michel Bitbol - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):9-20.
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  48. On Life Beneath the Subject/Object Duality A Reply to Pierre Steiner.Michel Bitbol & C. Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):125-127.
     
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  49. Physique Et Philosophie de L'Esprit.Michel Bitbol - 2000
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  50. Physique et philosophie de l'esprit.Michel Bitbol - 2004 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (1):126-127.
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