57 found
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  1. Four Kinds of Perspectival Truth.Michela Massimi - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 96 (2):342-359.
    In this paper, I assess recent claims in philosophy of science about scientific perspectivism being compatible with realism. I clarify the rationale for scientific perspectivism and the problems and challenges that perspectivism faces in delivering a form of realism. In particular, I concentrate my attention on truth, and on ways in which truth can be understood in perspectival terms. I offer a cost-benefit analysis of each of them and defend a version that in my view is most promising in living (...)
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  2.  54
    Perspectival Modeling.Michela Massimi - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):335-359.
    The goal of this article is to address the problem of inconsistent models and the challenge it poses for perspectivism. I analyze the argument, draw attention to some hidden premises behind it, and deflate them. Then I introduce the notion of perspectival models as a distinctive class of modeling practices whose primary function is exploratory. I illustrate perspectival modeling with two examples taken from contemporary high-energy physics at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, which are (...)
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  3.  17
    Understanding Perspectivism: Scientific Challenges and Methodological Prospects.Michela Massimi & Casey McCoy - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called perspectivism in philosophy of science. The book brings together an array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology, cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just as a few examples. What are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated? (...)
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  4.  27
    Two Kinds of Exploratory Models.Michela Massimi - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    I analyse the exploratory function of two main modelling practices: targetless fictional models and hypothetical perspectival models. In both cases, I argue, modelers invite us to imagine or conceive something about the target system, which is either known to be non-existent or just hypothetical. I clarify the kind of imagining or conceiving involved in each modelling practice, and I show how each—in its own right—delivers important modal knowledge. I illustrate these two kinds of exploratory models with Maxwell’s ether model and (...)
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  5.  44
    Computer Simulations and Experiments: The Case of the Higgs Boson.Michela Massimi & Wahid Bhimji - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 51:71-81.
  6.  25
    What is This Thing Called ‘Scientific Knowledge’? – Kant on Imaginary Standpoints And the Regulative Role of Reason.Michela Massimi - 2017 - Kant Yearbook 9 (1):63-84.
  7.  31
    Prescribing Laws to Nature. Part I. Newton, the Pre-Critical Kant, and Three Problems About the Lawfulness of Nature.Michela Massimi - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (4):491-508.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 491-508.
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  8.  11
    Realism, Perspectivism, and Disagreement in Science.Michela Massimi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-27.
    This paper attends to two main tasks. First, I introduce the notion of perspectival disagreement in science. Second, I relate perspectival disagreement in science to the broader issue of realism about science: how to maintain realist ontological commitments in the face of perspectival disagreement among scientists? I argue that often enough perspectival disagreement is not at the level of the scientific knowledge claims but rather of the methodological and justificatory principles. I introduce and clarify the notion of ‘agreeing-whilst-perspectivally-disagreeing’ with an (...)
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  9. Kant’s Dynamical Theory of Matter in 1755, and its Debt to Speculative Newtonian Experimentalism.Michela Massimi - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):525-543.
    This paper explores the scientific sources behind Kant’s early dynamic theory of matter in 1755, with a focus on two main Kant’s writings: Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens and On Fire. The year 1755 has often been portrayed by Kantian scholars as a turning point in the intellectual career of the young Kant, with his much debated conversion to Newton. Via a careful analysis of some salient themes in the two aforementioned works, and a reconstruction of the (...)
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  10. From Data to Phenomena: A Kantian Stance.Michela Massimi - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):101-116.
    This paper investigates some metaphysical and epistemological assumptions behind Bogen and Woodward’s data-to-phenomena inferences. I raise a series of points and suggest an alternative possible Kantian stance about data-to-phenomena inferences. I clarify the nature of the suggested Kantian stance by contrasting it with McAllister’s view about phenomena as patterns in data sets.
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  11.  12
    Knowledge From a Human Point of View.Michela Massimi (ed.) - 2020 - Springer Verlag.
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  12. Kant and the Laws of Nature.Michela Massimi & Angela Breitenbach (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Laws of nature play a central role in Kant's theoretical philosophy and are crucial to understanding his philosophy of science in particular. In this volume of new essays, the first systematic investigation of its kind, a distinguished team of scholars explores Kant's views on the laws of nature in the physical and life sciences. Their essays focus particularly on the laws of physics and biology, and consider topics including the separation in Kant's treatment of the physical and life sciences, the (...)
     
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  13.  88
    Structural Realism: A Neo-Kantian Perspective.Michela Massimi - 2011 - In Alisa Bokulich & Peter Bokulich (eds.), Scientific Structuralism. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 1--23.
  14.  88
    Why There Are No Ready-Made Phenomena: What Philosophers of Science Should Learn From Kant.Michela Massimi - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 63:1-35.
    The debate on scientific realism has raged among philosophers of science for decades. The scientific realist's claim that science aims to give us a literally true description of the way things are, has come under severe scrutiny and attack by Bas van Fraassen's constructive empiricism. All science aims at is to save the observable phenomena, according to van Fraassen. Scientific realists have faced since a main sceptical challenge: the burden is on them to prove that the entities postulated by our (...)
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  15.  16
    Pauli's Exclusion Principle: The Origin and Validation of a Scientific Principle.Michela Massimi - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    There is hardly another principle in physics with wider scope of applicability and more far-reaching consequences than Pauli's exclusion principle. This book explores the principle's origin in the atomic spectroscopy of the early 1920s, its subsequent embedding into quantum mechanics, and later experimental validation with the development of quantum chromodynamics. The reconstruction of this crucial historic episode provides an excellent foil to reconsider Kuhn's view on incommensurability. The author defends the prospective rationality of the revolutionary transition from the old to (...)
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  16.  3
    Realism, Perspectivism, and Disagreement in Science.Michela Massimi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-27.
    This paper attends to two main tasks. First, I introduce the notion of perspectival disagreement in science. Second, I relate perspectival disagreement in science to the broader issue of realism about science: how to maintain realist ontological commitments in the face of perspectival disagreement among scientists? I argue that often enough perspectival disagreement is not at the level of the scientific knowledge claims but rather of the methodological and justificatory principles. I introduce and clarify the notion of ‘agreeing-whilst-perspectivally-disagreeing’ with an (...)
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  17.  3
    Realism, Perspectivism, and Disagreement in Science.Michela Massimi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-27.
    This paper attends to two main tasks. First, I introduce the notion of perspectival disagreement in science. Second, I relate perspectival disagreement in science to the broader issue of realism about science: how to maintain realist ontological commitments in the face of perspectival disagreement among scientists? I argue that often enough perspectival disagreement is not at the level of the scientific knowledge claims but rather of the methodological and justificatory principles. I introduce and clarify the notion of ‘agreeing-whilst-perspectivally-disagreeing’ with an (...)
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  18.  51
    ‘Working in a New World’: Kuhn, Constructivism, and Mind-Dependence.Michela Massimi - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 50:83-89.
  19. Non‐Defensible Middle Ground for Experimental Realism: Why We Are Justified to Believe in Colored Quarks.Michela Massimi - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (1):36-60.
    Experimental realism aims at striking a middle ground between scientific realism and anti-realism, between the success of experimental physics it would explain and the realism about scientific theories it would supplant. This middle ground reinstates the engineering idea that belief in scientific entities is justified on purely experimental grounds, without any commitment to scientific theories and laws. This paper argues that there is no defensible middle ground to be staked out when it comes to justifying physicists' belief in colored quarks, (...)
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  20.  95
    Scientific Perspectivism and Its Foes.Michela Massimi - 2012 - Philosophica 84:25-52.
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  21.  37
    Exclusion Principle and the Identity of Indiscernibles: A Response to Margenau's Argument.Michela Massimi - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):303--30.
    This paper concerns the question of whether Pauli's Exclusion Principle (EP) vindicates the contingent truth of Leibniz's Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (PII) for fermions as H. Weyl first suggested with the nomenclature ‘Pauli–Leibniz principle’. This claim has been challenged by a time-honoured argument, originally due to H. Margenau and further articulated and champione by other authors. According to this argument, the Exclusion Principle—far from vindicating Leibniz's principle—would refute it, since the same reduced state, viz. an improper mixture, can (...)
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  22.  97
    Simplified Models: A Different Perspective on Models as Mediators.C. D. McCoy & Michela Massimi - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):99-123.
    We introduce a novel point of view on the “models as mediators” framework in order to emphasize certain important epistemological questions about models in science which have so far been little investigated. To illustrate how this perspective can help answer these kinds of questions, we explore the use of simplified models in high energy physics research beyond the Standard Model. We show in detail how the construction of simplified models is grounded in the need to mitigate pressing epistemic problems concerning (...)
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  23. Natural Kinds and Naturalised Kantianism.Michela Massimi - 2014 - Noûs 48 (3):416-449.
  24. Kant and Philosophy of Science Today.Michela Massimi (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    What good is Kant's philosophy for current philosophy of science? There has been an increasing interest in Kant and philosophy of science in the past twenty years. Through the reconstruction of a variety of Kantian legacies in the development of nineteenth and twentieth century physics and mathematics, this edited volume explores the relevance that Kant's philosophy still has for current debates in philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of physics.
     
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  25.  22
    Why There Are No Ready-Made Phenomena: What Philosophers of Science Should Learn From Kant: Michela Massimi.Michela Massimi - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 63:1-35.
    The debate on scientific realism has raged among philosophers of science for decades. The scientific realist's claim that science aims to give us a literally true description of the way things are, has come under severe scrutiny and attack by Bas van Fraassen's constructive empiricism. All science aims at is to save the observable phenomena, according to van Fraassen. Scientific realists have faced since a main sceptical challenge: the burden is on them to prove that the entities postulated by our (...)
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  26.  34
    Laws of Nature, Natural Properties, and the Robustly Best System.Michela Massimi - 2017 - The Monist 100 (3):406-421.
    This paper addresses a famous objection against David Lewis’s Best System Analysis (BSA) of laws of nature. The objection—anticipated and discussed by Lewis (1994)—focuses on the standards of simplicity and strength being (in part) a matter of psychology. Lewis’s answer to the objection relies on his metaphysics of natural properties and its ability to single out the robustly best system, a system that is expected to come out far ahead of its rivals under any standard of simplicity and strength. The (...)
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  27.  57
    What Demonstrative Induction Can Do Against the Threat of Underdetermination: Bohr, Heisenberg, and Pauli on Spectroscopic Anomalies (1921–24).Michela Massimi - 2004 - Synthese 140 (3):243-277.
    In this paper I argue that demonstrative induction can deal with the problem ofthe underdetermination of theory by evidence. I present the historical case studyof spectroscopy in the early 1920s, where the choice among different theorieswas apparently underdetermined by spectroscopic evidence concerning the alkalidoublets and their anomalous Zeeman effect. By casting this historical episodewithin the methodological framework of demonstrative induction, the localunderdetermination among Bohr's, Heisenberg's, and Pauli's rival theories isresolved in favour of Pauli's theory of the electron's spin.
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  28.  55
    Philosophy and the Sciences After Kant.Michela Massimi - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:275-311.
    On 11th October 2007, at the first international conference on Integrated History and Philosophy of Science hosted by the Center for Philosophy of Science in Pittsburgh, Ernan McMullin portrayed a rather gloomy scenario concerning the current relationship between history and philosophy of science, on the one hand, and mainstream philosophy, on the other hand, as testified by a significant drop in the presence of HPS papers at various meetings of the American Philosophical Association.
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  29.  79
    Galileo's Mathematization of Nature at the Crossroad Between the Empiricist and the Kantian Tradition.Michela Massimi - 2010 - Perspectives on Science 18 (2):pp. 152-188.
    The aim of this paper is to take Galileo's mathematization of nature as a springboard for contrasting the time-honoured empiricist conception of phenomena, exemplified by Pierre Duhem's analysis in To Save the Phenomena , with Immanuel Kant's. Hence the purpose of this paper is twofold. I) On the philosophical side, I want to draw attention to Kant's more robust conception of phenomena compared to the one we have inherited from Duhem and contemporary empiricism. II) On the historical side, I want (...)
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  30.  23
    The Relevance of Kant’s Philosophy for Nineteenth Century Sciences.Michela Massimi - 2008 - Metascience 17 (1):79-83.
  31.  20
    Dwatery Ocean.Michela Massimi - 2012 - Philosophy 87 (4):531-555.
    In this paper I raise a difficulty for Joseph LaPorte's account of chemical kind terms. LaPorte has argued against Putnam that H₂O content is neither necessary nor sufficient to fix the reference of the kind term 'water' and that we did not discover that water is H₂O. To this purpose, he revisits Putnam's Twin Earth story with the fictional scenario of Deuterium Earth, whose ocean consists of 'dwater', to conclude that we did not discover that deuterium oxide is (a kind (...)
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  32. Philosophy and the Sciences for Everyone.Michela Massimi (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    What is the origin of our universe? What are dark matter and dark energy? What is our role in the universe as human beings capable of knowledge? What makes us intelligent cognitive agents seemingly endowed with consciousness? Scientific research across both the physical and cognitive sciences raises fascinating philosophical questions. Philosophy and the Sciences For Everyone introduces these questions and more. It begins by asking what good is philosophy for the sciences before examining the following questions: The origin of our (...)
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  33.  4
    Interview with Invited Speaker Michela Massimi, Philosophy as a Way of Life.Michela Massimi & Peter West - 2018 - Perspectives 8 (1):31-34.
    Michela Massimi is a Professor of Philosophy of Science at the University of Edinburgh and was the keynote speaker for Philosophy as a Way of Life. She is currently the PI for an ERC-funded project ʽPerspectival Realism. Science, Knowledge, and Truth from a Human Vantage Point.ʼ Massimi has extensive experience working on interdisciplinary projects and has frequently engaged in public philosophy. In this interview, she discusses the future of research in the UK post-Brexit, the challenges and rewards of interdisciplinary research, (...)
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  34. Philosophy for Everyone.Matthew Chrisman, Duncan Pritchard, Jane Suilin Lavelle, Michela Massimi, Alasdair Richmond & Dave Ward - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosophy for Everyone begins by explaining what philosophy is before exploring the questions and issues at the foundation of this important subject. Key topics and their areas of focus include: Epistemology - what our knowledge of the world and ourselves consists in, and how we come to have it; Philosophy of Science - foundational conceptual issues in scientific research and practice; Philosophy of Mind - what it means for something to have a mind, and how minds should be understood and (...)
     
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  35.  36
    Points of View. Kant on Perspectival Knowledge.Michela Massimi - 2018 - Synthese.
    The aim of this paper is to cast new light on an important and often overlooked notion of perspectival knowledge arising from Kant. In addition to a traditional notion of perspectival knowledge as "knowledge from a vantage point", a second novel notion — "knowledge towards a vantage point" —is here introduced. The origin and rationale of perspectival knowledge 2 are traced back to Kant's so-called transcendental illusion. The legacy of the Kantian notion of perspectival knowledge 2 for contemporary discussions on (...)
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  36. Walking the Line: Kuhn Between Realism and Relativism.Michela Massimi - 2015 - In Alisa Bokulich & William J. Devlin (eds.), Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On. Springer Verlag.
     
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  37.  34
    Cartesian Echoes in Kant’s Philosophy of Nature.Michela Massimi & Silvia De Bianchi - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):481-492.
  38. Philosophy of Science A Personal Peek Into the Future.Steven French & Michela Massimi - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (3):230-240.
    In this opinion piece, the authors offer their personal and idiosyncratic views of the future of the philosophy of science, focusing on its relationship with the history of science and metaphysics, respectively. With regard to the former, they suggest that the Kantian tradition might be drawn upon both to render the history and philosophy of science more relevant to philosophy as a whole and to overcome the challenges posed by naturalism. When it comes to the latter, they suggest both that (...)
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  39.  42
    Weinberg's Proof of the Spin-Statistics Theorem.Michela Massimi & Michael Redhead - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (4):621-650.
    The aim of this paper is to offer a conceptual analysis of Weinberg's proof of the spin-statistics theorem by comparing it with Pauli's original proof and with the subsequent textbook tradition, which typically resorts to the dichotomy positive energy for half-integral spin particles/microcausality for integral-spin particles. In contrast to this tradition, Weinberg's proof does not directly invoke the positivity of the energy, but derives the theorem from the single relativistic requirement of microcausality. This seemingly innocuous difference marks an important change (...)
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  40.  39
    Reviews Newton as Philosopher by Andrew Janiak Cambridge University Press, 2008, £45 / $90 Isbn 978-0-521-86286-.Michela Massimi - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (1):157-163.
  41.  44
    Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective.Michela Massimi - 2009 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):323-327.
  42.  24
    Preface.Michela Massimi - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 63:v-v.
  43.  17
    Three Problems About Multi-Scale Modelling in Cosmology.Michela Massimi - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:26-38.
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  44.  42
    Philosophy of Natural Science From Newton to Kant.Michela Massimi - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):393-395.
  45.  15
    Three Tales of Scientific Success.Michela Massimi - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):757-767.
    Success-to-truth inferences have been the realist stronghold for a long time. Scientific success is the parameter by which realists claim to discern approximately true theories from false ones. But scientific success needs to be probed a bit deeper. In this article, I tell three tales of scientific success, by considering in turn success from nowhere, success from here now, and success from within. I argue for a suitable version of success from within that can do justice to the historically situated (...)
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  46.  28
    Reference, Representation and Realism.Michela Massimi - 2007 - Metascience 16 (1):87-91.
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  47.  21
    Kant: Natural Science Eric Watkins The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant, Cambridge University Press, 2012, 818pp., £94 HB ISBN: 9780521363945. [REVIEW]Michela Massimi - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (1):143-146.
  48.  11
    Reviews: Reviews. [REVIEW]Michela Massimi - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (1):157-163.
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  49.  16
    Preface: Kant and the Lawfulness of Nature.Michela Massimi - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (4):469-470.
  50.  13
    The Normativity of Nature. Essays on Kant'sCritique of Judgement.Michela Massimi - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (4):464-467.
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