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    Is Environmental Governance Substantive or Symbolic? An Empirical Investigation.Michelle Rodrigue, Michel Magnan & Charles H. Cho - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):107-129.
    The emergence of environmental governance practices raises a fundamental question as to whether they are substantive or symbolic. Toward that end, we analyze the relationship between a firm’s environmental governance and its environmental management as reflected in its ultimate outcome, environmental performance. We posit that substantive practices would bring changes in organizations, most notably in terms of improved environmental performance, whereas symbolic practices would portray organizations as environmentally committed without making meaningful changes to their operations. Focusing on a sample of (...)
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  2.  12
    Astroturfing Global Warming: It Isn't Always Greener on the Other Side of the Fence. [REVIEW]Charles H. Cho, Martin L. Martens, Hakkyun Kim & Michelle Rodrigue - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):571-587.
    Astroturf organizations are fake grassroots organizations usually sponsored by large corporations to support any arguments or claims in their favor, or to challenge and deny those against them. They constitute the corporate version of grassroots social movements. Serious ethical and societal concerns underline this astroturfing practice, especially if corporations are successful in influencing public opinion by undertaking a social movement approach. This study is motivated by this particular issue and examines the effectiveness of astroturf organizations in the global warming context, (...)
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  3. The Frontstage and Backstage of Corporate Sustainability Reporting: Evidence From the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Bill.Charles H. Cho, Matias Laine, Robin W. Roberts & Michelle Rodrigue - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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