22 found
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  1. Reflections on the International Networking Conference “Ethical and Social Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – Agrifood and Health” Brussels, September 2011.Michiel Korthals & Cristian Timmermann - 2012 - Synesis 3 (1):G66-73.
    Public goods, as well as commercial commodities, are affected by exclusive arrangements secured by intellectual property (IP) rights. These rights serve as an incentive to invest human and material capital in research and development. Particularly in the life sciences, IP rights regulate objects such as food and medicines that are key to securing human rights, especially the right to adequate food and the right to health. Consequently, IP serves private (economic) and public interests. Part of this charge claims that the (...)
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  2.  33
    Ethical Rooms for Maneuver and Their Prospects Vis-À-Vis the Current Ethical Food Policies in Europe.Michiel Korthals - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (3):249-273.
    In this paper I want to show that consumer concerns can be implemented in food chains by organizing ethical discussions of conflicting values that include them as participators. First, it is argued that there are several types of consumer concerns about food and agriculture that are multi-interpretable and often contradict each other or are at least difficult to reconcile without considerable loss. Second, these consumer concerns are inherently dynamic because they respond to difficult and complex societal and technological situations and (...)
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  3.  15
    Ethical Room for Maneuver: Playground for the Food Business.Vincent Pompe & Michiel Korthals - 2010 - Business and Society Review 115 (3):367-391.
    In a world of glossy corporate social responsibility reports, the shallowness of the actual CSR results may well be its counterpart. We claim that the possible gaps between aspirations and implementations are due to the company's overrating abilities to deal with the irrational and complex moral world of business. Many academic approaches aim to lift business ethics up to a higher level by enhancing competences but will fail because they are too rationalistic and generalistic to match the pluralistic and situational (...)
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  4.  30
    Taking Consumers Seriously: Two Concepts of Consumer Sovereignty. [REVIEW]Michiel Korthals - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):201-215.
    Governments, producers, and international free tradeorganizations like the World Trade Organization (WTO) areincreasingly confronted with consumers who not only buy (or don''tbuy) goods, but also demand that those goods are producedconforming to certain ethical (often diverse) standards. Not onlysafety and health belong to these ethical ideals, but animalwelfare, environmental concerns, labor circumstances, and fairtrade. However, this phantom haunts the dusty world of social andpolitical philosophy as well. The new concept ``consumersovereignty'''' bypasses the conceptual dichotomy of consumer andcitizen.According to the narrow (...)
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  5.  66
    Emotions, Truths and Meanings Regarding Cattle: Should We Eat Meat? [REVIEW]Michiel Korthals - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):625-629.
    Emotions, Truths and Meanings Regarding Cattle: Should We Eat Meat? Content Type Journal Article Category Review Paper Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10806-011-9334-2 Authors Michiel Korthals, Department of Applied Philosophy, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  6.  20
    Vicissitudes of Benefit Sharing of Crop Genetic Resources: Downstream and Upstream.Bram de Jonge & Michiel Korthals - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (3):144–157.
  7.  59
    Art and Morality: Critical Theory About the Conflict and Harmony Between Art and Morality.Michiel Korthals - 1989 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 15 (3):241-251.
  8.  3
    Index to Environmental Values Volume 18, 2009.Emily Brady, Isis Brook, Jouni Paavola, Clive L. Spash, Marko Ahteensuu, Helena Siipi, Mohammad Reza Balali, Jozef Keulartz, Michiel Korthals & Ted Benton - 2009 - Environmental Values 18:541-544.
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  9.  22
    Trading “Ethical Preferences” in the Market: Outline of a Politically Liberal Framework for the Ethical Characterization of Foods. [REVIEW]Tassos Michalopoulos, Michiel Korthals & Henk Hogeveen - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (1):3-27.
    The absence of appropriate information about imperceptible and ethical food characteristics limits the opportunities for concerned consumer/citizens to take ethical issues into account during their inescapable food consumption. It also fuels trust crises between producers and consumers, hinders the optimal embedment of innovative technologies, “punishes” in the market ethical producers, and limits the opportunities for politically liberal democratic governance. This paper outlines a framework for the ethical characterization and subsequent optimization of foods (ECHO). The framework applies to “imperceptible,” “pragmatic,” and (...)
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  10.  8
    Pragmatism in Progress.Jozef Keulartz, Michiel Korthals, Maartje Schermer & Tsjalling Swierstra - 2004 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 7 (3):39-49.
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  11.  32
    Uncertainties of Nutrigenomics and Their Ethical Meaning.Michiel Korthals & Rixt Komduur - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (5):435-454.
    Again and again utopian hopes are connected with the life sciences (no hunger, health for everyone; life without diseases, longevity), but simultaneously serious research shows uncertain, incoherent, and ambivalent results. It is unrealistic to expect that these uncertainties will disappear. We start by providing a not exhaustive list of five different types of uncertainties end-users of nutrigenomics have to cope with without being able to perceive them as risks and to subject them to risk-analysis. First, genes connected with the human (...)
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  12.  21
    Response to Charles Bailey.Wouter van Haaften, Michiel Korthals & Thomas Wren - 1999 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (3):185-187.
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  13.  21
    Do We Need Berlin Walls or Chinese Walls Between Research, Public Consultation, and Advice? New Public Responsibilities for Life Scientists.Michiel Korthals - 2003 - Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (4):385-395.
    During the coming decades, life scientists will become involved more than ever in the public and private lives of patients and consumers, as health and food sciences shift from a collective approach towards individualization, from a curative to a preventive approach, and from being driven by desires rather than by technology. This means that the traditional relationships between the activities of life scientists – conducting research, advising industry, governments, and patients/consumers, consulting the public, and prescribing products, be it patents, drugs (...)
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  14.  22
    The Struggle Over Functional Foods: Justice and the Social Meaning of Functional Foods. [REVIEW]Michiel Korthals - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):313-324.
    The social and scientific debate overfunctional foods has two focal points: one isthe issue of the reliability andtrustworthiness of the claims connected withfunctional foods. You don't have to be asuspicious person to be skeptical vis-à-visthe rather exorbitant claims of most functionalfoods. They promise prevention against allkinds of illnesses and enhancement ofachievements like memory and vision, withouthaving been tested adequately. The second issueis the issue of the socio-cultural dimension offunctional foods and their so calleddetrimental effect on the social and normativemeanings of (...)
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  15.  7
    Climate-Ready GM Crops, Intellectual Property and Global Justice.Cristian Timmermann, Henk van den Belt & Michiel Korthals - 2010 - In Carlos Maria Romeo Casabona, Leire Escajedo San Epifanio & Aitziber Emaldi Cirión (eds.), Global food security: ethical and legal challenges. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 153-158.
    So-called climate-ready GM crops can be of great help in adapting to a changing climate. Climate change, caused in great part by anthropogenic greenhouse gases released in the atmosphere since the industrial revolution by the developed world, is felt much stronger in the developing world, causing unexpected droughts and floods that will cause large harvest loss, leading to more hunger and malnutrition, rising death tolls and disease vulnerability. The current intellectual property regime (IPR) strikes an unfair balance between profit oriented (...)
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  16.  5
    Mind Versus Stomach: The Philosophical Meanings of Eating.Michiel Korthals - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (2):403-406.
    Ray Boisvert has started with his book an ambitious project to rethink the most important disciplines of philosophy from the stomach not from the mind. The stomach comprises an intrinsic connection with nature, people, and everything else that contributes to feeling well. The book presents a sometimes joyous and mostly very serious celebration of what eating can bring us in doing philosophy. The blurb text on the back cover claims: ‘Building on the original meaning of philosophy as love of wisdom, (...)
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  17.  16
    Ethics and Politics of Food: Toward a Deliberative Perspective.Michiel Korthals - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (3):445-463.
  18.  8
    Morality and Cooperation.Michiel Korthals - 1992 - Journal of Moral Education 21 (1):17-27.
    Abstract Piaget's early theory on moral development and moral education can elucidate some important points in the discussion about a broad or narrow definition of morality and its consequences for educational practice. In the first place, Piaget introduces a concept of morality which transcends the partly misleading dichotomy between broad and narrow morality. Secondly, he conceptualizes the educational relationship as a development of two stages and evades the unfruitful dichotomy between liberal education and transmission of traditions. In this regard, his (...)
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  19.  4
    Reflexive Water Management in Arid Regions: The Case of Iran.Mohammed Reza Balali, Josef ~Keulartz & Michiel Korthals - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (1):91-112.
    To illuminate the problems and perspectives of water management in Iran and comparable arid Middle East and North Africa countries, three paradigms can be distinguished: the traditional, the industrial and the reflexive paradigm. Each paradigm is characterised by its key technical system, its main social institution and its ethico-religious framework. Iran seems to be in a state of transition from the 'hydraulic mission' of industrial modernity to a more reflexive approach to water management. This article sketches the contours of the (...)
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  20.  4
    On the Justification of Societal Development Claims.Michiel Korthals - 1993 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 19 (1):25-41.
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  21. Ethics of Dietary Guidelines: Nutrients, Processes and Meals.Michiel Korthals - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (3):413-421.
    Dietary guidelines are mostly issued by agrifood departments or agencies of governments, and are the result of power play between interest groups and values. They have considerable influence over food preferences and purchases of consumers. Ethical problems are at stake not only with respect to power strategies and their influence on consumers. In this paper I will consider three different types of guidelines: a nutrient oriented type, a process oriented type and a meal oriented type. In the nutrient oriented guidelines (...)
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  22. Philosophy of Development Reconstructing the Foundations of Human Development and Education.A. W. van Haaften, Michiel Korthals & Thomas E. Wren - 1997
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