Results for 'Microworld'

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  1.  4
    Toward a Logic of the Microworld.R. A. Aronov - 1970 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 9 (3):212-217.
    The discovery of the microworld presented a serious trial for many systems of views held by mankind, including its logic. This world was found to lack the familiar solid bodies, the unchanging particles and interrelations between them, the reflection of which, in one way or another, is the logic of the macroscopic world. What elementary particle physics encountered in the microscopic world seemed illogical: the rest-mass of a particle equals zero; a part that is not smaller than the whole; (...)
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  2.  3
    Experience in a Climate Microworld: Influence of Surface and Structure Learning, Problem Difficulty, and Decision Aids in Reducing Stock-Flow Misconceptions.Medha Kumar & Varun Dutt - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  3.  41
    Berkeley and the Microworld.Catherine Wilson - 1994 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 76 (1):37-64.
  4.  5
    Chemical Inscriptions in Korean Textbooks: Semiotics of Macro‐and Microworld.Jaeyoung Han & Wolff‐Michael Roth - 2006 - Science Education 90 (2):173-201.
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  5.  1
    The Problem of Motion in Microworld.Mariam Gevorgyan - 2014 - Wisdom 1 (2):43.
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  6.  26
    Cross‐National Comparisons of Complex Problem‐Solving Strategies in Two Microworlds.C. Dominik Güss, Ma Teresa Tuason & Christiane Gerhard - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (3):489-520.
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  7. The Violation of Bell Inequalities in the Macroworld.Diederik Aerts, Sven Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (9):1387-1414.
    We show that Bell inequalities can be violated in the macroscopic world. The macroworld violation is illustrated using an example involving connected vessels of water. We show that whether the violation of inequalities occurs in the microworld or the macroworld, it is the identification of nonidentical events that plays a crucial role. Specifically, we prove that if nonidentical events are consistently differentiated, Bell-type Pitowsky inequalities are no longer violated, even for Bohm's example of two entangled spin 1/2 quantum particles. (...)
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  8.  36
    Heads and Tails: Molecular Imagination and the Lipid Bilayer, 1917–1941.Daniel Liu - 2018 - In Karl Matlin, Jane Maienschein & Manfred Laubichler (eds.), Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's General Cytology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 209-245.
    Today, the lipid bilayer structure is nearly ubiquitous, taken for granted in even the most rudimentary introductions to cell biology. Yet the image of the lipid bilayer, built out of with lipids with heads and tails, went from having obscure origins deep in colloid chemical theory in 1924 to being “obvious to any competent physical chemist” by 1935. This chapter examines how this schematic, strictly heuristic explanation of the idea of molecular orientation was developed within colloid physical chemistry, and how (...)
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  9.  27
    Culture‐Inclusive Theories of Self and Social Interaction: The Approach of Multiple Philosophical Paradigms.Kwang-Kuo Hwang - 2015 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (1):40-63.
    In view of the fact that culture-inclusive psychology has been eluded or relatively ignored by mainstream psychology, the movement of indigenous psychology is destined to develop a new model of man that incorporates both causal psychology and intentional psychology as suggested by Vygotsky . Following the principle of cultural psychology: “one mind, many mentalities” , the Mandala Model of Self and Face and Favor Model were constructed to represent the universal mechanisms of self and social interaction that can be applied (...)
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  10.  16
    Representation of the Microcosm: The Claim for Objectivity in 19th Century Scientific Microphotography.Olaf Breidbach - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):221 - 250.
    Microphotography was one of the earliest applications of photography in science: The first monograph on tissue organization illustrated with microphotographs was published in 1845. In the 1860s, a large number of introductions to scientific microphotography were published by anatomists. They argued that microphotography was a means of documenting the results of microscopic analysis, uncontaminated by the subjectivity of the observer. In the early decades of the 19th century, before the general acceptance of cell theory, such a technique was of special (...)
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  11.  28
    Objects Limit Human Comprehension.Philip Richard Sullivan - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (1):65-79.
    This paper demonstrates that the human visual system, the primary sensory conduit for primates, processes ambient energy in a way that obligatorily constructs the objects that we ineluctably perceive. And since our perceptual apparatus processes information only in terms of objects (along with the properties and movements of objects), we are limited in our ability to comprehend ‘what is’ when we move beyond our ordinary world of midsize objects—as, for example, when we address the micro microworld of quantum physics.
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  12. Why the Disjunction in Quantum Logic is Not Classical.Diederik Aerts, Ellie D'Hondt & Liane Gabora - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (9):1473-1480.
    The quantum logical `or' is analyzed from a physical perspective. We show that it is the existence of EPR-like correlation states for the quantum mechanical entity under consideration that make it nonequivalent to the classical situation. Specifically, the presence of potentiality in these correlation states gives rise to the quantum deviation from the classical logical `or'. We show how this arises not only in the microworld, but also in macroscopic situations where EPR-like correlation states are present. We investigate how (...)
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  13.  20
    Uphill and Downhill in a Flat World: The Conceptual Topography of the Yupno House.Kensy Cooperrider, James Slotta & Rafael Núñez - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):n/a-n/a.
    Speakers of many languages around the world rely on body-based contrasts for spatial communication and cognition. Speakers of Yupno, a language of Papua New Guinea's mountainous interior, rely instead on an environment-based uphill/downhill contrast. Body-based contrasts are as easy to use indoors as outdoors, but environment-based contrasts may not be. Do Yupno speakers still use uphill/downhill contrasts indoors and, if so, how? We report three studies on spatial communication within the Yupno house. Even in this flat world, uphill/downhill contrasts are (...)
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  14. Intrinsic Contextuality as the Crux of Consciousness.D. Aerts, J. Broekaert & Liane Gabora - 2000 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind: Proceedings of Toward a Science of Consciousness: Fundamental Approaches (Tokyo '99). John Benjamins.
    A stream of conscious experience is extremely contextual; it is impacted by sensory stimuli, drives and emotions, and the web of associations that link, directly or indirectly, the subject of experience to other elements of the individual's worldview. The contextuality of one's conscious experience both enhances and constrains the contextuality of one's behavior. Since we cannot know first-hand the conscious experience of another, it is by way of behavioral contextuality that we make judgements about whether or not, and to what (...)
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  15. A Microrealistic Explanation of Fundamental Quantum Phenomena.C. W. Rietdijk - 1980 - Foundations of Physics 10 (5-6):403-457.
    We abandon as redundant the assumption that there exists something more in the physical world than action quanta, which constitute the atoms of the events of which the four-dimensional world consists. We derive metric, energy, matter, etc., from action and the structure formed by the quanta. In the microworld thequantization of space so introduced implies deviations from conventional metrics that make it possible in particular to explain nonlocality. The uncertainty relations, then, in conjunction with the action-based metric, appear to (...)
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  16.  29
    Reification of Culture in Indigenous Psychologies: Merit or Mistake?Kwang‐Kuo Hwang - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (2):125 - 131.
    Professor Allwood (2011, ?On the foundation of the indigenous psychologies?, Social Epistemology 25 (1): 3?14) challenges indigenous psychologists by describing their definition of culture as a rather abstract and delimited entity that is too ?essentialized? and ?reified?, as well as ?somewhat old?fashioned? and ?too much influenced by early social anthropological writings? (p. 5). In this article, I make a distinction between the scientific microworld and the lifeworld and argue that it is necessary for social scientists to construct scientific microworlds (...)
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  17.  47
    Objective Probability and Quantum Fuzziness.U. Mohrhoff - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (2):137-155.
    This paper offers a critique of the Bayesian interpretation of quantum mechanics with particular focus on a paper by Caves, Fuchs, and Schack containing a critique of the “objective preparations view” or OPV. It also aims to carry the discussion beyond the hardened positions of Bayesians and proponents of the OPV. Several claims made by Caves et al. are rebutted, including the claim that different pure states may legitimately be assigned to the same system at the same time, and the (...)
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  18.  92
    Paul Dirac and the Einstein-Bohr Debate.Alisa Bokulich - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (1):103-114.
    : Although Dirac rarely participated in the interpretational debates over quantum theory, it is traditionally assumed that his views were aligned with Heisenberg and Bohr in the so-called Copenhagen-Göttingen camp. However, an unpublished—and apparently unknown—lecture of Dirac's reveals that this view is mistaken; in the famous debate between Einstein and Bohr, Dirac sided with Einstein. Surprisingly, Dirac believed that quantum mechanics was not complete, that the uncertainty principle would not survive in the future physics, and that a deterministic description of (...)
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  19.  71
    Why Not Artificial Consciousness or Thought?Richard H. Schlagel - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (1):3-28.
    The purpose of this article is to show why consciousness and thought are not manifested in digital computers. Analyzing the rationale for claiming that the formal manipulation of physical symbols in Turing machines would emulate human thought, the article attempts to show why this proved false. This is because the reinterpretation of designation and meaning to accommodate physical symbol manipulation eliminated their crucial functions in human discourse. Words have denotations and intensional meanings because the brain transforms the physical stimuli received (...)
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  20.  44
    The Concept of the Infinite and the Crisis in Modern Physics.Steven M. Rosen - 1983 - Speculations in Science and Technology 6 (4):413-425.
    The basic thesis is that the problem of infinity underlies the current dilemma in modern theoretical physics. The traditional and set-theoretic conceptions of infinity are considered. It is demonstrated that standard mathematical analysis is dependent on the complete relativity of the infinite. In examining the domains of modern physics, infinity is found to lose its entirely relative character and, therefore, to be less amenable to classical analysis. Complementary aspects of microworld infinity are identified and are associated with the equivalent (...)
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  21.  37
    The Semiotic Dynamics of Colour.Luc Steels & Tony Belpaeme - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):515-524.
    The interesting and deep commentaries on our target article reflect the continued high interest in the problem of colour categorisation and naming. Clearly, colour remains for many cognitive science related disciplines a fascinating microworld in which some of the most fundamental issues for cognition and culture can be studied. Although our target article took the stance of practically oriented engineers who are trying to find the best solution for orchestrating the self-organisation of communication systems in artificial agents, most commentators (...)
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  22.  14
    Documenting the Learning Process From a Constructionist Perspective.J. Bowers - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (3):348-349.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Elementary Students’ Construction of Geometric Transformation Reasoning in a Dynamic Animation Environment” by Alan Maloney. Upshot: This commentary assumes a constructionist perspective to discuss the choice of methods, conclusions and design goals that Panorkou and Maloney make in their study of students’ activities with the Graph ’n Glyphs microworld.
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  23.  8
    Contemporary Natural Sciences and a Scientific World View.N. P. Dubinin - 1972 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 11 (3):248-269.
    In our day, the question of the nature of the scientific world view is of tremendous importance in people's practical activity. The views held in modern science at the present time constitute a most important element of world view as a whole, confirming the materialist nature of the universe and of man. The science of our times, having attained stupendous results in analysis of the laws of the microworld, the cosmos, and the essence of life, and in understanding human (...)
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  24.  7
    On the Logic of Microphysics.A. A. Zinov'ev - 1970 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 9 (3):222-236.
    The distinctive features of the properties and conditions of research into phenomena of the microworld relative to investigations into phenomena of the macroworld created so strong an impression in important circles that people have even begun to speak of a special logic of the microworld differing fundamentally from that familiar logic which came into being on the basis of the study of phenomena of the macroscopic world. The reader can find information about this in the works of Kuznetsov (...)
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  25.  5
    Body Syntonicity in Multi-Point Rotation?A. Hjorth - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (3):351-352.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Elementary Students’ Construction of Geometric Transformation Reasoning in a Dynamic Animation Environment” by Alan Maloney. Upshot: Parnorkou and Maloney’s article presents an interesting, well-structured and clearly described study of children’s reasoning about mental rotations. Specifically, Parnorkou and Maloney deploy the microworld Graphs ’n Glyphs, and use it as a “window on thinking-in-change” as they observe and interview children who use it. Reading the article raised a few questions for me about the role of (...)
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