Results for 'Miguel Eduardo Cárdenas Rivera'

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  1.  24
    Acerca Del Vínculo Entre Derecho, El Estado y la Democracia. A Propósito de Habermas y Su Aporte a la Metodología de la Interpretación y Aplicación Del Derecho.Miguel Eduardo Cárdenas Rivera - 2003 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 8 (20):81-104.
    This article analyzes the following matters: law in modern democracy according to Habermas; discursive theory of law; the role and importance of the relationship between democracy and a state of rights, the concept of liberty related with a coercive character and the relation between positive ..
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  2.  24
    Hegemonía en Colombia: caracterización y alternativas frente al poder global.Miguel Eduardo Cárdenas Rivera & Felipe Díaz Chaves - 2011 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 16 (53):13-26.
    El siguiente artículo aborda la hegemonía que se ciñe sobre Colombia, mediante un punto de vista político que analiza el poder que ejerce la burguesía internacional y burguesía subordinada nacional sobre las clases subalternas y en particular la clase trabajadora colombiana. Se reflexiona sobre el l..
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  3.  11
    Development and Complex Dynamics at School Environment.Miguel Angel Fuentes, Juan Pablo Cárdenas, Natalia Carro & Mariana Lozada - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-10.
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  4.  26
    Tratamiento Fiscal Del Fondo de Previsión Social de la Sociedad Cooperativa Prestadora de Servicios de Personal (Outsourcing)(Taxation of Social Security Fund for the Cooperative Society Personal Service Lender).Miguel Eduardo Ramírez Castillo - 2012 - Daena 7 (2):10-23.
    Resumen. A la Sociedad Cooperativa, se le distingue por ser una sociedad mercantil con ciertas particularidades a diferencia de los demás tipos de sociedades, tan es así que se rige por su legislación especial. En los últimos años en México, se ha detectado un incremento de sociedades cooperativas dedicadas al suministro de personal, toda vez que el esquema fue considerado por algunos especialistas fiscales como una alternativa para las empresas que buscan disminuir sus cargas impositivas derivadas de las relaciones laborales. (...)
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  5.  36
    How to Reject Resultant Moral Luck Alone.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (2):415-423.
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  6.  9
    The State of Research on Africa in Business and Management: Insights From a Systematic Review of Key International Journals.Miguel Rivera-Santos & Ans Kolk - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (3):415-436.
    Aiming at a better understanding of the extent to which Africa-focused research has helped develop context-bound, context-specific, and context-free knowledge, the authors present the findings from a literature review of journal articles with an African context. A systematic search resulted in 271 articles with African data and 139 Africa-focused articles published in 63 top business journals and related disciplines from 2010 onwards. The sample included all journals belonging to the University of Texas Dallas and Financial Times research rankings, as well (...)
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  7.  69
    Individual Procreative Responsibility and the Non-Identity Problem.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2009 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):336-363.
    The question I address in this paper is whether and under what conditions it is morally right to bring a person into existence. I defend the commonsensical thesis that, other things being equal, it is morally wrong to create a person who will be below some threshold of quality of life, even if the life of this potential person, once created, will nevertheless be worth living. However commonsensical this view might seem, it has shown to be problematic because of the (...)
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  8.  26
    Social Crises: Signatures of Complexity in a Fast-Growing Economy.Juan Pablo Cárdenas, Gerardo Vidal, Carolina Urbina, Gastón Olivares, Pablo Rodrigo & Miguel Fuentes - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
    Social systems are always exposed to critical processes in which their organization, or part of it, is questioned by the society that demands solutions through different critical saliences. The traditional approach to such social crises has mainly focused on their anticipation and management, implying that the focus is on trying to deal with crises once they occur, rather than delving in their essential characteristics that seemingly depend on the adaptive nature of the system and the increase in its internal complexity. (...)
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  9.  25
    Odd Couples: Understanding the Governance of Firm–NGO Alliances. [REVIEW]Miguel Rivera-Santos & Carlos Rufín - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):55 - 70.
    We leverage insights and theories from the extensive inter-firm alliance literature to explore the effect of the sector of the partners on Firm-NGO (B2N) alliance governance. Our analysis suggests that the sector of the partners has an important impact on alliance governance, not only because it constrains the availability of some governance mechanisms but also because it makes alternative mechanisms available or relevant to the partners. Specifically, we predict that B2N alliances will rely on contracts, a restricted scope, and non-equity (...)
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  10.  76
    Are Mental State Welfarism and Our Concern for Non‐Experiential Goals Incompatible?Eduardo Rivera-lópez - 2007 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):74-91.
    : The question I address in this paper is whether there is a version of mental state welfarism that can be coherent with the thesis that we have a legitimate concern for non‐experiential goals. If there is not, then we should reject mental state welfarism. My thesis is that there is such a version. My argument relies on the distinction between “reality‐centered desires” and “experience‐centered desires”. Mental state welfarism can accommodate our reality‐centered desires and our desire that they be objectively (...)
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  11.  7
    Nonideal Ethics.Eduardo Rivera-López (ed.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  12.  80
    Can There Be Full Excuses for Morally Wrong Actions?Eduardo Rivera-López - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):124-142.
    Most people (and philosophers) distinguish between performing a morally wrong action and being blameworthy for having performed that action, and believe that an individual can be fully excused for having performed a wrong action. My purpose is to reject this claim. More precisely, I defend what I call the "Dependence Claim": A's doing X is wrong only if A is blameworthy for having done X. I consider three cases in which, according to the traditional view, a wrong action could be (...)
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  13.  11
    Odd Couples: Understanding the Governance of Firm–NGO Alliances.Miguel Rivera-Santos & Carlos Rufín - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (S1):55-70.
    We leverage insights and theories from the extensive inter-firm alliance literature to explore the effect of the sector of the partners on Firm–NGO alliance governance. Our analysis suggests that the sector of the partners has an important impact on alliance governance, not only because it constrains the availability of some governance mechanisms but also because it makes alternative mechanisms available or relevant to the partners. Specifically, we predict that B2N alliances will rely on contracts, a restricted scope, and non-equity hostages, (...)
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  14.  74
    Probabilities in Tragic Choices.Eduardo Rivera-lópez - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (3):323-333.
    In this article I explore a kind of tragic choice that has not received due attention, one in which you have to save only one of two persons but the probability of saving is not equal (and all other things are equal). Different proposals are assessed, taking as models proposals for a much more discussed tragic choice situation: saving different numbers of persons. I hold that cases in which (only) numbers are different are structurally similar to cases in which (only) (...)
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  15.  82
    Organ Sales and Moral Distress.Eduardo Rivera-Lopez - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (1):41-52.
  16.  15
    Ethics and Genetics in Latin America.Eduardo Rivera-Loez - 2002 - Developing World Bioethics 2 (1):11-20.
    Genetic research in human beings poses deep ethical problems, one being the problem of distributive justice. If we suppose that genetic technologies are able to produce visible benefits for the well being of people, and that these benefits are affordable to only a favored portion of society, then the consequence is obvious. We are introducing a new source of inequality. In the first section of this paper, I attempt to justify some concern for the distributive consequences of applying genetics to (...)
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  17. The Moral Murderer. A (More) Effective Counterexample to Consequentialism.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2012 - Ratio 25 (3):307-325.
    My aim in this paper is to provide an effective counterexample to consequentialism. I assume that traditional counterexamples, such as Transplant and Judge, are not effective, for two reasons: first, they make unrealistic assumptions and, second, they do not pass the rule‐consequentialist institutional test. My example, instead, assumes a realistic empirical framework and the relevant action does not undermine basic social institutions. On the contrary, it reinforces them. In The Moral Murderer, Tom is morally allowed to murder a person in (...)
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  18.  20
    The Claim From Adoption Revisited.Eduardo Rivera-lópez - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (6):319–325.
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  19.  27
    The Ethical Principles of the Portuguese Psychologists: An Empirical Approach.Miguel Ricou, Eduardo & Rui Nunes - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):109-131.
    One thousand four-hundred thirty Portuguese psychologists answered a questionnaire that had been designed in order to ascertain the level of acceptability of a set of proposed ethical principles, which subsequently served as a basis for the Portuguese Psychologists’ Ethics Code. On the one hand, the results show that, as expected, the ethical principles rated high on the evaluation scale. On the other hand, the results also highlighted the need for a formal regulation of the practice of psychology in Portugal, especially (...)
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  20.  23
    Puzzles on Defending Others From Aggression.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2005 - Law and Philosophy 25 (3):377-386.
    We all agree on the justification of defending ourselves or others in some situations, but we do not often agree on why. Two main views compete: subjectivism and objectivism. The discussion has mainly been held in normative terms. But every theory must pass a previous test: logical consistency. It has recently been held that, at least in the case of defending others from aggression, objective theories lead, in some situations, to normative contradiction. My aim is to challenge the idea that (...)
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  21.  17
    The Ethical Principles of the Portuguese Psychologists: A Universal Dimension.Miguel Ricou, Eduardo & Rui Nunes - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (2):199-213.
    Ethical principles are fundamental for the exercise of any profession. Portuguese psychologists have waited for 30 years for professional validation. This paper will define the Portuguese psychologists’ ethical principles, with a universal view as a starting point and then an adaptation to the cultural and professional reality in Portugal. The level of acceptability of these principles will be ascertained in a later paper.
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  22.  7
    What Does Nozick’s Experience Machine Argument Really Prove?Eduardo Rivera-López - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 40:100-105.
    Nozick's well-known Experience Machine argument can be considered a typically successful argument: as far as I know, it has not been discussed much and has been widely seen as conclusive, or at least convincing enough to refute the mental-state versions of utilitarianism. I believe that if his argument were conclusive, its destructive effect would be even stronger. It would not only refute mental-state utilitarianism, but all theories considering a certain subjective mental state as the only valuable state. I shall call (...)
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  23. Pobreza global y conocimiento empírico.Eduardo Rivera López - 2007 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 33 (2):315-332.
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  24.  3
    An Alternative View for Incorporating More Scaled Differences to Differential Evolution.Miguel Cárdenas-Montes - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
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  25.  8
    Real-World Problem for Checking the Sensitiveness of Evolutionary Algorithms to the Choice of the Random Number Generator.Miguel Cárdenas-Montes, Miguel A. Vega-Rodríguez & Antonio Gómez-Iglesias - 2012 - In Emilio Corchado, Vaclav Snasel, Ajith Abraham, Michał Woźniak, Manuel Grana & Sung-Bae Cho (eds.), Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems. Springer. pp. 385--396.
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  26.  2
    Uncertainty Estimation in the Forecasting of the 222Rn Radiation Level Time Series at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory.Miguel Cárdenas-Montes - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    Nowadays decision making is strongly supported by the high-confident point estimations produced by deep learning algorithms. In many activities, they are sufficient for the decision-making process. However, in some other cases, confidence intervals are required too for an appropriate decision-making process. In this work, a first attempt to generate point estimations with confidence intervals for the $^{222}$Rn radiation level time series at Canfranc Underground Laboratory is presented. To predict the low-radiation periods allows correctly scheduling the unshielded periods for maintenance operations (...)
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  27. Diskussion/Discussion.Eduardo Rivera López - 1995 - Analyse & Kritik 17:232-235.
     
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  28.  71
    Propuesta para la elaboración de un protocolo de triaje en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19.Eduardo Rivera López, Federico Abal, Romina Rekers, Felicitas Holzer, Irene Malamet, Diana Salmún, Laura Belli, Sol Terlizzi, Marcelo Alegre, Alahí Bianchini & Ignacio Mastroleo - 2020 - Bioética y Derecho 1 (50):37-61.
    Este documento ofrece una propuesta desde la perspectiva de la bioética para la elaboración de un protocolo de triaje en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. Dicha propuesta incluye recomendaciones sobre las normas procedimentales y normas sustantivas que deben regir la asignación y reasignación de recursos terapéuticos en condiciones de escasez extrema.
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  29.  7
    Steiner’s Trilemma.Eduardo Rivera López - 1995 - Analyse & Kritik 17 (2).
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  30.  4
    De la racionalidad a la razónabilidad: ¿Es posible una fundamentación epistemológica de una moral "política"?Eduardo Rivera López - 1997 - Critica 29 (86):53-81.
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  31.  4
    Consent and Exploitation in Bioethics: Individual Ethics and Legal Regulation.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2019 - In Eduardo Rivera-López & Martin Hevia (eds.), Controversies in Latin American Bioethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 83-95.
    In this paper, I discuss exploitative transactions in bioethics. Examples of this kind of transactions allegedly include, among others, commercial surrogacy, organ selling, and research with human subjects in developing countries. The most problematic kind of exploitation is what Allan Wertheimer calls “mutually advantageous exploitation:” the weak party’s consent for the transaction is an effective and rational consent. Moreover, W does not suffer any harm by the transaction; on the contrary, the transaction benefits W. My aim in this paper is (...)
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  32. Contemporary Ethics and Political Philosophy.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  33.  8
    Controversies in Latin American Bioethics.Eduardo Rivera-López & Martin Hevia (eds.) - 2019 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
  34.  10
    Castigo Penal, Injusticia Social y Autoridad Moral.Eduardo Rivera López - 2015 - Análisis Filosófico 35 (2):167-185.
    La pregunta que exploro en este trabajo es si la injusticia social puede socavar la autoridad moral de la sociedad para castigar al que delinque. La respuesta a esta pregunta depende esencialmente de cuál sea la teoría justificatoria del castigo penal de la que se parte. Analizo diversas teorías de la pena, entre ellas la teoría consensual de Carlos Nino. Mi objetivo es explorar de qué modo las diferentes teorías de la pena enfrentan el desafío que plantea la pregunta y (...)
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  35. Ethics and Political Philosophy.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  36. En torno a la verdad (1951).Jorge Eduardo Rivera - 2005 - Philosophica 28:297-303.
    Este texto se recomprende la noción escolástica de verdad como adecuatio intellectus et rei a la luz de la la interpretación heideggeriana como ¿develación¿. Para ello se siguen tres momentos al hilo de tres preguntas: ¿en qué consiste esta adecuación?, ¿en qué sentido el intelecto y la cosa pensda se parecen? y ¿cuál es la esencia de la verdad?
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  37. Eutanasia y autonomía.Eduardo Rivera López - 2003 - Humanitas 1 (1):79-86.
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  38.  43
    Is It Morally Wrong to Defend Unjust Causes as a Lawyer?Eduardo Rivera-López - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (2):177-189.
    The question I address in this article is whether it is morally wrong for a lawyer to represent a client whose purpose is immoral or unjust. My answer to this question is that it is wrong, prima facie. This conclusion holds, even accepting certain traditional principles of lawyer's professional ethics, such as the right of defence and the so-called principle of ‘adversarial’ litigation. Both the adversarial system and the right of defence are sufficient to support or justify the right of (...)
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  39.  3
    Is Medically Assisted Death a Special Obligation?Eduardo Rivera-López - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):401-406.
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  40.  1
    Introduction: Why (and How) Bioethics Matters in Latin America.Eduardo Rivera-López & Martin Hevia - 2019 - In Eduardo Rivera-López & Martin Hevia (eds.), Controversies in Latin American Bioethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 1-8.
    Bioethics embraces a number of ethical problems connected to medicine, biomedical research, and health law. Most of these have both a universal dimension and a more particular one. Reproductive rights, exploitation, commodification, biomedical research, and the protection of the environment, among others, are issues that can be discussed from a universal perspective.
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  41.  26
    Kommunitaristische Paradoxe.Eduardo Rivera-López - 1995 - Analyse & Kritik 17 (2):149-166.
    Two basic kinds of communitarians are discriminated. Weak communitarians reject only the liberal metaethical theses that I call universalism and neutralism, but endorse liberal norms and institutions at the normative level. Strong communitarians condemn liberalism at both levels: they reject not only universalism and neutralism, but also substantive liberal norms defending communitarian values. This article intends to show certain internal paradoxes of these two versions of communitarianism.
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  42.  24
    Nonideal Ethics.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), Hugh LaFolette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  43. Steiner's Trilemma. A Critical Comment on Hillel Steiner's "Rational Rights".Eduardo Rivera-López - 1995 - Analyse & Kritik 17 (2):232-235.
    I try to show that Steiner's theory has very implausible normative consequences since it does not accept the prima facie character or rights. This theory is unable to solve the conflicts of interests in which the only intuitively plausible solution consists in overriding someone's rights.
     
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  44. Translating Being and Time Into Spanish.Jorge Eduardo Rivera - 2005 - Studia Phaenomenologica 5:247-251.
    This article discusses what could be called “the adventure of translating” Sein und Zeit in Spanish. It argues that every translation is an adventure, and particularly the translation of a philosophical text. A translation does not literally reproduce into another language what an author or philosopher affirms. The question is instead to express it in the most accurate form with the resources of the translator’s language, in such a way that the text may sound as if it was written in (...)
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  45.  25
    The Limited Role of the Doctrine of the Double Effect in the Just War Theory.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2017 - Ethics and Global Politics 10 (1):117-139.
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  46.  38
    Use and Misuse of Examples in Normative Ethics.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (1):115-125.
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  47.  9
    Del inconsciente hacia la función simbólica: la originalidad del aporte freudiano frente el debate individuo sociedad.Carlos Piñones-Rivera, Rodrigo Galdames-del Solar & Miguel Mansilla - 2018 - Cinta de Moebio 62:155-169.
    Resumen: La problematización de la relación entre individuo y sociedad ha atravesado la historia de las ciencias sociales. El objetivo de este escrito es mostrar la originalidad de los planteamientos de Freud sobre el tópico, a través de un análisis comparativo con las aproximaciones propias de las corrientes socioantropológicas de la escuela de Cultura y Personalidad y de la Sociología Francesa. Nuestra investigación se basó en un análisis bibliográfico tanto de algunos textos socioantropológicos claves sobre dicho debate, como de la (...)
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  48.  6
    From the unconscious to the symbolic function: the originality of Freud's contribution to the individual-society debate.Carlos Piñones-Rivera, Rodrigo Galdames-del Solar & Miguel Mansilla - 2018 - Cinta de Moebio 62:155-169.
    Resumen: La problematización de la relación entre individuo y sociedad ha atravesado la historia de las ciencias sociales. El objetivo de este escrito es mostrar la originalidad de los planteamientos de Freud sobre el tópico, a través de un análisis comparativo con las aproximaciones propias de las corrientes socioantropológicas de la escuela de Cultura y Personalidad y de la Sociología Francesa. Nuestra investigación se basó en un análisis bibliográfico tanto de algunos textos socioantropológicos claves sobre dicho debate, como de la (...)
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  49.  22
    Temor y temblor. Los simbolismos del miedo en la cultura pentecostal chilena.Miguel Ángel Mansilla, Wilson Muñoz & Carlos Piñones Rivera - 2018 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 23:175-190.
    The aim of this article is to analyse the semantics that has acquired the fear’s symbolism in the culture of Chilean Pentecostalism. By means of the revision and analysis of bibliographic information, we will show how the figure of fear is revealed in the images of hell, the Devil and God. Then we will provide an interpretation of the symbolic peculiarity of fear, which seems to operate as a kind of master symbol of Pentecostalism, not only because it is one (...)
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  50. Líneas de investigación del Proyecto Oxkintok.Miguel Rivera Dorado - 1998 - Arbor 161 (635-636):269-292.
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