Results for 'Miguel L��pez-Astorga'

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  1.  2
    Narrating agricultural resilience after Hurricane María: how smallholder farmers in Puerto Rico leverage self-sufficiency and collaborative agency in a climate-vulnerable food system.Abrania Marrero, Andrea Lόpez-Cepero, Ramón Borges-Méndez & Josiemer Mattei - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-17.
    Climate change is a threat to food system stability, with small islands particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events. In Puerto Rico, a diminished agricultural sector and resulting food import dependence have been implicated in reduced diet quality, rural impoverishment, and periodic food insecurity during natural disasters. In contrast, smallholder farmers in Puerto Rico serve as cultural emblems of self-sufficient food production, providing fresh foods to local communities in an informal economy and leveraging traditional knowledge systems to manage varying ecological and (...)
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  2. Introducción a la Calidad de Software.Ana Maria L. Pez Echeverry, Cesar Cabrera & Luz Estela Valencia Ayala - 2008 - Scientia 14.
     
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  3. Brill Online Books and Journals.María L. Lukac de Stier & Omar Astorga - 2011 - Hobbes Studies 24 (1).
     
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  4.  21
    Genes as Primary Determinants of Population Level Lateralisation.Miguel L. Concha - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):593-594.
    Vallortigara & Rogers (V&R) propose a fundamental role of the environment in determining population-level lateralisation and suggest that genes play no primary function in this phenomenon. Here I argue that genes involved in the coordination of visceral organ laterality and in coupling of different forms of lateralisation do play a role in the control of lateralisation within the population.
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  5.  39
    Greek Lexicography - F. R. Adrados, E. Gangutia, J. L⋯pez Facal, C. Serrano Aybar: Introducti⋯n a la Lexicograf⋯a griega. Pp. x + 280. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient⋯ficas, Instituto ‘A. de Nebrija’, | 1977. [REVIEW]W. J. Slater - 1979 - The Classical Review 29 (01):88-90.
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  6.  9
    Chrysippus’ Indemonstrables and the Semantic Mental Models.Miguel López-Astorga - 2017 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 26:302-325.
    Resumen Atendiendo a la lógica estándar, solo uno de los cinco indemostrables propuestos por Crisipo de Solos es realmente indemostrable. Sus otros cuatro esquemas son demostrables en tal lógica. La pregunta, por tanto, es: si cuatro de ellos no son verdaderamente indemostrables, por qué Crisipo consideró que sí lo eran. López-Astorga mostró que si ignoramos el cálculo proposicional estándar y asumimos que una teoría cognitiva contemporánea, la teoría de la lógica mental, describe correctamente el razonamiento humano, se puede entender (...)
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  7.  6
    Los contratos sociales: ¿Un nuevo formalismo ético?Miguel López Astorga - 2010 - Alpha (Osorno) 30.
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  8.  5
    La tesis de aristóteles Y la interpretación bicondicional de Los enunciados condicionales.Miguel López Astorga - 2013 - Alpha (Osorno) 37:237-248.
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  9.  24
    Miguel Ángel Granada;, Édouard Mehl . Nouveau ciel, nouvelle terre: La révolution copernicienne dans l'Allemagne de la Réforme . 442 pp., figs., tables, bibl., indexes. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2009. €37. [REVIEW]Richard L. Kremer - 2011 - Isis 102 (1):165-166.
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  10.  13
    Evolved Mechanisms Versus Underlying Conditional Relations.Miguel López Astorga - 2015 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 40 (1):241-253.
    The social contracts theory claims that, in social exchange circumstances, human reasoning is not necessarily led by logic, but by certain evolved mental mechanisms that are useful for catching offenders. An emblematic experiment carried out with the intention to prove this thesis is the first experiment described by Fiddick, Cosmides, and Tooby in their paper of 2000. Lopez Astorga has questioned that experiment claiming that its results depend on an underlying conditional logical form not taken into account by Fiddick, (...)
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  11.  18
    Lógica deóntica y algoritmos adaptativos: La relevancia del beneficio explícito en las versiones de la tarea de selección.Miguel López Astorga - 2013 - Filosofia Unisinos 14 (1).
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  12.  9
    Deontic Logic, Mental Odels, and Wason Selection Task.Miguel López Astorga - 2014 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 18 (3):439-447.
    A problem related to theWason selection task is that only some thematic versions of it are executed correctly. Fodor raises the thesis that the versions that are adequately solved are those that refer to deontic situations. In his opinion, there is a deontic logic that is different to classical logic and that allows reasoning appropriately in deontic contexts. In this paper, I review Fodor’s arguments, question his assumptions, and propose an alternative explanation, based on the mental models theory, of why (...)
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  13. Elementos sistemáticos e idiosincrásicos en los procesos intelectuales humanos.Miguel López Astorga - 2009 - A Parte Rei 62:11.
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  14. La interpretación de la filosofía popperiana en la ciencia cognitiva.Miguel López Astorga - 2009 - la Lámpara de Diógenes 10 (18-19):241-254.
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  15. Reflexiones sobre la falacia de la afirmación del consecuente: Una revisión de las respuestas correctas en la prueba toflp (longeot).Miguel López Astorga - 2010 - A Parte Rei 71:12.
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  16.  11
    Revictimización y procesamiento de la información: problemas en el estudio de las dificultades de razonamiento.Miguel López Astorga - 2012 - Cinta de Moebio 44:153-168.
    DePrince establece relaciones entre problemas como la disociación, la revictimización y ciertas dificultades en la cognición social. En concreto, afirma que las personas que padecen de disociación o que han sufrido, según su propio testimonio, episodios de revictimización manifiestan evidentes difi..
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  17. Tarea de selección: una explicación desde la lógica formal.Miguel López Astorga - 2008 - A Parte Rei 59:10.
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  18.  12
    Aristotle's thesis and the biconditional interpretation of conditional statements.Miguel López Astorga - 2013 - Alpha (Osorno) 37:237-248.
    Pfeifer defiende que los seres humanos no interpretan los enunciados condicionales como condicionales materiales, sino como eventos condicionales. Para probarlo, plantea dos experimentos basados en la tesis de Aristóteles y, a partir de los resultados que obtiene, argumenta que es obvio que sus participantes entendieron los enunciados condicionales que se les presentaron como eventos condicionales. No obstante, si tenemos en cuenta el fenómeno de la perfección del condicional y que los enunciados condicionales pueden ser interpretados como bicondicionales, se puede pensar (...)
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  19.  4
    Are the Aristotelian Conversion Rules Easy for Human Thought?Miguel López-Astorga - 2017 - SATS 18 (2):115-124.
    Drawing on the theory of ‘mental models’, I have previously shown that the valid syllogisms in the Aristotelian logical system, including all of its figures and moods, are very easy for the human mind. Indeed, they can even be used to predict inferences that people can make with quantified sentences. In this paper, I further argue that, if mental models theory is correct, then also the Aristotelian conversion rules are not hard for the human mind. My account here again focuses (...)
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  20.  15
    Methodological problems in research on intellectual abilities on the autism spectrum: the case of conditional perfection.Miguel López Astorga - 2012 - Alpha (Osorno) 34:117-132.
    Recientemente, son muchos los trabajos que han aparecido en el área de la psicología y de la ciencia cognitiva con el propósito de analizar las maneras de razonar y las capacidades intelectuales de sujetos diagnosticados como autistas. Tal es el caso de una investigación de McKenzie, Evans y Handley. Nosotros revisamos en este trabajo su investigación y sostenemos que contiene problemas metodológicos. Así, tratamos de mostrar cuáles son dichos problemas y proponemos la estructura que, a nuestro juicio, deberían tener experimentos (...)
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  21.  23
    Dificultades de la Lógica Deóntica: El Problema de Las Tareas Abstractas.Miguel López Astorga - 2013 - Trans/Form/Ação 36 (3):187-202.
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  22.  9
    Deontic Logic, Mental Models, and Wason Selection Task.Miguel López Astorga - 2014 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 18 (3):439.
    A problem related to theWason selection task is that only some thematic versions of it are executed correctly. Fodor raises the thesis that the versions that are adequately solved are those that refer to deontic situations. In his opinion, there is a deontic logic that is different to classical logic and that allows reasoning appropriately in deontic contexts. In this paper, I review Fodor’s arguments, question his assumptions, and propose an alternative explanation, based on the mental models theory, of why (...)
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  23. El problema Thog y la construcción de representaciones mentales.Miguel López Astorga - 2009 - A Parte Rei 65:7.
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  24.  1
    Formal Inferences and Their Relationships to Knowledge Acquisition: Mental Models and Semantic Links.Miguel López Astorga & Leyla Danae Torres-Bravo - 2020 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 24 (2).
    The mental model theory is an approach with clear psychological, linguistic, and cognitive consequences. This paper delves into some of the epistemological conclusions that can be drawn from it. In particular, it addresses the process why knowledge acquisition can modify the inferences people tend to make. That process is described by means of an example based on a well-known logical schema related to the conditional: Modus Tollendo Tollens.
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  25.  7
    Gorgijaus Samprotavime Nėra Materialiosios Implikacijos.Miguel López-Astorga - 2018 - Problemos 93:81.
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  26.  7
    Links Between Mythology and Philosophy: Homer’s Iliad and Current Criteria of Rationality.Miguel López Astorga - 2019 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 23 (1):69-78.
    It is usually said that there is a clear difference between pre-philosophical texts such as Homer’s Iliad and what is provided in the fragments corresponding to first philosophers such as Thales of Miletus. This paper tries to show that this is not undoubtedly so, and it does that by means of the analysis of a fragment of the Iliad in which Hypnos is speaking. In this way, the main argument is that, while the fragment can be interpreted both in a (...)
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  27.  22
    La primacía Del modus ponens en la cognición humana: Tarea de selección Y perfección Del condicional.Miguel López Astorga & Rodrigo Lagos Vargas - 2016 - Alpha (Osorno) 43:19-37.
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  28.  27
    Mental Logic and the Denials of Conjunctions and Disjunctions.Miguel López-Astorga - 2016 - Trans/Form/Ação 39 (1):119-138.
    ABSTRACT: The mental models theory predicts that, while conjunctions are easier than disjunctions for individuals, when denied, conjunctions are harder than disjunctions. Khemlani, Orenes, and Johnson-Laird proved that this prediction is correct in their work of 2014. In this paper, I analyze their results in order to check whether or not they really affect the mental logic theory. My conclusion is that, although Khemlani et al.'s study provides important findings, such findings do not necessarily lead to questioning or to rejecting (...)
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  29.  11
    Problemas metodológicos en las investigaciones sobre las capacidades intelectuales en el espectro autista: El Caso de la perfección Del condicional.Miguel López Astorga - 2012 - Alpha (Osorno) 34:117-132.
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  30.  13
    Revictimization and information processing: problems in the study of reasoning difficulties.Miguel López Astorga - 2012 - Cinta de Moebio 44:153-168.
    DePrince relates problems such as dissociation, revictimization and difficulties in social cognition. In particular, she states that individuals with dissociation or have been, by their own testimony, revictimized show obvious difficulties to solve selection tasks designed as social contracts or precautory problems. In my view, these facts mean that, if we accept the theories that there are mechanisms in human mind to regulate social exchanges and situations of risk, individuals with dissociation or revitimized may have altered such mechanisms. However, these (...)
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  31.  9
    Temporalidad Y relaciones de inclusión: El procesamiento de la regla condicional en la tarea de selección Y sus dificultades.Miguel López Astorga - 2011 - Alpha (Osorno) 32:215-234.
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  32.  24
    The Problem on the Conclusion of the Syllogism in the First Figure.Miguel López-Astorga - 2014 - Cinta de Moebio 50:93-100.
    Espino and Santamaria experimentally demonstrate that, if the syllogisms in the first figure are not presented as is the usual practice, that is, separating their two premises into two different lines, but linking the two premises into one line by means of a full stop, individuals tend to draw from such premises conclusions in which the subject and the predicate are not in the customary order, but rotated. In their view, this finding is consistent with the assumptions of the mental (...)
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  33.  19
    The primacy of modus ponens in human cognition: selection task and conditional perfection.Miguel López Astorga & Rodrigo Lagos Vargas - 2016 - Alpha (Osorno) 43:19-37.
    En este trabajo se presenta una explicación para el problema de las versiones abstractas de la tarea de selección de las cuatro tarjetas de Peter Wason: los discretos resultados de los participantes cuando se enfrentan a ellas. Nuestra explicación apunta a que los sujetos no comprenden la regla de la tarea como un condicional, sino como un bicondicional, provocando tal circunstancia que no elijan las tarjetas correctas. Santamaría planteó una objeción para todo enfoque que defienda que en la tarea de (...)
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  34.  5
    The Problems of the Mental Logic with the Double Negation: The Necessity of a Semantic Approach.Miguel López-Astorga - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 46 (1):143-153.
    The double negation has always been considered by the logical systems from ancient times to the present. In fact, that is an issue that the current syntactic theories studying human reasoning, for example, the mental logic theory, address today. However, in this paper, I claim that, in the case of some languages such as Spanish, the double negation causes problems for the cognitive theories mainly based on formal schemata and supporting the idea of a universal syntax of thought in the (...)
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  35.  3
    The semantic method of extension and intension and the four criteria of the conditional described by Sextus Empiricus.Miguel López-Astorga - 2019 - Revista de Filosofía 44 (2):253-261.
    En este artículo se analiza el debate sobre la forma adecuada de entender el condicional producido en el siglo IV a. C. El análisis se lleva a cabo mediante el método proporcionado por Rudolf Carnap para estudiar el significado de las expresiones, es decir, mediante el método de extensión e intensión. Los resultados de ese análisis parecen mostrar que, aunque, según Sexto Empirico, el debate fue sobre cuatro criterios diferentes para comprender el condicional, en realidad tres de esos criterios parecen (...)
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  36.  10
    Vanessa LEMM y Juan ORMEÑO . Hegel, pensador de la actualidad. Ensayos sobre la Fenomenología del espíritu y otros textos.Miguel López Astorga - 2010 - Alpha (Osorno) 31:257-261.
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  37.  23
    Coming From Material Reality.Miguel Ferrero & J. L. Sánchez-Gómez - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (2):199-212.
    In a previous essay we demonstrated that quantum mechanical formalism is incompatible with some necessary principles of the mechanism conception still dominant in the physicist’s community. In this paper we show, based on recent empirical evidence in quantum physics, the inevitability of abandoning the old mechanism conception and to construct a new one in which physical reality is seen as a representation which refers to relations established through operations made by us in a world that we are determining. This change (...)
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  38. Claves para la comprensión del pensamiento de Gabriel Marcel.Alfonso L.Ó, Pez QuintÁ & S. - 2005 - Anuario Filosófico 38 (82):443-474.
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  39. Quelques réflexions sur la philosophie de l'hitlérisme.Emmanuel Levinas & Miguel Abensour - 1998 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 188 (4):515-515.
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  40.  39
    Il rifiuto della distinzione fra "potentia absoluta" e "potentia ordinata" di Dio e l'affermazione dell'universo infinito in Giordano Bruno.Miguel A. Granada - 1994 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 49 (3):495.
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  41. Miguel Ayuso, Appel de L’'Me Et Vocation Politique.Riyad Dookhy - 2015 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 89:242-243.
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  42.  49
    L’état actuel de la recherche sur le concile d’Elvire.Miguel J. Lázaro Sánchez - 2008 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 82:517-546.
    Peut-on continuer à considérer les canons d’Elvire comme appartenant à un seul concile ? L’historiographie française la plus répandue jusqu'a ce jour a répondu affirmativement à cette question. Depuis la fin du siècle dernier, on assiste a un débat très anime sur l’authenticité et l’unité des Actes dits d’Elvire. Les différentes thèses se partagent entre deux approches totalement opposées : l’une soutient l’unité des Actes, sans refuser qu’ils aient pu être remanies au cours de leur transmission historique ; l’autre, a (...)
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  43.  25
    L’utopia come politica dell’emancipazione: Miguel Abensour, Jacques Rancière e le eredità del socialismo utopico.Federico Tomasello - 2017 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 29 (56).
    Starting from Miguel Abensour’s contribution, the article addresses an interpretation of the concept of utopia aiming to stress its political nature and to place it within the movement of emancipation emerged throughout the nineteenth century. The first part of the article points out four fundamental dimensions of the Abensourian concept of utopia, whilst the second part aims to locate it within the broader context of the French Marxism debates and, in this way, to link it with Jacques Rancière’s thought (...)
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  44.  15
    Filosofia e" parola poetica" in Miguel de Unamuno attraverso l'inedito Abisag, la Sunammita.L. Tortorella - 2000 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 29 (3):195-228.
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  45. De l'Engagement Dans Une Époque Obscure.Miguel Benasayag - 2011 - Éditions le Passager Clandestin.
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  46.  59
    The Amazing Adventures of Robotrat.Miguel A. L. Nicolelis - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):449-450.
  47.  8
    Miguel Benasayag, Abécédaire de l'Engagement, Paris, Bayard, 2004Miguel Benasayag, Abécédaire de l'Engagement, Paris, Bayard, 2004.Hans Cova - 2005 - Horizons Philosophiques 15 (2):139-141.
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  48.  9
    L'assujettissement artistique du peuple.Miguel Egaña - 2012 - Nouvelle Revue D’Esthétique 9 (1):119.
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  49.  7
    L'assujettissement Artistique de L'Animal.Miguel Egaña - 2013 - Nouvelle Revue D’Esthétique 12 (2):211.
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  50.  4
    Miguel Reale, Expérience Et Culture. Fondement d'Une Théorie Générale de L'Expérience.Ricardo Salas Astrain - 1993 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 91 (92):713-714.
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