Results for 'Mind-Wandering'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Mind-Wandering is Unguided Attention: Accounting for the “Purposeful” Wanderer.Zachary Irving - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (2):547-571.
    Although mind-wandering occupies up to half of our waking thoughts, it is seldom discussed in philosophy. My paper brings these neglected thoughts into focus. I propose that mind-wandering is unguided attention. Guidance in my sense concerns how attention is monitored and regulated as it unfolds over time. Roughly speaking, someone’s attention is guided if she would feel pulled back, were she distracted from her current focus. Because our wandering thoughts drift unchecked from topic to topic, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  2.  29
    Mind-Wandering as a Natural Kind: A Family Resemblances View.Paul Seli, Michael J. Kane, Jonathan Smallwood, Daniel L. Schacter, David Maillet, Jonathan W. Schooler & Daniel Smilek - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (6):479-490.
  3. Can the Mind Wander Intentionally?Samuel Murray & Kristina Krasich - unknown - Mind and Language:1-22.
    Mind wandering is typically operationalized as task-unrelated thought. Some argue for the need to distinguish between unintentional and intentional mind wandering, where an agent voluntarily shifts attention from task-related to task-unrelated thoughts. We reveal an inconsistency between the standard, task-unrelated thought definition of mind wandering and the occurrence of intentional mind wandering (together with plausible assumptions about tasks and intentions). This suggests that either the standard definition of mind wandering should (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4. Focused Daydreaming and Mind-Wandering.Fabian Dorsch - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):791-813.
    In this paper, I describe and discuss two mental phenomena which are somewhat neglected in the philosophy of mind: focused daydreaming and mind-wandering. My aim is to show that their natures are rather distinct, despite the fact that we tend to classify both as instances of daydreaming. The first difference between the two, I argue, is that, while focused daydreaming is an instance of imaginative mental agency, mind-wandering is not—though this does not mean that (...)-wandering cannot involve mental agency at all. This personal-level difference in agency and purposiveness has, furthermore, the consequence that instances of mind-wandering do not constitute unified and self-contained segments of the stream of consciousness—in stark contrast to focused daydreams. Besides, the two kinds of mental phenomena differ in whether they possess a narrative structure, and in how we may make sense of the succession of mental episodes involved. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  5.  29
    Mind-Wandering With and Without Intention.Paul Seli, Evan F. Risko, Daniel Smilek & Daniel L. Schacter - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):605-617.
  6.  42
    Mind Wandering “Ahas” Versus Mindful Reasoning: Alternative Routes to Creative Solutions.Claire M. Zedelius & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  7.  29
    Mind-Wandering as a Scientific Concept: Cutting Through the Definitional Haze.Kalina Christoff, Caitlin Mills, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Zachary C. Irving, Evan Thompson, Kieran C. R. Fox & Julia W. Y. Kam - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):957-959.
  8. Why Does the Mind Wander?Joshua Shepherd - forthcoming - Neuroscience of Consciousness.
    I seek an explanation for the etiology and the function of mind wandering episodes. My proposal – which I call the cognitive control proposal – is that mind wandering is a form of non-conscious guidance due to cognitive control. When the agent’s current goal is deemed insufficiently rewarding, the cognitive control system initiates a search for a new, more rewarding goal. This search is the process of unintentional mind wandering. After developing the proposal, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  14
    Mind-Wandering and Negative Mood: Does One Thing Really Lead to Another?Giulia L. Poerio, Peter Totterdell & Eleanor Miles - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1412-1421.
  10.  19
    Mind Wandering at the Fingertips: Automatic Parsing of Subjective States Based on Response Time Variability.Mikaël Bastian & Jérôme Sackur - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  11.  42
    Your Mind Wanders Weakly, Your Mind Wanders Deeply: Objective Measures Reveal Mindless Reading at Different Levels.Daniel J. Schad, Antje Nuthmann & Ralf Engbert - 2012 - Cognition 125 (2):179-194.
  12.  32
    Mind-Wandering and Dysphoria.Jonathan Smallwood, Rory C. O'Connor, Megan V. Sudbery & Marc Obonsawin - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (4):816-842.
  13.  27
    MindWandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  17
    Can Mind-Wandering Be Timeless? Atemporal Focus and Aging in Mind-Wandering Paradigms.Jonathan D. Jackson, Yana Weinstein & David A. Balota - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  15.  5
    Mind Wandering and Education: From the Classroom to Online Learning.Karl K. Szpunar, Samuel T. Moulton & Daniel L. Schacter - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  16.  40
    Mind-Wandering and the Field of Consciousness.Peter Crout - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (1-2):7-33.
    In this article I develop a phenomenological model of the dynamics of mind-wandering based on Aron Gurwitsch's (1964) field theory of consciousness. Specifically, I articulate these dynamics in terms of conscious field transformations resulting from particular interactions between the attentional focus, contextual background, and non-contextual background -- structures that Gurwitsch understood as invariantly present. According to the model, during guided thought the conscious context that escorts the focus of attention behaves like an autonomous self-defining system, as the primary (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  9
    The Role of Mind-Wandering in Measurements of General Aptitude.Michael D. Mrazek, Jonathan Smallwood, Michael S. Franklin, Jason M. Chin, Benjamin Baird & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (4):788-798.
  18.  1
    Detecting and Quantifying Mind Wandering During Simulated Driving.Carryl L. Baldwin, Daniel M. Roberts, Daniela Barragan, John D. Lee, Neil Lerner & James S. Higgins - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  19.  8
    How Pervasive is Mind Wandering, Really?Paul Seli, Roger E. Beaty, James Allan Cheyne, Daniel Smilek, Jonathan Oakman & Daniel L. Schacter - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 66:74-78.
  20.  18
    On the Link Between Mind Wandering and Task Performance Over Time.David R. Thomson, Paul Seli, Derek Besner & Daniel Smilek - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:14-26.
  21.  44
    Back to the Future: Autobiographical Planning and the Functionality of Mind-Wandering.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
    Given that as much as half of human thought arises in a stimulus independent fashion, it would seem unlikely that such thoughts would play no functional role in our lives. However, evidence linking the mind-wandering state to performance decrement has led to the notion that mind-wandering primarily represents a form of cognitive failure. Based on previous work showing a prospective bias to mind-wandering, the current study explores the hypothesis that one potential function of spontaneous (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  22.  21
    Influencing the Occurrence of Mind Wandering While Reading.Kristopher Kopp, Sidney D’Mello & Caitlin Mills - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:52-62.
  23.  91
    Intentional Mind-Wandering as Intentional Omission: The Surrealist Method.Santiago Arango-Muñoz & Juan Pablo Bermúdez - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    Mind-wandering seems to be paradigmatically unintentional. However, experimental findings have yielded the paradoxical result that mind-wandering can also be intentional. In this paper, we first present the paradox of intentional mind-wandering and then explain intentional mind-wandering as the intentional omission to control one’s own thoughts. Finally, we present the surrealist method for artistic production to illustrate how intentional omission to control thoughts can be deployed towards creative endeavours.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  21
    Language Facilitates Introspection: Verbal Mind-Wandering has Privileged Access to Consciousness.Mikaël Bastian, Sébastien Lerique, Vincent Adam, Michael S. Franklin, Jonathan W. Schooler & Jérôme Sackur - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:86-97.
  25.  27
    A Neural Model of Mind Wandering.Matthias Mittner, Guy E. Hawkins, Wouter Boekel & Birte U. Forstmann - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):570-578.
  26. Carelessness and Inattention: Mind-Wandering and the Physiology of Fantasy From Locke to Hume.John Sutton - 2010 - In Charles Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge: embodied empiricism in early modern science. Springer. pp. 243--263.
    1. The restless mind[1] Like us, early modern philosophers, both natural and moral, didn’t always understand the springs of their own actions. They didn’t want to feel everything they felt, and couldn’t trace the sources of all their thoughts and imaginings. Events from past experience come to mind again unwilled: abstract thought is interrupted by fantastical images, like the ‘winged horses, fiery dragons, and monstrous giants’ by which Hume exemplified ‘the liberty of the imagination’[2]. Then, as now, a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  11
    Gaze-Based Signatures of Mind Wandering During Real-World Scene Processing.Kristina Krasich, Robert McManus, Stephen Hutt, Myrthe Faber, Sidney K. D'Mello & James R. Brockmole - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (8):1111-1124.
  28.  76
    Mind-Wandering as Spontaneous Thought: A Dynamic Framework.Christoff Kalina, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan & Andrews-Hanna Jessica - 2016 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17:718–731.
    Most research on mind-wandering has characterized it as a mental state with contents that are task unrelated or stimulus independent. However, the dynamics of mind-wandering—how mental states change over time—have remained largely neglected. Here, we introduce a dynamic framework for understanding mind-wandering and its relationship to the recruitment of large-scale brain networks. We propose that mind-wandering is best understood as a member of a family of spontaneous-thought phenomena that also includes creative thought (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  18
    Motivating Meta-Awareness of Mind Wandering: A Way to Catch the Mind in Flight?Claire M. Zedelius, James M. Broadway & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:44-53.
  30. Why the Mind Wanders.Daniel M. Wegner - 1997 - In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 295-315.
  31. Mind-Wandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - forthcoming - Philosophical Compass.
    Philosophers have long been fascinated by the stream of consciousness––thoughts, images, and bits of inner speech that dance across the inner stage. Yet for centuries, such “mind-wandering” was deemed private and thus resistant to empirical investigation. Recent developments in psychology and neuroscience have reinvigorated scientific interest in the stream of thought, leading some researchers to dub this “the era of the wandering mind”. Despite this flurry of progress, scientists have stressed that mind-wandering research requires (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  8
    Working Memory Capacity and Mind-Wandering During Low-Demand Cognitive Tasks.Matthew K. Robison & Nash Unsworth - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 52:47-54.
  33.  21
    Flashbacks, Intrusions, Mind-Wandering – Instances of an Involuntary Memory Spectrum: A Commentary on Takarangi, Strange, and Lindsay.Thomas Meyer, Henry Otgaar & Tom Smeets - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:24-29.
  34.  8
    Self-Reported Stickiness of Mind-Wandering Affects Task Performance.Marieke K. van Vugt & Nico Broers - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  35.  13
    Manipulating Cues in Mind Wandering: Verbal Cues Affect the Frequency and the Temporal Focus of Mind Wandering.Manila Vannucci, Claudia Pelagatti & Igor Marchetti - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:61-69.
  36. Excessive Daydreaming: A Case History and Discussion of Mind Wandering and High Fantasy Proneness.Cynthia Schupak & Jesse Rosenthal - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):290-292.
    This case study describes a patient presenting with a long history of excessive daydreaming which has caused her distress but is not incident to any other apparent clinical psychiatric disorders. We have treated this patient for over 10 years, and she has responded favorably to fluvoxamine therapy, stating that it helps to control her daydreaming. Our patient, and other psychotherpists, have brought to our attention other possible cases of excessive daydreaming. We examine the available literature regarding daydreaming, mind (...), and fantasy proneness relative to current cognitive and neuroanatomical models of executive attention. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  37.  11
    Why Does Working Memory Capacity Predict Variation in Reading Comprehension? On the Influence of Mind Wandering and Executive Attention.Jennifer C. McVay & Michael J. Kane - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):302-320.
  38.  37
    Concern-Induced Negative Affect is Associated with the Occurrence and Content of Mind-Wandering.David Stawarczyk, Steve Majerus & Arnaud D’Argembeau - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):442-448.
    Previous research has shown that the content and frequency of mind-wandering episodes—the occurrence of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—are closely related to an individual’s future-related concerns. Whether this relationship is shaped by the affective changes that are usually associated with future-related concerns still remains unclear, however. In this study, we induced the anticipation of a negatively valenced event and examined whether the ensuing affective changes were related to the occurrence and content of mind-wandering during (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  39.  10
    The Eyes Know What You Are Thinking: Eye Movements as an Objective Measure of Mind Wandering.Sarah Uzzaman & Steve Joordens - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1882-1886.
    Paralleling the recent work by Reichle, Reineberg, and Schooler , we explore the use of eye movements as an objective measure of mind wandering while participants performed a reading task. Participants were placed in a self-classified probe-caught mind wandering paradigm while their eye movements were recorded. They were randomly probed every 2–3 min and were required to indicate whether their mind had been wandering. The results show that eye movements were generally less complex when (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  40.  44
    Individual Differences and State Effects on Mind-Wandering: Hypnotizability, Dissociation, and Sensory Homogenization.David Marcusson-Clavertz, Devin B. Terhune & Etzel Cardeña - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1097-1108.
    Consciousness alterations can be experienced during unstructured, monotonous stimuli. These effects have not been linked to particular cognitive operations; individual differences in response to such stimulation remain poorly understood. We examined the role of hypnotizability and dissociative tendencies in mind-wandering during a sensory homogenization procedure . We expected that the influence of ganzfeld on MW would be more pronounced among highly hypnotizable individuals , particularly those high in dissociative tendencies. High and low hypnotizables, also stratified by dissociation, completed (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  41.  24
    Phenomenal Consciousness in Dreams and in Mind Wandering.Miranda Occhionero & Piercarla Cicogna - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (7):958-966.
    Dreaming can be explained as the product of an interaction among memory processes, elaborative processes, and phenomenal awareness. A feedback circuit is activated by this interaction according to the associative links and the requirements of the dream scene. Recently, it has been hypothesized that a partial similarity exists between dreaming and mind wandering and that these two processes may involve the same neural default network. This commentary discusses the differences and similarities between phenomenal consciousness during dreaming and phenomenal (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  1
    Personality and Mind-Wandering Self-Perception: The Role of Meta-Awareness.Miguel Ibaceta & Hector P. Madrid - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Mind-wandering is a psychological process involving the emergence of spontaneous thoughts in daily life. Research has shown that mind-wandering influences diverse psychological outcomes; however, less is known about possible individual differences that may drive mind-wandering. In this study, we argue that personality traits, expressed in neuroticism and openness to experience, may lead to the individual’s self-perception of their mind-wandering activity, due to meta-awareness processes. In a three-wave survey study with 273 college students, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  13
    Not All Minds That Wander Are Lost: The Importance of a Balanced Perspective on the Mind-Wandering State.Jonathan Smallwood & Jessica Andrews-Hanna - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  44.  28
    Imprisoned by the Past: Unhappy Moods Lead to a Retrospective Bias to Mind Wandering.Jonathan Smallwood & Rory C. O'Connor - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1481-1490.
  45.  17
    The Family-Resemblances Framework for Mind-Wandering Remains Well Clad.Paul Seli, Michael J. Kane, Thomas Metzinger, Jonathan Smallwood, Daniel L. Schacter, David Maillet, Jonathan W. Schooler & Daniel Smilek - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):959-961.
  46.  20
    Mind Wandering in Schizophrenia: A Thought-Sampling Study.Tao Chen, Xiao-Jing Qin, Ji-Fang Cui, Ying Li, Lu-lu Liu, Pengchong Wang, Shu-li Tao, David H. K. Shum, Ya Wang & Raymond C. K. Chan - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 74:102774.
  47.  13
    Young and Restless: Validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire Reveals Disruptive Impact of Mind-Wandering for Youth.Michael D. Mrazek, Dawa T. Phillips, Michael S. Franklin, James M. Broadway & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  48. What Does "Mind-Wandering" Mean To The Folk? An Empirical Investigation.Zachary C. Irving, Aaron Glasser, Alison Gopnik & Chandra Sekhar Sripada - manuscript
    Although mind-wandering research is rapidly progressing, stark disagreements are emerging about what the term “mind-wandering” means. Four prominent views define mind-wandering as 1) task-unrelated thought, 2) stimulus-independent thought, 3) unintentional thought, or 4) dynamically unguided thought. Although theorists claim to capture the ordinary understanding of mind-wandering, no systematic studies have assessed these claims. Two large factorial studies present participants (n=545) with vignettes that describe someone’s thoughts and ask whether her mind was (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  14
    The ARSQ 2.0 Reveals Age and Personality Effects on Mind-Wandering Experiences.B. Alexander Diaz, Sophie Van Der Sluis, Jeroen S. Benjamins, Diederick Stoffers, Richard Hardstone, Huibert D. Mansvelder, Eus J. W. Van Someren & Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  50.  8
    Mind Wandering as Data Augmentation: How Mental Travel Supports Abstraction.Myrthe Faber - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Gilead et al. state that abstraction supports mental travel, and that mental travel critically relies on abstraction. I propose an important addition to this theoretical framework, namely that mental travel might also support abstraction. Specifically, I argue that spontaneous mental travel, much like data augmentation in machine learning, provides variability in mental content and context necessary for abstraction.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000