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  1.  32
    The Origin and Use of Positional Frames of Reference in Motor Control.Anatol G. Feldman & Mindy F. Levin - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):723-744.
    A hypothesis about sensorimotor integration is described and applied to movement control and kinesthesia. The central idea is that the nervous system organizes positional frames of reference for the sensorimotor apparatus and produces active movements by shifting the frames in terms of spatial coordinates. Kinematic and electromyographic patterns are not programmed, but emerge from the dynamic interaction among the system s components, including external forces within the designated frame of reference. Motoneuronal threshold properties and proprioceptive inputs to motoneurons may be (...)
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  2.  24
    The Λ Model for Motor Control: More Than Meets the Eye.Mindy F. Levin & Anatol G. Feldman - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):786-806.
    Understanding of the λ model has greatly increased in recent years as evidenced by most of the commentaries. Some commentators underscored the potential of the model to integrate aspects of different sensorimotor systems in the production of movement. Other commentators focused on not-yet-fully-developed parts of the model. A few persisted in misunderstanding some of its basic concepts, and on these grounds they reject it. In responding to commentaries we continue to elaborate on some fundamental points of the model, especially control (...)
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  3.  26
    Control Variables in Movement Production: An Experimentally Derived Concept.Anatol G. Feldman & Mindy F. Levin - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):773-773.
    The basic concepts of motor control formulated in our target article were derived from specific experiments, a fact which is disregarded in Dalenoort's comments. A purely academic approach to motor control may not result in a clearer understanding of control concepts.
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  4.  13
    Should Stereotypic Movement Synergies in Hemiparetic Patients Be Considered Adaptive?Mindy F. Levin - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):79-80.
  5.  6
    Grasping Cerebellar Function Depends on Our Understanding the Principles of Sensorimotor Integration: The Frame of Reference Hypothesis.Anatol G. Feldman & Mindy F. Levin - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):442-445.
    The cerebellum probably obeys the rules of sensorimotor integration common in the nervous system. One such a rule is formulated: the nervous system organizes spatial frames of reference for the sensorimotor apparatus and produces voluntary movements by shifting their origin points. We give examples of spatial frames of reference for different single- and multi-joint movements including locomotion and also illustrate that the process of motor development and learning may depend critically on the formation of appropriate frames of reference and the (...)
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