17 found
Order:
  1.  11
    John Mair on Semantic Paradoxes.Miroslav Hanke - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (1):50-87.
    John Mair was an influential post-medieval scholar. This paper focuses on his Tractatus insolubilium, in which he proposed semantic analysis of self-referential phenomena, in particular on his solution to alethic and correspondence paradoxes and his treatment of their general semantic aspects as well as particular applications. His solution to paradoxes is based on the so-called “network evaluation”, i.e. on a semantics which defines the concepts of truth and correspondence with reality in contextual terms. Consequently, the relation between semantic valuation, synonymy (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  27
    John Mair on Semantic Paradoxes.Miroslav Hanke - 2012 - Studia Neoaristotelica 9 (2):154-183.
    John Mair (1467–1550) was an influential post-medieval scholar. This paper focuses on his Tractatus insolubilium, in which he proposed semantic analysis of self-referential phenomena, in particular on his solution to alethic and correspondence paradoxes and his treatment of their general semantic aspects as well as particular applications. His solution to paradoxes is based on the so-called “network evaluation”, i.e. on a semantics which defines the concepts of truth and correspondence with reality in contextual terms. Consequently, the relation between semantic valuation, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  5
    Trinitární paralogismy, univerzálnost logiky a vyústění středověké nominalistické tradice.Miroslav Hanke - 2015 - Studia Neoaristotelica 12 (3):45-75.
    The so-called “Trinitarian paralogisms” are apparently legitimate instances of syllogistic inference-schemes with premises and conclusions containing expressions of the language of the Trinity doctrine, which fail to be truth- or acceptability-preserving. The logical problem of the Trinity splits into two levels of analysis. First, the technical aspects of Trinitarian paralogisms are analysed in terms of logical innovations in theories of “suppositio” and “distributio”. Second, the philosophical aspect of Trinitarian paralogisms translates into the question of formality as general applicability of logic. (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  18
    Perspektivy logické sémantiky Jana Buridana.Miroslav Hanke - 2007 - Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (2):111-142.
    Semantica logicalis Ioannis Buridani eiusque explicatio necnon censuraHuius dissertationis scopus est analysis terminologiae logico-semanticae, quae Iohannes Buridanus (c. 1295–1360), logicus mediaevalis ad scholam Nominalium spectans, utitur. Inquisitio haec praecipue circa conceptus „causae veritatis“ et „consequentiae“ versatur, ad quos conceptus autem clarificandosduo apparent praerequisita: primo quidem explicatio significationis terminorum modalium (ut quid sit neessitas, quid possibilitas), secundo solutio (saltem attemptata) „insolubilium“ seu (ut moderni aiunt) paradoxorum semanticorum, ut paradoxi Epimenidis. Ex analysi Buridani discursus patet, eius intellegentiam logicae de facto parum successisse, (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  2
    Cajetan of Thiene on the Logic of Paradox.Miroslav Hanke - 2016 - Studia Neoaristotelica 13 (1):71-95.
    In the first half of the fifteenth century, the Italian logician, natural philosopher, and doctor of medicine Cajetan of Thiene wrote a commentary on William Heytesbury’s Regulae solvendi sophismata, which later became a part of the printed edition of Heytesbury’s treatises. Several late fifteenth century reprints sustained its circulation and further influence. Following Heytesbury, Cajetan listed four alternative treatments of paradoxes, where the first three were formulated in general logico-semantic terms and the last one in terms of obligationes. The present (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  15
    „Debeo tibi equum“ Analýza slibů v terministické sémantice čtrnáctého století.Miroslav Hanke - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (2):189-210.
    The construction of mediaeval semantic theories is based on defining semantic concepts introduced by means of paradigmatic examples. One of the commonly discussed expressions is the promise “Debeo tibi equum”. This study deals with analyses of this proposition in fourteenth century logic done by means of instruments of terminist semantics. We may distinguish between realist and nominalist analyses, the nominalist may further be classified according to how the propositional context is interpreted – whether as extensional, intensional or hyperintensional. If we (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  6
    Analysis of Self-Reference in Martin Le Maistre’s Tractatus Consequentiarum.Miroslav Hanke - 2015 - Studia Neoaristotelica 12 (1):57-94.
    Martin Le Maistre’s Tractatus consequentiarum presents an analysis of self-reference based upon the principle that sentential meaning is closed under entailment. A semantics based on such principle off ers a conservative treatment of self-referential sentences compatible with the principle of bivalence and classical rules of inference. Le Maistre’s crucial arguments are formally reconstructed in the framework recently defended by Stephen Read and Catarina Dutilh Novaes as part of an analysis of Bradwardinian semantics.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  25
    The Simple Paradoxes of Validity and Bradwardinian-Buridanian Semantics.Miroslav Hanke - 2010 - Studia Neoaristotelica 7 (2):116-160.
    This paper deals with the simple paradoxes of validity and with the possibility of solving them in terms of Bradwardinian-Buridanian semantics. The paradoxes of validity as conceived here are cases of semantic pathology, which result due to the use of terms signifying the validity of inference. Semantic paradoxes are a semantico-epistemological phenomenon which is a symptom of the need to revise several apparently acceptable semantic assumptions. The analysis of possible solutions to the paradoxes focuses on Bradwardinian-Buridanian semantics and as a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  23
    John Buridan's Propositional Semantics.Miroslav Hanke - 2009 - Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (2):183-208.
    Joannis Buridani de semantice propositionum doctrinaDissertatio proposita Joannis Buridani de semantice propositionum sententiam, quae in suis operibus logicis continetur, pertractat. Quaestio de semantice propositionali duplici modo sumi potest: scil. vel pure semantice (quarendo definitionem veritatis) vel ontologice (inquirendo de statu ontologico “complexesignificabilium”). In utraque quaestione solvenda Buridanus doctrinam semanticam quae “terminismus” dicitur assumit. Notionem veritatis Buridanus non ex significatione sed ex suppositione explicat, quo pacto possibile redditur, veritatem inductive per valorem semanticum propositionis partium definiri. Quaestionem alteram circa semanticen complexionis “accusativi (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  7
    Insolubilia Novissima.Miroslav Hanke - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (2):215-246.
    Insolubilia novissima is a short anonymous fifteenth-century treatise on semantic paradoxes printed in the Cambridge compendium Libellus sophistarum. Along with a working edition of this treatise, basic information about its content and historical and systematic context is offered. Insolubilia novissima endorses the Swyneshedian contextualist solution to paradoxes based on distinguishing between compositional and contextual meaning of sentences.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  17
    Opusculum insolubilium v kontextu scholastické logiky Analýza traktátu a pracovní edice.Miroslav Hanke - 2012 - Studia Neoaristotelica 9 (3):63-92.
    Opusculum insolubilium is an anonymous sixteenth-century British logical treatise dealing with the so-called “insolubles”, i.e. self-reflexive paradoxical propositions. It summarises the fundamental principles of the approach proposed by Roger Swyneshed in the fourteenth century, which became popular in the British academic circles during the fifteenth century. The present paper has two basic aims: to contrive a modern edition of this treatise which could be used fora further research in post-mediaeval scholastic logic, and to provide elementary information about its content and (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  11
    Paradoxy, Pravdivost a Korespondence V Sémantice Rogera Swynesheda.Miroslav Hanke - 2011 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (1):40-61.
    The present paper is concerned with an exposé of the basic general-semantic theses presented in the tract called “De insolubilibus” written by the 14th century British logician Roger Swyneshed. Swyneshed‘s semantics is analysed as a highly specific theory of truth, correspondence and facts . Swyneshed’s theory revises the correspondence theory of truth and rejects the principle of bivalence, while offering the solution to two different types of paradoxes . As it is usual for theories of this kind, Swyneshed’s semantics has (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  6
    Paradox lháře ve světle scholastických klasifikací.Miroslav Hanke - 2014 - Studia Neoaristotelica 11 (3):73-96.
    The systematic focus of twentieth century logic and analytic philosophy on semantic paradoxes prompted the rediscovery of the nearly six hundred years of scholastic research devoted to paradoxes. The present paper focuses on the following three branches of scholastic logic: 1. definitions of semantic paradox; 2. basic strategies of solving paradoxes; 3. scholastic classifications of solutions to paradoxes. Scholastic logicians analysed paradoxes from threebasic points of view: the point of view of paradox-generating inferences, the point of view of paradoxical sentence, (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  8
    The Bricot–Mair Dispute: Scholastic Prolegomena to Non-Compositional Semantics.Miroslav Hanke - 2014 - History and Philosophy of Logic 35 (2):148-166.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  14
    Cassantes v historické a systematické reflexi.Miroslav Hanke - 2008 - Studia Neoaristotelica 5 (2):132-164.
    Doctrinae Cassantium analysis historica et systematicaDissertatio haec circa modum quendam solvendi paradoxorum semanticorum seu “insolubilium”, ut scholastici aiunt, versatur, quem doctores mediaevales, qui “Cassantes” dici solebant, proposuerunt. Secundum Cassantium sententiam, in cuius analysi perficienda huius tractationis scopus principaliter consistit, propositiones insolubiles “nihil dicunt”; sunt enim incongruae seu male formatae, et consequenter nec veritatis nec falsitatis capabiles. Cassantes igitur solvunt insolubilia abnegando iis capacitatem veritatis ac falsitatis, quam mere apparentem esse existimant. Praesuppositum fundamentale huiusmodi doctrinae est distinctio inter logicam et grammaticam (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  7
    Implied-Meaning Analysis of the Currian Conditional.Miroslav Hanke - 2013 - History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (4):367 - 380.
    Expanding on the recent research of Stephen Read and Catarina Dutilh Novaes concerning Thomas Bradwardine's theory of truth, the present paper makes an effort to analyse the Currian conditional in terms of the so-called ?Bradwardine principle?, i.e. the principle that meaning is closed under entailment. Based upon two possible applications of this approach, alternative solutions to the issues of semantic pathology and trivialisation of deductive systems are presented.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  4
    The Analysis of Deductive Validity in Martin Le Maistre’s Tractatus Consequentiarum.Miroslav Hanke - 2014 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):29-46.
    The paper focuses on the concepts of truth, truth-making and truth-preservation and their role in defining deductive validity as analysed by the late-medieval nominalist scholar Martin Le Maistre in his Tractatus consequentiarum. This treatise, examined from the point of view of fourteenth-century British and Parisian influences, can be characterised as a critical adoption of the previous logical tradition and as the analysis of validity in term of truth-preservation. Part of this analysis is a study of self-referential phenomena, in particular, of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography