Results for 'Mitsuhiro Masaki'

113 found
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  1.  1
    Comparison of Three Non-Invasive Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Methods for Increasing Cortical Excitability.Yasuto Inukai, Kei Saito, Ryoki Sasaki, Shota Tsuiki, Shota Miyaguchi, Sho Kojima, Mitsuhiro Masaki, Naofumi Otsuru & Hideaki Onishi - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  2.  51
    Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Flexibility Required During Task-Switching Paradigm.Seongryu Bae & Hiroaki Masaki - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  3.  7
    Feedback-Related Electroencephalogram Oscillations of Athletes With High and Low Sports Anxiety.Hiroaki Masaki, Takahiro Hirao, Yuya Maruo, Dan Foti & Greg Hajcak - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  4.  17
    Modulation of Spatial Attentional Allocation by Computer-Based Cognitive Training During Lacrosse Shooting Performance.Takahiro Hirao & Hiroaki Masaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  5.  5
    Subliminal Gaze Cues Increase Preference Levels for Items in the Gaze Direction.Takashi Mitsuda & Syuta Masaki - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1146-1151.
    ABSTRACTAnother individual’s gaze automatically shifts an observer’s attention to a location. This reflexive response occurs even when the gaze is presented subliminally over a short period. Another’s gaze also increases the preference level for items in the gaze direction; however, it was previously unclear if this effect occurs when the gaze is presented subliminally. This study showed that the preference levels for nonsense figures looked at by a subliminal gaze were significantly greater than those for items that were subliminally looked (...)
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  6.  22
    Contemporary Issues Concerning Informed Consent in Japan Based on a Review of Court Decisions and Characteristics of Japanese Culture.Sakiko Masaki, Hiroko Ishimoto & Atsushi Asai - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):8.
    Since Japan adopted the concept of informed consent from the West, its inappropriate acquisition from patients in the Japanese clinical setting has continued, due in part to cultural aspects. Here, we discuss the current status of and contemporary issues surrounding informed consent in Japan, and how these are influenced by Japanese culture.
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  7.  11
    Matters to Address Prior to Introducing New Life Support Technology in Japan: Three Serious Ethical Concerns Related to the Use of Left Ventricular Assist Devices as Destination Therapy and Suggested Policies to Deal with Them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):1-8.
    Background Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and (...)
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  8.  10
    Demographic Characteristics and Their Genetic Implications in a Small Island.Motofumi Masaki & Akira Koizumi - 1988 - Journal of Biosocial Science 20 (2):225-234.
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  9.  10
    Matters to address prior to introducing new life support technology in Japan: three serious ethical concerns related to the use of left ventricular assist devices as destination therapy and suggested policies to deal with them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):12.
    Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and the (...)
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  10.  1
    Fitness and ERP Indices of Cognitive Control Mode During Task Preparation in Preadolescent Children.Keita Kamijo & Hiroaki Masaki - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  11.  17
    Effects of Exercise Program Requiring Attention, Memory and Imitation on Cognitive Function in Elderly Persons.Shigematsu Ryosuke, Okura Tomohiro, Nakagaichi Masaki & Nakata Yoshio - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  12.  16
    Measures of Stimulus Control and Stimulus Dominance.Donald Meltzer & Mark A. Masaki - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (1):28-30.
  13.  8
    The Effect of Migration on Maximum Opportunity for Selection.Motofumi Masaki - 1988 - Journal of Biosocial Science 20 (3):337-344.
  14.  18
    Seeing-Off of Dead Bodies at Death Discharges in Japan.Sakiko Masaki & Atsushi Asai - 2013 - Medical Humanities 39 (2):131-136.
    For most death discharge patients, hospitals in Japan offer seeing-off services, a practice characteristic of Japanese culture. When a patient dies, nurses usually perform after-death procedures before transferring the body to the mortuary, where the nurses and doctors gather to provide the seeing-off service. This study was carried out to determine differences between the nurses’ and bereaved families’ opinions and thoughts regarding the seeing-off service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 nurses and 6 bereaved families . The interviews assessed: the (...)
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  15.  4
    Long-Distance Runners and Sprinters Show Different Performance Monitoring – An Event-Related Potential Study.Yuya Maruo, Timothy I. Murphy & Hiroaki Masaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  16.  12
    Construction of a Virtual Ballroom Dance Instructor.Huang Hung-Hsuan, Uejo Masaki, Seki Yuki, Lee Joo-ho & Kawagoe Kyoji - 2013 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 28 (2):187-196.
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  17.  13
    Click Frequency as a Stimulus Intensity Parameter.Donald Meltzer, Mark A. Masaki & Bruce R. Niebuhr - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (2):135-136.
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  18.  4
    Mortality of an Urban Population by Period of Residence in a Rapidly Industrialized City.Motofumi Masaki & Tsuguyoshi Suzuki - 1983 - Journal of Biosocial Science 15 (4):473.
  19. Report: The 2018 International Conference on the Philosophy of Sport2018年台湾国際運動哲学学術検討会への参加報告.Masako Masaki - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 41 (1):59-63.
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  20. InterOntology. Proceedings of the First Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, 26-27 February 2008.Okada Mitsuhiro, Smith Barry & Sugimoto Yutaro - manuscript
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  21.  19
    Masahiro Hamano and Mitsuhiro Okada. A Direct Independence Proof of Buchholz's Hydra Game on Finite Labeled Trees. Archive for Mathematical Logic, Vol. 37 No. 2 , Pp. 67–89. [REVIEW]Lev Gordeev - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (4):534-535.
  22.  9
    Science Is Fiction: The Films of Jean Painlevé. Andy Masaki Bellows, Marina McDougall, Brigitte Berg.Gary Westfahl - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):238-239.
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  23. The Death Penalty Debate: Four Problems and New Philosophical Perspectives.Masaki Ichinose - June 2017 - Journal of Practical Ethics 5 (1):53-80.
    This paper aims at bringing a new philosophical perspective to the current debate on the death penalty through a discussion of peculiar kinds of uncertainties that surround the death penalty. I focus on laying out the philosophical argument, with the aim of stimulating and restructuring the death penalty debate. I will begin by describing views about punishment that argue in favour of either retaining the death penalty (‘retentionism’) or abolishing it (‘abolitionism’). I will then argue that we should not ignore (...)
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  24. Preference for Human Direct Gaze in Infant Chimpanzees.Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi, Masaki Tomonaga, Masayuki Tanaka & Tetsuro Matsuzawa - 2003 - Cognition 89 (2):113-124.
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  25.  53
    The Finite Model Property for Various Fragments of Intuitionistic Linear Logic.Mitsuhiro Okada & Kazushige Terui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):790-802.
    Recently Lafont [6] showed the finite model property for the multiplicative additive fragment of linear logic (MALL) and for affine logic (LLW), i.e., linear logic with weakening. In this paper, we shall prove the finite model property for intuitionistic versions of those, i.e. intuitionistic MALL (which we call IMALL), and intuitionistic LLW (which we call ILLW). In addition, we shall show the finite model property for contractive linear logic (LLC), i.e., linear logic with contraction, and for its intuitionistic version (ILLC). (...)
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  26.  18
    Presence and Absence of Muscle Contraction Elicited by Peripheral Nerve Electrical Stimulation Differentially Modulate Primary Motor Cortex Excitability.Ryoki Sasaki, Shinichi Kotan, Masaki Nakagawa, Shota Miyaguchi, Sho Kojima, Kei Saito, Yasuto Inukai & Hideaki Onishi - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  27.  50
    Switching From Automatic to Controlled Behavior: Cortico-Basal Ganglia Mechanisms.Okihide Hikosaka & Masaki Isoda - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):154-161.
  28.  48
    A Diagrammatic Inference System with Euler Circles.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):365-391.
    Proof-theory has traditionally been developed based on linguistic (symbolic) representations of logical proofs. Recently, however, logical reasoning based on diagrammatic or graphical representations has been investigated by logicians. Euler diagrams were introduced in the eighteenth century. But it is quite recent (more precisely, in the 1990s) that logicians started to study them from a formal logical viewpoint. We propose a novel approach to the formalization of Euler diagrammatic reasoning, in which diagrams are defined not in terms of regions as in (...)
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  29.  12
    Usefulness of a Decision Tree Model for the Analysis of Adverse Drug Reactions: Evaluation of a Risk Prediction Model of Vancomycin-Associated Nephrotoxicity Constructed Using a Data Mining Procedure.Shungo Imai, Takehiro Yamada, Kumiko Kasashi, Masaki Kobayashi & Ken Iseki - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (6):1240-1246.
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  30.  59
    Eye Gaze Reveals a Fast, Parallel Extraction of the Syntax of Arithmetic Formulas.Elisa Schneider, Masaki Maruyama, Stanislas Dehaene & Mariano Sigman - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):475-490.
  31.  91
    Normativity, Probability, and Meta-Vagueness.Masaki Ichinose - 2017 - Synthese 194 (10):3879-3900.
    This paper engages with a specific problem concerning the relationship between descriptive and normative claims. Namely, if we understand that descriptive claims frequently contain normative assertions, and vice versa, how then do we interpret the traditionally rigid distinction that is made between the two, as ’Hume’s law’ or Moore’s ’naturalistic fallacy’ argument offered. In particular, Kripke’s interpretation of Wittgenstein’s ’rule-following paradox’ is specially focused upon in order to re-consider the rigid distinction. As such, the paper argues that if descriptive and (...)
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  32.  24
    Switching From Automatic to Controlled Behavior: Cortico-Basal Ganglia Mechanisms.Masaki Isoda Okihide Hikosaka - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):154.
  33. Remarks on Epistemology Musicalized.Masaki Ichinose - 2007 - Philosophical Studies (University of Tokyo) 25:1-12.
  34.  35
    Syntactic Reduction in Husserl’s Early Phenomenology of Arithmetic.Mirja Hartimo & Mitsuhiro Okada - 2016 - Synthese 193 (3):937-969.
    The paper traces the development and the role of syntactic reduction in Edmund Husserl’s early writings on mathematics and logic, especially on arithmetic. The notion has its origin in Hermann Hankel’s principle of permanence that Husserl set out to clarify. In Husserl’s early texts the emphasis of the reductions was meant to guarantee the consistency of the extended algorithm. Around the turn of the century Husserl uses the same idea in his conception of definiteness of what he calls “mathematical manifolds.” (...)
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  35. A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Confusion Over the Radiation Exposure Problem.Masaki Ichinose - 2016 - Journal of Disaster Research 11 (sp).
    In this paper, I discuss from a philosophical viewpoint the so-called radiation problem that resulted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. The starting point lies in the conceptual distinction between “damage due to radiation” and “damage caused by avoiding radiation.” We can recognize the direct “damage due to radiation” in Fukushima as not serious based on the empirical data so that I focus upon the problem of the “damage caused by (...)
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  36.  81
    An Essay Towards an Epistemology of Responsibility: A Probabilistic Approach.Masaki Ichinose - 2016 - Philosophical Studies (University of Tokyo) 34:1-32.
    This paper tries to develop an epistemological analysis on the notion of responsibility. After pointing out a peculiar kind of uncertainties concerning the notion of responsibility, I focus upon the issue of criminal responsibility, taking the case of mentally disordered offenders into account, and propose the distinction of the phases between sentence and practice with applying Slobogin's idea of integrationism. Finally, I propose a probabilistic approach to the problem of responsibility through considering the idea of relevance ratio, leading to my (...)
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  37. Does Probability Collapse or Retroact?Masaki Ichinose - 2005 - Philosophical Studies (University of Tokyo) 23.
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  38.  40
    A Generalized Syllogistic Inference System Based on Inclusion and Exclusion Relations.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (4):753-785.
    We introduce a simple inference system based on two primitive relations between terms, namely, inclusion and exclusion relations. We present a normalization theorem, and then provide a characterization of the structure of normal proofs. Based on this, inferences in a syllogistic fragment of natural language are reconstructed within our system. We also show that our system can be embedded into a fragment of propositional minimal logic.
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  39.  47
    Changing Media, Changing Politics in Japan.Masaki Taniguchi - 2007 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 8 (1):147-166.
    This paper demonstrates that recent changes in the mass media, especially TV programs, change democratic practice. I argue that this theory is applicable not only to the US, but also to Japan after the 1990s. This paper is organized as follows: the first section confirms that the increase in TV news after the 1980s is driven by an increase in or political news. The second section describes the changes in political practice – elections, policy processes, and party organization brought about (...)
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  40.  24
    Wittgenstein et le lien entre la signification d’un énoncé mathématique et sa preuve.Mathieu Marion & Mitsuhiro Okada - 2012 - Philosophiques 39 (1):101-124.
    La thèse selon laquelle la signification d’un énoncé mathématique est donnée par sa preuve a été soutenue à la fois par Wittgenstein et par les intuitionnistes, à la suite de Heyting et de Dummett. Dans ce texte, nous nous attachons à clarifier le sens de cette thèse chez Wittgenstein, afin de montrer en quoi sa position se distingue de celle des intuitionnistes. Nous montrons par ailleurs que cette thèse prend sa source chez Wittgenstein dans sa réflexion, durant la période intermédiaire, (...)
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  41.  16
    Relative Contributions of Goal Representation and Kinematic Information to Self-Monitoring by Chimpanzees and Humans.Takaaki Kaneko & Masaki Tomonaga - 2012 - Cognition 125 (2):168-178.
  42.  43
    Hybrid Nature of Causation: A Consideration From Some Ethical Issues.Masaki Ichinose - 2013 - In Tetsuji Uehiro Julian Savulescu (ed.), Ethics for the Future of Life. pp. 60-80.
  43.  96
    Uncertainty and the Precautionary Principle Concerning Problems About Radiation Exposure.Masaki Ichinose - 2012 - In Hitoshi Ieda Naesun Park (ed.), Vulnerability and Toughness in Urban Systems. pp. 167.
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  44. A Simple Relationship Between Buchholz's New System of Ordinal Notations and Takeuti's System of Ordinal Diagrams.Mitsuhiro Okada - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):577-581.
  45.  6
    Intentionality of Communication: Theory of Self-Referential Social Systems as Sociological Phenomenology.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2010 - Schutzian Research. A Yearbook of Worldly Phenomenology and Qualitative Social Science 2:183-202.
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  46.  11
    Intentionality of Communication.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2010 - Schutzian Research 2:181-200.
    The aim of this article is to explore how a self-referential social system, although it is not a human being, can be said to “observe.” For this purpose, the article reformulates Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems as sociological phenomenology, or the de-consciousness philosophized phenomenology, because a social system has the same structure of intentionality as consciousness: Just as consciousness is always consciousness of something, communication is always communication of something. In correlation to this communicative intentionality, communicated environments come and (...)
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  47.  19
    Effects of Internet Use on Self-Efficacy: Perceived Network-Changing Possibility as a Mediator. [REVIEW]Kaichiro Furutani, Tetsuro Kobayashi & Mitsuhiro Ura - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):251-263.
    The effect of Internet use as a mediating variable on self-efficacy as it relates to the cognition of network-changing possibility (i.e., connecting people or groups with different social backgrounds) was examined. The results showed that Internet use (i.e., the frequency of sending e-mail, friends made on the Internet) had a positive effect on the cognition of network-changing possibility. The cognition that it is possible to connect people with different social backgrounds by using the Internet also had a positive effect on (...)
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  48.  72
    Strawson on Locke's Theory of Personal Identity.Masaki Ichinose - 2014 - Philosophical Studies (University of Tokyo) 32:1-9.
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  49.  30
    Remarks on Logic for Process Descriptions in Ontological Reasoning: A Drug Interaction Ontology Case Study.Mitsuhiro Okada, Barry Smith & Yutaro Sugimoto - 2008 - In InterOntology. Proceedings of the First Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, 26-27 February 2008. Tokyo: Keio University Press. pp. 127-138.
    We present some ideas on logical process descriptions, using relations from the DIO (Drug Interaction Ontology) as examples and explaining how these relations can be naturally decomposed in terms of more basic structured logical process descriptions using terms from linear logic. In our view, the process descriptions are able to clarify the usual relational descriptions of DIO. In particular, we discuss the use of logical process descriptions in proving linear logical theorems. Among the types of reasoning supported by DIO one (...)
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  50.  11
    Directionality in Distribution and Temporal Structure of Variability in Skill Acquisition.Masaki O. Abe & Dagmar Sternad - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
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