Search results for 'Modality (Logic History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  37
    Stephen K. McLeod (2001). Modality and Anti-Metaphysics. Ashgate.
    Modality and Anti-Metaphysics critically examines the most prominent approaches to modality among analytic philosophers in the twentieth century, including essentialism. Defending both the project of metaphysics and the essentialist position that metaphysical modality is conceptually and ontologically primitive, Stephen McLeod argues that the logical positivists did not succeed in banishing metaphysical modality from their own theoretical apparatus and he offers an original defence of metaphysics against their advocacy of its elimination. -/- Seeking to assuage the sceptical (...)
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  2.  18
    Aneta Markoska-Cubrinovska (forthcoming). Possible Worlds in “The Craft of Formal Logic”. Synthese:1-13.
    “The Craft of Formal Logic” is Arthur Prior’s unpublished textbook, written in 1950–51, in which he developed a theory of modality as quantification over possible worlds-like objects. This theory predates most of the prominent pioneering texts in possible worlds semantics and anticipates the significance of its basic concept in modal logic. Prior explicitly defines modal operators as quantifiers of ‘entities’ with modal character. Although he talks about these ‘entities’ only informally, and hesitates how to name them, using alternately the (...)
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  3. Robert C. Trundle (1999). Medieval Modal Logic & Science: Augustine on Necessary Truth & Thomas on its Impossibility Without a First Cause. University Press of America.
    Medieval Modal Logic & Science uses modal reasoning in a new way to fortify the relationships between science, ethics, and politics. Robert C. Trundle accomplishes this by analyzing the role of modal logic in the work of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas, then applying these themes to contemporary issues. He incorporates Augustine's ideas involving thought and consciousness, and Aquinas's reasoning to a First Cause. The author also deals with Augustine's ties to Aristotelian modalities of thought regarding science and logic, (...)
     
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  4.  80
    Jan Łukasiewicz (1957). Aristotle's Syllogistic From the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic. Garland.
  5.  10
    John N. Martin (2002). Lukasiewicz's Many-Valued Logic and Neoplatonic Scalar Modality. History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (2):95-120.
    This paper explores the modal interpretation of ?ukasiewicz's n -truth-values, his conditional and the puzzles they generate by exploring his suggestion that by ?necessity? he intends the concept used in traditional philosophy. Scalar adjectives form families with nested extensions over the left and right fields of an ordering relation described by an associated comparative adjective. Associated is a privative negation that reverses the ?rank? of a predicate within the field. If the scalar semantics is interpreted over a totally ordered domain (...)
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  6.  51
    Amie Thomasson (2009). Non-Descriptivism About Modality. A Brief History And Revival. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1):8.
    Despite the otherwise-dominant trends towards physicalism and naturalism in philosophy, it has become increasingly common for metaphysicians to accept the existence either of modal facts and properties, or of Lewisian possible worlds. This paper raises the historical question: why did these heavyweight realist views come into prominence? The answer is that they have arisen in response to the demand to find truthmakers for our modal statements. But this demand presupposes that modal statements are descriptive claims in need of truthmakers. This (...)
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  7.  40
    Raymond Bradley (1992). The Nature of All Being: A Study of Wittgenstein's Modal Atomism. Oxford University Press.
    In this comprehensive study of Wittgenstein's modal theorizing, Bradley offers a radical reinterpretation of Wittgenstein's early thought and presents both an interpretive and a philosophical thesis. A unique feature of Bradley's analysis is his reliance on Wittgenstein's Notebooks, which he believes offer indispensable guidance to the interpretation of difficult passages in the Tractatus. Bradley then goes on to argue that Wittgenstein's account of modality--and the related notion of possible worlds--is in fact superior to any of the currently popular theories (...)
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  8. Amie Thomasson (2008). Non-Descriptivism About Modality. A Brief History And Revival. Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1).
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  9.  10
    Simo Knuutila (1993). Modalities in Medieval Philosophy. Routledge.
  10.  34
    Henrik Lagerlund (2000). Modal Syllogistics in the Middle Ages. Brill.
    This book presents the first study of the development of the theory of modal syllogistic in the Middle Ages.
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  11.  4
    Gabriel Motzkin (2012). Are We Hard‐Wired to Think About History? History and Theory 51 (1):107-115.
    ABSTRACTThis book assumes that basic ways of thinking about history are hard‐wired in the brain. Since different styles of discourse with which we talk about the past are hardwired, Blum infers that a protohistorical consciousness is necessary for the existence of language. Historical logics reflect some preconceived part–whole relation. Blum discerns four kinds of part‐whole structure, which he terms continuity, quantum, continuum, and dialectic. Blum believes that these part–whole relations rest on universal, prereflective intuitions. He concludes that humans have (...)
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  12.  24
    Esther Ramharter & Christian Gottschall (2011). Peirce's Search for a Graphical Modal Logic (Propositional Part). History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (2):153 - 176.
    This paper deals with modality in Peirce's existential graphs, as expressed in his gamma and tinctured systems. We aim at showing that there were two philosophically motivated decisions of Peirce's that, in the end, hindered him from producing a modern, conclusive system of modal logic. Finally, we propose emendations and modifications to Peirce's modal graphical tinctured systems and to their underlying ideas that will produce modern modal systems.
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  13.  23
    Jean-Louis Hudry (2013). Aristotle on Modality and Predicative Necessity. International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1):5-21.
    Many logicians have tried to formalize a modal logic from the Prior Analytics, but the general view is that Aristotle has failed to offer a consistent modal logic there. This paper explains that Aristotle is not interested in modal logic as such. Modalities for him pertain to the relations of predication, without challenging the assertoric system of deductions simpliciter. Thus, demonstrations or dialectical deductions have modal predicates and yet are still deductions simpliciter. It is a matter of distinguishing inferential necessity (...)
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  14. G. H. von Wright & Finland) International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science (1963). Proceedings of a Colloquium on Modal and Many-Valued Logics Helsinki, 23-26 August, 1962. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Kirjapaino.
     
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  15.  35
    Roy T. Cook (2011). Mathematics, Models, and Modality. History and Philosophy of Logic 31 (3):287-289.
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  16.  23
    Laura Bazzicalupo (1996). Hannah Arendt on Hobbes. Hobbes Studies 9 (1):51-54.
    Arendt's interpretation of Hobbes is an external and critical approach: so there are some reductionisms. Hobbes is an example of the nullification of politics typical in Western history–the withdrawal from the contingent nature of action. The artificial genesis of State is an example of eidetic and theoretical coercion of Plato's praxis, to eliminate the risk and to reduce the politics to the modality of cause-effect. What is lost is reality. The Leviathan, born out of an artifice to attain (...)
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  17. Max Cresswel, Edwin Mares & Adriane Rini (eds.) (2016). Logical Modalities From Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge University Press.
    Interest in the metaphysics and logic of possible worlds goes back at least as far as Aristotle, but few books address the history of these important concepts. This volume offers new essays on the theories about the logical modalities held by leading philosophers from Aristotle in ancient Greece to Rudolf Carnap in the twentieth century. The story begins with an illuminating discussion of Aristotle's views on the connection between logic and metaphysics, continues through the Stoic and mediaeval traditions, and (...)
     
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  18. Shahid Rahman (2001). Jan Dejnozïka, Bertrand Russell on Modality and Logical Relevance. Aldershot, Brookfield (Usa), Singapore and Sydney: Ashgate, 1999, IX+ 237 Pp. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of Logic 22 (99):112.
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  19.  19
    Patrick Blackburn & Jerry Seligman (1995). Hybrid Languages. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (3):251-272.
    Hybrid languages have both modal and first-order characteristics: a Kripke semantics, and explicit variable binding apparatus. This paper motivates the development of hybrid languages, sketches their history, and examines the expressive power of three hybrid binders. We show that all three binders give rise to languages strictly weaker than the corresponding first-order language, that full first-order expressivity can be gained by adding the universal modality, and that all three binders can force the existence of infinite models and have (...)
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  20. Arthur E. Falk (1980). The State of the Questions About Fate. Philosophy Research Archives 6:278-339.
    A valid logical form is exhibited which underlies many arguments for logical, precognitive, and causal fatalism. The tools of modal and metrical tense logic are employed. And the logic of subjunctive conditionals is employed to display for the first time the valid variant of this form which underlies the most plausible causal fatalisms. Eleven arguments from ancient, medieval, and modern authors are shown to have variants of this valid form.The truth of the premises is examined, especially the premise that the (...)
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  21.  27
    Saloua Chatti (2015). Avicenna on Possibility and Necessity. History and Philosophy of Logic 35 (4):332-353.
    In this paper, I raise the following problem: How does Avicenna define modalities? What oppositional relations are there between modal propositions, whether quantified or not? After giving Avicenna's definitions of possibility, necessity and impossibility, I analyze the modal oppositions as they are stated by him. This leads to the following results: The relations between the singular modal propositions may be represented by means of a hexagon. Those between the quantified propositions may be represented by means of two hexagons that one (...)
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  22.  12
    Antje Rumberg (2016). Transition Semantics for Branching Time. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 25 (1):77-108.
    In this paper we develop a novel propositional semantics based on the framework of branching time. The basic idea is to replace the moment-history pairs employed as parameters of truth in the standard Ockhamist semantics by pairs consisting of a moment and a consistent, downward closed set of so-called transitions. Whereas histories represent complete possible courses of events, sets of transitions can represent incomplete parts thereof as well. Each transition captures one of the alternative immediate future possibilities open at (...)
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  23. Uygar Abaci (2017). Kant's Modal Metaphysics by Nicholas F. Stang. Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (1):169-170.
    Nick Stang offers an extremely meticulous and original study of Immanuel Kant’s theory of modality. It is the first book dedicated solely to Kantian modality in the Anglophone Kant literature, crowning the recent surge of articles on the subject, while also setting up a fertile ground for further discussion. The book’s appeal is not limited to Kant readers. Considering its historical focus and scope, Stang’s book is unusually rigorous, analytically argued, and well informed by twentieth-century modal metaphysics and (...)
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  24.  89
    John Marenbon (2006). The Rediscovery of Peter Abelard's Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):331-351.
    : My article surveys philosophical discussions of Abelard over the last twenty years. Although Abelard has been a well-known figure for centuries, his most important logical works were published only in the twentieth century and, so I argue, the rediscovery of him as an important philosopher is recent and continuing. I concentrate especially on work that shows Abelard as the re-discoverer of propositional logic (Chris Martin); as a subtle explorer of problems about modality (Simo Knuuttila, Herbert Weidemann) and semantics (...)
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  25.  21
    Michael J. Shaffer (2004). Probability and Tempered Modal Eliminativism. History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (4):305-318.
    In this paper the strategy for the eliminative reduction of the alethic modalities suggested by John Venn is outlined and it is shown to anticipate certain related contemporary empiricistic and nominalistic projects. Venn attempted to reduce the alethic modalities to probabilities, and thus suggested a promising solution to the nagging issue of the inclusion of modal statements in empiricistic philosophical systems. However, despite the promise that this suggestion held for laying the ‘ghost of modality’ to rest, this general approach, (...)
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