Results for 'Mohammad Hasan Soleimani'

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  1.  34
    The Limitation of Skepticism.Mohammad Hasan Soleimani - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 53:267-271.
    The human in continuous century envisage the skepticism. When the human envisage the deficiency of his knowledge, will be in trouble of skepticism, when the knowledge of human fundamentally is doubted, all internal or external impressions will be doubted, so the man envisage the unlimited skepticism. But is it possible and logical? The possibility of it is a psychological question too, but my effort is the epistemological surveying of it. We can survey this question in two ways. One way is (...)
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  2.  16
    Divinity of Religion, Influence of Human.Mohammad Hasan Soleimani - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:345-348.
    By studying history, we understand that religion in different ages is influenced by the culture of people. This reality signals the probability of that religion is made by people and it is the product of man in history. This probability indeed ignores the divinity of religion and presents it only as a human product. But is there only one probability for human influence? We should survey the relation between the human and divine in religion to clarify this question. By surveying (...)
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  3.  11
    Spiritual Well-Being and Moral Distress Among Iranian Nurses.Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Mohammad Reza Sheikhi, Bianca Panarello & Ma Thin Mar Win - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301665099.
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  4.  6
    Psychometric Evaluation of the Moral Distress Scale–Revised Among Iranian Nurses.Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh & Bianca Panarello - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301665112.
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  5. Linguistics, Theoretical and Applied: A Festschrift for Ruqaiya Hasan.Omkar N. Koul, Imtiaz S. Hasnain & Ruqaiya Hasan (eds.) - 2004 - Creative Books.
     
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  6.  52
    A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception.Ali Hasan - 2017 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    We ordinarily take it as obvious that we acquire knowledge of our world on the basis of sensory perception, and that such knowledge plays a central cognitive and practical role in our lives. Upon reflection, however, it is far from obvious what perception involves and how exactly it contributes to our knowledge. Indeed, skeptical arguments have led some to question whether we have any knowledge, or even rational or justified belief, regarding the world outside our minds. -/- Investigating the nature (...)
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  7.  38
    Is Theism Rational?Ali Hasan - 2019 - In Graham Oppy & Joseph W. Koterski (eds.), Theism and Atheism: Opposing Viewpoints in Philosophy. MacMillan Reference. pp. 119-26.
    This chapter centers around the question of whether theism is rational. We begin by discussing different theories of rationality, and introducing some importantly related epistemic concepts and controversies. We then consider the possible sources of rational belief in God and argue that even if these provide some positive support, the fact of religious disagreement defeats the rationality of theism.
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  8. Phenomenal Conservatism, Classical Foundationalism, and Internalist Justification.Ali Hasan - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (2):119-141.
    In “Compassionate Phenomenal Conservatism” (2007), “Phenomenal Conservatism and the Internalist Intuition” (2006), and Skepticism and the Veil of Perception (2001), Michael Huemer endorses the principle of phenomenal conservatism, according to which appearances or seemings constitute a fundamental source of (defeasible) justification for belief. He claims that those who deny phenomenal conservatism, including classical foundationalists, are in a self-defeating position, for their views cannot be both true and justified; that classical foundationalists have difficulty accommodating false introspective beliefs; and that phenomenal conservatism (...)
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  9.  9
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm Financial Performance: The Mediating Role of Productivity.Iftekhar Hasan, Nada Kobeissi, Liuling Liu & Haizhi Wang - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (3):671-688.
    This study treats firm productivity as an accumulation of productive intangibles and posits that stakeholder engagement associated with better corporate social performance helps develop such intangibles. We hypothesize that because shareholders factor improved productive efficiency into stock price, productivity mediates the relationship between corporate social and financial performance. Furthermore, we argue that key stakeholders’ social considerations are more valuable for firms with higher levels of discretionary cash and income stream uncertainty. Therefore, we hypothesize that those two contingencies moderate the mediated (...)
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  10.  30
    Freedom and Poverty in the Kantian State.Rafeeq Hasan - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):911-931.
    The coercive authority of the Kantian state is rationally grounded in the ideal of equal external freedom, which is realized when each individual can choose and act without being constrained by another's will. This ideal does not seem like it can justify state-mandated economic redistribution. For if one is externally free just as long as one can choose and act without being constrained by another, then only direct slavery, serfdom, or other systems of overt control seem to threaten external freedom. (...)
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  11. Internalist Foundationalism and the Sellarsian Dilemma.Ali Hasan - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (2):171-184.
    According to foundationalism, some beliefs are justified but do not depend for their justification on any other beliefs. According to access internalism, a subject is justified in believing some proposition only if that subject is aware of or has access to some reason to think that the proposition is true or probable. In this paper I discusses a fundamental challenge to internalist foundationalism often referred to as the Sellarsian dilemma. I consider three attempts to respond to the dilemma – phenomenal (...)
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  12. Classical Foundationalism and Bergmann’s Dilemma for Internalism.Ali Hasan - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:391-410.
    In Justification without Awareness (2006), Michael Bergmann presents a dilemma for internalism from which he claims there is “no escape”: The awareness allegedly required for justification is either strong awareness, which involves conceiving of some justification-contributor as relevant to the truth of a belief, or weak awareness, which does not. Bergmann argues that the former leads to an infinite regress of justifiers, while the latter conflicts with the “clearest and most compelling” motivation for endorsing internalism, namely, that for a belief (...)
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  13.  9
    Is Stiffness the Mainspring of Posture and Movement?Z. Hasan - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):756-758.
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  14.  8
    Are Errors in Final Position Destined Before the Movement Begins?Z. Hasan - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):341-342.
  15. Al-Ghazali and Ibn Rush (Averroes) on Creation and the Divine Attributes.Ali Hasan - 2013 - In Jeanine Diller & Asa Kasher (eds.), Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities. Springer. pp. 141-156.
    Al-Ghazali (1058-1111) was concerned that early Islamic philosophers were leaning too heavily and uncritically on Aristotelian and Neoplatonic ideas in developing their models of God and His relation to the world. He argued that their views were not only irreligious, but philosophically problematic, and he defended an alternative view aimed at staying closer to the Qur’an and the beliefs of the ordinary Muslim. Ibn Rushd (1126-1198) responded to al-Ghazali’s critique and developed a sophisticated Aristotelian view. The present chapter explores their (...)
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  16.  6
    The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure on Financial Performance: Evidence From the GCC Islamic Banking Sector.Elena Platonova, Mehmet Asutay, Rob Dixon & Sabri Mohammad - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (2):451-471.
    This paper examines the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance for Islamic banks in the Gulf Cooperation Council region over the period 2000–2014 by generating CSR-related data through disclosure analysis of the annual reports of the sampled banks. The findings of this study indicate that there is a significant positive relationship between CSR disclosure and the financial performance of Islamic banks in the GCC countries. The results also show a positive relationship between CSR disclosure and the future financial (...)
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  17.  65
    The Reliability of Memory: An Argument From the Armchair.Ali Hasan - forthcoming - Episteme:1-18.
    The “problem of memory” in epistemology is concerned with whether and how we could have knowledge, or at least justification, for trusting our apparent memories. I defend an inductive solution—more precisely, an abductive solution—to the problem. A natural worry is that any such solution would be circular, for it would have to depend on memory. I argue that belief in the reliability of memory can be justified from the armchair, without relying on memory. The justification is, roughly, that my having (...)
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  18.  16
    The Provisionality of Property Rights in Kant’s Doctrine of Right.Rafeeq Hasan - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (6):850-876.
    I criticize two ways of interpreting Kant’s claim that property rights are merely ‘provisional’ in the state of nature. Weak provisionality holds that in the state of nature agents can make rightful claims to property. What is lacking is the institutional context necessary to render their claims secure. By contrast, strong provisionality holds that making property claims in the state of nature wrongs others. I argue for a third view, anticipatory provisionality, according to which state of nature property claims do (...)
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  19.  34
    Skepticism and Spatial Objects.Ali Hasan - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (2):73-95.
    _ Source: _Page Count 24 I defend external world realism. I assume that the principle of inference to the best explanation is justified: roughly, a hypothesis that provides a better explanation of the total evidence is more probable than one that does not. I argue that the existence of a world of spatial objects provides a systematic explanation of the spatial contents of visual experience, and that it provides a better explanation than traditional skeptical hypotheses. This paper thus pursues the (...)
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  20. Knowledge by Acquaintance Vs. Description.Ali Hasan & Richard Fumerton - 2014 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  21.  5
    On the Effect of Business and Economic University Education on Political Ideology: An Empirical Note.Maria Iosifidi, Iftekhar Hasan & Manthos Delis - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (3):809-822.
    We empirically test the hypothesis that a major in economics, management, business administration or accounting leads to more-conservative political views. We use a panel dataset of individuals living in the Netherlands, drawing data from the Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences from 2008 through 2013. Our results show that when using a simple fixed effects model, which fully controls for individuals’ time-invariant traits, any statistically and quantitatively significant effect of a major in Business/economics on the Political Ideology of these (...)
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  22.  41
    In Defense of Rationalism About Abductive Inference.Ali Hasan - 2017 - In Ted Poston & Kevin McCain (eds.), Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation. Oxford University Press.
    Laurence BonJour and more recently James Beebe have argued that the best way to defend the claim that abduction or inference to the best explanation is epistemically justified is the rationalist view that it is justified a priori. However, rationalism about abduction faces a number of challenges. This chapter focuses on one particular, highly influential objection, that there is no interpretation of probability available which is compatible with rationalism about abduction. The rationalist who wants to maintain a strong connection between (...)
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  23.  23
    Review of Wedgwood, The Value of Rationality[REVIEW]Ali Hasan - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 20188.
  24.  48
    Foundationlist Theories of Epistemic Justification.Ali Hasan & Richard Fumerton - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  25.  51
    Democracy, Dissensus and the Aesthetics of Class Struggle: An Exchange with Jacques Rancière.Rafeeq Hasan, Max Blechman & Anita Chari - 2005 - Historical Materialism 13 (4):285-301.
  26.  4
    Law‐Abiding Organizational Climates in Developing Countries: The Role of Institutional Factors and Socially Responsible Organizational Practices.Shoeb Mohammad & Bryan W. Husted - forthcoming - Business Ethics: A European Review.
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  27.  24
    Rousseau on the Ground of Obligation: Reconsidering the Social Autonomy Interpretation.Rafeeq Hasan - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (2):1474885115599893.
    In Rousseau’s Social Contract, political laws are rationally binding because they satisfy the interests that motivate individuals to obey such laws. The later books of Emile justify morality by showing that it is continuous with the natural dispositions of a well-brought-up subject and is thus conducive to genuine happiness. In both the moral and political cases, Rousseau argues for an internal connection between the rational ground of an obligation and the broader aspects of human psychology that are satisfied and expressed (...)
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  28.  17
    Rawls on Meaningful Work and Freedom.Rafeeq Hasan - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (3):477-504.
    In this article, I criticize Rawls’s well-ordered society for failing to secure a right to meaningful work. I critically discuss five technical Rawlsian ideas: self-respect, social union, the difference principle, the powers and prerogatives of office, and fair equality of opportunity. I then claim that radical restructuring of the workplace conflicts with Rawls’s individualistic understanding of freedom. Briefly drawing on Hegel, an under-recognized historical influence on Rawls, I then correct Rawls by arguing for a conception of freedom that is internally (...)
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  29.  15
    Organisational Citizenship Behaviour in the Islamic Financial Sector: Does Islamic Work Ethic Make Sense?Jihad Mohammad, Farzana Quoquab, Nik Mutasim Nik Abd Rahman & Fazli Idris - 2015 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 10 (1):1.
  30.  41
    Review of Albert Casullo, Essays on A Priori Knowledge and Justification. [REVIEW]Ali Hasan - 2014 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (2014).
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  31.  28
    Interactive Perception for Amplification of Intended Behavior in Complex Noisy Environments.Yasser Mohammad & Toyoaki Nishida - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):167-186.
    The detection of a human’s intended behavior is one of the most important skills that a social robot should have in order to become acceptable as a part of human society, because humans are used to understand the actions of other humans in a goal-directed manner and they will expect the social robot to behave similarly. A breakthrough in this area can advance several research branches related to social intelligence such as learning by imitation and mutual adaptation. To achieve this (...)
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  32.  2
    Corrigendum: The Importance of the Validation of M/EEG With Current Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease.Fernando Maestú, Pablo Cuesta, Omar Hasan, Alberto Fernandéz, Michael Funke & Paul E. Schulz - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  33. Africas Youthful Population: Risk or Opportunity?Lori S. Ashford, R. A. Garcia, B. S. Soares Filho, Y. Cai, R. Lakshminarayanan, J. F. May, E. Bos, R. Hasan, E. Suzuki & T. R. Aryal - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (5):693-706.
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  34.  2
    An Interdisciplinary Framework for Islamic Cognitive Theories.Paul M. Kaplick, Yaqub Chaudhary, Abdullah Hasan, Asim Yusuf & Hooman Keshavarzi - 2019 - Zygon 54 (1):66-85.
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  35.  5
    Structure of Giant Buried Mud Volcanoes in the South Caspian Basin: Enhanced Seismic Image and Field Gravity Data by Using Normalized Full Gradient Method.Mehrdad Soleimani, Hamid Aghajani & Saeed Heydari-Nejad - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (4):T861-T872.
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  36.  26
    Are Stock Options Grants to CEOs of Stagnant Firms Fair and Justified?Kiridaran Kanagaretnam, Gerald J. Lobo & Emad Mohammad - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):137-155.
    Prior research has examined several ethical questions related to executive compensation. The issues that have received most attention are whether executives' pay is fair and justified by performance. Since more recent studies show that stock options grants constitute the single largest component in executive compensation, we examine the relations of these grants to economic determinants and corporate governance for firms in the stagnant stage of their lifecycle. We find that, on average, stock options grants comprise a significant portion of annual (...)
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  37.  10
    Rousseau's Critique of Inequality: Reconstructing the Second Discourse, by Frederick Neuhouser, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, Xi +236 Pp. ISBN Paperback 978‐1‐107‐64466‐3. [REVIEW]Rafeeq Hasan - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):889-892.
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  38.  30
    Certainty.Ali Hasan - 2017 - Oxford Bibliographies.
  39.  11
    Rousseau on the Ground of Obligation: Reconsidering the Social Autonomy Interpretation.Rafeeq Hasan - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (2):233-243.
    In Rousseau’s Social Contract, political laws are rationally binding because they satisfy the interests that motivate individuals to obey such laws. The later books of Emile justify morality by showing that it is continuous with the natural dispositions of a well-brought-up subject and is thus conducive to genuine happiness. In both the moral and political cases, Rousseau argues for an internal connection between the rational ground of an obligation and the broader aspects of human psychology that are satisfied and expressed (...)
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  40.  18
    Constitutionalism in Pakistan: The Changing Patterns of Dyarchy.Waseem Mohammad - 2006 - Diogenes 53 (4):102-115.
  41.  6
    Antecedents of Unethical Behaviour Intention: Empirical Study in Public Universities in Malaysian Context.Rossilah Jamil, Jihad Mohammad & Maalinee Ramu - 2019 - Journal of Academic Ethics 17 (1):95-110.
    Public university business schools appear to struggle in upholding their educational self. Corporate scandals linked to business graduates raise questions about the role of PUBS in the development of civilized societies. This study develops an ethical decision making model in the PUBS context based on moral theories and then empirically tests the model. The model hypothesizes that individuals’ moral philosophies in terms of egoism and utilitarianism as well as subjective norm in terms of peer influence affect their unethical behavioural intention. (...)
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  42.  1
    The Importance of the Validation of M/EEG With Current Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease.Fernando Maestú, Pablo Cuesta, Omar Hasan, Alberto Fernandéz, Michael Funke & Paul E. Schulz - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  43.  38
    Worlds‐Antiworlds; Antimatter in Cosmology, Hannes Alfven.Mazhar Hasan & Henry E. Kyburg Jr - 1972 - World Futures 11 (sup1):1-10.
  44.  38
    In Reply to Mr. John B. Kent.S. Z. Hasan - 1932 - The Monist 42 (2):316-318.
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  45.  4
    Cogno‐Cultural Issues in Translating Metaphors.Q. Al‐Zoubi Mohammad, N. Al‐Ali Mohammed & R. Al‐Hasnawi Ali - 2007 - Perspectives 14 (3):230-239.
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  46.  7
    Do Subprograms for Movement Always Seek Equilibrium?Z. Hasan - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):609.
  47.  24
    The Balanced Nation: Islam and the Challenges of Extremism, Fundamentalism, Islamism and Jihadism.Charlie Winter & Usama Hasan - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (3):667-688.
    As will be made clear below, the terms extremism, fundamentalism, Islamism and Jihadism are often used interchangeably by the public, something that has negative implications for both the integration of the Muslim community into Western society, and the efficacy of counter-extremism efforts. This paper aims to provide working for these terms by understanding them independent from their misinformed socio-political contexts, and by determining how they relate to one another in what will be identified as a series of conceptual subsets. In (...)
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  48.  33
    Toward Combining Autonomy and Interactivity for Social Robots.Yasser Mohammad & Toyoaki Nishida - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (1):35-49.
    The success of social robots in achieving natural coexistence with humans depends on both their level of autonomy and their interactive abilities. Although a lot of robotic architectures have been suggested and many researchers have focused on human–robot interaction, a robotic architecture that can effectively combine interactivity and autonomy is still unavailable. This paper contributes to the research efforts toward this architecture in the following ways. First a theoretical analysis is provided that leads to the notion of co-evolution between the (...)
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  49.  9
    Ein Modell Zur Prognose des Sportlichen Erfolgs in der Fußball-Bundesliga / Α Model to Forecast Team Performance in Germany’s First Soccer Division.Jan Peter Korthals, Tariq Hasan & Helmut M. Dietl - 2005 - Sport Und Gesellschaft 2 (3):275-295.
    Zusammenfassung In der vorliegenden Untersuchung wird eine Methodik zur Prognose des sportlichen Erfolgs eines Fußballunternehmens in der Bundesliga aufgezeigt. Um der begrenzten Prognostizierbarkeit des sportlichen Erfolgs Rechnung zu tragen, berücksichtigt das Prognosemodell neben der relativen Spielergehaltssumme, dem relativen Trainergehalt und der Vereinseffizienz explizit den Zufall als Einflussgröße. Das Prognosemodell wird dabei mit Hilfe einer empirischen Untersuchung der Spielzeiten 1996/1997 bis 2002/2003 validiert und spezifiziert. Die Prognose des sportlichen Erfolgs erfolgt mittels Monte-Carlo-Simuladon. Dementsprechend liefert das Prognosemodell keinen einzelnen Erwartungswert für die (...)
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  50.  17
    Defects and Localized States in MBE-Grown GaAs1−xNxsolid Solutions Prepared by Molecular-Beam Epitaxy.A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, A. V. Govorkov, V. T. Bublik, A. E. Botchkarev, James A. Griffin, Daniel K. Johnstone, Todd Steiner & S. Noor Mohammad - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (21):2531-2544.
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