Results for 'Mohammad Shamsuddoha'

684 found
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  1.  35
    Augmented Reality, Artificial Intelligence, and the Re‐Enchantment of the World.Mohammad Yaqub Chaudhary - 2019 - Zygon 54 (2):454-478.
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  2.  59
    Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: Evidence From the US Banking Sector. [REVIEW]Mohammad Issam Jizi, Aly Salama, Robert Dixon & Rebecca Stratling - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (4):1-15.
    There is a distinct lack of research into the relationship between corporate governance and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the banking sector. This paper fills the gap in the literature by examining the impact of corporate governance, with particular reference to the role of board of directors, on the quality of CSR disclosure in US listed banks’ annual reports after the US sub-prime mortgage crisis. Using a sample of large US commercial banks for the period 2009–2011 and controlling for audit (...)
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  3.  21
    A Review of the Literature on Ethical Issues Related to Scientific Authorship.Mohammad Hosseini & Bert Gordijn - 2020 - Accountability in Research 27 (5).
    The article at hand presents the results of a literature review on the ethical issues related to scientific authorship. These issues are understood as questions and/or concerns about obligations, values or virtues in relation to reporting, authorship and publication of research results. For this purpose, the Web of Science core collection was searched for English resources published between 1945 and 2018, and a total of 324 items were analyzed. Based on the review of the documents, ten ethical themes have been (...)
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  4.  4
    A Groszek‐Laver Pair of Undistinguishable ‐Classes.Mohammad Golshani, Vladimir Kanovei & Vassily Lyubetsky - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (1-2):19-31.
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  5.  28
    The Artificialization of Mind and World.Mohammad Yaqub Chaudhary - 2020 - Zygon 55 (2):361-381.
    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence (AI) has led to renewed ambitions of developing artificial general intelligence. Alongside this has been a resurgence in the development of virtual and augmented reality (V/AR) technologies, which are viewed as “disruptive” technologies and the computing platforms of the future. V/AR effectively bring the digital world of machines, robots, and artificial agents to our senses while entailing the transposition of human activity and presence into the digital world of artificial agents and machine forms of (...)
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  6.  1
    Reason Unbound: On Spiritual Practice in Islamic Peripatetic Philosophy.Mohammad Azadpur - 2011 - New York, USA: SUNY Press.
    This intriguing work offers a new perspective on Islamic Peripatetic philosophy, critiquing modern receptions of such thought and highlighting the contribution it can make to contemporary Western philosophy. Mohammad Azadpur focuses on the thought of Alfarabi and Avicenna, who, like ancient Greek philosophers and some of their successors, viewed philosophy as a series of spiritual exercises. However, Muslim Peripatetics differed from their Greek counterparts in assigning importance to prophecy. The Islamic philosophical account of the cultivation of the soul to (...)
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  7.  22
    Suggestions to Improve the Comprehensibility of Current Definitions of Scientific Authorship for International Authors.Mohammad Hosseini, Luca Consoli, H. A. E. Zwart & Mariette A. Van den Hoven - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):597-617.
    Much has been said about the need for improving the current definitions of scientific authorship, but an aspect that is often overlooked is how to formulate and communicate these definitions to ensure that they are comprehensible and useful for researchers, notably researchers active in international research consortia. In light of a rapid increase in international collaborations within natural sciences, this article uses authorship of this branch of sciences as an example and provides suggestions to improve the comprehensibility of the definitions (...)
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  8.  23
    Multinational State Building: Considering and Continuing the Work of Juan Linz.Mohammad-Saïd Darviche & William Genieys (eds.) - 2008 - Pôle Sud.
    INTRODUCTION: BUILDING DEMOCRATIC STATES ON NATIONAL DIVERSITY Mohammad-Saïd Darviche & William Genieys Juan J. Linz is one of the most famous scholars in ...
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  9.  10
    Initial Considerations for Islamic Digital Ethics.Mohammad Yaqub Chaudhary - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (4):639-657.
    Recent literature on Islam and the digital covers a wide range of topics and themes; however, what is yet to be developed from an Islamic perspective is a broader philosophical framework that accounts for the nature, exigencies and affordances of contemporary digital technologies. In advance of such a framework, this article is an attempt to open the way to philosophical engagement with issues of digital ethics from an Islamic perspective. After a brief review of recent literature on Islam and the (...)
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  10.  26
    Fake Journals: Their Features and Some Viable Ways to Distinguishing Them.Mohammad Hemmat Esfe, Somchai Wongwises, Amin Asadi & Mohammad Akbari - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):821-824.
    In this paper, we aim to discuss the fake journals and their advertisement and publication techniques. These types of journals mostly start and continue their activities by using the name of some indexed journals and establishing fake websites. The fake journals and publishers, while asking the authors for a significant amount of money for publishing their papers, have no peer-review process, publish the papers without any revision on the fake sites, and put the scientific reputation and prestige of the researchers (...)
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  11.  11
    Law‐Abiding Organizational Climates in Developing Countries: The Role of Institutional Factors and Socially Responsible Organizational Practices.Shoeb Mohammad & Bryan W. Husted - 2019 - Business Ethics: A European Review 28 (4):476-493.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
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  12.  3
    Tracking Control for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Systems in Zero-Emission Ferry Ships.Mohammad Hassan Khooban, Navid Vafamand & Jalil Boudjadar - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-9.
    For more than a century, conventional marine vessels spatter the atmosphere with CO2 emissions and detrimental particles when operated by diesel motors/generators. Fuel cells have recently emerged as one of the most promising emission-free technologies for the electrification of ship propulsion systems. In fuel cell-based ship electrification, the entire marine power system is viewed as a direct current microgrid with constant power loads. A challenge of such settings is how to stabilize the voltages and currents of the ship’s grid. In (...)
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  13.  10
    The Tree Property at Double Successors of Singular Cardinals of Uncountable Cofinality.Mohammad Golshani & Rahman Mohammadpour - 2018 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 169 (2):164-175.
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  14.  78
    Exploring the Ethical Identity of Islamic Banks Via Communication in Annual Reports.Roszaini Haniffa & Mohammad Hudaib - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (1):97-116.
    Islamic Banks (IBs) are considered as having ethical identity, since the foundation of their business philosophy is closely tied to religion. In this article, we explore whether any discrepancy exists between the communicated (based on information disclosed in the annual reports) and ideal (disclosure of information deemed vital based on the Islamic ethical business framework) ethical identities and we measure this by what we have termed the Ethical Identity Index (EII). Our longitudinal survey results over a 3-year period indicate the (...)
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  15.  8
    The Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Emotional and Cognitive Vulnerability in Iranian Women With Breast Cancer.Mohammad H. Choobin, Vida Mirabolfathi, Bethany Chapman, Ali Reza Moradi, Elizabeth A. Grunfeld & Nazanin Derakshan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The psychological cost on emotional well-being due to the collateral damage brought about by COVID-19 in accessing oncological services for breast cancer diagnosis and treatment has been documented by recent studies in the United Kingdom. The current study set out to examine the effect of delays to scheduled oncology services on emotional and cognitive vulnerability in women with a breast cancer diagnosis in Iran, one of the very first countries to be heavily impacted by COVID-19. One hundred thirty-nine women with (...)
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  16.  32
    Suggestions to Improve the Comprehensibility of Current Definitions of Scientific Authorship for International Authors.Mohammad Hosseini, Luca Consoli, H. A. E. Zwart & Mariette A. Van den Hoven - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    Much has been said about the need for improving the current definitions of scientific authorship, but an aspect that is often overlooked is how to formulate and communicate these definitions to ensure that they are comprehensible and useful for researchers, notably researchers active in international research consortia. In light of a rapid increase in international collaborations within natural sciences, this article uses authorship of this branch of sciences as an example and provides suggestions to improve the comprehensibility of the definitions (...)
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  17. Mohammad Djafar Moïnfar.Piège du Sens L'écriture - 1991 - Contrastes: Revue de l'Association Pour le Developpement des Études Contrastives 20:99.
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  18. Does Selection-Socialization Help to Explain Accountants' Weak Ethical Reasoning?Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi, William J. Read & D. Paul Scarbrough - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):71-81.
    Recent business headlines, particularly those related to the collapsed energy-trading giant, Enron and its auditor, Arthur Andersen raise concerns about accountants' ethical reasoning. We propose, and provide evidence from 90 new auditors from Big-Five accounting firms, that a selection-socialization effect exists in the accounting profession that results in hiring accountants with disproportionately higher levels of the Sensing/Thinking cognitive style. This finding is important and relevant because we also find that the ST cognitive style is associated with relatively low levels of (...)
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  19.  9
    On Investigating the Effectiveness of Biometric Readers in Thwarting Network Attacks: A Secure Architecture Design Proposal.Mohammad M. Masud, Mohamed Al Hemairy & Zouheir Trabelsi - 2015 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 24 (2):199-213.
    Biometrics readers are deployed in many public sites and are used for user identification and verification. Nowadays, most biometrics readers can be connected to local area networks, and consequently, they are potential targets for network attacks. This article investigates the robustness of several fingerprint and iris readers against common denial of service attacks. This investigation has been conducted using a set of laboratory experiments and DoS attack generator tools. The experiments show clearly that the tested biometric readers are very vulnerable (...)
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  20.  12
    The Special Aronszajn Tree Property.Mohammad Golshani & Yair Hayut - 2019 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 20 (1):2050003.
    Assuming the existence of a proper class of supercompact cardinals, we force a generic extension in which, for every regular cardinal [Formula: see text], there are [Formula: see text]-Aronszajn trees, and all such trees are special.
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  21.  15
    Fractional Modeling and Control of a Complex Nonlinear Energy Supply-Demand System.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa - 2015 - Complexity 20 (6):74-86.
  22.  29
    Doing the Right Thing: A Qualitative Investigation of Retractions Due to Unintentional Error.Mohammad Hosseini, Medard Hilhorst, Inez de Beaufort & Daniele Fanelli - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):189-206.
    Retractions solicited by authors following the discovery of an unintentional error—what we henceforth call a “self-retraction”—are a new phenomenon of growing importance, about which very little is known. Here we present results of a small qualitative study aimed at gaining preliminary insights about circumstances, motivations and beliefs that accompanied the experience of a self-retraction. We identified retraction notes that unambiguously reported an honest error and that had been published between the years 2010 and 2015. We limited our sample to retractions (...)
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  23.  15
    Basic Propositional Calculus I.Mohammad Ardeshir & Wim Ruitenburg - 1998 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 44 (3):317-343.
    We present an axiomatization for Basic Propositional Calculus BPC and give a completeness theorem for the class of transitive Kripke structures. We present several refinements, including a completeness theorem for irreflexive trees. The class of intermediate logics includes two maximal nodes, one being Classical Propositional Calculus CPC, the other being E1, a theory axiomatized by T → ⊥. The intersection CPC ∩ E1 is axiomatizable by the Principle of the Excluded Middle A V ∨ ⌝A. If B is a formula (...)
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  24.  10
    Ideas, Ideology, and the Roots of the Islamic State.Mohammad Fadel - 2019 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 31 (1):83-94.
    ABSTRACTThe ideals that gave rise to Daesh are not so much those of pre-modern Sunni Islam, including Salafism, as they are the ideals that post-colonial Arab states have propagated since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. In contravention to long-established ideals of Islamic law, post-colonial Arab states have attempted to legitimate their own despotisms through a formal commitment to a certain kind of Islamic normativity. Inasmuch as Islam provides a ready political discourse to resist despotism, it is unsurprising that pan-Arab (...)
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  25.  39
    Chaotic Fractional-Order Model for Muscular Blood Vessel and its Control Via Fractional Control Scheme.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa & Mehdi Borjkhani - 2014 - Complexity 20 (2):37-46.
  26.  17
    RuleRS: A Rule-Based Architecture for Decision Support Systems.Mohammad Badiul Islam & Guido Governatori - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 26 (4):315-344.
    Decision-makers in governments, enterprises, businesses and agencies or individuals, typically, make decisions according to various regulations, guidelines and policies based on existing records stored in various databases, in particular, relational databases. To assist decision-makers, an expert system, encompasses interactive computer-based systems or subsystems to support the decision-making process. Typically, most expert systems are built on top of transaction systems, databases, and data models and restricted in decision-making to the analysis, processing and presenting data and information, and they do not provide (...)
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  27.  6
    Analytic Philosophy and Avicenna.Mohammad Azadpur - 2020 - Routledge.
    This work engages in a constructive, yet subtle, dialogue with the nuanced accounts of sensory intentionality and empirical knowledge offered by the Islamic philosopher Avicenna. -/- This discourse has two main objectives: (1) providing an interpretation of Avicenna’s epistemology that avoids reading him as a precursor to British empiricists or as a full-fledged emanatist and (2) bringing light to the importance of Avicenna’s account of experience to relevant contemporary Anglo-American discussions in epistemology and metaphysics. These two objectives are interconnected. Anglo-American (...)
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  28.  10
    The Ethics of Care as a Universal Framework for Global Journalism.Mohammad Delwar Hossain & James Aucoin - 2018 - Journal of Media Ethics 33 (4):198-211.
    ABSTRACTThe search for universal ethics among journalists has yet to receive general acceptance because previous attempts have sought a code of ethics to which all journalists around the globe could agree. Yet, starting with the universal principle of caring for others leads to seeing the feminist approach to ethics, namely the ethics of care and feminist discursive ethics, as a partial approach toward a universal ethic for journalists. Building on the work of Gilligan, Steiner, Buzzanell and others, we argue that (...)
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  29.  37
    Ricœur’s Extended Hermeneutic Translation Theory: Metaphysics, Narrative, Ethics, Politics.Mohammad Ali Kharmandar - 2015 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 6 (1):73-93.
    The purpose of this study is to propose the structural outline and conceptual framework of a Ricœurian translation theory. Following a discussion on the ambiguities around situating Ricœur in translation theory, three major interlinked components of the theory are explored. First, the metaphysics of meaning and translation is established based on Ricœur’s hermeneutics of infinitude. Then, the language-processing component is constructed through an incorporation of Ricœur’s narrative theory. Finally, the ethics and politics of translation, particularly in globalization, are founded based (...)
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  30.  13
    Clustering Employees on the Basis of Their Perception From Critical Success Factors of Total Quality Management and its Influence on Customer Focus.Mohammad Hosein Karimi Gavareshki, Reza Dabestani & Arman Safar Oghli Azar - 2019 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 12 (2):103.
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  31.  13
    Adaptive Control of Nonlinear Complex Holling II Predator-Prey System with Unknown Parameters.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):260-266.
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  32. Sidi Mhemmed u-Ye'qub y sus descendientes: Estudio preliminar de la tradición oral relativa a una familia marabútica en el sur de Marruecos.Mohammad Elyaacoubi & Jorge Aguadé Bofill - 1991 - Al-Qantara 12 (2):537-572.
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  33.  50
    Maximizing Students' Retention Via Spaced Review: Practical Guidance From Computational Models of Memory.Mohammad M. Khajah, Robert V. Lindsey & Michael C. Mozer - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):157-169.
    During each school semester, students face an onslaught of material to be learned. Students work hard to achieve initial mastery of the material, but when they move on, the newly learned facts, concepts, and skills degrade in memory. Although both students and educators appreciate that review can help stabilize learning, time constraints result in a trade-off between acquiring new knowledge and preserving old knowledge. To use time efficiently, when should review take place? Experimental studies have shown benefits to long-term retention (...)
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  34. Sidi Mhemmed u-Ye'qub y sus descendientes. Estudio preliminar de la tradición oral relativa a una familia marabútica en el sur de Marruecos.Mohammad Elyaacoubi & Jordi Aguadé Bofill - 1991 - Al Qantara 12:537-572.
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  35.  29
    Synchronization of Circular Restricted Three Body Problem with Lorenz Hyper Chaotic System Using a Robust Adaptive Sliding Mode Controller.Ayub Khan & Mohammad Shahzad - 2013 - Complexity 18 (6):58-64.
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  36.  20
    Tensions Between Politico‐Institutional Factors and Accounting Regulation in a Developing Economy: Insights From Institutional Theory.Mohammad Nurunnabi - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (4):398-424.
    The study contributes to building an understanding of the impact of political forces on the information environment of listed firms in a developing economy. Specifically, it investigates the tensions between politico-institutional factors and accounting regulation on the prolonged and incomplete implementation of the International Financial Reporting Standards in Bangladesh from 1998 to 2010. Two phases of interviews were conducted in 2010–2011 and IFRS-related enforcement documents from 1998 to 2010 were evaluated. The study contributes that IFRSs are being diffused to developing (...)
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  37.  3
    Spectral Graph-Based Features for Recognition of Handwritten Characters: A Case Study on Handwritten Devanagari Numerals.Mohammad Idrees Bhat & B. Sharada - 2019 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 29 (1):799-813.
    Interpretation of different writing styles, unconstrained cursiveness and relationship between different primitive parts is an essential and challenging task for recognition of handwritten characters. As feature representation is inadequate, appropriate interpretation/description of handwritten characters seems to be a challenging task. Although existing research in handwritten characters is extensive, it still remains a challenge to get the effective representation of characters in feature space. In this paper, we make an attempt to circumvent these problems by proposing an approach that exploits the (...)
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  38.  15
    Control of Non-Integer-Order Dynamical Systems Using Sliding Mode Scheme.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):224-233.
  39.  51
    Ethical Cognition of Business Students Individually and in Groups.Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi, David R. L. Gabhart & M. Francis Reeves - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (16):1717-1725.
    This study provides evidence regarding the level of ethical cognition of business students at the entry to college as compared to a national norm. It also provides comparative evidence on the effects of group versus individual ethical cognition upon completion of a business ethics course. The Principled Score (P-score) from the Defining Issues Test (DIT) was used to measure the ethical cognition of a total sample of 301 business students (273 entering students plus 28 students in a business ethics course). (...)
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  40. Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: A Fresh Interpretation.Mohammad Hashim Kamali - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    In Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: A Fresh Interpretation, Mohammad Kamali considers problems associated with and proposals for reform of the hudud punishments prescribed by Islamic criminal law, and other topics related to crime and punishment in Shariah.
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  41.  35
    A New Multiobjective Allocator of Capacitor Banks and Distributed Generations Using a New Investigated Differential Evolution.Mohammad Eskandari Nasab, Iman Maleksaeedi, Mohsen Mohammadi & Noradin Ghadimi - 2014 - Complexity 19 (5):40-54.
  42.  8
    The Effect of Board Capital and CEO Power on Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosures.Mohammad Badrul Muttakin, Arifur Khan & Dessalegn Getie Mihret - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 150 (1):41-56.
    This study examines the effect of directors’ human and social capital on the level of corporate social responsibility disclosures by drawing on insights from a resource-based view. It also investigates the effect of chief executive officer power on this relationship. Data were obtained from annual reports of companies listed on the Dhaka Stock Exchange in Bangladesh from 2005 to 2013. We employ outside directors’ experiences and expertise as a proxy for board capital and measure CEO power using a ‘power index’ (...)
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  43.  2
    Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Severe Malnutrition in Children Aged Under Five Among Various Birth Cohorts in Bangladesh.Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, Hafiz T. A. Khan, Md Nazrul Islam Mondal & Russell Kabir - forthcoming - Journal of Biosocial Science:1-16.
    Tackling malnutrition is a major health priority for a developing country like Bangladesh. This study explored the differences in prevalence of having only one form, and multiple forms, of severe malnutrition among under-5 children in Bangladesh, and aimed to identify the important factors affecting these. Data were extracted from the Bangladesh Demographic Health Surveys conducted in 2007, 2011 and 2014. The outcome measures were ‘only one form’ and ‘multiple forms’ of severe malnutrition in children aged under 5 years. A Chi-squared (...)
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  44.  3
    Optimized LMS Algorithm for System Identification and Noise Cancellation.P. Kumar, Mohammad Asif Ikbal & Qianhua Ling - 2021 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 30 (1):487-498.
    Optimization by definition is the action of making most effective or the best use of a resource or situation and that is required almost in every field of engineering. In this work, the optimization of Least Mean square algorithm is carried out with the help of Particle Swarm Optimization and Ant Colony Optimization. Efforts have been made to find out the advantages and disadvantages of combining gradient based algorithm with Swarm Intelligence SI. This optimization of LMS algorithm will help us (...)
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  45. The Norms of Authorship Credit: Challenging the Definition of Authorship in the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.Mohammad Hosseini & Jonathan Lewis - 2020 - Accountability in Research 27 (2):80-98.
    The practice of assigning authorship for a scientific publication tends to raise two normative questions: 1) ‘who should be credited as an author?’; 2) ‘who should not be credited as an author but should still be acknowledged?’. With the publication of the revised version of The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (ECCRI), standard answers to these questions have been called into question. This article examines the ways in which the ECCRI approaches these two questions and compares these approaches (...)
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  46.  18
    On Crane’s Psychologistic Account of Intentionality.Mohammad Zarepour - 2018 - Acta Analytica 33 (4):453-462.
    The intuition that we can think about non-existent objects seems to be in tension with philosophical concerns about the relationality of intentionality. Tim Crane’s psychologism removes this tension by proposing a psychologistic account of intentionality according to which intentionality is a purely non-relational notion. I argue that his account has counterintuitive consequences regarding our thoughts about existing objects, and as such is insufficiently plausible to convince us to reject the relationality of intentionality.
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  47. Lightweight Cryptographic Algorithms for Guessing Attack Protection in Complex Internet of Things Applications.Mohammad Kamrul Hasan, Muhammad Shafiq, Shayla Islam, Bishwajeet Pandey, Yousef A. Baker El-Ebiary, Nazmus Shaker Nafi, R. Ciro Rodriguez & Doris Esenarro Vargas - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-13.
    As the world keeps advancing, the need for automated interconnected devices has started to gain significance; to cater to the condition, a new concept Internet of Things has been introduced that revolves around smart devicesʼ conception. These smart devices using IoT can communicate with each other through a network to attain particular objectives, i.e., automation and intelligent decision making. IoT has enabled the users to divide their household burden with machines as these complex machines look after the environment variables and (...)
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  48.  1
    Towards Actualizing Islamic Ethical and Educational Principles in Malaysian Society: Some Critical Observations.Mohammad Kamal Hassan - 1996 - Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia.
  49.  12
    Latarres, Lattices with an Arrow.Mohammad Ardeshir & Wim Ruitenburg - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (4):757-788.
    A latarre is a lattice with an arrow. Its axiomatization looks natural. Latarres have a nontrivial theory which permits many constructions of latarres. Latarres appear as an end result of a series of generalizations of better known structures. These include Boolean algebras and Heyting algebras. Latarres need not have a distributive lattice.
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  50.  17
    Identity Theft in the Academic World Leads to Junk Science.Mehdi Dadkhah, Mohammad Lagzian & Glenn Borchardt - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):287-290.
    In recent years, identity theft has been growing in the academic world. Cybercriminals create fake profiles for prominent scientists in attempts to manipulate the review and publishing process. Without permission, some fraudulent journals use the names of standout researchers on their editorial boards in the effort to look legitimate. This opinion piece, highlights some of the usual types of identity theft and their role in spreading junk science. Some general guidelines that editors and researchers can use against such attacks are (...)
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