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Mohammed Rashed
Birkbeck College
  1.  17
    Madness and the Demand for Recognition: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Identity and Mental Health Activism.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2019 - Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
    Madness is a complex and contested term. Through time and across cultures it has acquired many formulations: for some, madness is synonymous with unreason and violence, for others with creativity and subversion, elsewhere it is associated with spirits and spirituality. Among the different formulations, there is one in particular that has taken hold so deeply and systematically that it has become the default view in many communities around the world: the idea that madness is a disorder of the mind. -/- (...)
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  2.  24
    The Identity of Psychiatry and the Challenge of Mad Activism: Rethinking the Clinical Encounter.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (6):598-622.
    Central to the identity of modern medical specialities, including psychiatry, is the notion of hypostatic abstraction: doctors treat conditions or disorders, which are conceived of as “things” that people “have.” Mad activism rejects this notion and hence challenges psychiatry’s identity as a medical specialty. This article elaborates the challenge of Mad activism and develops the hypostatic abstraction as applied to medicine. For psychiatry to maintain its identity as a medical speciality while accommodating the challenge of Mad activism, it must develop (...)
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  3.  46
    More Things in Heaven and Earth: Spirit Possession, Mental Disorder, and Intentionality.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 41 (3):363-378.
    Spirit possession is a common phenomenon around the world in which a non-corporeal agent is involved with a human host. This manifests in a range of maladies or in displacement of the host's agency and identity. Prompted by engagement with the phenomenon in Egypt, this paper draws connections between spirit possession, and the concepts of personhood and intentionality. It employs these concepts to articulate spirit possession, while also developing the intentional stance as formulated by Daniel Dennett. It argues for an (...)
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  4.  62
    Religious Experience and Psychiatry: Analysis of the Conflict and Proposal for a Way Forward.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (3):185-204.
    The enlarging domain of psychiatric intervention is frequently associated with the undue medicalization of unusual experiences. In such a climate, it becomes of utmost importance to carefully choose appropriate candidates for the psychiatric gaze. This suggests a need to draw a distinction between religious experiences (with psychotic form) and pathological psychotic experiences. As Jackson and Fulford (1997) maintain, “spiritual experiences, whether welcome or unwelcome, and whether or not they are psychotic in form, have nothing (directly) to do with medicine. It (...)
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  5.  71
    A Critical Perspective on Second-Order Empathy in Understanding Psychopathology: Phenomenology and Ethics.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (2):97-116.
    The centenary of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology was recognised in 2013 with the publication of a volume of essays dedicated to his work. Leading phenomenological-psychopathologists and philosophers of psychiatry examined Jaspers notion of empathic understanding and his declaration that certain schizophrenic phenomena are ‘un-understandable’. The consensus reached by the authors was that Jaspers operated with a narrow conception of phenomenology and empathy and that schizophrenic phenomena can be understood through what they variously called second-order and radical empathy. This article offers (...)
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  6.  50
    Culture, Salience, and Psychiatric Diagnosis: Exploring the Concept of Cultural Congruence & its Practical Application.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8:5.
    Cultural congruence is the idea that to the extent a belief or experience is culturally shared it is not to feature in a diagnostic judgement, irrespective of its resemblance to psychiatric pathology. This rests on the argument that since deviation from norms is central to diagnosis, and since what counts as deviation is relative to context, assessing the degree of fit between mental states and cultural norms is crucial. Various problems beset the cultural congruence construct including impoverished definitions of culture (...)
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  7.  5
    An Approach to the Boundary Problem: Mental Health Activism and the Limits of Recognition.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):297-313.
  8.  5
    Recognition and Identity: Abstract Concepts, Concrete Struggles.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):323-328.
    Political activity on the basis of a shared identity has been with us for several decades. Race, sexual orientation, gender, and myriad other categories form the center-of-gravity around which social groups demand recognition of the validity and value of their self-understandings. How should social and political institutions respond to these demands? In contemporary social and political philosophy much of the weight of answering this question has fallen on developing a theory of recognition. That theory would then perform several functions: It (...)
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  9.  6
    Asking the Right Questions on Psychosis and Intelligibility.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):255-256.
    The challenge of understanding psychotic phenomena is one of the enduring problems in the philosophy of psychiatry. The first to formulate the problem in its philosophical dimension was Karl Jaspers in General Psycho-pathology. Jasper’s solution was rather pessimistic, for he argued that we cannot extend empathic understanding to certain phenomena, such as primary delusions. His work was followed by a long period of philosophical silence on the issue, and it was only three decades ago that philosophy began to engage once (...)
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  10.  19
    Conflicting Values and Disparate Epistemologies: The Ethical Necessity of Engagement.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (3):213-217.
  11.  14
    Beyond Dysfunction: Distress and the Distinction Between Deviance and Disorder.Rachel Bingham & Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2014 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 21 (3):267-271.