Results for 'Monika Sommer'

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  1.  12
    False Belief Reasoning in Adults with and Without Autistic Spectrum Disorder: Similarities and Differences.Monika Sommer, Katrin Döhnel, Irina Jarvers, Lore Blaas, Manuela Singer, Victoria Nöth, Tobias Schuwerk & Rainer Rupprecht - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  2.  9
    Modulating Functional and Dysfunctional Mentalizing by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.Tobias Schuwerk, Berthold Langguth & Monika Sommer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  3. The Ji Self in Early Chinese Texts.Deborah A. Sommer - 2012 - In Jason Dockstader Hans-Georg Moller & Gunter Wohlfahrt (eds.), Selfhood East and West: De-Constructions of Identity. Traugott Bautz. pp. 17-45.
    The ji 己self is a site, storehouse, or depot of individuated allotment associated with the possession of things and qualities: wholesome and unwholesome desires (yu 欲) and aversions, emotions such as anxiety, and positive values such as humaneness and reverence. Each person's allotment is unique, and its "contents" are collected, measured, reflected on, and then distributed to others. The Analects, Mencius, Xunzi, Daodejing, and Zhuangzi each have their own vision for negotiating the space between self and other. Works as seemingly (...)
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  4.  42
    Concepts of the Body in the Zhuangzi.Deborah A. Sommer - 2010 - In Victor Mair (ed.), Experimental Essays on Zhuangzi, 2d ed. Three Pines Press. pp. 212-228.
    The Zhuangzi is one of the richest early Chinese sources for exploring conceptualizations of the visceral human form. Zhuangzi presents the human frame as a corpus of flesh, organs, limbs, and bone; he dissects it before the reader's eyes, turning it inside out and joyfully displaying its fragmented joints, sundered limbs, and beautifully monstrous mutations. This body is a site of immolation and fragmentation that ultimately evokes a larger wholeness and completeness. Drawing and quartering the body, Zhuangzi paradoxically frees it (...)
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  5.  3
    L’être ou la vie.Christian Sommer - 2017 - Philosophiques 44 (2):365-368.
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  6.  8
    Coregistration of Eye Movements and EEG in Natural Reading: Analyses and Review.Olaf Dimigen, Werner Sommer, Annette Hohlfeld, Arthur M. Jacobs & Reinhold Kliegl - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (4):552-572.
  7.  7
    Common and Specific Loci of Stroop Effects in Vocal and Manual Tasks, Revealed by Event-Related Brain Potentials and Posthypnotic Suggestions.Anoushiravan Zahedi, Rasha Abdel Rahman, Birgit Stürmer & Werner Sommer - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (9):1575-1594.
  8.  30
    History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology.Marianne Sommer - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473-528.
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the study of primate (...)
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  9.  6
    Visual Complexity and Affect: Ratings Reflect More Than Meets the Eye.Christopher R. Madan, Janine Bayer, Matthias Gamer, Tina B. Lonsdorf & Tobias Sommer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  10.  7
    O que Nietzsche leu e o que não leu.Andreas Urs Sommer - 2019 - Cadernos Nietzsche 40 (1):9-43.
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  11. Kommentar Zu Nietzsches "Jenseits von Gut Und Böse".Andreas Urs Sommer - 2016 - De Gruyter.
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  12.  29
    Psychical Research and the Origins of American Psychology.Andreas Sommer - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 25 (2):23-44.
    Largely unacknowledged by historians of the human sciences, late-19th-century psychical researchers were actively involved in the making of fledgling academic psychology. Moreover, with few exceptions historians have failed to discuss the wider implications of the fact that the founder of academic psychology in America, William James, considered himself a psychical researcher and sought to integrate the scientific study of mediumship, telepathy and other controversial topics into the nascent discipline. Analysing the celebrated exposure of the medium Eusapia Palladino by German-born Harvard (...)
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  13.  12
    Classification of Dynamic Facial Expressions of Emotion Presented Briefly.Guillermo Recio, Annekathrin Schacht & Werner Sommer - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1486-1494.
  14.  48
    Linking Visions: Feminist Bioethics, Human Rights, and the Developing World.Karen L. Baird, María Julia Bertomeu, Martha Chinouya, Donna Dickenson, Michele Harvey-Blankenship, Barbara Ann Hocking, Laura Duhan Kaplan, Jing-Bao Nie, Eileen O'Keefe, Julia Tao Lai Po-wah, Carol Quinn, Arleen L. F. Salles, K. Shanthi, Susana E. Sommer, Rosemarie Tong & Julie Zilberberg - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection brings together fourteen contributions by authors from around the globe. Each of the contributions engages with questions about how local and global bioethical issues are made to be comparable, in the hope of redressing basic needs and demands for justice. These works demonstrate the significant conceptual contributions that can be made through feminists' attention to debates in a range of interrelated fields, especially as they formulate appropriate responses to developments in medical technology, global economics, population shifts, and poverty.
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  15.  3
    Timing Training in Female Soccer Players: Effects on Skilled Movement Performance and Brain Responses.Marius Sommer, Charlotte K. Häger, Carl Johan Boraxbekk & Louise Rönnqvist - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  16.  43
    Suppression of Scientific Research: Bahramdipity and Nulltiple Scientific Discoveries.Toby J. Sommer - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):77-104.
    The fairy tale The Three Princes of Serendip can be taken to be allegorical of not only chance discovery (serendipity) but of other aspects of scientific discovery as well. Just as Horace Walpole coined serendipity, so can the term bahramdipity be derived from the tale and defined as the cruel suppression of a serendipitous discovery. Suppressed, unpublished discoveries are designated nulltiples. Several examples are presented to make the case that bahramdipity is an existent aspect of scientific discovery. Other examples of (...)
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  17.  49
    A Model-Theoretic Approach to Ordinal Analysis.Jeremy Avigad & Richard Sommer - 1997 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 3 (1):17-52.
    We describe a model-theoretic approach to ordinal analysis via the finite combinatorial notion of an α-large set of natural numbers. In contrast to syntactic approaches that use cut elimination, this approach involves constructing finite sets of numbers with combinatorial properties that, in nonstandard instances, give rise to models of the theory being analyzed. This method is applied to obtain ordinal analyses of a number of interesting subsystems of first- and second-order arithmetic.
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  18.  6
    Population-Genetic Trees, Maps, and Narratives of the Great Human Diasporas.Marianne Sommer - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (5):108-145.
  19.  5
    Transfinite Induction Within Peano Arithmetic.Richard Sommer - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 76 (3):231-289.
    The relative strengths of first-order theories axiomatized by transfinite induction, for ordinals less-than 0, and formulas restricted in quantifier complexity, is determined. This is done, in part, by describing the provably recursive functions of such theories. Upper bounds for the provably recursive functions are obtained using model-theoretic techniques. A variety of additional results that come as an application of such techniques are mentioned.
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  20. Inwiefern ist Ernährung ein philosophisches Problem?

    Ludwig Feuerbach und Friedrich Nietzsche als Relativierungsdenker.
    Andreas Urs Sommer - 2012 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 38 (1):319-342.
    Traditionell gelten Fragen der Ernährung nicht als seriöse philosophische Fragen: Dem reinen Geist darf demnach die physische Ernährung des von ihm temporär bewohnten Körpers herzlich gleichgültig sein. Im 18. und im 19. Jahrhundert wandelt sich allerdings das Bild: Mit der Problematisierung des Leib-Seele-Dualismus wird diese Gleichgültigkeit in Ernährungsfragen selbst zweifelhaft. Ludwig Feuerbach und Friedrich Nietzsche benutzen die für Philosophen scheinbar so abseitige Frage nach der Ernährung zu einer gezielten Destabilisierung philosophischer Grundüberzeugungen: Ludwig Feuerbach tut dies, um eine materialistische Ontologie an (...)
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  21.  20
    Making New Out of Old: Recycling and Modification of an Ancient Protein Translocation System During Eukaryotic Evolution.Kathrin Bolte, Nicole Gruenheit, Gregor Felsner, Maik S. Sommer, Uwe-G. Maier & Franziska Hempel - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (5):368-376.
  22.  17
    Ancient Hunters and Their Modern Representatives: William Sollas’s Anthropology From Disappointed Bridge to Trunkless Tree and the Instrumentalisation of Racial Conflict.Marianne Sommer - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):327-365.
    During the first decades of the 20th century, many anthropologists who had previously adhered to a linear view of human evolution, from an ape via Pithecanthropus erectus and Neanderthal to modern humans, began to change their outlook. A shift towards a branching model of human evolution began to take hold. Among the scientific factors motivating this trend was the insight that mammalian evolution in general was best represented by a branching tree, rather than by a straight line, and that several (...)
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  23.  7
    Beyond Support: Exploring Support as Existential Phenomenon in the Context of Young People and Mental Health.Mona Sommer & Tone Saevi - 2017 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 17 (2):1-11.
    Support in different modes, expressions and actions is at the core of the public welfare culture. In this paper, support is examined as an everyday interpersonal phenomenon with a variety of expressions in language and ways of relating, and its essential meaning is explored. The fulcrum for reflection is the lived experience shared by a young woman with mental health problems of her respective encounters with two professionals in mental health facilities. A phenomenological analysis of the contrasting accounts suggests that, (...)
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  24.  8
    Care and Justice Arguments in the Ethical Reasoning of Medical Students.Christina Sommer, Margarete Boos, Elisabeth Conradi, Nikola Biller-Adorno & Claudia Wiesemann - 2011 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):9.
    <b>Objectives:</b> To gather empirical data on how gender and educational level influence bioethical reasoning among medical students by analyzing their use of care versus justice arguments for reconciling a bioethical dilemma. <b>Setting:</b> University Departments of Medical Ethics, Social and Communication Psychology in Germany. Participants: First and fifth year medical students. Design and method: Multidisciplinary, empirical, 2-segment study of ethics in action: In intrapersonal Segment 1, the students were presented with a bioethical dilemma and then administered a 13-item questionnaire to survey (...)
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  25.  30
    Trust in Companies and in CEOs: A Comparative Study of the Main Influences. [REVIEW]Diana Ingenhoff & Katharina Sommer - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (3):339 - 355.
    Trust is a crucial factor for the long-term economic success of a company. However, not only does the company establish trust, but the CEO representing the company builds up trust as well and, therefore, also influences the company's success. Our study examines how different dimensions of trust (i.e., ability, integrity, benevolence, and information quality) influence the degree of overall trust in a company and in CEOs. Nevertheless, dimensions that influence trust in a CEO can be completely different to those influencing (...)
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  26.  49
    Nietzsche's Readings on Spinoza: A Contextualist Study, Particularly on the Reception of Kuno Fischer.Andreas Urs Sommer - 2012 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 43 (2):156-184.
    You were one of the noblest, the most genuine people, who have ever walked this earth. And though both friend and foe know this, I don't think it unwarranted to verbally bear witness to it before your grave. For we know the world, we know Spinoza's fate. For the world could lay shadows around Nietzsche's memory as well. And therefore I conclude with the words: Peace to your ashes! Holy be thy name to all those to come!1The only historical person (...)
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  27.  5
    Seriality in the Making: The Osborn-Knight Restorations of Evolutionary History.Marianne Sommer - 2010 - History of Science 48 (3-4):461.
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  28.  17
    Felix peccator? Kants geschichtsphilosophische Genesis-Exegese im Muthmaßlichen Anfang der Menschengeschichte und die Theologie der Aufklärungszeit.Andreas Urs Sommer - 1997 - Kant-Studien 88 (2):190-217.
  29. How to Find God in a Children's Hospital.Rev Dane R. Sommer - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
     
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  30. Traduire la lingua heideggeriana.Christian Sommer - 2005 - Studia Phaenomenologica 5:305-316.
    This contribution discusses the problem of translating Heidegger. Heidegger’s „reiterative destruction“, the core of his phenomenological method in the 20s, is operating as an over-interpretative translation of a traditional text to reveal what is unwritten and unsaid in it. What does it mean, therefore, to translate Heidegger, i.e. to translate a translation? In the second part we briefly present a survey of French translations from Heidegger’s works in the last twenty years and discuss the problematic editorial situation in France.
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  31.  29
    Gender in Medical Ethics: Re-Examining the Conceptual Basis of Empirical Research.Elisabeth Conradi, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Margarete Boos, Christina Sommer & Claudia Wiesemann - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):51-58.
    Conducting empirical research on gender in medical ethics is a challenge from a theoretical as well as a practical point of view. It still has to be clarified how gender aspects can be integrated without sustaining gender stereotypes. The developmental psychologist Carol Gilligan was among the first to question ethics from a gendered point of view. The notion of care introduced by her challenged conventional developmental psychology as well as moral philosophy. Gilligan was criticised, however, because her concept of ‘two (...)
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  32.  12
    The Role of the Human Entorhinal Cortex in a Representational Account of Memory.Heidrun Schultz, Tobias Sommer & Jan Peters - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  9
    Musical Hallucinations: Review of Treatment Effects. [REVIEW]Jan A. F. Coebergh, R. F. Lauw, R. Bots, I. E. C. Sommer & J. D. Blom - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  34. Heidegger, Aristote, Luther: Les Sources Aristotéliciennes Et Néo-Testamentaires d'Être Et Temps.Christian Sommer - 2005 - Presses Universitaires de France.
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  35.  3
    Visibility Matters: Diagrammatic Renderings of Human Evolution and Diversity in Physical, Serological and Molecular Anthropology.Veronika Lipphardt & Marianne Sommer - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (5):3-16.
  36.  11
    Reduced Associative Memory for Negative Information: Impact of Confidence and Interactive Imagery During Study.Jeremy B. Caplan, Tobias Sommer, Christopher R. Madan & Esther Fujiwara - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1745-1753.
    ABSTRACTAlthough item-memory for emotional information is enhanced, memory for associations between items is often impaired for negative, emotionally arousing compared to neutral information. We te...
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  37.  12
    Criatividade E Ceticismo Em Nietzsche.Andreas Urs Sommer - 2014 - Cadernos Nietzsche 34:11-31.
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  38.  16
    Psychical Research in the History and Philosophy of Science. An Introduction and Review.Andreas Sommer - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:38-45.
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  39. Zu den Sachen Und Zurück.Hans Blumenberg & Manfred Sommer - 2002
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  40.  10
    Partial Advance Information and Response Preparation: Inferences From the Lateralized Readiness Potential.Hartmut Leuthold, Werner Sommer & Rolf Ulrich - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (3):307.
  41.  11
    Maximal Mutual Information, Not Minimal Entropy, for Escaping the “Dark Room”.Daniel Ying-Jeh Little & Friedrich Tobias Sommer - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):220-221.
    A behavioral drive directed solely at minimizing prediction error would cause an agent to seek out states of unchanging, and thus easily predictable, sensory inputs (such as a dark room). The default to an evolutionarily encoded prior to avoid such untenable behaviors is unsatisfying. We suggest an alternate information theoretic interpretation to address this dilemma.
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  42.  8
    L'inquiétude de la vie facticielle.Christian Sommer - 2006 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 1 (1):1-28.
    Dans son cours de 1921-1922, Interprétations phénoménologiques d’Aristote, le jeune Heidegger conceptualise, par le biais d’Aristote, les phénomènes archichrétiens thématisés dans son interprétation de Paul et d’Augustin . Cette conceptualisation phénoménologique, guidée par l’opposition luthérienne entre theologia gloriae et theologia crucis, imprime l’orientation générale à sa « destruction » d’Aristote située sous l’horizon herméneutique de la « vie facticielle » en sa mobilité.In his lecture course 1921-1922, Phenomenological Interpretations of Aristotle, the young Heidegger conceptualizes, through Aristotle, the Proto-Christian phenomena described (...)
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  43.  6
    Get Out of Here, Quick! Problems with Transparent Labels on Glass Doors.Annika Boldt, Birgit Stürmer, Robert Gaschler, Annekathrin Schacht & Werner Sommer - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 19 (3):241.
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  44.  6
    Philosophie Als Wagnis.Andreas Urs Sommer - 2013 - Nietzscheforschung 20 (1).
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  45.  28
    Visual Depictions of Female Genitalia Differ Depending on Source.Helena Howarth, Volker Sommer & Fiona M. Jordan - 2010 - Medical Humanities 36 (2):75-79.
    Very little research has attempted to describe normal human variation in female genitalia, and no studies have compared the visual images that women might use in constructing their ideas of average and acceptable genital morphology to see if there are any systematic differences. The objective of the present work was to determine if visual depictions of the vulva differed according to their source so as to alert medical professionals and their patients to how these depictions might capture variation and thus (...)
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  46.  14
    Der Geist der Historie Und Das Ende des Christentums: Zur "Waffengenossenschaft" von Friedrich Nietzsche Und Franz Overbeck. Mit Einem Anhang Unpublizierter Texte Aus Overbecks "Kirchenlexicon".Andreas Urs Sommer - 1997 - De Gruyter.
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  47.  6
    Abnormal Austenite–Ferrite Transformation Behaviour of Pure Iron.Y. C. Liu †, F. Sommer & E. J. Mittemeijer - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (18):1853-1876.
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  48.  38
    Pristionchus Pacificus: A Well‐Rounded Nematode.Ray L. Hong & Ralf J. Sommer - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (6):651-659.
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  49. Language Death in Africa.M. Brenzinger, B. Heine & G. Sommer - 1991 - Diogenes 39 (153):19-44.
  50.  49
    The Expectancies That Govern the P300 Amplitude Are Mostly Automatic and Unconscious.W. Sommer, H. Leuthold & J. Matt - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):149-150.
    We argue that probability effects on P300 amplitude are the product of an automatic frequency detector not subject to voluntary control and relatively inaccessible to consciousness. related to P300 therefore appear to be passive, perceptual ones. If probability-based expectancies do become conscious, they are inversely related to P300, supporting the view of Donchin & Coles (1988).
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