Results for 'Monique Emery'

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  1. Jean d'Alembert, Savant Et Philosophe : Portrait À Plusieurs Voix Actes du Colloque Organisé Par Centre International de Synthèse, Fondation Pour la Science, Paris, 15-18 Juin 1983. [REVIEW]Pierre Monzani, Monique Emery, Jacques Roger & Centre International de Synthèse - 1989
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  2.  18
    Stephen Albert Emery 1902-1991.Sarah W. Emery - 1991 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 65 (1):24 - 25.
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  3.  73
    Against Radical Quantum Ontologies.Nina Emery - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (3):564-591.
    Some theories of quantum mechanical phenomena endorse wave function realism, according to which the physical space we inhabit is very different from the physical space we appear to inhabit. In this paper I explore an argument against wave function realism that appeals to a type of simplicity that, although often overlooked, plays a crucial role in scientific theory choice. The type of simplicity in question is simplicity of fit between the way a theory says the world is and the way (...)
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  4.  61
    Chance, Possibility, and Explanation.N. Emery - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (1):95-120.
    I argue against the common and influential view that non-trivial chances arise only when the fundamental laws are indeterministic. The problem with this view, I claim, is not that it conflicts with some antecedently plausible metaphysics of chance or that it fails to capture our everyday use of ‘chance’ and related terms, but rather that it is unstable. Any reason for adopting the position that non-trivial chances arise only when the fundamental laws are indeterministic is also a reason for adopting (...)
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  5.  83
    Laws and Their Instances.Nina Emery - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (6):1535-1561.
    I present an argument for the view that laws ground their instances. I then outline two important consequences that follow if we accept the conclusion of this argument. First, the claim that laws ground their instances threatens to undermine a prominent recent attempt to make sense of the explanatory power of Humean laws by distinguishing between metaphysical and scientific explanation. And second, the claim that laws ground their instances gives rise to a novel argument against the view that grounding relations (...)
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  6.  55
    Temporal Ersatzism.Nina Emery - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (9):e12441.
    Temporal ersatzism is the view that past entities exist, but are not concrete. The view is analogous to modal ersatzism, according to which merely possible worlds exist, but are not concrete. The goal of this paper is to give the reader a sense of the scope of available temporal ersatzist views, the ways in which the analogy with modal ersatzism may be helpful in characterizing and defending those views, and the sorts of considerations that are relevant when evaluating particular versions (...)
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  7.  52
    Episodic Future Thought: Contributions From Working Memory.Paul F. Hill & Lisa J. Emery - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):677-683.
    The ability to imagine hypothetical events in one’s personal future is thought to involve a number of constituent cognitive processes. We investigated the extent to which individual differences in working memory capacity contribute to facets of episodic future thought. College students completed simple and complex measures of working memory and were cued to recall autobiographical memories and imagine future autobiographical events consisting of varying levels of specificity . Consistent with previous findings, future thought was related to analogous measures of autobiographical (...)
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  8.  91
    Impossible Worlds and Metaphysical Explanation: Comments on Kment’s Modality and Explanatory Reasoning.Nina Emery & Christopher S. Hill - 2017 - Analysis 77 (1):134-148.
    In this critical notice of Kment's _Modality and Explanatory Reasoning_, we focus on Kment’s arguments for impossible worlds and on a key part of his discussion of the interactions between modality and explanation – the analogy that he draws between scientific and metaphysical explanation.
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  9. Chance, Possibility, and Explanation.Nina Emery - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (1):axt041.
    I argue against the common and influential view that non-trivial chances arise only when the fundamental laws are indeterministic. The problem with this view, I claim, is not that it conflicts with some antecedently plausible metaphysics of chance or that it fails to capture our everyday use of ‘chance’ and related terms, but rather that it is unstable. Any reason for adopting the position that non-trivial chances arise only when the fundamental laws are indeterministic is also a reason for adopting (...)
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  10. Social Cognition by Food-Caching Corvids: The Western Scrub-Jay as a Natural Psychologist.Nicola S. Clayton, Joanna M. Dally & Emery & J. Nathan - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
  11. The Metaphysical Consequences of Counterfactual Skepticism.Nina Emery - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (2):399-432.
    A series of recent arguments purport to show that most counterfactuals of the form if A had happened then C would have happened are not true. These arguments pose a challenge to those of us who think that counterfactual discourse is a useful part of ordinary conversation, of philosophical reasoning, and of scientific inquiry. Either we find a way to revise the semantics for counterfactuals in order to avoid these arguments, or we find a way to ensure that the relevant (...)
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  12.  46
    Prometheus to Proust: The Case for Behavioural Criteria for ‘Mental Time Travel’.Nicola S. Clayton, Timothy J. Bussey, Nathan J. Emery & Anthony Dickinson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):436-437.
  13. Elements of Episodic-Like Memory in Animals.N. S. Clayton, D. P. Griffiths, N. J. Emery & A. Dickenson - 2001 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
     
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  14.  33
    Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture.Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Why are humans so clever? This book explores the idea that this cleverness has evolved through the increasing complexity of social groups. It brings together contributions from leaders in the field, examining social intelligence in different animal species and exploring its development, evolution and the brain systems upon which it depends.
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  15. On Purposeful Systems.Russell L. Ackoff & Fred E. Emery - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (3):456-458.
  16. Cognitive Adaptations of Social Bonding in Birds.Nathan J. Emery, Amanda M. Seed, Auguste M. P. Von Bayern & Clayton & S. Nicola - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
     
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  17.  20
    Effects of Alcohol, Rumination, and Gender on the Time Course of Negative Affect.Jeffrey S. Simons, Noah N. Emery, Raluca M. Simons, Thomas A. Wills & Michael K. Webb - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1405-1418.
    This study modelled associations between gender, ruminative cognitive style, alcohol use, and the time course of negative affect over the course of 43,111 random assessments in the natural environment. Participants completed 49 days of experience sampling over 1.3 years. The data indicated that rumination at baseline was positively associated with alcohol dependence symptoms at baseline as well as higher negative affect over the course of the study. Consistent with negative reinforcement models, drinking served to decrease the persistence of negative affect (...)
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  18.  17
    The Role of the Amygdala in Primate Social Cognition.Nathan J. Emery & David G. Amaral - 2000 - In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel, G. L. Ahern, J. Allen & Alfred W. Kaszniak (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press. pp. 156--191.
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  19.  78
    Human Participants Challenges in Youth Tobacco Cessation Research: Researchers' Perspectives.Kathleen R. Diviak, Susan J. Curry, Sherry L. Emery & Robin J. Mermelstein - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):321 – 334.
    Recruiting adolescents into smoking cessation studies is challenging, particularly given institutional review board (IRB) requirements for research conducted with adolescents. This article provides a brief review of the federal regulations that apply to research conducted with adolescents, and describes researchers' experiences of seeking IRB approval for youth cessation research. Twenty-one researchers provided information. The most frequently reported difficulty involved obtaining parental consent. Solutions to commonly reported problems with obtaining IRB approval are also identified. Waivers of parental consent can facilitate recruitment (...)
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  20.  46
    Actualism, Presentism and the Grounding Objection.Nina Emery - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):23-43.
    Presentism is the view that only presently existing things exist. Actualism is the view that only actually existing things exist. Although these views have much in common, the position we take with respect to one of them is not usually thought to constrain the position that we may take toward the other. In this paper I argue that this standard attitude deserves further scrutiny. In particular, I argue that the considerations that motivate one common objection to presentism—the grounding objection—threaten to (...)
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  21.  57
    Actualism Without Presentism? Not by Way of the Relativity Objection.Nina Emery - 2019 - Noûs 53 (4):963-986.
    Actualism is the view that only actually existing things exist. Presentism is the view that only presently existing things exist. In this paper, I argue that being an actualist without also being a presentist is not as easy as many philosophers seem to think. A common objection to presentism is that there is an unavoidable conflict between presentism and relativity theory. But actualists who do not wish to be presentists cannot point to this relativity objection alone to support their position. (...)
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  22.  29
    Independence and Individualism: Conflated Values in Farmer Cooperation?Steven B. Emery - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (1):47-61.
    Social scientists have long examined the changing role of the individual, and the influence of individualism in social and economic arrangements as well as behavioral decisions. With respect to co-operative behavior among farmers, however, the ideology of individualism has been little theorized in terms of its relationship to the longstanding virtue of independence. This paper explores this relationship by combining analysis of historical literature on the agricultural cooperative movement with the accounts of contemporary English farmers. I show that the virtue (...)
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  23.  17
    Human Genetics: Possibilities and Realities. Ciba Foundation Symposium 66. Pp. Xi + 425. Price £24.00.Alan E. H. Emery - 1980 - Journal of Biosocial Science 12 (2):243-245.
    Cambridge Journals Online (CJO) is the online journals publishing service of Cambridge University Press. CJO hosts leading journals across multiple disciplines.
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  24.  33
    Philosophy and Theology in the Long Middle Ages: A Tribute to Stephen F. Brown.Kent Emery, Russell L. Friedman, Andreas Speer, Maxime Mauriege & Stephen F. Brown (eds.) - 2011 - Brill.
    The title of this Festschrift to Stephen Brown points to the understanding of medieval philosophy and theology in the longue durée of their traditions and discourses.
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  25.  8
    Vocal Fold Medialization—A 5‐Year Series of Single Surgeon Consecutive Medialization with Review of Literature.Abdul Nassimizadeh, Suliman El‐Shummar, Katrina Emery & Declan Costello - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  26. God and the Design of Organisms.Carl Emery - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (4):606-616.
  27.  64
    Pierre Bourdieu and Literature.Jacques Dubois, Meaghan Emery & Pamela V. Sing - 2000 - Substance 29 (3):84-102.
    Bourdieu’s thought is disturbing. Provocative. Scandalous even, at least for those who do not easily tolerate the unmitigated truth about the social. Nonetheless his ideas, among the most important and innovative of our time, are here to stay. This thought has taken form in the course of a career and through works on diverse subjects that have constructed a far-reaching analytical model of social life, which the author calls more readily an anthropology rather than a sociology. In their totality, they (...)
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  28.  31
    Bourdieu's Uneasy Psychoanalysis.Jean-Francois Fourny & Meaghan Emery - 2000 - Substance 29 (3):103-112.
  29.  7
    The Role of Emotional Expression and Eccentricity on Gaze Perception.Deema Awad, Nathan J. Emery & Isabelle Mareschal - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  30.  12
    Consciousness or the Physical Universe - Which Came First?Carl Emery - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (1):16-28.
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  31.  56
    Imaginative Scrub-Jays, Causal Rooks, and a Liberal Application of Occam's Aftershave.Nathan J. Emery & Nicola S. Clayton - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):134-135.
    We address the claim that nonhuman animals do not represent unobservable states, based on studies of physical cognition by rooks and social cognition by scrub-jays. In both cases, the most parsimonious explanation for the results is counter to the reinterpretation hypothesis. We suggest that imagination and prospection can be investigated in animals and included in models of cognitive architecture.
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  32. L'image du Christ: Le Concile de Nicée II.Gilles Emery - 2001 - Nova Et Vetera 76 (2):17-30.
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  33.  22
    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis In Health Care.Danielle Dolenc Emery & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (4):8-13.
  34.  32
    The Possibilities and Pitfalls of Humanitarian Drones.John R. Emery - 2016 - Ethics and International Affairs 30 (2):153-165.
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  35.  45
    Analogies Are Powerful and Dangerous Things.Borgerhoff Mulder Monique, McElreath Richard & Britt Schroeder Kari - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):350-351.
    The analogy between biological and cultural evolution is not perfect. Yet, as Mesoudi et al. show, many of the vaunted differences between cultural and genetic evolution (for example, an absence of discrete particles of cultural inheritance, and the blurred distinction between cultural replicators and cultural phenotypes) are, on closer inspection, either illusory or peripheral to the validity of the analogy. But what about horizontal transmission? We strongly agree with the authors that the potential for horizontal transmission of cultural traits does (...)
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  36.  31
    Esthétique musicale et philosophic ouverte.Eric Emery - 1970 - Dialectica 24 (1‐3):111-121.
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  37.  38
    Sensory Exotica: A World Beyond Human Experience by Howard C. Hughes.Nathan J. Emery & Nicky S. Clayton - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (5):208.
  38.  47
    Brave New People.A. Emery - 1985 - Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (2):106-106.
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  39.  37
    Keep Calm and Carry On: Maintaining Self-Control When Intoxicated, Upset, or Depleted.Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  40.  60
    Dialectics Versus Mechanics. A Communist Debate on Scientific Method.A. Emery - 1935 - Philosophy of Science 2 (1):9-38.
  41.  37
    Mendelian Inheritance in Man; Catalogs of Autosomal Dominant, Autosomal Recessive, and X-Linked Phenotypes.Alan Eh Emery - 1967 - The Eugenics Review 59 (4):270.
  42.  71
    Review: Henry Duméry, Imagination Et Religion. Eléments de Judaïsme, Éléments de Christianisme, Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2006, 468pp. [REVIEW]M. Emery - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (1):143-144.
    This is a review of H. Duméry’s volume Imagination et religion. Éléments de judaïsme, éléments de christianisme. The author studies biblical religion and the origins of the Christian religion, classifying and recording the imaginative element that feeds the narratives of piety: hence the rehabilitation of the myths that frame the functioning of religious representations. The author suggests that the imagination, in its deepest resources, forges the human social, has the power to invent all social roles, and causes the emergence of (...)
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  43.  75
    A Forced March Towards Beatitude: Christian Trottmann's Histoire of the Beatific Vision.Kent Emery - 1999 - Vivarium 37 (2):258-281.
  44.  38
    Consciousness or the Physical Universe – Which Came First?Carl Emery - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (6).
    Historically, many have seen the intelligibility of the physical universe as showing that it is somehow ultimately dependent upon conscious intelligent pre-existing being – ‘God’. Today, however, many believe that modern advances in our scientific understanding of the origins and nature of the universe, and of the conscious intelligent beings it contains, render God, as Laplace said, an ‘unnecessary hypothesis’. This article considers whether the findings of modern science do indeed diminish the plausibility of belief in a creator God. Or, (...)
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  45.  23
    Factors Affecting the Incidence of Down Syndrome in Scotland.Susan Holloway & Alan E. H. Emery - 1977 - Journal of Biosocial Science 9 (4):453-465.
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  46.  27
    Henricus Bate, Speculum Divinorum Et Quorundam Naturalium, Parts IV–V: On the Nature of Matter, On the Intellect as Form of Man, Ed. Carlos Steel.(Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, De Wulf-Mansion Centre, 1/10.) Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1993. Pp. Lvi, 216. Henricus Bate, Speculum Divinorum Et Quorundam Naturalium, Parts VI–VII: On the Unity of Intellect, On the Platonic Doctrine of the Ideas, Ed. C. Steel and Emiel van de Vyver.(Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, De Wulf-Mansion Centre, 1/9 ...). [REVIEW]Kent Emery - 1995 - Speculum 70 (1):111-116.
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  47. Le propos de la théologie trinitaire spéculative chez saint Thomas d'Aquin.Gilles Emery - 2004 - Nova Et Vetera 79 (2):13-43.
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  48.  34
    So You Want to Do an Online Study: Ethics Considerations and Lessons Learned.Kara Emery - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (4):293-303.
    The use of the Internet in conducting psychological research has become increasingly common over the past few decades, as Internet access has become more widespread. Although web-based work has a number of benefits, including lower cost, easy access to large samples, and strict standardization of administration, the limitations must also be considered. Among these limitations are the ethics concerns related to conducting psychological research online. These concerns include limitations in maintaining confidentiality, conducting thorough informed consent, and conducting valid assessment. Particular (...)
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  49. L'immutabilité du Dieu d'amour et les problèmes du discours sur la «souffrance de Dieu».G. Emery - 1999 - Nova Et Vetera 74 (1):5-37.
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  50.  33
    Le baptême des petits enfants.Gilles Emery - forthcoming - Nova Et Vetera.
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