Results for 'Moral Sympathy'

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  1. Sympathy for Dolores: Moral Consideration for Robots Based on Virtue and Recognition.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio, Anco Peeters & William McDonald - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (1):9-31.
    This paper motivates the idea that social robots should be credited as moral patients, building on an argumentative approach that combines virtue ethics and social recognition theory. Our proposal answers the call for a nuanced ethical evaluation of human-robot interaction that does justice to both the robustness of the social responses solicited in humans by robots and the fact that robots are designed to be used as instruments. On the one hand, we acknowledge that the instrumental nature of robots (...)
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  2.  16
    Desire-Frustration and Moral Sympathy.C. McKinnon - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (4):401 – 417.
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  3.  74
    Sympathy and Ethics. A Study of the Relationship Between Sympathy and Morality with Special Reference to Hume’s Treatise.Philip Mercer - 1972 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
  4.  50
    Beyond Sympathy: Smith’s Rejection of Hume’s Moral Theory.Paul Sagar - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (4):681-705.
    Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments has long been recognized as importantly influenced by, and in part responding to, David Hume’s earlier ethical theory. With regard to Smith’s account of the foundations of morals in particular, recent scholarly attention has focused on Smith’s differences with Hume over the question of sympathy. Whilst this is certainly important, disagreement over sympathy in fact represents only the starting point of Smith’s engagement with – and eventual attempted rejection of – Hume’s (...)
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  5. Sympathy and Benevolence in Hume's Moral Psychology.Rico Vitz - 2004 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (3):261-275.
    In this paper, I argue that Hume’s account of sympathy is substantially unchanged from the Treatise to the second Enquiry. I show that Hume uses the term ‘sympathy’ to refer to three different mental phenomena (a psychological mechanism or principle, a sentiment, and a conversion process) and that he consistently refers to sympathy as a cause of benevolent motivation. I attempt to resolve an apparent difficulty regarding sympathy and humanity by explaining how each is an ‘original (...)
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  6.  57
    Taking Sympathy Seriously: A Defense of Our Moral Psychology Toward Animals.John A. Fischer - 1987 - Environmental Ethics 9 (3):197-215.
    Sympathy for animals is regarded by many thinkers as theoretically disreputable. Against this I argue that sympathy appropriately underlies moral concern for animals. I offer an account of sympathy that distinguishes sympathy with from sympathy for fellow creatures, and I argue that both can be placed on an objective basis, if we differentiate enlightened from folk sympathy. Moreover, I suggest that sympathy for animals is not, as some have claimed, incompatible with environmentalism; (...)
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  7.  24
    Sympathy and Ethics. A Study of the Relationship Between Sympathy and Morality with Special Reference to Hume’s Treatise.William Lyons - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):363-364.
  8.  3
    The Moral Contract, Sympathy and Becoming Human: A Response to Michael Hand's A Theory of Moral Education.David Aldridge - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 53 (4):636-641.
  9.  61
    Sympathy and Moral Sense: 1725–1740.Luigi Turco - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (1):79 – 101.
  10. Feeling for Others: Empathy, Sympathy, and Morality.Heidi L. Maibom - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (5):483-499.
    An increasingly popular suggestion is that empathy and/or sympathy plays a foundational role in understanding harm norms and being motivated by them. In this paper, I argue these emotions play a rather more moderate role in harms norms than we are often led to believe. Evidence from people with frontal lobe damage suggests that neither empathy, nor sympathy is necessary for the understanding of such norms. Furthermore, people's understanding of why it is wrong to harm varies and is (...)
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  11.  14
    Taking Sympathy Seriously: A Defense of Our Moral Psychology Toward Animals.John A. Fischer - 1987 - Environmental Ethics 9 (3):197-215.
    Sympathy for animals is regarded by many thinkers as theoretically disreputable. Against this I argue that sympathy appropriately underlies moral concern for animals. I offer an account of sympathy that distinguishes sympathy with from sympathy for fellow creatures, and I argue that both can be placed on an objective basis, if we differentiate enlightened from folk sympathy. Moreover, I suggest that sympathy for animals is not, as some have claimed, incompatible with environmentalism; (...)
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  12.  80
    Hume and Smith on Sympathy, Approbation, and Moral Judgment.Geoffrey Sayre-McCord - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):208-236.
    David Hume and Adam Smith are usually, and understandably, seen as developing very similar sentimentalist accounts of moral thought and practice. As similar as Hume's and Smith's accounts of moral thought are, they differ in telling ways. This essay is an attempt primarily to get clear on the important differences. They are worth identifying and exploring, in part, because of the great extent to which Hume and Smith share not just an overall approach to moral theory but (...)
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  13.  42
    The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today.Michael L. Frazer - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    However, other leading philosophers of the era--such as David Hume, Adam Smith, and J.G. Herder--placed greater emphasis on feeling, seeing moral and political ...
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  14.  28
    Storytelling, Sympathy and Moral Judgment in American Abolitionism.K. K. Smith - 1998 - Journal of Political Philosophy 6 (4):356–377.
  15.  33
    Sympathy and Ethics. A Study of the Relationship Between Sympathy and Morality with Special Reference to Hume’s Treatise. [REVIEW]T. K. J. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (2):352-353.
    The author develops an historical thesis about Hume’s moral theory in the Treatise and advances his own estimate, which goes well beyond Hume’s, of the connection between sympathy and morality. In a masterly analysis of the Treatise doctrines of sympathy and the indirect passions, Mercer reveals insurmountable difficulties in Hume’s endeavor to give morality a basis in the passions. He characterizes the technical notion of sympathy operating in the Treatise as narrow, egocentric, and amoral; and singles (...)
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  16.  67
    Sympathy, Beauty, and Sentiment: Adam Smith's Aesthetic Morality.Robert Fudge - 2009 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 7 (2):133-146.
    One of the more striking aspects of Adam Smith's moral theory is the degree to which it depends on and appeals to aesthetic norms. By considering what Smith says about judgments of propriety – the foundational type of judgment in his system – and by tying what he says in The Theory of Moral Sentiments to certain of his other writings, I argue that Smith ultimately defends an aesthetic morality. Among the challenges that any aesthetic morality faces is (...)
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  17.  47
    “Cemented with Diseased Qualities”: Sympathy and Comparison in Hume’s Moral Psychology.Gerald J. Postema - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (2):249-298.
    Mandeville writes that it was said of Montaigne “that he was pretty well vers’d in the Defects of Man-kind, but unacquainted with the Excellencies of human Nature,” adding, “If I fare no worse, I shall think my self well used.” Mandeville transformed Montaigne’s suggestion into a methodology for his systematic attempt to “anatomize the invisible Parts of Man”. His tale of “the grumbling hive,” and his extensive commentary on it, were designed to demonstrate that “if Mankind could be cured of (...)
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  18.  70
    The Commerce of Sympathy: Adam Smith on the Emergence of Morals.Eugene Heath - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (3):447-466.
  19.  13
    Sympathie morale et tragédie sociale : Sophie de Grouchy lectrice d’Adam Smith.Spiros Tegos - 2013 - Noesis 21:265-292.
    Sophie de Grouchy, marquise de Condorcet, réinterprète la doctrine de la sympathie propre à la tradition moraliste écossaise dans le sens d’une réévaluation de ses origines physiologiques, ce qui affecte profondément ses dimensions morales et sociales. Dans le cadre d’un rousseauisme compassionnel, elle transforme Adam Smith en un républicain sentimentaliste modéré, précurseur des Idéologues. Elle s’emploie pour cela à montrer que la déférence envers le pouvoir établi, surtout la royauté, érigée par Adam Smith en servilité quasi fétichiste envers les puissants (...)
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  20. Sympathy, Simulation, and the Impartial Spectator.Robert M. Gordon - 1996 - In L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.), Ethics. MIT Press. pp. 727-742.
  21.  12
    Sympathy, Scruple, and Piety: The Moral and Religious Valuation of Nonhumans.Steven G. Smith - 1993 - Journal of Religious Ethics 21 (2):319 - 342.
    Our moral valuation of nonhuman and human beings alike may arise in sympathy, the realization in feeling of a significant commonality between self and others; in scrupulous observance of policy, the affirmation in practical consistency of a system of relations with others; and in piety, the attitude of boundless appreciation and absolute scruple with respect to objects as sacred - that is, as valued for the sake of adequate valuation of the holy. Differences between the moral status (...)
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  22.  53
    Huck Finn, Moral Reasons and Sympathy.Craig Taylor - 2012 - Philosophy 87 (4):583-593.
    In his influential paper 'The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn', Jonathan Bennett suggests that Huck's failure to turn in the runaway slave Jim as his conscience — a conscience distorted by racism — tells him he ought to is not merely right but also praiseworthy. James Montmarquet however argues against what he sees here as Bennett's 'anti-intellectualism' in moral psychology that insofar as Huck lacks and so fails to act on the moral belief that he should help Jim his (...)
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  23.  9
    Smith's Sympathy and Moral Sentiments. 변영진 - 2016 - Journal of Ethics: The Korean Association of Ethics 1 (111):83-107.
  24.  75
    Humanity, Sympathy and the Puzzle of Hume's Second Enquiry.Remy Debes - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (1):27 – 57.
    Two longstanding questions about Hume's later moral theory have preoccupied scholars of his work: First, what does Hume mean by "humanity" in the second Enquiry, and what are we to make of its seeming replacement of "extensive sympathy" as the source of our moral sentiments? Second, what happened to the associationist account of sympathy emphasized so keenly in the Treatise? My primary task in this paper will be to answer the first of these two questions. To (...)
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  25. Sympathy, Self-Interest, and the Revision of Benthamism: The Development of John Stuart Mill's Moral and Social Philosophy, 1826-1840. [REVIEW]Michele Green - 1988 - Dissertation, York University (Canada)
    After his mental crisis in 1826 J. S. Mill set out to revise Benthamite Utilitarianism. The nature of that revision and its relation to Mill's mature philosophy is central to Mill scholarship. This study suggests that in order to understand the development of Mill's thought it is necessary to understand the central role he assigned to sympathy. ;Benthamism, to Mill, was based upon the assumptions that mankind was predominately motivated by self-interest, and that the greatest happiness of the greatest (...)
     
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  26. Sympathy and Subjectivity.Peter Carruthers - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (4):465-82.
    This paper shows that even if the mental states of non-human animals lack phenomenological properties, as some accounts of mental-state consciousness imply, this need not prevent those states from being appropriate objects of sympathy and moral concern. The paper argues that the most basic form of mental (as opposed to biological) harm lies in the existence of thwarted agency, or thwarted desire, rather than in anything phenomenological.
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  27. Movies, the Moral Emotions, and Sympathy.Noël Carroll - 2010 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 34 (1):1-19.
  28.  13
    Clinical Sympathy: The Important Role of Affectivity in Clinical Practice.Carter Hardy - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):499-513.
    Bioethics has begun to see the revaluation of affects in medical practice, but not all of them, and not necessarily in the sense of affects as we know them. Empathy has been accepted as important for good medical practice, but only in a way that strips it of its affectivity and thus prevents other affects, like sympathy, from being accepted. As part of a larger project that aims at revaluing the importance of affectivity in medical practice, the purpose of (...)
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  29. Beyond Sympathy and Empathy: Adam Smith's Concept of Fellow-Feeling.Robert Sugden - 2002 - Economics and Philosophy 18 (1):63-87.
    When modern economists use the notions of sympathy or empathy, they often claim that their ideas have their roots in Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments, while sometimes complaining that Smith fails to distinguish clearly enough between the two concepts. Recently, Philippe Fontaine has described various forms of sympathy and empathy, and has explored their respective roles in Smith's work. My objective in this paper is to argue that Smith's analysis of how people's sentiments impinge on one (...)
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  30.  18
    Moral Reason and Sympathy.Frances E. Gill - 2000 - Southwest Philosophy Review 16 (2):153-164.
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  31.  14
    Sympathy and Ethics: A Study of the Relationship Between Sympathy and Morality with Special Reference to Hume's Treatise. By Philip Mercer. Oxford: Clarendon Press; Don Mills: Oxford University Press. 1972. Pp. 138. $9.00. [REVIEW]Carole Borowski Stewart - 1973 - Dialogue 12 (1):124-127.
  32.  24
    Moral Choices (R.H.) Sternberg Tragedy Offstage: Suffering and Sympathy in Ancient Athens. Pp. Xii + 238 Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006. Cased, £26, US$45. ISBN: 978-0-292-71416-. [REVIEW]Victoria Wohl - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (2):345-.
  33.  20
    Sympathy and Ethics: A Study of the Relationship Between Sympathy and Morality with Special Reference to Hume's Treatise By Philip Mercer Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972, 138 Pp., £2.40. [REVIEW]Mary Midgley - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (186):399-.
  34.  17
    Sympathy and Ethics. A Study of the Relationship Between Sympathy and Morality with Special Reference to Hume’s Treatise.C. C. W. Taylor - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (4):537.
  35. Sympathy, Social Stability and Those Left Out: Querying A Theory of Moral Education.John Tillson - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 53 (4):649-655.
  36.  15
    Sympathy and Moral Objectivity.Erik Brown - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):179 - 188.
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  37.  32
    Conscience, Sympathy and the Foundation of Morality.Jiwei Ci - 1991 - American Philosophical Quarterly 28 (1):49 - 59.
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  38.  6
    Sympathy in Kant's Moral Theory.Maria de Lourdes Borges - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 152-158.
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  39.  44
    Sympathy: A History.Eric Schliesser (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Our modern-day word for sympathy is derived from the classical Greek word for fellow-feeling. Both in the vernacular as well as in the various specialist literatures within philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, economics, and history, "sympathy" and "empathy" are routinely conflated. In practice, they are also used to refer to a large variety of complex, all-too-familiar social phenomena: for example, simultaneous yawning or the giggles. Moreover, sympathy is invoked to address problems associated with social dislocation and political conflict. It (...)
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  40. Sympathy and the Project of Hume's Second Enquiry.Kate Abramson - 2001 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (1):45-80.
    More than two hundred years after its publication, David Hume's Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals is still widely regarded as either a footnote to the more philosophically interesting third book of the Treatise, or an abbreviated, more stylish, version of that earlier work. These standard interpretations are rather difficult to square with Hume's own assessment of the second Enquiry. Are we to think that Hume called the EPM “incomparably the best” of all his writings only because he preferred that (...)
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  41.  25
    Sympathy and the Mechanics of Character Change.Anik Waldow - 2012 - Hume Studies 38 (2):221-242.
    Hume holds that sympathy is both crucial for making moral judgments and a distorting influence that prevents us from assessing the virtue of characters impartially. He writes, When any quality, or character, has a tendency to the good of mankind, we are pleas’d with it, and approve of it; because it presents the lively idea of pleasure; which idea affects us by sympathy, and is itself a kind of pleasure. But as this sympathy is very variable, (...)
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  42.  19
    Sympathy in Space(S): Adam Smith on Proximity.Fonna Forman-Barzilai - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (2):189 - 217.
    In this essay the author explores the relation between sympathy and proximity in Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments. The essay proceeds in two parts. First, the author demonstrates that Smith's description of our various attachments and affections, and the inevitable conflicts among them, draws us into the rich spatial texture of sympathetic response and stimulates further inquiry into a variety of spaces in which sympathetic activity takes place. In the second part, the author explores three such spaces-the (...)
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  43.  13
    Autonomy and Sympathy: Towards a Post-Kantian Moral Humanism.Filimon Peonidis - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:371-382.
    Kantian moral humanism refers to Kant’s ingenious effort to conceive human beings as bearers of an intrinsic and non-negotiable value that is grounded on the fact that they are autonomous lawgivers in a kingdom of ends. However, the highly idealised character of his project and its metaphysical underpinnings render the association between man’s inner worth and autonomy problematic for the modern reader. In this essay we argue for a more down to earth moral humanism that still supports the (...)
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  44.  12
    Sympathy in Space.Fonna Forman-Barzilai - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (2):189-217.
    In this essay the author explores the relation between sympathy and proximity in Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments. The essay proceeds in two parts. First, the author demonstrates that Smith’s description of our various attachments and affections, and the inevitable conflicts among them, draws us into the rich spatial texture of sympathetic response and stimulates further inquiry into a variety of spaces in which sympathetic activity takes place. In the second part, the author explores three such spaces—the (...)
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  45.  42
    Empathy, Sympathy, Justice and the Child.Kristja´N. Kristja´Nsson * - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (3):291-305.
    This essay explains and puts into theoretical perspective the rising interest in justice as an emotional virtue. Martin Hoffman's empathy theory is germane to this debate since it gives an essentially emotion?oriented account of moral development in general, as well as an explanation of the gradual bonding of empathy/sympathy with justice. While Hoffman's theory provides valuable insights into the ways in which all moral concerns, including justice, rely on and relate to the child's original capacity for empathy, (...)
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  46.  30
    Ways of Desiring Mutual Sympathy in Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy.John McHugh - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (4):614-634.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, I address the question of what we are really after when we seek Smithian mutual sympathy; I also show how the answer I propose can be used to illuminate a crucial feature of Smith's moral philosophy. The first section develops a Smithian response to egoistic interpretations of the desire for mutual sympathy. The second section identifies a number of different self- and other-relevant ways in which one could desire mutual sympathy. Some of these (...)
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  47.  14
    Of Normal Human Sympathies and Clear Consciences: Comments on Hyman Gross’s Crime and Punishment: A Concise Moral Critique.Leo Zaibert - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (1):91-108.
    Contemporary criminal justice systems are extraordinarily unfair. Focusing on Hyman Gross’s Crimes and Punishment: A Concise Moral Critique, however, I identify ways in which scholarly criticisms of these criminal justice systems tend to miss their target. In particular, I argue against the assumption that in order to criticize these criminal justice systems we need to cast doubt on the very practice of blaming people and on the notion of desert, or that we need to reject wholesale retributive rationales for (...)
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  48.  20
    On the Captivity of the Will: Sympathy, Caring, and a Moral Sense of the Human.John Sabini & Maury Silver - 1985 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 15 (1):23-36.
    We are concerned in this paper with the question of what more there is to human nature than cognition, with what it is to be a person in the sense of something that would justify our sympathy. We examine pain, emotion, and the abrogation of values as sources of our sympathy for one another. We further argue that our sympathy over each of these unfortunate events is connected with our sense that they are beyond a person' s (...)
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  49.  65
    Sympathy, Difference, and Education: Social Unity in the Work of Adam Smith.Jack Weinstein - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (1):79-111.
    In this article, I examine Adam Smith's theory of the ways individuals in society bridge social and biological difference. In doing so, I emphasize the divisive effects of gender, race, and class to see if Smith's account of social unity can overcome such fractious forces. My discussion uses the metaphor of “proximity” to mean both physical and psychological distance between moral actors and spectators. I suggest that education – both formal and informal in means – can assist moral (...)
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  50.  19
    A Case of Moral Heroism: Sympathy, Personal Identification, and Mortality in Rwanda. [REVIEW]Ari Kohen - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (1):65-82.
    What sort of person chooses to remain in a place like Rwanda when an easy exit is offered, when leaving seems the only safe or sane option, and when one is not directly connected to the would-be victims? And how does this person come to develop a circle of care that is expansive enough to include those who are radically Other? In what follows, I consider these questions through a detailed examination of the recent example of Paul Rusesabagina, the Hutu (...)
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