Results for 'Moral reform'

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  1.  81
    Common Morality and Moral Reform.K. A. Wallace - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):55-68.
    The idea of moral reform requires that morality be more than a description of what people do value, for there has to be some measure against which to assess progress. Otherwise, any change is not reform, but simply difference. Therefore, I discuss moral reform in relation to two prescriptive approaches to common morality, which I distinguish as the foundational and the pragmatic. A foundational approach to common morality (e.g., Bernard Gert’s) suggests that there is no (...)
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  2.  57
    Moral Reform, Moral Disagreement, and Abortion.Kathleen Wallace - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (4):380-403.
  3.  26
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform.Laura Papish - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Throughout his writings, and particularly in Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, Kant alludes to the idea that evil is connected to self-deceit, and while numerous commentators regard this as a highly attractive thesis, none have seriously explored it. Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform addresses this crucial element of Kant's ethical theory. -/- Working with both Kant's core texts on ethics and materials less often cited within scholarship on Kant's practical philosophy (such as Kant's logic (...)
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  4.  52
    ''Punishment, Contempt, and the Prospect of Moral Reform''.Zachary Hoskins - 2013 - Criminal Justice Ethics 32 (1):1-18.
    This paper objects to certain forms of punishments, such as supermax confinement, on grounds that they are inappropriately contemptuous. Building on discussions in Kant and elsewhere, I flesh out what I take to be salient features of contempt, features that make contempt especially troubling as a form of moral regard and treatment. As problematic as contempt may be in the interpersonal context, I contend that it is especially troubling when a person is treated contemptuously by her political community’s institutions (...)
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  5.  9
    Chapter Seven. Individuality and Moral Reform.Joseph Hamburger - 2001 - In John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control. Princeton University Press. pp. 149-165.
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  6. Persuasion and Moral Reform in Plato and Aristotle.George Klosko - 1993 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 47 (184):31-49.
     
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  7.  8
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform by Laura Papish. [REVIEW]Francey Russell - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (2):410-411.
    Iris Murdoch wrote that we should always ask about any philosopher: "what are they afraid of?". One of Kant's most acute anxieties is the human tendency to motivated illusion and self-deception. For Kant, not only is it the case that "the depths of the human heart are unfathomable", but we human beings actively undermine our own efforts to know it, we "throw dust in our own eyes". In her book, Laura Papish offers a rich, holistic account of the Kantian person—not (...)
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  8. Women Against Abortion: Inside the Largest Moral Reform Movement of the Twentieth Century.[author unknown] - 2017
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  9.  35
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by Laura Papish.Patrick R. Frierson - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1344-1355.
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by PapishLaura. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xvii + 257.
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  10.  64
    The Moral Basis for Healthcare Reform in the United States.Griffin Trotter - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):102-107.
    In speculating on the motives for government, English philosopher Thomas Hobbes identified the pervasive role of fear and the danger of violent death, holding famously that where no government prevails to secure physical safety and property, there can also be no enduring knowledge, art, or civilization—leaving human lives “solitary, poore [sic], nasty, brutish and short.”.
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  11.  58
    Review of Papish, Laura. Kant on Evil, Self-Deception and Moral Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 280. $74.13 (Cloth). [REVIEW]Samuel J. M. Kahn - forthcoming - Ethics.
  12. Book Review: Women Against Abortion: Inside the Largest Moral Reform Movement of the Twentieth Century by Karissa Haugeberg. [REVIEW]Elena Fell - 2018 - Gender and Society 32 (4):595-597.
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  13. Jacobins and Utopians: The Political Theory of Fundamental Moral Reform.George Klosko - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (318):690-694.
     
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  14. Jacobins and Utopians: The Political Theory of Fundamental Moral Reform.George Klosko - 2003 - Utopian Studies 14 (2):177-179.
  15.  21
    Laura Papish, Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018 Pp. Xvii + 280 ISBN 9780190692100 $85.00. [REVIEW]Pablo Muchnik - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (2):316-322.
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  16.  9
    The Moral Controversy Over Boxing Reform.C. D. Herrera - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):163-173.
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  17.  18
    Remorse, Reform and the Real World: Reply to Lippke. [REVIEW]Steven Tudor - 2008 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (3):269-272.
    This article replies to some of Richard Lippke’s criticisms of my earlier article on the issue of whether remorse should mitigate sentence. I query whether remorse-based mitigation must always wait for signs of moral reform, and re-affirm that remorse is worthy of recognition in itself and not just for the moral reform it may bring. I also argue that, where delayed mitigation is appropriate, the task of ascertaining moral reform is not as dubious, practically (...)
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  18. The Moral Foundations of Health Services Reform.Robert Sade - 1997 - Reason Papers 22:85-95.
     
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  19. Moral Decay and Social Reconstruction: Richard Turner and Radical Reform.Eddie Webster - 1993 - Theoria 81:1-13.
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  20.  30
    Health Care Reform and Abortion: A Catholic Moral Perspective.James T. McHugh - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):491-500.
    The Catholic Church in the United States provides extensive health care service through its more than 600 health facilities. The Church, on the basis of its moral teaching, sees health care as a basic human right and supports universal coverage. At the same time, the Church considers abortion morally wrong and opposes coverage of abortion as a health service in a national health plan. Mandated coverage of abortion would violate the moral commitments of Catholic hospitals and the consciences (...)
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  21.  45
    Health Care Reform: A Study in Moral Malfeasance.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):501-516.
    Instead of benefitting from open meetings and public discussions, the Clintons drafted their health care plan in private and asked that it be accepted in haste. They advance an ideology that claims we can receive the best care for all without any increase in cost or rationing, and then they use "ethicists" to justify this ideology through a supposedly common morality. However, there is no such common morality. In the context of American pluralism, one must look to the actual consent (...)
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  22.  18
    Health Reform in America: The Mystery of the Missing Moral Momentum.Lawrence D. Brown - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):239-246.
    Examining health policy and its recent reform misadventures in the United States from a moral viewpoint is painful. That the nation devotes 14% of its Gross Domestic Product to health servicesand yet lets more than 40 million citizens go without health coverage strikes critics, both foreign and domestic, as a disgrace explicable only by ethical deficiencies distinctive to the American value system. There is certainly merit in this critique, which understandably incites fire and brimstone about the urgent (...) imperative of getting the nation on the path of righteousness at last. (shrink)
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  23.  74
    The Natural Duty of Justice in Non-Ideal Circumstances: On the Moral Demands of Institution Building and Reform.Laura Valentini - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Principles of distributive justice bind macro-level institutional agents, like the state. But what does justice require in non-ideal circumstances, where institutional agents are unjust or do not e...
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  24.  44
    Punishment and Reform.Steven Sverdlik - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (3):619-633.
    The reform of offenders is often said to be one of the morally legitimate aims of punishment. After briefly surveying the history of reformist thinking I examine the ‘quasi-reform’ theories, as I call them, of H. Morris, J. Hampton and A. Duff. I explain how they conceive of reform, and what role they take it to have in the criminal justice system. I then focus critically on one feature of their conception of reform, namely, the claim (...)
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  25.  16
    Moral Justification of Reform Movements in American Political Philosophy.Yeager Hudson - 1988 - Social Philosophy Today 1:45-58.
  26.  19
    Taxation Reform: A Moral Issue?Brian Lucas - 1998 - The Australasian Catholic Record 75 (3):315.
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  27. Moral and Political Aspects of School Reform: The Example of Poland.Heliodor Muszynski - 1992 - Paideia 16:93.
     
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  28.  41
    Welfare Reform and the Subject of the Working Mother: “Get a Job, a Better Job, Then a Career”.Anna C. Korteweg - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (4):445-480.
    Until 1996, poor single mothers in the United States could claim welfare benefits for themselves and their children under the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program if they had no other source of income. With the 1996 passage of the Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), paid work and work-related activities became a mandatory condition for receiving aid. At the same time, the law promotes marriage as a route out of poverty. Using a feminist reinterpretation of Althusser’s (...)
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  29. Cultural Literacy and Moral Community: A Reappraisal of Conservative Reform Discourse.G. T. Ray - 1996 - Journal of Thought 31:25-36.
  30.  5
    Eugenics as a Moral Ideal: The Beginning of a Progressive Reform.F. C. S. Schiller - 1930 - The Eugenics Review 22 (2):103.
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  31. HAYWARD, F. H. - The Reform of Moral and Biblical Education on the Lines of Herbartianism, Critical Thought, and the Ethical Needs of the Present Day. [REVIEW]Foster Watson - 1904 - Mind 13:115.
  32. Justice Through Apologies: Remorse, Reform, and Punishment.Nick Smith - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this follow up to I Was Wrong: The Meanings of Apologies, Nick Smith expands his ambitious theories of categorical apologies to civil and criminal law. After rejecting court-ordered apologies as unjustifiable humiliation, this book explains that penitentiaries were originally designed to bring about penance - something like apology - and that this tradition has been lost in the assembly line of mass incarceration. Smith argues that the state should modernize these principles and techniques to reduce punishments for offenders who (...)
     
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  33.  19
    Mackie’s Conceptual Reform Moral Error Theory.Wouter Floris Kalf - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry 2 (53):1-17.
    John P. Burgess has remarked that Mackie: “even though he talks of the need to invent morality … does not seem to think that this proposal could be worked into a revisionary meta-ethic”. In the first part of my paper, I argue that Mackie did propose a revisionary meta-ethic (conceptual reformism), and that Mackie was not a preservatist, abolitionist, or semantic pluralist. I also argue that interpreting Mackie as a conceptual reformist enables us to overcome a number of standard objections (...)
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  34.  7
    Prevent, Repent, Reform, Revenge: A Study in Adolescent Moral Development.Ann C. Diver-Stamnes - 1995 - Greenwood Press.
    The book is designed to answer two main questions: What kind of analytical scheme can profitably reveal the nature of people's reasoning about the aims of ...
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  35.  31
    Just Caring: Health Reform and Health Care Rationing.Leonard M. Fleck - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):435-443.
    Health reform must include health care rationing, both for reasons of fairness and efficiency. Few politicians are willing to accept this claim, including the Clinton Administration. Brown and others have argued that enormous waste and inefficiency must be wrung out of our health care system before morally problematic cost constraining options, such as rationing, can be justifiably adopted. However, I argue that most of the policies and practices that would diminish waste and inefficiency include implicit (and therefore morally problematic) (...)
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  36. Ethics as Moral Inquiry: Dewey and the Moral Psychology of Social Reform.James Bohman - 2010 - In Molly Cochran (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Dewey. Cambridge University Press.
  37.  19
    Ci, Jiwei, Moral China in the Age of Reform: New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014, X + 230 Pages.Sam Crane - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):601-605.
  38.  18
    Mackie’s Conceptual Reform Moral Error Theory.Wouter Kalf - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (2):175-191.
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  39.  47
    Developing Virtue and Rehabilitating Vice: Worries About Self-Cultivation and Self-Reform.Heather Battaly - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (2):207-222.
    Aristotelian virtue theorists have emphasized the role of the self in developing virtue and in rehabilitating vice. But this article argues that, as Aristotelians, we have placed too much emphasis on self-cultivation and self-reform. Self-cultivation is not required for developing virtue or vice. Nor will sophia-inspired self-reform jumpstart change in the vicious person. In each case, the external environment has an important role to play. One can unwittingly acquire virtues or vices from one’s environment. Likewise, a well-designed environment (...)
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  40.  4
    Rational Piety and Social Reform in Glasgow.Stephen Cowley - 2015 - Eugene, OR, USA: Wipf and Stock.
    James Mylne (1757-1839) taught moral philosophy and political economy in Glasgow from 1797 to the mid-1830s. Rational Piety and Social Reform in Glasgow offers readers Mylne's biography, a summary of his lectures on moral philosophy and political economy, several interpretative essays, and a collation of his introductory lecture.
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  41.  19
    It Is Not Your Fault: Suggestions for Building Ethical Capacity in Individuals Through Structural Reform to Health Care Organisations: Comment on “Moral Distress in Uninsured Health Care” by Anita Nivens and Janet Buelow. [REVIEW]Sarah Winch, Michael Sinnott & Ramon Shaban - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):423-424.
  42.  13
    Global Taxation, Global Reform, and Collective Action.Shmuel Nili - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (1):83-103.
    This article asks how global tax reform relates to other emerging proposals for global economic reform. Specifically, I will try to contribute to the philosophical understanding of this relationship, by comparing global tax reform with a reform seeking to end dictators’ trading privileges in their peoples’ natural resources. Through this comparison, I intend to establish two main claims. At a concrete, practical level, I hope to show that reform of dictators’ resource privilege will be easier (...)
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  43.  49
    Merely a New Formula? G.A. Tittel on Kant’s ‘Reform’ of Moral Science.Michael Walschots - forthcoming - Studi Kantiani.
    In the first ever commentary on the Groundwork, one of Kant’s earliest critics, Gottlob August Tittel, argues that the categorical imperative is not a new principle of morality, but merely a new formula. This objection has been unjustly neglected in the secondary literature, despite the fact that Kant explicitly responds to it in a footnote in the second Critique. In this paper I seek to offer a thorough explanation of both Tittel’s ‘new formula’ objection and Kant’s response to it, as (...)
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  44.  90
    In Favour of a Millian Proposal to Reform Biomedical Research.Julian Reiss - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):427 - 447.
    One way to make philosophy of science more socially relevant is to attend to specific scientific practises that affect society to a great extent. One such practise is biomedical research. This paper looks at contemporary U.S. biomedical research in particular and argues that it suffers from important epistemic, moral and socioeconomic failings. It then discusses and criticises existing approaches to improve on the status quo, most prominently by Thomas Pogge (a political philosopher), Joseph Stiglitz (a Nobel-prize winning economist) and (...)
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  45.  10
    Health‐Care Reform and ESI: Reconsidering the Relationship Between Employment and Health Insurance.Patricia C. Flynn - 2010 - Business and Society Review 115 (3):311-328.
    ABSTRACTThe health‐care reform promised by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of March 2010 continues our dependence on a central feature of the American health‐care system: employer‐sponsored insurance . In this article I will criticize the assumptions regarding market and welfare concerns on which this dependence is based and argue that efforts to mandate ESI ignore both the dynamics of the employment relation and the nature of health‐care needs. A comparison between investing in employee education and investing in (...)
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  46.  39
    Moral Distress and the Contemporary Plight of Health Professionals.Wendy Austin - 2012 - HEC Forum 24 (1):27-38.
    Once a term used primarily by moral philosophers, “moral distress” is increasingly used by health professionals to name experiences of frustration and failure in fulfilling moral obligations inherent to their fiduciary relationship with the public. Although such challenges have always been present, as has discord regarding the right thing to do in particular situations, there is a radical change in the degree and intensity of moral distress being expressed. Has the plight of professionals in healthcare practice (...)
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  47.  45
    Bioethics and Healthcare Reform: A Whig Response to Weak Consensus.Griffin Trotter - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):37-51.
    Contemporary bioethics begins with the perception that medical values are a matter of public, rather than merely professional, interest. Such was the message of delegates in Helsinki and of the New Jersey court that decided for Quinlan. It is a theme that lurks within almost every major bioethical treatise since the first edition of PrinciplesofBioethics. This perception also undergirds the increasingly popular suggestion that moral authority in the patient-physician relationship resides neither in the medical profession, nor in the singular (...)
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  48.  44
    Forgiveness and Moral Development.Paula Satne - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (4):1029-1055.
    Forgiveness is clearly an important aspect of our moral lives, yet surprisingly Kant, one of the most important authors in the history of Western ethics, seems to have very little to say about it. Some authors explain this omission by noting that forgiveness sits uncomfortably in Kant’s moral thought: forgiveness seems to have an ineluctably ‘elective’ aspect which makes it to a certain extent arbitrary; thus it stands in tension with Kant’s claim that agents are autonomous beings, capable (...)
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  49.  21
    It Is Not Your Fault: Suggestions for Building Ethical Capacity in Individuals Through Structural Reform to Health Care Organisations: Comment on “Moral Distress in Uninsured Health Care” by Anita Nivens and Janet Buelow.Sarah Winch, Michael Sinnott & Ramon Shaban - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):423-424.
  50. The Moral Footprint of Animal Products.Krzysztof Saja - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):193–202.
    Most ethical discussions about diet are focused on the justification of specific kinds of products rather than an individual assessment of the moral footprint of eating products of certain animal species. This way of thinking is represented in the typical division of four dietary attitudes. There are vegans, vegetarians, welfarists and ordinary meat -eaters. However, the common “all or nothing” discussions between meat -eaters, vegans and vegetarians bypass very important factors in assessing dietary habits. I argue that if we (...)
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