Results for 'Morten Schlütter'

416 found
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  1. Language as Shaped by the Brain.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  2.  35
    The Now-or-Never Bottleneck: A Fundamental Constraint on Language.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-52.
    Memory is fleeting. New material rapidly obliterates previous material. How, then, can the brain deal successfully with the continual deluge of linguistic input? We argue that, to deal with this “Now-or-Never” bottleneck, the brain must compress and recode linguistic input as rapidly as possible. This observation has strong implications for the nature of language processing: the language system must “eagerly” recode and compress linguistic input; as the bottleneck recurs at each new representational level, the language system must build a multilevel (...)
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  3.  20
    Implicit Statistical Learning: A Tale of Two Literatures.Morten H. Christiansen - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (3):468-481.
  4.  82
    Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies.Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
  5.  73
    Is Conscious Perception Gradual or Dichotomous? A Comparison of Report Methodologies During a Visual Task.Morten Overgaard, Julian Rote, Kim Mouridsen & Thomas Zoëga Ramsøy - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):700-708.
    In a recent article, [Sergent, C. & Dehaene, S. . Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink, Psychological Science, 15, 720–729] claim to give experimental support to the thesis that there is a clear transition between conscious and unconscious perception. This idea is opposed to theoretical arguments that we should think of conscious perception as a continuum of clarity, with e.g., fringe conscious states [Mangan, B. . Sensation’s ghost—the non-sensory “fringe” of consciousness, Psyche, (...)
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  6.  63
    When Should Conscientious Objection Be Accepted.Morten Magelssen - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):18-21.
    This paper makes two main claims: first, that the need to protect health professionals' moral integrity is what grounds the right to conscientious objection in health care; and second, that for a given claim of conscientious objection to be acceptable to society, a certain set of criteria should be fulfilled. The importance of moral integrity for individuals and society, including its special role in health care, is advocated. Criteria for evaluating the acceptability of claims to conscientious objection are outlined. The (...)
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  7.  38
    The Affective Core of Emotion: Linking Pleasure, Subjective Well-Being, and Optimal Metastability in the Brain.Morten L. Kringelbach & Kent C. Berridge - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):191-199.
    Arguably, emotion is always valenced—either pleasant or unpleasant—and dependent on the pleasure system. This system serves adaptive evolutionary functions; relying on separable wanting, liking, and learning neural mechanisms mediated by mesocorticolimbic networks driving pleasure cycles with appetitive, consummatory, and satiation phases. Liking is generated in a small set of discrete hedonic hotspots and coldspots, while wanting is linked to dopamine and to larger distributed brain networks. Breakdown of the pleasure system can lead to anhedonia and other features of affective disorders. (...)
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  8.  29
    Toward a Connectionist Model of Recursion in Human Linguistic Performance.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (2):157-205.
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  9.  14
    Ethics Support in Community Care Makes a Difference for Practice.Morten Magelssen, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Lillian Lillemoen, Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (2):165-173.
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  10.  63
    Towards a Functional Neuroanatomy of Pleasure and Happiness.Morten L. Kringelbach & Kent C. Berridge - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (11):479-487.
  11.  28
    Four Roles of Ethical Theory in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):26-33.
    When clinical ethics committee members discuss a complex ethical dilemma, what use do they have for normative ethical theories? Members without training in ethical theory may still contribute to a pointed and nuanced analysis. Nonetheless, the knowledge and use of ethical theories can play four important roles: aiding in the initial awareness and identification of the moral challenges, assisting in the analysis and argumentation, contributing to a sound process and dialogue, and inspiring an attitude of reflexivity. These four roles of (...)
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  12.  18
    More Than Words: The Role of Multiword Sequences in Language Learning and Use.Morten H. Christiansen & Inbal Arnon - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):542-551.
    The ability to convey our thoughts using an infinite number of linguistic expressions is one of the hallmarks of human language. Understanding the nature of the psychological mechanisms and representations that give rise to this unique productivity is a fundamental goal for the cognitive sciences. A long-standing hypothesis is that single words and rules form the basic building blocks of linguistic productivity, with multiword sequences being treated as units only in peripheral cases such as idioms. The new millennium, however, has (...)
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  13.  12
    Exploring the Role of Exemplarity in Education: Two Dimensions of the Teacher’s Task.Morten Timmermann Korsgaard - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (3):271-284.
    ABSTRACTThis paper explores the role of exemplarity in education through a conceptualisation of two different dimensions of exemplarity in educational practice. Pedagogical exemplarity, which relates to the pedagogical and ethical dimension of educational practice. In other words, this dimension explores the educational moments when someone takes up an exemplary function in educational practice. Didactical exemplarity, which relates to the exemplary function of subject matter or educational content. In other words, this dimension explores the educational moments when something takes up an (...)
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  14.  26
    The Status and Future of Consciousness Research.Morten Overgaard - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  15.  57
    Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks.Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581-597.
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also explored the (...)
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  16.  55
    Can No-Report Paradigms Extract True Correlates of Consciousness?Morten Overgaard & Peter Fazekas - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):241-242.
  17.  36
    Rationing at the Bedside: Immoral or Unavoidable?Morten Magelssen, Per Nortvedt & Jan Helge Solbakk - 2016 - Clinical Ethics 11 (4):112-121.
    Although most theorists of healthcare rationing argue that rationing, including rationing that takes place in the physician–patient relationship is unavoidable, some health professionals strongly disagree. In a recent essay, Vegard Bruun Wyller argues that bedside rationing is immoral and thoroughly at odds with a sound view of the physician–patient relationship. We take Wyller to be an articulate exponent of the reluctance to participate in rationing found among some clinicians. Our essay attempts to refute the five crucial premises of his argument (...)
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  18.  10
    Secularity, Abortion, Assisted Dying and the Future of Conscientious Objection: Modelling the Relationship Between Attitudes.Morten Magelssen, Nhat Quang Le & Magne Supphellen - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-7.
    Controversies arise over abortion, assisted dying and conscientious objection in healthcare. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between attitudes towards these bioethical dilemmas, and secularity and religiosity. Data were drawn from a 2017 web-based survey of a representative sample of 1615 Norwegian adults. Latent moderated structural equations modelling was used to develop a model of the relationship between attitudes. The resulting model indicates that support for abortion rights is associated with pro-secular attitudes and is a main (...)
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  19.  36
    Sources of Bias in Clinical Ethics Case Deliberation.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):678-682.
    A central task for clinical ethics consultants and committees (CEC) is providing analysis of, and advice on, prospective or retrospective clinical cases. However, several kinds of biases may threaten the integrity, relevance or quality of the CEC's deliberation. Bias should be identified and, if possible, reduced or counteracted. This paper provides a systematic classification of kinds of bias that may be present in a CEC's case deliberation. Six kinds of bias are discussed, with examples, as to their significance and risk (...)
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  20. Visual Experience and Blindsight: A Methodological Review.Morten Overgaard - 2011 - Experimental Brain Research 209:473-479.
    Blindsight is classically defined as residual visual capacity, e.g., to detect and identify visual stimuli, in the total absence of perceptual awareness following lesions to V1. However, whereas most experiments have investigated what blindsight patients can and cannot do, the literature contains several, often contradictory, remarks about remaining visual experience. This review examines closer these remarks as well as experiments that directly approach the nature of possibly spared visual experiences in blindsight.
     
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  21.  32
    Novel Paths to Relevance: How Clinical Ethics Committees Promote Ethical Reflection.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (3):205-216.
    How may clinical ethics committees inspire ethical reflection among healthcare professionals? How may they deal with organizational ethics issues? In recent years, Norwegian CECs have attempted different activites that stretch or go beyond the standard trio of education, consultation, and policy work. We studied the novel activities of Norwegian CECs by examining annual reports and interviewing CEC members. Through qualitative analysis we identified nine categories of novel CEC activities, which we describe by way of examples. In light of the findings, (...)
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  22.  75
    Optimizing Subjective Measures of Consciousness.Morten Overgaard, Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):682-684.
    Dienes and Seth (2010) conclude that confidence ratings and post-decision wagering are two comparable and recommendable measures of conscious experience. In a recently submitted paper, we have however found that both methods are problematic and seem less suited to measure consciousness than a direct introspective measure. Here, we discuss the methodology and conclusions put forward by Dienes and Seth, and why we think the two experiments end up with so different recommendations.
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  23.  48
    The Dark Core of Personality.Morten Moshagen, Benjamin E. Hilbig & Ingo Zettler - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (5):656-688.
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  24. Introspection in Science.Morten Overgaard - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):629-633.
  25.  5
    Mismatches in the Production of a Scoping Review: Highlighting the Interplay of Formalities.Morten Sager & Isabella Pistone - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (6):930-937.
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  26.  77
    Connectionist Psycholinguistics: Capturing the Empirical Data.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (2):82-88.
  27.  10
    On Cuteness: Unlocking the Parental Brain and Beyond.Morten L. Kringelbach, Eloise A. Stark, Catherine Alexander, Marc H. Bornstein & Alan Stein - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (7):545-558.
  28.  8
    Importance of Systematic Deliberation and Stakeholder Presence: A National Study of Clinical Ethics Committees.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen, Ingrid Miljeteig, Håvard Ervik & Reidun Førde - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):66-70.
    BackgroundCase consultation performed by clinical ethics committees is a complex activity which should be evaluated. Several evaluation studies have reported stakeholder satisfaction in single institutions. The present study was conducted nationwide and compares clinicians’ evaluations on a range of aspects with the CEC’s own evaluation.MethodsProspective questionnaire study involving case consultations at 19 Norwegian CECs for 1 year, where consultations were evaluated by CECs and clinicians who had participated.ResultsEvaluations of 64 case consultations were received. Cases were complex with multiple ethical problems (...)
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  29.  27
    An Integrative View on Consciousness and Introspection.Morten Overgaard & Jesper Mogensen - 2017 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8 (1):129-141.
    The relation between first and higher order mental states is currently unknown. In particular, the relation between conscious experience and introspection is difficult as the same methods are used to investigate them. In order to make progress in the scientific understanding of consciousness, introspection or both, it is fundamental to understand whether their relation is serial or reciprocal. Although the amount of empirical evidence directly addressing this question is sparse, the little that exists suggests a more complex situation that must (...)
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  30.  35
    Consciousness and Modality: On the Possible Preserved Visual Consciousness in Blindsight Subjects.Morten Overgaard & Thor Grünbaum - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1855-1859.
    In a recent paper, Brogaard presents counter-arguments to the conclusions of an experiment with blindsight subject GR. She argues that contrary to the apparent findings that GR’s preserved visual abilities relate to degraded visual experiences, she is in fact fully unconscious of the stimuli she correctly identifies. In this paper, we present arguments and evidence why Brogaard’s argument does not succeed in its purpose. We suggest that not only is relevant empirical evidence in opposition to Brogaard’s argument, her argument misconstrues (...)
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  31.  13
    Are Leadership Fairness, Psychological Distress, and Role Stressors Interrelated? A Two-Wave Prospective Study of Forward and Reverse Relationships.Morten B. Nielsen, Jan O. Christensen, Live B. Finne & Stein Knardahl - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  32.  43
    Connectionist Natural Language Processing: The State of the Art.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):417-437.
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  33.  50
    Is Conscious Stimulus Identification Dependent on Knowledge of the Perceptual Modality? Testing the “Source Misidentification Hypothesis”.Morten Overgaard, Jonas Lindeløv, Stinna Svejstrup, Marianne Døssing, Tanja Hvid, Oliver Kauffmann & Kim Mouridsen - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  34.  14
    The Language Faculty That Wasn't: A Usage-Based Account of Natural Language Recursion.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  35.  11
    Third Wave Development Expertise.Morten Byskov - unknown
    In this paper I offer a normative account of development expertise. Although extending expertise beyond the traditional development experts to include local stakeholders, this normative account aims to delimit legitimate forms of expertise. I label this normative view third wave development expertise. Third wave expertise is distinguished from both the technocratic and the social constructivist views of development expertise. In particular, I discuss the notions of contributory and interactional expertise. Contributory expertise denotes the extent to which a group of agents (...)
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  36.  14
    Reconciling Current Approaches to Blindsight.Morten Overgaard & Jesper Mogensen - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 32:33-40.
  37. On the Naturalizing of Phenomenology.Morten Overgaard - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):365-79.
    In the attempt to construct a scientific approach to consciousness, it has been proposed that transcendental phenomenology or phenomenological psychology be introduced into the framework of cognitive neuroscience. In this article, the consequences of such an approach in terms of basic assumptions, methods for the collection of data, and evaluation of the collected data are discussed. Especially, the proposed notions of mutual constraint and the second perso are discussed. It is concluded that even though naturalising of phenomenology might not prove (...)
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  38.  8
    Is Learning the Cognitive Basis of Consciousness? The Moral Implications of SOMA.Morten Overgaard & Asger Kirkeby-Hinrup - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (1):8-9.
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  39.  6
    Professional and Conscience-Based Refusals: The Case of the Psychiatrist's Harmful Prescription.Morten Magelssen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):841-844.
    By way of a case story, two common presuppositions in the academic debate on conscientious objection in healthcare are challenged. First, the debate typically presupposes a sharp division between conscience-based refusals based on personal core moral beliefs and refusals based on professional reasons. Only the former might involve the moral gravity to warrant accommodation. The case story challenges this division, and it is argued that just as much might sometimes be at stake morally in refusals based on professional reasons. The (...)
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  40.  24
    Impaired Artificial Grammar Learning in Agrammatism.Morten H. Christiansen, M. Louise Kelly, Richard C. Shillcock & Katie Greenfield - 2010 - Cognition 116 (3):382-393.
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  41.  41
    Introspection Distinct From First-Order Experiences.Morten Overgaard & T. A. Sorenson - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (7-8):11--7.
    As is the case with other concepts about mental affairs, the concept of introspection has many different interpretations. Some seem to consider introspecting a perceptive act and others see it as a thinking activity . For the present purpose, we will claim it as a common understanding in all such theories that introspection presupposes consciousness . States of consciousness, broadly discussed in the philosophical and empirical literature as first order states of consciousness, are states in which a subject is aware (...)
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  42.  69
    The Electrophysiology of Introspection.Morten Overgaard, Mika Koivisto, Thomas Alrik Sørensen, Signe Vangkilde & Antti Revonsuo - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):662-672.
    To study whether the distinction between introspective and non-introspective states of mind is an empirical reality or merely a conceptual distinction, we measured event-related potentials elicited in introspective and non-introspective instruction conditions while the observers were trying to detect the presence of a masked stimulus. The ERPs indicated measurable differences related to introspection in both preconscious and conscious processes. Our data support the hypothesis that introspective states empirically differ from non-introspective states.
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  43.  56
    Principles Behind Definitions of Diseases – a Criticism of the Principle of Disease Mechanism and the Development of a Pragmatic Alternative.Morten Severinsen - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):319-336.
    Many philosophers and medical scientists assume thatdisease categories or entities used to classify concrete cases ofdisease, are often defined by disease mechanisms or causalprocesses. Others suggest that diseases should always be definedin this manner. This paper discusses these standpoints criticallyand concludes that they are untenable, not only when `diseasemechanism' refers to an objective mechanism, but also when`mechanism' refers to a pragmatically demarcated part of thetotal ``objective'' causal structure of diseases. As an alternativeto principles that use the concept of disease mechanism (...)
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  44.  22
    Transfer of Learning: Rule Acquisition or Statistical Learning?Morten H. Christiansen & Suzanne Curtin - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (8):289-290.
  45.  16
    Workplace Bullying and Medically Certified Sickness Absence: Direction of Associations and the Moderating Role of Leader Behavior.Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Anne-Marthe Rustad Indregard, Line Krane & Stein Knardahl - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46.  33
    Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Conceptions of Consciousness.Morten Overgaard & Thor Grünbaum - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):137.
  47.  20
    Reflexivity and Dialogue: Methodological and Socio-Ethical Dilemmas in Research with HIV-Affected Children in East Africa.Morten Skovdal & Tatek Abebe - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (1):77 - 96.
    This paper presents an integrated discussion of methods and ethics by drawing on participatory research with children in Ethiopia and Kenya. It examines the complex social, ethical, practical and methodological dilemmas of research with HIV-affected children, and explores how we confronted some of these dilemmas before, during and after fieldwork. The paper interrogates the role and limitations of ?global? ethical standards in childhood research, and the ways in which the researchers? gender, ethnicity/race, material power, knowledge and insider-outsider position all intersect (...)
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  48.  37
    Generalization and Connectionist Language Learning.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):273-87.
  49.  24
    The Biosemiotic Glossary Project: Agent, Agency.Morten Tønnessen - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (1):125-143.
    The current article is the first in a series of review articles addressing biosemiotic terminology. The biosemiotic glossary project is inclusive and designed to integrate views of a representative group of members within the biosemiotic community based on a standard survey and related publications. The methodology section describes the format of the survey conducted in November–December 2013 in preparation of the current review and targeted on the terms ‘agent’ and ‘agency’. Next, I summarize denotation, synonyms and antonyms, with special emphasis (...)
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  50.  13
    The Norwegian National Project for Ethics Support in Community Health and Care Services.Morten Magelssen, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Førde & Lillian Lillemoen - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):70.
    BackgroundInternationally, clinical ethics support has yet to be implemented systematically in community health and care services. A large-scale Norwegian project attempted to increase ethical competence in community services through facilitating the implementation of ethics support activities in 241 Norwegian municipalities. The article describes the ethics project and the ethics activities that ensued.MethodsThe article first gives an account of the Norwegian ethics project. Then the results of two online questionnaires are reported, characterizing the scope, activities and organization of the ethics activities (...)
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