Results for 'Mosh�� Machover'

523 found
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  1. Review: I. N. Hlodovskii, Moshe Machover, A New Proof of the Consistency of Arithmetic. [REVIEW]Hilbert Levitz - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (1):127-128.
  2.  14
    N. A. Šanin. On the Constructive Interpretation of Mathematical Judgments. English Translation of XXXI 255 by Elliott Mendelson. American Mathematical Society Translations, Ser. 2 Vol. 23 , Pp. 109–189. - A. A. Markov. On Constructive Functions. English Translation of XXXI 258 by Moshe Machover. American Mathematical Society Translations, Vol. 29 , Pp. 163–195. - S. C. Kleene. A Formal System of Intuitionistic Analysis. The Foundations of Intuitionistlc Mathematics Especially in Relation to Recursive Functions, by Stephen Cole Kleene and Richard Eugene Vesley, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam1965, Pp. 1–89. - S. C. Kleene. Various Notions of Realizability:The Foundations of Intuitionistlc Mathematics Especially in Relation to Recursive Functions, by Stephen Cole Kleene and Richard Eugene Vesley, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam1965, Pp. 90–132. - Richard E. Ve. [REVIEW]Georg Kreisel - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):258-261.
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  3.  14
    I. N. Hlodovskij. Novoé Dokazatél′Stvo Néprotivoréčivosti Arifmétiki. Uspéhi Matématičéskih Nauk, Vol. 14 No. 6 , Pp. 105–140. - I. N. Hlodovskií. A New Proof of the Consistency of Arithmetic. English Translation of the Preceding by Moshe Machover. American Mathematical Society Translations, Ser. 2 Vol. 23 , Pp. 191–230. [REVIEW]Hilbert Levitz - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (1):127-128.
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  4.  51
    Set Theory, Logic and Their Limitations.Moshe Machover - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an introduction to set theory and logic that starts completely from scratch. The text is accompanied by many methodological remarks and explanations.
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  5. Lectures on Non- Standard Analysis.Moshé Machover & Joram Hirschfeld - 1969 - Springer.
    The hope of this work is that these notes will help to convince more mathematicians that non-standard analysis can make a useful addition to the tools of their trade.
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  6.  57
    Towards a New Philosophy of Mathematics.Moshe Machover - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (1):1-11.
  7.  23
    Mathematical Structures of Simple Voting Games.Moshé Machover & Simon D. Terrington - unknown
    We address simple voting games as mathematical objects in their own right, and study structures made up of these objects, rather than focusing on SVGs primarily as co-operative games. To this end it is convenient to employ the conceptual framework and language of category theory. This enables us to uncover the underlying unity of the basic operations involving SVGs.
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  8.  13
    Discussion Topic: Voting Power When Voters' Independence is Not Assumed.Moshé Machover - unknown
  9.  29
    L.S. Penrose's Limit Theorem : Proof of Some Special Cases.Ines Lindner & Moshé Machover - unknown
    LS Penrose was the first to propose a measure of voting power (which later came to be known as ‘the [absolute] Banzhaf index’). His limit theorem – which is implicit in Penrose (1952) and for which he gave no rigorous proof – says that, in simple weighted voting games, if the number of voters increases indefinitely while the quota is pegged at half the total weight, then – under certain conditions – the ratio between the voting powers (as measured by (...)
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  10.  2
    Gila Sher: The Bounds of Logic: A Generalized Viewpoint. [REVIEW]Moshé Machover - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):1078.
  11.  27
    Review: Joseph Warren Dauben. Abraham Robinson: The Creation of Nonstandard Analysis: A Personal and Mathematical Odyssey. [REVIEW]Moshé Machover - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):137-140.
  12.  79
    The Place of Nonstandard Analysis in Mathematics and in Mathematics Teaching.Moshé Machover - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (2):205-212.
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  13.  14
    The Underlying Assumptions of Electoral Systems.Moshé Machover - unknown
    I propose a twofold classification of the main considerations underlying the choice of an election procedure: political criteria on the one hand, and social-choice criteria on the other. I formulate political dichotomies, each combination of which narrows down the choice of procedure to a sub-class of the class of all procedures. I discuss what social-choice theory has to offer in each of these.
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  14.  11
    Review: Philip Ehrlich (Ed.). Real Numbers, Generalizations of the Reals and Theories of Continua. [REVIEW]Moshé Machover - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (2):320-324.
  15.  8
    A New Proof of the Consistency of Arithmetic.Moshe Machover - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (1):127-128.
  16.  9
    Review. [REVIEW]Moshé Machover - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):320-324.
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  17.  10
    FARJOUN, EMMANUEL and MACHOVER, MOSHE.: "Laws of Chaos". [REVIEW]D. G. Champernowne - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36:348.
  18.  4
    Review. [REVIEW]Moshé Machover - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):320-324.
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  19.  58
    The Bicameral Postulates and Indices of a Priori Voting Power.Dan S. Felsenthal, Moshé Machover & William Zwicker - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (1):83-116.
    If K is an index of relative voting power for simple voting games, the bicameral postulate requires that the distribution of K -power within a voting assembly, as measured by the ratios of the powers of the voters, be independent of whether the assembly is viewed as a separate legislature or as one chamber of a bicameral system, provided that there are no voters common to both chambers. We argue that a reasonable index – if it is to be used (...)
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  20. Abraham Robinson: The Creation of Nonstandard Analysis: A Personal and Mathematical Odyssey.Joseph Warren Dauben & Moshe Machover - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):137-140.
  21.  23
    The Nice Treaty and Voting Rules in the Council: A Reply to Moberg (2002).Madeleine O. Hosli & Moshé Machover - unknown
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  22. Laws of Chaos.Emmanuel Farjoun & Moshe Machover - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (3):348-352.
  23.  51
    A Priori Voting Power : What is It All About?Dan S. Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
    In this account, we explain the meaning of a priori voting power and outline how it is measured. We distinguish two intuitive notions as to what voting power means, leading to two approaches to measuring it. We discuss some philosophical and pragmatic objections, according to which a priori (as distinct from actual) voting power is worthless or inapplicable.
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  24.  41
    Misreporting Rules.Dan S. Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
    In the voting-power literature the rules of decision of the US Congress and the UN Security Council are widely misreported as though abstention amounts to a `no' vote. The hypothesis (proposed elsewhere) that this is due to a specific cause, theory-laden observation, is tested here by examining accounts of these rules in introductory textbooks on American Government and International Relations, where that putative cause does not apply. Our examination does not lead to a conclusive outcome regarding the hypothesis, but reveals (...)
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  25.  54
    A Note on Measuring Voters' Responsibility.Dan S. Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
    We consider a singular event of the following form: in a simple voting game, a particular division of the voters resulted in a positive outcome. We propose a plausible measure that quantifies the causal contribution of any given voter to the outcome. This measure is based on a conceptual analysis due to Braham [1], but differs from his solution to the problem of measuring causality of singular events.
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  26.  41
    Analysis of QM Rule Adopted by the Council of the European Union, Brussels, 23 June 2007.Dan Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
    We analyse and assess the qualified majority (QM) decision rule for the Council of Ministers of the EU, adopted at the Council of the European Union, Brussels, 23 June 2007. This rule is essentially the same as that adopted at the Inter-Governmental Conference, Brussels, 18 June 2004. We compare this rule with the QM rule prescribed in the Treaty of Nice, and the scientifically-based rule known as the ‘Jagelonian Compromise’.
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  27.  26
    Sequential Voting by Veto: Making the Mueller-Moulin Algorithm More Versatile.S. Dan Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - 1992 - Theory and Decision 33 (3):223-240.
  28.  30
    Analysis of QM Rule Adopted by the EU Inter-Governmental Conference Brussels, 18 June 2004.Dan S. Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
    We analyse and evaluate the qualified majority (QM) decision rule for the Council of Ministers of the EU adopted at the EU Inter-Governmental Conference, Brussels, 18 June 2004 [1]. We compare this rule with the QM rule prescribed in the Treaty of Nice, and the rule included in the original draft Constitution proposed by the European Convention in July 2003. We use a method similar to the one we used in [3] and [4].
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  29.  52
    Analysis of QM Rules in the Draft Constitution for Europe Proposed by the European Convention, 2003.Dan S. Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
    We analyse and evaluate the qualified majority (QM) decision rules for the Council of Ministers of the EU that are included in the Draft Constitution for Europe proposed by the European Convention [5]. We use a method similar to the one we used in [9] for the QM prescriptions made in the Treaty of Nice.
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  30.  11
    Voting Power in the UN Security Council: Presentation of Detailed Calculations.Dan S. Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
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  31.  20
    Further Reflections on the Expediency and Stability of Alliances.Dan Felsenthal & Moshé Machover - unknown
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  32.  36
    L S Penrose's Limit Theorem: Tests by Simulation.Pao-Li Chang, Vincent C. H. Chua & Moshé Machover - unknown
    L S Penrose’s Limit Theorem – which is implicit in Penrose [7, p. 72] and for which he gave no rigorous proof – says that, in simple weighted voting games, if the number of voters increases indefinitely and the relative quota is pegged, then – under certain conditions – the ratio between the voting powers of any two voters converges to the ratio between their weights. Lindner and Machover [4] prove some special cases of Penrose’s Limit Theorem. They give (...)
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  33. Symbolic Logic.D. Edgington, Samuel D. Guttenplan & Moshé Machover - 1998
     
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  34.  1
    Lights Along the Way: Timeless Lessons for Today From Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto's Mesillas Yesharim.Moshe Ḥayyim Luzzatto - 1995 - Mesorah Publications.
    The Mesillas Yesharim / Path of the Just was the masterpiece of Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto, the great mystic, philosopher, sage, and saint. For centuries, this classic text for better living has been every man's primer for ideal life. Wherever there were Jews there was a well-thumbed Mesillas Yesharim. In this book, Rabbi Twerski applies the text and themes of Mesillas Yesharim to the everyday challenges of the 90s. He shows us how we can succeed in the quest for a (...)
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  35. An Adam Smithian Account of Moral Reasons.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):1073-1087.
    The Humean Theory of Reasons, according to which all of our reasons for action are explained by our desires, has been criticized for not being able to account for “moral reasons,” namely, overriding reasons to act on moral demands regardless of one's desires. My aim in this paper is to utilize ideas from Adam Smith's moral philosophy in order to offer a novel and alternative account of moral reasons that is both desire-based and accommodating of an adequate version of the (...)
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  36.  25
    Review: Ronald Fagin, Moshe Y. Vardi, Knowledge and Implicit Knowledge in a Distributed Environment: Preliminary Report.William J. Rapaport, Ronald Fagin & Moshe Y. Vardi - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):667.
  37.  81
    The Physician as Friend to the Patient.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2023 - In Diane Jeske (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Friendship. New York & Oxford: Routledge. pp. 93-104.
    My question in the chapter is this: could (and should) the role of the physician be construed as that of a friend to the patient? I begin by briefly discussing the “friendship model” of the physician-patient relationship—according to which physicians and patients could, and perhaps should, be friends—as well as its history and limitations. Given these limitations, I focus on the more one-sided idea that the physician could, and perhaps should, be a friend to the patient (a “physician-qua-friend model” of (...)
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  38. The Effects of Classroom Moral Discussion Upon Children's Level of Moral Judgment.Moshe M. Blatt & Lawrence Kohlberg - 1975 - Journal of Moral Education 4 (2):129-161.
    Abstract: An experiment is reported on the effects of a moral education programme in schools. Children were pretested on Kohlberg's index of level of moral thinking. The experimental group was then given twelve hours of discussion of moral problems other than those used in Kolhberg's test spread over twelve weeks. Subsequent testing showed that the experimental group had had tended to move towards a higher level of thinking when compared with controls.
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  39.  4
    The Autonomy of Reason, Revealed Morality and Jewish Law: MOSHE Z. SOKOL.Moshe Z. Sokol - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (3-4):423-437.
    I have found that religious philosophers sometimes commit what might be called the fallacy of misplaced argumentation. Permit me to explain. Any fully developed system of thought contains many assertions about the world. Yet this proliferation of assertions can be traced back to several underlying propositions which are their logical forebears. This is because large-scale theories generally grow out of fundamental intuitions or conceptual stances. These fundamental intuitions become formulated into theory-embedded, second-order propositions. Understanding the centrality of second-order propositions is (...)
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  40.  21
    Association, Synonymity, and Directionality in False Recognition.Moshe Anisfeld & Margaret Knapp - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):171.
  41. The Proactive Brain: Using Analogies and Associations to Generate Predictions.Moshe Bar - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (7):280-289.
  42. The Truth Behind Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):404-410.
    Answers to the questions of what justifies conscientious objection in medicine in general and which specific objections should be respected have proven to be elusive. In this paper, I develop a new framework for conscientious objection in medicine that is based on the idea that conscience can express true moral claims. I draw on one of the historical roots, found in Adam Smith’s impartial spectator account, of the idea that an agent’s conscience can determine the correct moral norms, even if (...)
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  43. A Course in Mathematical Logic.J. L. Bell & M. Machover - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (2):207-208.
     
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  44. Conscientious Objection in Medicine: Making it Public.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (3):269-289.
    The literature on conscientious objection in medicine presents two key problems that remain unresolved: Which conscientious objections in medicine are justified, if it is not feasible for individual medical practitioners to conclusively demonstrate the genuineness or reasonableness of their objections? How does one respect both medical practitioners’ claims of conscience and patients’ interests, without leaving practitioners complicit in perceived or actual wrongdoing? My aim in this paper is to offer a new framework for conscientious objections in medicine, which, by bringing (...)
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  45. Making Sense of Smith on Sympathy and Approbation: Other-Oriented Sympathy as a Psychological and Normative Achievement.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (4):735-755.
    Two problems seem to plague Adam Smith’s account of sympathy and approbation in The Theory of Moral Sentiments (TMS). First, Smith’s account of sympathy at the beginning of TMS appears to be inconsistent with the account of sympathy at the end of TMS. In particular, it seems that Smith did not appreciate the distinction between ‘self-oriented sympathy’ and ‘other-oriented sympathy’, that is, between imagining being oneself in the actor’s situation and imagining being the actor in the actor’s situation. Second, Smith’s (...)
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  46. The Internal Morality of Medicine: A Constructivist Approach.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4449-4467.
    Physicians frequently ask whether they should give patients what they want, usually when there are considerations pointing against doing so, such as medicine’s values and physicians’ obligations. It has been argued that the source of medicine’s values and physicians’ obligations lies in what has been dubbed “the internal morality of medicine”: medicine is a practice with an end and norms that are definitive of this practice and that determine what physicians ought to do qua physicians. In this paper, I defend (...)
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  47.  20
    Evaluation Anxiety.Moshe Zeidner, Gerald Matthews, A. J. Elliot & C. S. Dweck - 2005 - In Andrew J. Elliot & Carol S. Dweck (eds.), Handbook of Competence and Motivation. The Guilford Press.
  48. Hume's General Point of View: A Two‐Stage Approach.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (3):431-453.
    I offer a novel two-stage reconstruction of Hume’s general-point-of-view account, modeled in part on his qualified-judges account in ‘Of the Standard of Taste.’ In particular, I argue that the general point of view needs to be jointly constructed by spectators who have sympathized with (at least some of) the agents in (at least some of) the actor’s circles of influence. The upshot of the account is two-fold. First, Hume’s later thought developed in such a way that it can rectify the (...)
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  49.  34
    Moshe Idel, Cabalistii nocturni/ Nocturnal Kabbalists.Sandu Frunza - 2005 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):239-240.
    Moshe Idel, Cabalistii nocturni Traducere de Ana-Elena Ilinca, Ed. Provopress, Cluj-Napoca, 2005.
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  50.  6
    An Independent Statement About Metric Spaces.Maurice Machover - 1976 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 17 (1):131-134.
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