31 found
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  1.  57
    Transitivity and Vagueness.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2005 - Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):109-131.
    Axiomatic utility theory plays a foundational role in some accounts of normative principles. In this context, it is sometimes argued that transitivity of “better than” is a logical truth. Larry Temkin and Stuart Rachels use various examples to argue that “better than” is non–transitive, and that transitivity is not a logical truth. These examples typically involve some sort of “discontinuity.” In his discussion of one of these examples, John Broome suggests that we should reject the claim which involves “discontinuity.” We (...)
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  2. The Capability Approach: Concepts, Measures and Applications.Flavio Comim, Mozaffar Qizilbash & Sabina Alkire (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    The capability approach developed by Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen has become an important new paradigm in thinking about development. However, despite its theoretical and philosophical attractiveness, it has been less easy to measure or to translate into policy. This volume addresses these issues in the context of poverty and justice. Part I offers a set of conceptual essays that debate the strength of the often misunderstood individual focus of the capability approach. Part II investigates the techniques by which we can (...)
     
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  3.  73
    Sugden's Critique of the Capability Approach.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (1):25-51.
    In comparing Sen's work with Mill's, Sugden criticizes Sen's capability approach because it may be applied in such a way that society or theorists judge what is best for people and potentially restrict liberty on that basis. Sugden cites Nussbaum's work as evidence in making his case. Sugden's critique of Sen's approach succeeds on a narrow reading of it. On that reading Sen is also critical of it because it does not leave enough room for liberty. On a broad reading, (...)
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  4.  80
    The Mere Addition Paradox, Parity and Vagueness.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):129–151.
    Derek Parfit’s mere addition paradox has generated a large literature. This paper articulates one response to this paradox - which Parfit hirnself suggested - in terms of a formal account of the relation of parity. I term this response the ‘parity view’. It is consistent with transitivity of ‘at least as good as’, but implies incompleteness of this relation. The parity view is compatible with critical-band utilitarianism if this is adjusted to allow for vagueness. John Broome argues against accounts which (...)
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  5.  27
    Rationality, Comparability and Maximization.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2002 - Economics and Philosophy 18 (1):141-156.
    James Griffin (1986, 1997, 2000) and Ruth Chang (1997) have argued that alternatives (and values) can be comparable when it is neither true that one is better than the other, nor true that they are exactly equal in value. The relation which holds between them has gone under various names: the alternatives are (Griffin) or (Chang). In this paper, I give a formal analysis of this relation. This analysis allows us to distinguish between two slightly different notions of . It (...)
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  6.  29
    On Parity and the Intuition of Neutrality.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2018 - Economics and Philosophy 34 (1):87-108.
  7.  64
    Social Choice and Individual Capabilities.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):169-192.
    Amartya Sen has recently suggested that certain issues which arise in the application of the capability approach can be seen in terms of social choice. This article explores certain connections and tensions between Kenneth Arrow's celebrated discussion of social choice and the capability approach while focusing on one central link: pluralism. Given the variety of values people hold, substantive issues which arise in the application of the capability approach can be seen as social choice problems. Seeing them in this way (...)
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  8.  59
    The Concept of Well-Being.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (1):51.
    The concept of well-being is central to the subject matter of moral philosophy as well as economics. According to some moral theorists morality is about the maximization of social well-being. According to others, notably John Rawls we ought to give particular priority to the worst off members in society. Both these and other moral positions, whatever the priority they attach to different members of society in arriving at moral judgements, require an account of well-being or advantage. The concern with well-being (...)
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  9.  83
    Comparability of Values, Rough Equality, and Vagueness: Griffin and Broome on Incommensurability: Mozaffar Qizilbash.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2000 - Utilitas 12 (2):223-240.
    There are several different forms of comparability involving prudential values. Comparisons of values in the abstract, of realizations of some value, and of options which realize values, are distinct, and related, though not mutually exclusive. Furthermore, if rough equality is thought of as an evaluative relation in terms of which comparisons can be made, it does not imply incomparability. If it involves epistemic vagueness, this does not imply incomparability, since our not knowing which relation holds does not imply that no (...)
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  10.  46
    Well-Being, Adaptation and Human Limitations.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2006 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 59:83-110.
    Philosophical accounts of human well-being face a number of significant challenges. In this paper, I shall be primarily concerned with one of these. It relates to the possibility, noted by Martha Nussbaum and Amartya Sen amongst others, that people’s desires and attitudes are malleable and can ‘adapt’ in various ways to the straitened circumstances in which they live. If attitudes or desires adapt in this way it can be argued that the relevant desires or attitudes fail to provide a reliable (...)
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  11. Capability, Happiness and Adaptation in Sen and J. S. Mill.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (1):20-32.
    While there is much common ground between the writings of Amartya Sen and John Stuart Mill – particularly in their advocacy of freedom and gender equality – one is a critic, while the other is an advocate, of utilitarianism. In spite of this contrast, there are strong echoes of Sen's capability approach in Mill's writings. Inasmuch as Mill sees the capability to be happy as important he holds a form of capability approach. He also thinks of happiness as constituted by (...)
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  12. The Rejection of Objective Consequentialism: A Comment: Mozaffar Qizilbash.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (1):97-105.
    Frances Howard-Snyder argues that objective consequentialism should be rejected because it violates the principle of ‘ought’ implies ‘can’ in asking us to do what we cannot. In this comment I suggest that Howard-Snyder does not take sufficiently seriously the chief defence of objective consequentialism, which reformulates it so that it applies only to actions we can perform. Nonetheless, I argue that there are arguments relating to ‘ought’ implies ‘can’ which discredit objective consequentialism even if it is thus reformulated. These arguments (...)
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  13.  49
    Obligation, Human Frailty, and Utilitarianism.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (1):145.
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  14.  9
    The Mere Addition Paradox, Parity and Vagueness.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):129-151.
    Derek Parfit’s mere addition paradox has generated a large literature. This paper articulates one response to this paradox - which Parfit hirnself suggested - in terms of a formal account of the relation of parity. I term this response the ‘parity view’. It is consistent with transitivity of ‘at least as good as’, but implies incompleteness of this relation. The parity view is compatible with critical-band utilitarianism if this is adjusted to allow for vagueness. John Broome argues against accounts which (...)
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  15.  87
    Identity, Community, and Justice: Locating Amartya Sen's Work on Identity.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2009 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (3):251-266.
    Amartya Sen's recent works on identity have emerged at the same time as a much wider and growing literature on the topic across the disciplines of politics, philosophy, and economics. This article outlines some of Sen's claims and attempts a partial elucidation of their relationship to some strands in the relevant literatures on identity, community, and justice. It thereby frames Sen's works in such a way as to facilitate comparisons with other views on identity and multiculturalism, community, justice, and recognition (...)
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  16.  61
    The Parity View and Intuitions of Neutrality.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (1):107-114.
    One response to Derek Parfit's invokes the relation of . Since parity is a form of in John Broome's terms, three doubts which Broome raises about accounts involving incommensurateness in Weighing Lives pose a challenge for this response. I discuss two of these. They emerge from a discussion of various intuitions about . I argue that an account based on parity may be no less consistent with Broome's intuitions than is his own vagueness view.
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  17.  37
    Vague Language and Precise Measurement: The Case of Poverty.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (1):41-58.
    Economists have often attempted precise measurement of phenomena which involve vague predicates. Difficulties emerge in such attempts if vagueness is not explicitly acknowledged at the methodological level. In this paper, various accounts of vague concepts are used to think about the economics of poverty measurement. Approaches to dealing with vagueness in this context tend to involve 'epistemic' and 'fuzzy set theoretic' approaches. Indeed, only the fuzzy set theoretic literature takes on vagueness explicitly. It is argued that both these approaches encounter (...)
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  18.  34
    The Mere Addition Paradox, Parity and Critical Level Utilitarianism.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2002 - School of Economic and Social Studies, University of East Anglia.
    This paper uses a formal analysis of the relation of ‘parity’ to make sense of a well-known solution to Parfit’s ‘mere addition paradox’. This solution is sometimes dismissed as a recourse to ‘incomparability’. In this analysis, however, the solution is consistent with comparability, as well as transitivity of ‘better than’. The analysis is related to Blackorby, Bossert and Donaldson’s ‘incomplete critical-level generalised utilitarianism’ (ICLGU). ICLGU is inspired by Parfit’s work and can be related to the analysis of parity, though the (...)
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  19. The Cambridge Handbook of the Capability Approach.Enrica Chiappero-Martinetti, Siddiqur Osmani & Mozaffar Qizilbash (eds.) - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This landmark handbook collects in a single volume the current state of cutting-edge research on the capability approach. It includes a comprehensive introduction to the approach as well as new research from leading scholars in this increasingly influential multi-disciplinary field, including the pioneers of capability research, Martha C. Nussbaum and Amartya Sen. Incorporating both approachable introductory chapters and more in-depth analysis relating to the central philosophical, conceptual and theoretical issues of capability research, this handbook also includes analytical and measurement tools, (...)
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  20.  46
    Aristotle and Sartre on the Human Condition: Lack, Responsibility and the Desire to Be God.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (1):29 – 37.
    (1998). Aristotle and sartre on the human condition: lack, responsibility and the desire to be god 1 . Angelaki: Vol. 3, Impurity, authenticity and humanity, pp. 29-37.
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  21. Amartya Sen's Capability View Insightful Sketch or Diistorted Picture?Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2001 - School of Economic and Social Studies, University of East Anglia.
     
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  22. Bribery, Efficiency Wages and Political Protection.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1994 - Department of Economics, University of Southampton.
  23. Capabilities, Well-Being and Human Development.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1995 - Department of Economics, University of Southampton.
  24.  7
    Editorial Introduction: Impurity, Authenticity and Humanity.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (1):1-7.
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  25.  66
    ‘Incommensurability’ and Vagueness: Is the Vagueness View Defensible? [REVIEW]Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1):141-153.
    The vagueness view holds that when evaluative comparisons are hard, there is indeterminacy about which comparative relation holds. It is sceptical about whether there are any incommensurate items (in some domain). The sceptical element of John Broome’s version of this view rests on a controversial principle. Robert Sugden advances a similar view which does not depend on this principle. Sugden’s argument fails as a vagueness view because it assumes rather than shows that there are no incommensurate items (in some domain). (...)
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  26. Incommensurability, Maximization and Resentment.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2002 - School of Economic and Social Studies, University of East Anglia.
     
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  27.  20
    Incommensurability or Vagueness? A Comment on Rabinowicz and Sugden.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2012 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 112 (3pt3):333-338.
    Items are incommensurate if it is false that one is better than the other or that they are exactly as or equally good. John Broome claims that there are no incommensurate items (in some domain), but that there is vagueness. Wlodek Rabinowicz casts doubt on this claim because he rejects a principle which Broome adopts in advancing it. I argue that Robert Sugden's discussion can be interpreted as advancing a version of this claim which does not depend on the relevant (...)
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  28.  19
    Identity, Reason and Choice.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (1):11-33.
    In criticizing communitarian views of justice, Amartya Sen argues that identity is not merely a matter of discovery but an object of reasoned choice subject to constraints. Distinguishing three notions of identity – self-perception, perceived identity and social affiliation – I claim that the relevant constraints implied by this argument are minimal. Some of Sen's arguments about perceived identity and social context do not establish any further constraints. Sen also argues that a model of multiculturalism and some forms of education (...)
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  29. Obligation, Human Frailty and Utilitarianism.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1994 - Department of Economics, University of Southampton.
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  30. The Adaptation Problem, Evolution and Normative Economics.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2008 - In Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.), Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement. Oxford University Press.
     
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  31.  21
    Yuli's Birthday Party: A Philosophical Short Story.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 1996 - Angelaki 1 (1):79 – 85.