Results for 'Multi valued dependence'

998 found
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  1.  56
    Generalized Quantifiers in Dependence Logic.Fredrik Engström - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):299-324.
    We introduce generalized quantifiers, as defined in Tarskian semantics by Mostowski and Lindström, in logics whose semantics is based on teams instead of assignments, e.g., IF-logic and Dependence logic. Both the monotone and the non-monotone case is considered. It is argued that to handle quantifier scope dependencies of generalized quantifiers in a satisfying way the dependence atom in Dependence logic is not well suited and that the multivalued dependence atom is a better choice. This atom is (...)
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  2.  8
    College on Problems of Drug Dependence Policy on Administering Drugs with Abuse Potential in Human Research.College on Problems of Drug Dependence - 1996 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 18 (5):5.
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  3. V. Attitude Ascriptions and Context Dependence.Context Dependence - 1997 - In Dunja Jutronic (ed.), The Maribor Papers in Naturalized Semantics. Maribor. pp. 243.
     
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  4. Higher-Order Multi-Valued Resolution.Michael Kohlhase - 1999 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 9 (4):455-477.
    ABSTRACT This paper introduces a multi-valued variant of higher-order resolution and proves it correct and complete with respect to a variant of Henkin's general model semantics. This resolution method is parametric in the number of truth values as well as in the particular choice of the set of connectives (given by arbitrary truth tables) and even substitutional quantifiers. In the course of the completeness proof we establish a model existence theorem for this logical system. The work reported in (...)
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  5.  66
    Multi-Valued Semantics: Why and How.Arnon Avron - 2009 - Studia Logica 92 (2):163-182.
    According to Suszko's Thesis,any multi-valued semantics for a logical system can be replaced by an equivalent bivalent one. Moreover: bivalent semantics for families of logics can frequently be developed in a modular way. On the other hand bivalent semantics usually lacks the crucial property of analycity, a property which is guaranteed for the semantics of multi-valued matrices. We show that one can get both modularity and analycity by using the semantic framework of multi-valued non-deterministic (...)
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  6.  10
    Structural Rules for Multi-Valued Logics.Nissim Francez & Michael Kaminski - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (1):65-75.
    We study structural rules in the context of multi-valued logics with finitely-many truth-values. We first extend Gentzen’s traditional structural rules to a multi-valued logic context; in addition, we propos some novel structural rules, fitting only multi-valued logics. Then, we propose a novel definition, namely, structural rules completeness of a collection of structural rules, requiring derivability of the restriction of consequence to atomic formulas by structural rules only. The restriction to atomic formulas relieves the need (...)
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  7.  42
    Reasoning About Sensing Actions in Domains with Multi-Valued Fluents.Tran Cao Son, Phan Huy Tu & Xin Zhang - 2005 - Studia Logica 79 (1):135-160.
    In this paper, we discuss the weakness of current action languages for sensing actions with respect to modeling domains with multi-valued fluents. To address this problem, we propose a language with sensing actions and multi-valued fluents, called AMK, provide a transition function based semantics for the language, and demonstrate its use through several examples from the literature. We then define the entailment relationship between action theories and queries in AMK, denoted by ⊧AMK, and discuss some properties (...)
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  8.  3
    CWA Extensions to Multi-Valued Logics.Jinzhao Wu - 2003 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 13 (2):133-164.
    The closed world assumption plays a fundamental role in the theory of deductive databases. On the other hand, multi-valued logics occupy a vast field in non-classical logics. Some questions are better explained and expressed in terms of such logics. To enhance the expressive power and the declarative ability of a deductive database, we extend various CWA formalizations, including the naive CWA, the generalized CWA and the careful CWA, to multi-valued logics. The basic idea is to embed (...)
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  9.  10
    Multi-Valued Calculi for Logics Based on Non-Determinism.Arnon Avron & Beata Konikowska - 2005 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (4):365-387.
    Non-deterministic matrices are multiple-valued structures in which the value assigned by a valuation to a complex formula can be chosen non-deterministically out of a certain nonempty set of options. We consider two different types of semantics which are based on Nmatrices: the dynamic one and the static one . We use the Rasiowa-Sikorski decomposition methodology to get sound and complete proof systems employing finite sets of mv-signed formulas for all propositional logics based on such structures with either of the (...)
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  10.  5
    On Stability of Multi-Valued Nonlinear Feedback Shift Registers.Haiyan Wang, Qiuzhen Lin, Jianyong Chen, Jianqiang Li, Jianghua Zhong, Dongdai Lin, Jia Wang & Lijia Ma - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-11.
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  11.  72
    Physics, Probability, and Multi-Valued Logic.Oliver L. Reiser - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (6):662-672.
  12.  11
    Butler Jean W.. On Complete and Independent Sets of Truth Functions in Multi-Valued Logics. Summaries of Talks Presented at the Summer Institute for Symbolic Logic, Cornell University, 1957, 2nd Edn., Communications Research Division, Institute for Defense Analyses, Princeton, N.J., 1960, Pp. 78–80.Butler Jean W.. On Complete and Independent Sets of Operations in Finite Algebras. Pacific Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 10 , Pp. 1169–1179. [REVIEW]Atwell R. Turquette - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (2):246-246.
  13.  28
    On a Class of Functionally Complete Multi-Valued Logical Calculi.Václav Pinkava - 1978 - Studia Logica 37 (2):205 - 212.
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  14.  8
    The Inadequacy of Multi-Valued Logic in Overcoming the Problem of Regimentation and its Implications for Logic.U. O. Uduma - 2011 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 10 (2).
  15.  8
    Multi-Valued Logics--And Others.F. C. S. Schiller - 1935 - Mind 44 (176):467-483.
  16.  4
    Multi-Valued Functions in Computability Theory.Arno Pauly - 2012 - In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. pp. 571--580.
  17. Review: Jean W. Butler, On Complete and Independent Sets of Truth Functions in Multi-Valued Logics; Jean W. Butler, On Complete and Independent Sets of Operations in Finite Algebras. [REVIEW]Atwell R. Turquette - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (2):246-246.
  18.  3
    Meanings in Multi-Valued Logics.William Marias Malisoff - 1941 - Philosophy of Science 8 (2):271-274.
  19.  2
    Meanings in Multi-Valued Logics.William Marias Malisoff - 1936 - Erkenntnis 6 (1):133-136.
  20.  89
    The Ontological Properties of Social Roles in Multi-Agent Systems: Definitional Dependence, Powers and Roles Playing Roles. [REVIEW]Guido Boella & Leendert van der Torre - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (3):201-221.
    In this paper we address the problem of defining social roles in multi-agent systems. Social roles provide the basic structure of social institutions and organizations. We start from the properties attributed to roles both in the multi-agent systems and the Object Oriented community, and we use them in an ontological analysis of the notion of social role. We identify three main properties of social roles. First, they are definitionally dependent on the institution they belong to, i.e. the definition (...)
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  21.  2
    Overload and Automation-Dependence in a Multi-UAS Simulation: Task Demand and Individual Difference Factors.Jinchao Lin, Gerald Matthews, Ryan W. Wohleber, Gregory J. Funke, Gloria L. Calhoun, Heath A. Ruff, James Szalma & Peter Chiu - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.
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  22.  16
    Alan Rose and J. Barkley Rosser. Fragments of Many-Valued Statement Calculi. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 87 , Pp. 1–53. - C. A. Meredith. The Dependence of an Axiom of Łukasiewicz. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 87 , P. 54. - C. C. Chang. Proof of an Axiom of Łukasiewicz. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 87 , Pp. 55–56. [REVIEW]Atwell R. Turquette - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (3):248-249.
  23.  7
    Stress Dependence of the Transition Behaviour in Multi-Mechanism Creep Reactions: With Special Reference to Zinc.J. E. Flinn & D. E. Munson - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (107):861-870.
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  24.  6
    Multiple-Valued Logic Mathematical Approaches for Multi-State System Reliability Analysis.Elena Zaitseva & Vitaly Levashenko - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (3):350-362.
  25.  74
    Many-Valued Logics.Nicholas J. J. Smith - 2012 - In Gillian Russell & Delia Graff Fara (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language. Routledge. pp. 636--51.
    A many-valued (aka multiple- or multi-valued) semantics, in the strict sense, is one which employs more than two truth values; in the loose sense it is one which countenances more than two truth statuses. So if, for example, we say that there are only two truth values—True and False—but allow that as well as possessing the value True and possessing the value False, propositions may also have a third truth status—possessing neither truth value—then we have a many- (...) semantics in the loose but not the strict sense. A many-valued logic is one which arises from a many-valued semantics and does not also arise from any two-valued semantics [Malinowski, 1993, 30]. By a ‘logic’ here we mean either a set of tautologies, or a consequence relation. We can best explain these ideas by considering the case of classical propositional logic. The language contains the usual basic symbols (propositional constants p, q, r, . . .; connectives ¬, ∧, ∨, →, ↔; and parentheses) and well-formed formulas are defined in the standard way. With the language thus specified—as a set of well-formed formulas—its semantics is then given in three parts. (i) A model of a logical language consists in a free assignment of semantic values to basic items of the non-logical vocabulary. Here the basic items of the non-logical vocabulary are the propositional constants. The appropriate kind of semantic value for a proposition is a truth value, and so a model of the language consists in a free assignment of truth values to basic propositions. Two truth values are countenanced: 1 (representing truth) and 0 (representing falsity). (ii) Rules are presented which determine a truth value for every proposition of the language, given a model. The most common way of presenting these rules is via truth tables (Figure 1). Another way of stating such rules—which will be useful below—is first to introduce functions on the truth values themselves: a unary function ¬ and four binary functions ∧, ∨, → and ↔ (Figure 2).. (shrink)
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  26.  64
    The Ontology of Intentionality I: The Dependence Ontological Account of Order: Mediate and Immediate Moments and Pieces of Dependent and Independent Objects.Gilbert T. Null - 2007 - Husserl Studies 23 (1):33-69.
    This is the first of three essays which use Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology to formulate a non-Diodorean and non-Kantian temporal semantics for two-valued, first-order predicate modal languages suitable for expressing ontologies of experience (like physics and cognitive science). This essay's primary desideratum is to formulate an adequate dependence-ontological account of order. To do so it uses primitive (proper) part and (weak) foundation relations to formulate seven axioms and 28 definitions as a basis for Husserl's dependence ontological (...)
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  27.  16
    Multi‐Scale Contingencies During Individual and Joint Action.J. Scott Jordan, Daniel S. Schloesser, Jiuyang Bai & Drew Abney - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):36-54.
    The present paper describes a joint action paradigm in which individuals or pairs utilized two computer keys to keep a dot stimulus moving inside a larger rectangle. Members of a pair could neither see nor hear each other. This paradigm allowed us to combine the discrete-trial type dependent variables commonly utilized by representational theorists, with the continuous, temporal dependence variables utilized by dynamical theorists. Analysis revealed that individuals kept the dot in the rectangle longer than dyads and did so (...)
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  28.  54
    The Ontology of Intentionality II: Dependence Ontology as Prolegomenon to Noetic Modal Semantics.Gilbert T. Null - 2007 - Husserl Studies 23 (2):119-159.
    This is the second in a sequence of three essays which axiomatize and apply Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology of parts and wholes as a non-Diodorean, non-Kantian temporal semantics for first-order predicate modal languages. The Ontology of Intentionality I introduced enough of Husserl's dependence-ontology of parts and wholes to formulate his account of order as effected by relating moments of unity, and The Ontology of Intentionality II extends that axiomatic dependence-ontology far enough to enable its semantic application. Formalizing (...)
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  29.  38
    Convergence Versus Divergence of CSR in Developing Countries: An Embedded Multi-Layered Institutional Lens. [REVIEW]Dima Jamali & Ben Neville - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):599-621.
    This paper capitalizes on an institutional perspective to analyze corporate social responsibility (CSR) orientations in the Lebanese context. Specifically, the paper compiles a new theoretical framework drawing on a multi-level model of institutional flows by Scott (Institutions and organizations: ideas and interests, 2008 ) and the explicit/implicit CSR model by Matten and Moon (Acad Manag Rev 33(2):404–424, 2008 ). This new theoretical framework is then used to explore the CSR convergence versus divergence question in a developing country context. The (...)
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  30. A Classicist's Note On Two-, Three-, And Four-Valued Logic.Joseph Fulda - 1996 - Sorites 4:7-9.
    The classical logician's principal dictum, «A proposition is either true or false, not neither, and not both,» still leaves considerable room for multi-valued logic.
     
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  31. Point-Free Geometry and Verisimilitude of Theories.Giangiacomo Gerla - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (6):707-733.
    A metric approach to Popper's verisimilitude question is proposed which is related to point-free geometry. Indeed, we define the theory of approximate metric spaces whose primitive notions are regions, inclusion relation, minimum distance, and maximum distance between regions. Then, we show that the class of possible scientific theories has the structure of an approximate metric space. So, we can define the verisimilitude of a theory as a function of its (approximate) distance from the truth. This avoids some of the difficulties (...)
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  32.  12
    A Mind of a Non-Countable Set of Ideas.Alexander Citkin - 2008 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (1-2):23-39.
    The paper is dedicated to the 80th birthday of the outstanding Russian logician A.V. Kuznetsov. It is addressing a history of the ideas and research conducted by him in non-classical and intermediate logics.
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  33.  32
    Special Issue on Point-Free Geometry and Topology.Cristina Coppola & Giangiacomo Gerla - 2013 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 22 (2):139-143.
    In the first section we briefly describe methodological assumptions of point-free geometry and topology. We also outline history of geometrical theories based on the notion of emph{region}. The second section is devoted to concise presentation of the content of the LLP special issue on point-free theories of space.
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  34.  9
    Sweet SIXTEEN: Automation Via Embedding Into Classical Higher-Order Logic.Alexander Steen & Christoph Benzmüller - 2016 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 25 (4):535-554.
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  35.  5
    From Many-Valued Consequence to Many-Valued Connectives.Emmanuel Chemla & Paul Egré - forthcoming - Synthese:1-38.
    Given a consequence relation in many-valued logic, what connectives can be defined? For instance, does there always exist a conditional operator internalizing the consequence relation, and which form should it take? In this paper, we pose this question in a multi-premise multi-conclusion setting for the class of so-called intersective mixed consequence relations, which extends the class of Tarskian relations. Using computer-aided methods, we answer extensively for 3-valued and 4-valued logics, focusing not only on conditional operators, (...)
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  36.  2
    Argument Evaluation in Multi-Agent Justification Logics.Alfredo Burrieza & Antonio Yuste-Ginel - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    Argument evaluation, one of the central problems in argumentation theory, consists in studying what makes an argument a good one. This paper proposes a formal approach to argument evaluation from the perspective of justification logic. We adopt a multi-agent setting, accepting the intuitive idea that arguments are always evaluated by someone. Two general restrictions are imposed on our analysis: non-deductive arguments are left out and the goal of argument evaluation is fixed: supporting a given proposition. Methodologically, our approach uses (...)
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  37. The Non-Gradability of 'Know' is Not a Viable Argument Against Contextualism.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    I argue that 'know' is only partly, though considerably, gradable. Its being only partly gradable is explained by its multi-parametrical character. That is, its truth-conditions involve different parameters, which are scalar in character, each of which is fully gradable. Robustness of knowledge may be higher or lower along different dimensions and different modes. This has little to do with whether 'know' is context-dependent, but it undermines Stanley's argument that the non-gradability of 'know' renders it non-context-dependent.
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  38.  56
    Two-Valued Logics of Intentionality: Temporality, Truth, Modality, and Identity.Gilbert T. Null - 2007 - Husserl Studies 23 (3):187-228.
    The essay introduces a non-Diodorean, non-Kantian temporal modal semantics based on part-whole, rather than class, theory. Formalizing Edmund Husserl’s theory of inner time consciousness, §3 uses his protention and retention concepts to define a relation of self-awareness on intentional events. §4 introduces a syntax and two-valued semantics for modal first-order predicate object-languages, defines semantic assignments for variables and predicates, and truth for formulae in terms of the axiomatic version of Edmund Husserl’s dependence ontology (viz. the Calculus [CU] of (...)
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  39.  34
    Contrast as Denial in Multi-Dimensional Semantics.Jennifer Spenader & Emar Maier - 2009 - Journal of Pragmatics 41:1707-26.
    We argue that contrastive statements have the same underlying semantics and affect the context in the same way as denials. We substantiate this claim by giving a unified account of the two phenomena that treats contrast as a subtype of denial. This analysis crucially requires a dynamic semantics view of context-dependence with a multi-dimensional representation of information.
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  40.  34
    Prime Number Decomposition, the Hyperbolic Function and Multi-Path Michelson Interferometers.V. Tamma, C. O. Alley, W. P. Schleich & Y. H. Shih - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (1):111-121.
    The phase φ of any wave is determined by the ratio x/λ consisting of the distance x propagated by the wave and its wavelength λ. Hence, the dependence of φ on λ constitutes an analogue system for the mathematical operation of division, that is to obtain the hyperbolic function f(ξ)≡1/ξ. We take advantage of this observation to decompose integers into primes and implement this approach towards factorization of numbers in a multi-path Michelson interferometer. This work is part of (...)
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  41. Intellectual Path Dependence in Economics: Why Economists Do Not Reject Refuted Theories.Altug Yalcintas - 2016 - Routledge.
    Is economics always self-corrective? Do erroneous theorems permanently disappear from the market of economic ideas? _Intellectual Path Dependence in Economics _argues that errors in economics are not always corrected. Although economists are often critical and open-minded, unfit explanations are nonetheless able to reproduce themselves. The problem is that theorems sometimes survive the intellectual challenges in the market of economic ideas even when they are falsified or invalidated by criticism and an abundance of counter-evidence. A key question which often gets (...)
     
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  42.  59
    Representation of Strongly Independent Preorders by Sets of Scalar-Valued Functions.David McCarthy, Kalle Mikkola & Teruji Thomas - 2017 - MPRA Paper No. 79284.
    We provide conditions under which an incomplete strongly independent preorder on a convex set X can be represented by a set of mixture preserving real-valued functions. We allow X to be infi nite dimensional. The main continuity condition we focus on is mixture continuity. This is sufficient for such a representation provided X has countable dimension or satisfi es a condition that we call Polarization.
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  43.  21
    The Austrian Case: Multi-Card Concept and the Relationship Between Citizen ID and Social Security Cards. [REVIEW]Georg Aichholzer & Stefan Strauß - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (1):65-85.
    National electronic identity (e-ID) card schemes and electronic identity management systems (e-IDMS) in Europe are characterised by considerable diversity. This contribution analyses the creation of a national e-IDMS in Austria with the aim of improving our understanding of the reasons behind the genesis of particular designs of national e-IDMS. It seeks to explain how the system’s specific design evolved and which factors shaped its appearance. Being part of a comparative four country study, a common theoretical framework is employed to allow (...)
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  44.  23
    A Notion Evolving: From 'Institutional Path Dependence' to 'Intellectual Path Dependence.Altug Yalcintas - 2012 - Economics Bulletin 32 (2):1092-1098.
    How do ideas evolve? Can one speak of scientific progress when there is more than one pathway of intellectual evolution in which different ideas emerge and flow in different directions? Is the history of economic analysis a compilation of a number of intellectual pathways? This essay argues that it is possible to understand the course of history as a number of overlapping, divergent, and endlessly changing pathways. Such pathways operate in different fashions. They sometimes lead to more coherent and high (...)
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  45.  52
    A Note on Frequency Dependence and the Levels/Units of Selection.Sahotra Sarkar - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):217-228.
    On the basis of distinctions between those properties of entities that can be defined without reference to other entities and those that (in different ways) cannot, this note argues that non-trivial forms of frequency-dependent selection of entities should be interpreted as selection occurring at a level higher than that of those entities. It points out that, except in degenerately simple cases, evolutionary game-theoretic models of selection are not models of individual selection. Similarly, models of genotypic selection such as heterosis cannot (...)
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  46.  26
    Out of Sync: Tomba’s Marx and the Problem of a Multi-Layered Temporal Dialectic.Peter Osborne - 2015 - Historical Materialism 23 (4):39-48.
    This piece reconstructs and reflects upon the terms of the theoretical projection underlying Max Tomba’s book,Marx’s Temporalities, with particular reference to his use of the concepts of multiple temporalities and temporal layers. Tomba’s use of these concepts, it is argued, productively relocates Marx’s writings within the framework of the twentieth-century philosophy of time. However, Tomba’s dependence upon received versions of these concepts, untransformed, reproduces theoretical problems implicit within them, which have been intensified by recent developments within global capital. The (...)
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  47.  59
    Distributed Artificial Intelligence From a Socio-Cognitive Standpoint: Looking at Reasons for Interaction. [REVIEW]Maria Miceli, Amedo Cesta & Paola Rizzo - 1995 - AI and Society 9 (4):287-320.
    Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) deals with computational systems where several intelligent components interact in a common environment. This paper is aimed at pointing out and fostering the exchange between DAI and cognitive and social science in order to deal with the issues of interaction, and in particular with the reasons and possible strategies for social behaviour in multi-agent interaction is also described which is motivated by requirements of cognitive plausibility and grounded the notions of power, dependence and help. (...)
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  48.  27
    Remarks on the Consumer Problem Under Incomplete Preferences.Leandro Nascimento - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (1):95-110.
    This article revisits the standard results of demand theory when the preference relation is a continuous preorder that admits an equicontinuous multi-utility representation. We study the consumer problem as the constrained maximization of a continuous vector-valued utility mapping, and show how to rederive those results. In particular, we provide a link between the literature on vector optimization and the analysis of the consumer problem under incomplete preferences.
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  49.  23
    The Status of Determinism in Proofs of the Impossibility of a Noncontextual Model of Quantum Theory.Robert W. Spekkens - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (11):1125-1155.
    In order to claim that one has experimentally tested whether a noncontextual ontological model could underlie certain measurement statistics in quantum theory, it is necessary to have a notion of noncontextuality that applies to unsharp measurements, i.e., those that can only be represented by positive operator-valued measures rather than projection-valued measures. This is because any realistic measurement necessarily has some nonvanishing amount of noise and therefore never achieves the ideal of sharpness. Assuming a generalized notion of noncontextuality that (...)
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  50. Coreference and Modality in Multi-Speaker Discourse.Jeroen Groenendijk, Martin Stokhof & Frank Veltman - 1997 - In Hans Kamp & Barbara Partee (eds.), Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning. Ims. pp. 195--217.
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