Results for 'Muntean Ioan'

114 found
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  1. Metaphysics From String Theory: S-Dualities, Fundamentality, Modality and Pluralism.Ioan Muntean - 2015 - In T. Bigaj & Ch Wuthrich (eds.), Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics. Brill/Rodopi. pp. 259–292.
    Some philosophers of science have suggested that contemporary science should be the source of inspiration to the new analytic metaphysics (A. Chakra vartty, C. Callender, S. French, J. Ladyman, T. Maudlin, etc.). This paper explores the prospect of a string metaphysics: a research program in analytic metaphysics based on string theory. Different forms of fundamentalism and pluralism are discussed in this context. The paper focus on string metaphysics with S-dualities (a relation between models of string theory at different coupling regimes) (...)
     
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  2.  18
    Autonomy, Allostasic Mechanisms, and AI: A Biomimetic Perspective.Ioan Muntean & Cory Wright - 2007 - Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (3):489–513.
    We argue that the concepts of mechanism and autonomy appear to be antagonistic when autonomy is conflated with agency. Once these concepts are disentangled, it becomes clearer how autonomy emerges from complex forms of control. Subsequently, current biomimetic strategies tend to focus on homeostatic regulatory systems; we propose that research in AI and robotics would do well to incorporate biomimetic strategies that instead invoke models of allostatic mechanisms as a way of understanding how to enhance autonomy in artificial systems.
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  3. Laws.Nancy Cartwright, Anna Alexandrova, Andrew Hamilton Sophia Efstathiou & Ioan Muntean - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  4.  43
    A Minimalist Model of the Artificial Autonomous Moral Agent (AAMA).Ioan Muntean & Don Howard - 2016 - In SSS-16 Symposium Technical Reports. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. AAAI.
    This paper proposes a model for an artificial autonomous moral agent (AAMA), which is parsimonious in its ontology and minimal in its ethical assumptions. Starting from a set of moral data, this AAMA is able to learn and develop a form of moral competency. It resembles an “optimizing predictive mind,” which uses moral data (describing typical behavior of humans) and a set of dispositional traits to learn how to classify different actions (given a given background knowledge) as morally right, wrong, (...)
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  5. The Fiber Bundle at the Gates of Metaphysics. Challenging Maudlin's Proposal.Ioan Muntean - unknown
    In a recent book (The Metaphysics within Physics), Tim Maudlin reconstructs metaphysics by taking inspiration from the gauge theories interpreted in the ber bundle framework. I call his project the "fiber bundle metaphysics". Primarily targeted not to Humean Supervenience, but to any metaphysics employing the relation of resemblance among objects (D. Lewis, D. Armstrong), Maudlin's project is novel and promising. I critically analyze the arguments by identifying several objections stemming rst from metaphysics. The metaphysician questions whether gauge theory represented through (...)
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  6.  26
    The Fiber Bundle at the Gates of Metaphysics. Challenging Tim Maudlin's Proposal.Ioan Muntean - 2010 - In Henk W. de Regt (ed.), Epsa Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer. pp. 239--251.
    In this paper I discuss Tim Maudlin’s attempt to reject the theory of universals based on the interpretation of gauge theories in the fiber bundle framework. The project is novel and assuring, but, I argue, it is vulnerable to several objections stemming from both metaphysics and physics. I complement his project by emphasizing two missing elements: first, a commitment to realism; second, the fundamentality or non-fundamentality of gauge theories.
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  7.  19
    Artificial Moral Agents: Creative, Autonomous, Social. An Approach Based on Evolutionary Computation.Ioan Muntean & Don Howard - 2014 - In Johanna Seibt, Raul Hakli & Marco Nørskov (eds.), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications.
  8. Computation and Scientific Discovery? A Bio-Inspired Approach.Ioan Muntean - 2014 - In Hiroki Sayama (ed.), Artificial Life 14. Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems.
  9.  44
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Ioan Muntean, Patrick McGivern & Dean Rickles - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):107 – 121.
  10.  39
    Time Travel and Theories of Time (2002).Ioan Lucian Muntean - manuscript
    This paper is a survey of the theories of time travel in a perspective close to theories of time. In the last section we discuss the special ontology of the objects that exist on closed timelike curves. We simply assert that CTC need a new ontology and these objects are not simply impossible or unconcevaible.
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  11.  12
    Genetic Algorithms in Scientific Discovery: A New Epistemology?Ioan Muntean - unknown
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  12.  7
    Mechanisms of Unification in Kaluza-Klein Theory.Ioan Muntean - 2008 - In D. Dieks (ed.), Ontology of Spacetime.
    In this chapter I discuss the attempts by Theodor Kaluza [Kaluza, T., 1921. Zum Unitätproblem der Physik. Sitzungsber. der K. Ak. der Wiss. zu Berlin, 966–972] and by Oskar Klein [Klein, O., 1926a. Quantentheorie und fünfdimensionale Relativitätstheorie. Zeitschrift für Physik 37 (12), 895–906; Klein, O., 1926b. The atomicity of electricity as a quantum theory law. Nature 118, 516], respectively, to unify electromagnetism and general relativity within a five-dimensional Riemannian manifold. I critically compare Kaluza's results to Klein's. Klein's theory possesses more (...)
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  13.  6
    Structural Pluralism and S-Dualities: A Project in String Realism.Ioan Muntean - 2015 - In Iulian D. Toader, Gabriel Sandu & Ilie Pȃrvu (eds.), Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 199-219.
  14. Două teorii asupra identităţii în timp.Ioan Muntean - 2007 - Annals of the University of Craiova, Series: Philosophy:54-80.
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  15.  3
    Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science.Ioan Muntean (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    In string theory with S-dualities, there is an object-oriented realism and a structure-oriented realism. This paper discusses the advantages of “string structural realism”, a form of the latter, having a multi-aspected structure with a “model-oriented” pluralistic ontology, and grounded in the relation among fundamental objects of various string models.
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  16. Artificial Moral Cognition: From Functionalism to Autonomous Moral Agents.Muntean Ioan & Don Howard - forthcoming - In Powers Tom (ed.), Philosophy and Computing: Essays in epistemology, philosophy of mind, logic, and ethics. Springer.
    This paper proposes a model of the Artificial Autonomous Moral Agent (AAMA), discusses a standard of moral cognition for AAMA, and compares it with other models of artificial normative agency. It is argued here that artificial morality is possible within the framework of a “moral dispositional functionalism.” This AAMA is able to “read” the behavior of human actors, available as collected data, and to categorize their moral behavior based on moral patterns herein. The present model is based on several analogies (...)
     
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  17.  7
    Ethical and Legal Aspects in Medically Assisted Human Reproduction in Romania.Beatrice Ioan & Vasile Astarastoae - 2008 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 14 (2):4-13.
    Up to the present, there have not been any specific norms regarding medically assisted human reproduction in Romanian legislation. Due to this situation the general legislation regarding medical assistance, the Penal and Civil law and the provisions of the Code of Deontology of the Romanian College of Physicians are applied to the field of medically assisted human reproduction. By analysing the ethical and legal conflicts regarding medically assisted human reproduction in Romania, some characteristics cannot be set apart because they derive (...)
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  18.  4
    Consent for Participating in Clinical Trials - Is It Really Informed?Teodora Alexa‐Stratulat, Marius Neagu, Anca‐Iulia Neagu, Ioana Dana Alexa & Beatrice Gabriela Ioan - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
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  19.  12
    A Case of “Consumption”: Nietzsche’s Diagnosis of Spinoza.Razvan Ioan - 2017 - Nietzsche-Studien 46 (1):1-27.
    This paper investigates Nietzsche’s reception of Spinoza in order to develop our understanding of the complex relations between their respective philosophies starting from their shared commitment to ontologies of power. The first three sections of this essay contain a diachronic analysis of Nietzsche’s engagement with Spinoza and a discussion of the major themes in play. The last section consists in an evaluation of Nietzsche’s explicit and implicit criticisms that helps us gain a sense of the coherence running through them, as (...)
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  20. Drug Adiction–It is Just a Medical Problem?Mihaela Cătălina–Vicol, Oana–Cristina Stîngă, Lavinia Caba, Beatrice Ioan & Vasile Astărăstoae - 2008 - Romanian Journal of Bioethics 6 (4).
     
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  21.  4
    The Politics of Physiology.Razvan Ioan - 2014 - In Barry Stocker & Manuel Knoll (eds.), Nietzsche as Political Philosopher. De Gruyter. pp. 383-404.
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  22.  18
    Spinoza and Nietzsche on Freedom Empowerment and Affirmation.Razvan Ioan - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1864-1883.
    Against much of the philosophical tradition, Spinoza and Nietzsche defend an understanding of freedom opposed to free will and formulated as an ethical ideal consisting in a transition from a smaller to a greater power of acting. Starting from a shared commitment to necessity and radical immanence, they present freedom as a passage to a greater power of self-determination and self-expression of the body. Nevertheless, the continuities between their power ontologies and their respective commitments to a life of knowledge break (...)
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  23.  5
    Ethical Issues in Communication of Diagnosis and End-of-Life Decision-Making Process in Some of the Romanian Roma Communities.Gabriel Roman, Angela Enache, Andrada Pârvu, Rodica Gramma, Ştefana Maria Moisa, Silvia Dumitraş & Beatrice Ioan - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):483-497.
    Medical communication in Western-oriented countries is dominated by concepts of shared decision-making and patient autonomy. In interactions with Roma patients, these behavioral patterns rarely seem to be achieved because the culture and ethnicity have often been shown as barriers in establishing an effective and satisfying doctor–patient relationship. The study aims to explore the Roma’s beliefs and experiences related to autonomy and decision-making process in the case of a disease with poor prognosis. Forty-eight Roma people from two Romanian counties participated in (...)
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  24.  4
    Challenges to Forensic Medicine in the Postmodern Era the Impact of the New Technologies.Bianca Hanganu, Andreea-Alexandra Velnic, Irina Smaranda Manoilescu & Beatrice Gabriela Ioan - 2017 - Postmodern Openings 8 (3):12-23.
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  25.  4
    Domestic Violence in the Postmodern Society Ethical and Forensic Aspects.Bianca Hanganu, Dragos Crauciuc, Valentin Petre Ciudin, Alexandra Velnic, Irina Manoilescu & Beatrice Gabriela Ioan - 2017 - Postmodern Openings 8 (3):46-58.
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  26.  35
    Andrada Pârvu, Gabriel Roman, Silvia Dumitraş, Rodica Gramma, Mariana Enache, Ștefana Maria Moisa.Radu Chiriţă, I. O. V. Cătălin & Beatrice Ioan - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31).
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  27.  25
    Andrada Pârvu, Gabriel Roman, Silvia dumitraş, Rodica gramma, Mariana enache, ștefana Maria moisa.Radu Chiriţă, Cătălin Iov & Beatrice Ioan - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):88-112.
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  28.  7
    Communication with Roma Patient a Challenge.Andrada Parvu, Rodica Gramma, Angela Enache, Gabriel Roman, Laszlo Foszto, Silvia Dumitras, Stefana Moisa & Beatrice Ioan - 2013 - Postmodern Openings 4 (1):141-157.
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  29.  3
    As Ilusões Do Eu—Spinoza E Nietzsche Ed. By André Martins, Homero Santiago, and Luís César Oliva, And: Spinoza E Nietzsche—Filósofos Contra a Tradição Ed. By Ana Claudia Gama Barreto, Danilo Bilate, and Tiago Mota da Silva Barros (Review). [REVIEW]Razvan Ioan - 2015 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 46 (3):475-479.
  30.  13
    The Health Mediators-Qualified Interpreters Contributing to Health Care Quality Among Romanian Roma Patients.Gabriel Roman, Rodica Gramma, Angela Enache, Andrada Pârvu, Ştefana Maria Moisa, Silvia Dumitraş & Beatrice Ioan - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):843-856.
    In order to assure optimal care of patients with chronic illnesses, it is necessary to take into account the cultural factors that may influence health-related behaviors, health practices, and health-seeking behavior. Despite the increasing number of Romanian Roma, research regarding their beliefs and practices related to healthcare is rather poor. The aim of this paper is to present empirical evidence of specificities in the practice of healthcare among Romanian Roma patients and their caregivers. Using a qualitative exploratory descriptive design, this (...)
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  31.  6
    A Comparative Study on the Palliative Care in Romania and France.Mariana Enache, Rodica Gramma, Silvia Dumitras, Stefana Moisa, Catalin Iov & Beatrice Ioan - 2013 - Postmodern Openings 4 (1):159-170.
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  32.  11
    The Empire of Communication: Body, Image and Relation.Hosu Ioan - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):198-205.
    Review of Aurel Codoban, Imperiul comunicării: corp, imagine și relaționare (The Empire of Communication: Body, Image and Relation), (Cluj-Napoca: Idea Design &Print, 2011).
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  33.  15
    Arguments in Favor of a Religious Coping Pattern in Terminally Ill Patients.Andrada Parvu, Gabriel Roman, Silvia Dumitras, Rodica Gramma, Mariana Enache, Stefana Maria Moisa, Radu Chirita, Catalin Iov & Beatrice Ioan - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):88-112.
    A patient suffering from a severe illness that is entering its terminal stage is forced to develop a coping process. Of all the coping patterns, the religious one stands out as being a psychological resource available to all patients regardless of culture, learning, and any age. Religious coping interacts with other values or practices of society, for example the model of a society that takes care of it's elder members among family or in an institutionalized environment or the way the (...)
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  34. Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide in the Netherlands-Results and Problems of Legalization.Beatrice Ioan & D. Bulgaru Iliescu - 2005 - Romanian Journal of Bioethics 3 (1).
     
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  35.  5
    Philosophical Physiology: Schopenhauer and Nietzsche.Razvan Ioan - 2015 - In Leonel R. dos Santos & Katia Dawn Hay (eds.), Nietzsche, German Idealism and its Critics. De Gruyter. pp. 208-222.
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  36. Biblioteca Naţională.Augustin Ioan - 2002 - Dilema 493:17.
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  37.  2
    Church-State Relations in Romania: Problems and Perspectives of Inter- Denominational Cooperation at the Level of Church-Based NGOs.Aurelian Muntean - 2005 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (12):84-100.
    In this paper inter-denominational cooperation is treated as part of the church-state relation because the propensity for inter-denominational cooperation is influenced by the legislative framework that regulates church-state relations. Although inter-denominational cooperation is hard to achieve, the author argues that some policy solutions are accessible to the government to encourage churches to cooperate at the level of church-based NGOs. The model is similar in some aspects to the faith-based and community initiatives developed in the United States. The author also attempts (...)
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  38.  1
    A Whole of Curriculum Approach to Teaching Business Ethics.K. Plummer, O. Burmeister, D. Muntean, D. McGrath, D. Murphy & R. Macklin - 2010 - Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics 12 (1):14-28.
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  39. Pentru un nou discurs public creştin.Augustin Ioan - 2003 - Dilema 544:12.
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  40. Reconstrucţia. Trei Proiecte.Augustin Ioan - 2002 - Dilema 462:12.
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  41. Religious Violence and the Logic of Weak Thinking: Between R. Girard and G. Vattimo.Biriş Ioan - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):171-189.
     
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  42. Dacă protest nu e, nimic nu e.Aurelian Muntean - 2002 - Dilema 479:9.
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  43.  1
    Logical Thinking and Spiritual Projections in Ioan Biriş’s Philosophy.Florea Lucaci - 2018 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 17 (50).
    The present study proposes a valorization of the work of professor and philosopher Ioan Biriş. The statistics of his books and studies, their distribution by areas of interest, and especially the ideas in his work confirm the need for philosophy in the Romanian cultural life. As a whole, his philosophical endeavor is based on the concept of totality. Thus in the Hegelian spirit, Ioan Biriş successfully convinces us that the logical may exceed the limits of formal exercise and (...)
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  44.  1
    Logical Thinking and Spiritual Projections in Ioan Biriş’s Philosophy.Florea Lucaci - 2018 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 17 (50):125-139.
    The present study proposes a valorization of the work of professor and philosopher Ioan Biri ş. The statistics of his books and studies, their distribution by areas of interest, and especially the ideas in his work confirm the need for philosophy in the Romanian cultural life. As a whole, his philosophical endeavor is based on the concept of totality. Thus in the Hegelian spirit, Ioan Biri ş successfully convinces us that the logical may exceed the limits of formal (...)
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  45.  8
    Ioan Chirila, Fragmentarium exegetic filonian II. Nomothetica. Repere exegetice la Decalog/ Fragmentarium exegetic filonian II. Nomothetica. [REVIEW]Sandu Frunza - 2004 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 3 (7):210-212.
    Ioan Chirila, Fragmentarium exegetic filonian II. Nomothetica. Repere exegetice la Decalog Ed. Limes, Cluj-Napoca, 2003.
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  46.  10
    Ioan Chirila, Cartea profetului Osea – Breviarum al gnoseologiei Vechiului Testament/ The Book of Osea - Breviarum of Old Testament Gnoseology).Ovidiu Podar - 2003 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):210-213.
    Ioan Chirila, Cartea profetului Osea – Breviarum al gnoseologiei Vechiului Testament Editura Limes, 1999.
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  47.  5
    Ioan Vasile Leb, Biserica În Actiune.Petru Moldovan - 2002 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (2):210-211.
    Ioan Vasile Leb, Biserica în actiune, Ed. Limes, Cluj-Napoca, 2001.
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  48.  3
    Ioan Chirila, Fragmentarium Exegetic Filonian.Sandu Frunza - 2002 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (2):208-209.
    Ioan Chirila, Fragmentarium exegetic filonian, Editura Limes, Cluj, 2002, 174 p.
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  49.  2
    Ioan-Vasile Leb (coord.), Bisericã si multiculturalitate în Europa sfîrsitului de mileniu/ Church and Multiculturality in End of Millenium Europe.Petru Moldovan - 2003 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (5):216-218.
    Ioan-Vasile Leb (coord.), Bisericã si multiculturalitate în Europa sfîrsitului de mileniu Editura Presa Universitarã Clujeanã, Cluj-Napoca, 2001, 461p.
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  50.  1
    “If I Were a Supreme Being, You’D Be a «Trickster»…” A Brief Analysis of the Unpublished Academic Correspondence Between Ioan Petru Culianu and Ugo Bianchi.Daniela Dumbravă - 2013 - Human and Social Studies 2 (1):103-124.
    The idea of presenting the correspondence between Ioan Petru Culianu and Ugo Bianchi involves reviewing the topics specific to Bianchi’s school of History of Religion for a period of more than a decade and the manner in which the Romanian-born historian of religions builds his academic career. The academic relation between Bianchi and Culianu has a major common point: an acute preoccupation with the epistemological construction of the HR discipline. What is it that separates Culianu from Bianchi and even (...)
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