Results for 'Muriel Soleilhavoup'

261 found
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  1.  24
    Darwinism and Ethology the Role of Natural Selection in Animals and Humans.Jacques Gervet & Muriel Soleilhavoup - 1997 - Acta Biotheoretica 45 (3-4):195-220.
    The role of behaviour in biological evolution is examined within the context of Darwinism. All Darwinian models are based on the distinction of two mechanisms: one that permits faithful transmission of a feature from one generation to another, and another that differentially regulates the degree of this transmission. Behaviour plays a minimal role as an agent of transmission in the greater part of the animal kingdom; by contrast, the forms it may assume strongly influence the mechanisms of selection regulating the (...)
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  2.  23
    Some Prerequisites for a Study of the Evolution of Cognition in the Animal Kingdom.Jacques Gervet, Alain Gallo, Raphael Chalmeau & Muriel Soleilhavoup - 1996 - Acta Biotheoretica 44 (1):37-57.
    A distinction is made between two definitions of animal cognition: the one most frequently employed in cognitive sciences considers cognition as extracting and processing information; a more phenomenologically inspired model considers it as attributing to a form of the outside world a significance, linked to the state of the animal. The respective fields of validity of these two models are discussed along with the limitations they entail, and the questions they pose to evolutionary biologists are emphasized. This is followed by (...)
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  3.  20
    Muriel Wheldale Onslow and Early Biochemical Genetics.Marsha L. Richmond - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):389 - 426.
    Muriel Wheldale, a distinguished graduate of Newnham College, Cambridge, was a member of William Bateson's school of genetics at Cambridge University from 1903. Her investigation of flower color inheritance in snapdragons (Antirrhinum), a topic of particular interest to botanists, contributed to establishing Mendelism as a powerful new tool in studying heredity. Her understanding of the genetics of pigment formation led her to do cutting-edge work in biochemistry, culminating in the publication of her landmark work, The Anthocyanin Pigments of Plants (...)
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  4.  9
    Le sens du projet lévinassien : une spiritualité athée universelle pour un nouveau paradigme?Muriel Briançon - 2018 - Philosophiques 45 (2):365-390.
    Muriel Briançon | : Afin d’éclairer le sens de la religiosité de la philosophie de Lévinas et d’écarter le soupçon d’une soumission de celle-ci à des dogmes ou à des croyances incompatibles avec un principe de laïcité, notre contribution vise à clarifier le sens de son projet général. L’intention lévinassienne, ambitieuse et visionnaire, consiste en l’explicitation philosophique, métaéthique et phénoménologique, de l’idée cartésienne de l’Infini, transcendance non idolâtrique surgissant de la relation humaine. Cette quête philosophique de l’extrême conscience suppose (...)
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  5.  63
    The Defining Issues Test and the Four Component Model: Contributions to Professional Education.Muriel J. Bebeau - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (3):271-295.
    This article reviews studies examining the effect of professional education on ethical development. Most studies limit assessment to the measurement of moral judgement, observing that moral judgement plateaus during professional school unless an ethics intervention is present. Whereas interventions influence the shift to postconventional reasoning (the DIT P score), a more illuminating picture of change may emerge if researchers examined DIT profiles. More importantly, limiting assessment to measures of moral judgement ignores important aspects of moral functioning suggested by the Four (...)
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  6.  14
    In Defense of Narrative Authenticity.Muriel Leuenberger - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (4):656-667.
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  7.  42
    The Effect of Hypnotically Induced Somatoform Dissociation on the Development of Intrusions After an Aversive Film.Muriel A. Hagenaars, Agnes van Minnen, Emily A. Holmes, Chris R. Brewin & Kees Al Hoogduin - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):944-963.
  8.  7
    Why Authenticity Hinges on Narrative Identity.Muriel Leuenberger - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (1):43-45.
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  9.  21
    Visual Information and Redundancy in Reading.Muriel C. Thompson & Dominic W. Massaro - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):49.
  10.  11
    Aversive Life Events Enhance Human Freezing Responses.Muriel A. Hagenaars, John F. Stins & Karin Roelofs - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):98-105.
  11.  14
    Can the Exploration of Left Space Be Induced Implicitly in Unilateral Neglect?Murielle Wansard, Paolo Bartolomeo, Valérie Vanderaspoilden, Marie Geurten & Thierry Meulemans - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:115-123.
  12.  29
    Integrating Care and Justice Issues in Professional Moral Education: A Gender Perspective.Muriel J. Bebeau & Mary M. Brabeck - 1987 - Journal of Moral Education 16 (3):189-203.
    Abstract This study examines gender differences in professional school students? ethical sensitivity and moral reasoning, two aspects of Rest's four?component model of moral development. Results indicate that men and women dental students differ in general sensitivity to ethical issues, but not in recognition of issues of care or justice, nor in moral reasoning. Our results contribute to a re?interpretation of Gilligan's gender?difference arguments, and suggest new directions for research in moral development.
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  13.  15
    Re-Engineering Shared Decision-Making.Muriel R. Gillick - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):785-788.
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  14.  52
    Doing the Right Thing: A Geriatrician's Perspective on Medical Care for the Person with Advanced Dementia.Muriel R. Gillick - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):51-56.
    Developing a reasonable approach to the medical care of older people with dementia will be essential in the coming decades. Physicians are the locus of decision making for persons with dementia. It is the responsibility of the physician to assure that the surrogate understands the nature and trajectory of the disease and then to elicit the desired goal of care. Physicians need to ascertain whether any advance directives are available, and if so, whether they apply to the situation of advanced (...)
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  15.  7
    Gender Differences in Moral Sensitivity: A Meta-Analysis.Muriel J. Bebeau, Yukiko Maeda & Di You - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):263-282.
    This meta-analysis synthesizes quantitative findings of the gender differences in moral sensitivity retrieved from 19 primary studies. We found the average effect size of 0.25, favoring women, with a standard deviation of 0.14. The variation in the observed effect sizes could not be attributed to differences in participants' educational level, the utilized measure of moral sensitivity, or the publication format in which the study was reported. This suggests that gender differences in moral sensitivity are consistent across different levels of participants' (...)
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  16.  25
    Authorship and Publication Practices in the Social Sciences: Historical Reflections on Current Practices.Muriel J. Bebeau & Verna Monson - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):365-388.
    An historical review of authorship definitions and publication practices that are embedded in directions to authors and in the codes of ethics in the fields of psychology, sociology, and education illuminates reasonable agreement and consistency across the fields with regard to (a) originality of the work submitted, (b) data sharing, (c) human participants’ protection, and (d) conflict of interest disclosure. However, the role of the professional association in addressing violations of research or publication practices varies among these fields. Psychology and (...)
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  17.  6
    The Independence of James Rest's Components of Morality: Evidence From a Professional Ethics Curriculum Study.Muriel J. Bebeau & Di You - 2013 - Ethics and Education 8 (3):202-216.
    Rest's hypothesis that the components of morality are distinct from one another was tested using evidence from a dental ethics curriculum that uses well-validated measures of each component. Archival data from five cohorts included the following: transcribed responses to a measure of ethical sensitivity collected at the end of the third year; pre- and post-test moral judgment scores; pre- and post-test motivation scores; and implementation scores – performance on eight cases completed during the third and fourth years. Because the ethical (...)
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  18.  65
    Can Amnesic Patients Learn Without Awareness? New Evidence Comparing Deterministic and Probabilistic Sequence Learning.Muriel Vandenberghe, Nicolas Schmidt, Patrick Fery & Axel Cleeremans - 2006 - Neuropsychologia 44 (10):1629-1641.
    Can associative learning take place without awareness? We explore this issue in a sequence learning paradigm with amnesic and control participants, who were simply asked to react to one of four possible stimuli on each trial. Unknown to them, successive stimuli occurred in a sequence. We manipulated the extent to which stimuli followed the sequence in a deterministic manner (noiseless condition) or only probabilistically so (noisy condition). Through this paradigm, we aimed at addressing two central issues: first, we asked whether (...)
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  19.  24
    Designing an Outcome‐Based Ethics Curriculum for Professional Education: Strategies and Evidence of Effectiveness.Muriel J. Bebeau - 1993 - Journal of Moral Education 22 (3):313-326.
  20.  13
    Power, Sexuality, and Intimacy.Muriel Dimen - 1989 - In Alison M. Jaggar & Susan Bordo (eds.), Gender/Body/Knowledge: Feminist Reconstructions of Being and Knowing. Rutgers University Press. pp. 34--45.
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  21.  7
    Doing the Right Thing: A Geriatrician's Perspective on Medical Care for the Person with Advanced Dementia.Muriel R. Gillick - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):51-56.
    America is aging. But even more striking than the rise in the proportion of the population over age 65 is the unprecedented number of individuals who are living into their eighties and nineties. While many people remain robust well into advanced age, the dramatic increase in the number of the oldest old has brought with it an epidemic of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. Dementia is a highly prevalent condition — currently 5.4 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease, a number which (...)
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  22.  18
    Evidence-Based Character Development.Muriel J. Bebeau - 2006 - Advances in Bioethics 10:47-86.
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  23.  29
    The Limits of Proxy Decision Making: Undertreatment.Muriel R. Gillick & Terri Fried - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (2):172.
    With the passage by virtually every state legislature of healthcare proxy laws, the medical profession increasingly can expect to rely on the participation of surrogates in making decisions on behalf of incompetent patients. Several concerns about the legitimacy of proxy decision making have been discussed in the ethical and general medical literature: the lack of concordance between the views of patients and their surrogates have been documented on multiple occasions, and cases of abuse by proxies or potential conflict of interest (...)
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  24.  60
    ‘Genes’ Amplified.Muriel Lederman - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4):561-566.
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  25.  24
    Only Stimulus Energy Affects the Detectability of Visual Forms and Objects.Muriel Boucart & Claude Bonnet - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):415-417.
  26.  14
    Familiarity and Nameability Do Not Affect Picture Detection.Muriel Boucart & Glyn W. Humphreys - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):409-411.
  27.  16
    OVATOOMB: Other Viruses and the Origins of Molecular Biology.Muriel Lederman & Sue A. Tolin - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):239-254.
  28.  10
    The Technological Imperative and the Battle for the Hearts of America.Muriel R. Gillick - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (2):276-294.
  29.  81
    First- and Third-Person Approaches in Implicit Learning Research.Vinciane Gaillard, Muriel Vandenberghe, Arnaud Destrebecqz & Axel Cleeremans - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):709-722.
    How do we find out whether someone is conscious of some information or not? A simple answer is “We just ask them”! However, things are not so simple. Here, we review recent developments in the use of subjective and objective methods in implicit learning research and discuss the highly complex methodological problems that their use raises in the domain.
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  30.  41
    Gender Differences in Moral Sensitivity: A Meta-Analysis.Yukiko di YouMaeda & Muriel J. Bebeau - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):263 - 282.
    This meta-analysis synthesizes quantitative findings of the gender differences in moral sensitivity retrieved from 19 primary studies. We found the average effect size of 0.25, favoring women, with a standard deviation of 0.14. The variation in the observed effect sizes could not be attributed to differences in participants' educational level, the utilized measure of moral sensitivity, or the publication format in which the study was reported. This suggests that gender differences in moral sensitivity are consistent across different levels of participants' (...)
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  31.  13
    Targeted Chemotherapy, the Medical Ecosystem, and the Future of American Health Care.Muriel R. Gillick - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (2):268-284.
    In light of the central role that medications play in medical progress, the declining rate of new drug development over the past decade is cause for concern . Without important breakthroughs in drug discovery, the future will not be auspicious for the many people suffering from chronic and incurable illnesses. The sluggish pace of pharmaceutical innovation has been particularly characteristic of the largest drug manufacturers, which have generally focused their energies on potential blockbuster medications, those that can generate over $1 (...)
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  32.  7
    Genes on Chromosomes: The Conversion of Thomas Hunt Morgan.Muriel Lederman - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (1):163 - 176.
  33.  13
    Neuronal Correlates of Full and Partial Visual Conscious Perception.Hamed Haque, Muriel Lobier, J. Matias Palva & Satu Palva - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 78:102863.
  34.  34
    Natural Theology and Nature's Disguises.Muriel Blaisdell - 1982 - Journal of the History of Biology 15 (2):163 - 189.
  35.  19
    The Independence of James Rest's Components of Morality: Evidence From a Professional Ethics Curriculum Study.Muriel J. di YouBebeau - 2013 - Ethics and Education 8 (3):202-216.
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  36.  25
    Teaching Energy Informed by the History and Epistemology of the Concept with Implications for Teacher Education.Manuel Bächtold & Muriel Guedj - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 211-243.
    In this article, we put forward a new strategy for teaching the concept of energy. In the first section, we discuss how the concept is currently treated in educational programmes at primary and secondary level (taking the case of France), the learning difficulties that arise as well as the main teaching strategies presented in science education literature. In the second section, we argue that due to the complexity of the concept of energy, rethinking how it is taught should involve teacher (...)
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  37.  1
    Muriel Andrin, Stéphanie Loriaux & Barbara Ost (Dir.), M Comme Mère, M Comme Monstre.Annik Houel - 2019 - Clio 50.
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  38.  4
    Research Note: Genes on Chromosomes: The Conversion of Thomas Hunt Morgan. [REVIEW]Muriel Lederman - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (1):163-176.
    In the first decade of the twentieth century, the foundation for the science of genetics was set. In 1900, the data of Gregor Mendel were rediscovered. By 1915, a community of scientists accepted that there were entities on chromosomes that controlled the development of observable traits. During the intervening period, Thomas Hunt Morgan was one of the major skeptics regarding the chromosomal location of the genes. His acceptance may have been the turning point for the flowering of American genetics. This (...)
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  39.  29
    Sen is Not a Capability Theorist.Antoinette Baujard & Muriel Gilardone - 2017 - Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (1):1-19.
    This paper aims to clarify the status of capability in Sen’s idea of justice. Sen’s name is so widely associated with the concept of capability that commentators often assume that his contribution to the study of justice amounts to a capability theory, albeit underdeveloped. We argue that such a reading is misleading. Taking Sen’s reticence about operationalization seriously, we show that his contribution is inconsistent with a capability theory. Instead, we defend the idea that the capability approach plays a heuristic (...)
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  40.  4
    Dossier « L’Économie Circulaire : Modes de Gouvernance Et Développement Territorial » – Nouveaux Modèles Économiques Et Construction de la Durabilité Territoriale. Illustrations À Partir D’Une Analyse de L’Action Collective.Muriel Maillefert & Isabelle Robert - 2020 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 28 (2):131-144.
    Depuis le début des années 2000, des expérimentations dont l’objectif est de développer de nouveaux modèles économiques s’organisent autour de pratiques collectives engagées autour et vers de nouvelles formes de durabilité. Ces initiatives émanent de partenaires privés ou de territoires. Malgré leur grande hétérogénéité, ces nouveaux modèles économiques ont en commun une hybridation de projets entrepreneuriaux et territoriaux qui portent potentiellement en germe une évolution radicale de la création de richesse à travers un processus innovant d’action collective. Ce travail se (...)
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  41.  4
    « La “Mise En Patrimoine” de l'Eau » : Une Perspective Interdisciplinaire.Muriel Maillefert - 2008 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 16 (3):282-284.
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  42.  24
    Muriel Gilbert, L'identité narrative. Une reprise à partir de Freud de la pensée de Paul Ricoeur. Genève, Éditions Labor et Fides (coll. « Le Champ Éthique », 36), 2001, 277 p.Muriel Gilbert, L'identité narrative. Une reprise à partir de Freud de la pensée de Paul Ricoeur. Genève, Éditions Labor et Fides (coll. « Le Champ Éthique », 36), 2001, 277 p. [REVIEW]Guy Jobin - 2004 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 60 (1):182-183.
  43.  8
    Angebot und Nachfrage Der mittelalterliche englische Schreiber auf dem Weg vom Skriptorium zum bookshop.Muriel Kasper - 2002 - Das Mittelalter 7 (2).
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  44. Advances in Understanding Education.Muriel Amy Payne - 1955 - Ark Press.
     
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  45.  11
    Retinal Stem Cells in Vertebrates.Muriel Perron & William A. Harris - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (8):685-688.
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  46.  25
    Muriel Spark.Nancy Aj Potter - 1965 - Renascence 17 (2):115-120.
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  47.  39
    David Jones: The Maker Unmade, by Jonathan Miles and Derek Shiel; and David Jones. A Fusilier at the Front: His Record of the Great War in Word and Image, Edited by Anthony Hyne.Muriel Whitaker - 1997 - The Chesterton Review 23 (1/2):223-226.
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  48.  55
    A Neo-Kohlbergian Approach to Morality Research.James R. Rest, Darcia Narvaez, Stephen J. Thoma & Muriel J. Bebeau - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (4):381-395.
    Kohlberg's work in moral judgement has been criticised by many philosophers and psychologists. Building on Kohlberg's core assumptions, we propose a model of moral judgement (hereafter the neo-Kohlbergian approach) that addresses these concerns. Using 25 years of data gathered with the Defining Issues Test (DIT), we present an overview of Minnesota's neo-Kohlbergian approach, using Kohlberg's basic starting points, ideas from Cognitive Science (especially schema theory), and developments in moral philosophy.
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  49.  10
    Thérapie psychanalytique en couple : lorsque dire vient trahir, quels sont les enjeux d’appartenances identitaires entre filiation et alliance?Muriel Orlue - 2015 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 210 (4):45.
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  50.  4
    Oculomotor Adaptation Elicited By Intra-Saccadic Visual Stimulation: Time-Course of Efficient Visual Target Perturbation.Muriel T. N. Panouillères, Valerie Gaveau, Jeremy Debatisse, Patricia Jacquin, Marie LeBlond & Denis Pélisson - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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