Results for 'N. S. Yao'

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  1.  95
    The Status of the Do-Not-Resuscitate Order in Chinese Clinical Trial Patients in a Cancer Centre.J. M. Liu, W. C. Lin, Y. M. Chen, H. W. Wu, N. S. Yao, L. T. Chen & J. Whang-Peng - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):309-314.
    OBJECTIVE: To report and analyse the pattern of end-of-life decision making for terminal Chinese cancer patients. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: A cancer clinical trials unit (...) in a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS: From April 1992 to August 1997, 177 consecutive deaths of cancer clinical trial patients were studied. MAIN MEASUREMENT: Basic demographic data, patient status at the time of signing a DNR consent, or at the moment of returning home to die are documented, and circumstances surrounding these events evaluated. RESULTS: DNR orders were written for 64.4% of patients. Patients in pain (odds ratio 0.45, 95% CI 0.22-0.89), especially if requiring opioid analgesia (odds ratio 0.40, 95% CI 0.21-0.77), were factors associated with a higher probability of such an order. Thirty-five patients were taken home to die, a more likely occurrence if the patient was over 75 years (odds ratio 0.12, 95% CI 0.04-0.34), had children (odds ratio 0.14, 95% CI 0.02-0.79), had Taiwanese as a first language (odds ratio 6.74, 95% CI 3.04-14.93), or was unable to intake orally (odds ratio 2.73, 95% CI 1.26-5.92). CPR was performed in 30 patients, none survived to discharge. CONCLUSIONS: DNR orders are instituted in a large proportion of dying Chinese cancer patients in a cancer centre, however, the order is seldom signed by the patient personally. This study also illustrates that as many as 20% of dying patients are taken home to die, in accordance with local custom. (shrink)
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  2. Why Managers Fail to Do the Right Thing: An Empirical Study of Unethical and Illegal Conduct.N. Craig Smith, Sally S. Simpson & Chun-Yao Huang - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):633-667.
    We combine prior research on ethical decision-making in organizations with a rational choice theory of corporate crime from criminology to develop a model of corporate offending (...)that is tested with a sample of U.S. managers. Despite demands for increased sanctioning of corporate offenders, we find that the threat of legal action does not directly affect the likelihood of misconduct. Managersevaluations of the ethics of the act, measured using a multidimensional ethics scale, have a significant effect, as do outcome expectancies that result from being associated with the misconduct but not facing formal sanctions. The threat of formalsanctions appears to operate indirectly, influencing ethical evaluations and outcome expectancies. Obedience to authority also affects illegal intentions, with managers reporting higher prospective offending when they are ordered to engage in misconduct by a supervisor. (shrink)
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  3.  30
    Why Managers Fail to Do the Right Thing.N. Craig Smith, Sally S. Simpson & Chun-Yao Huang - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):633-667.
    We combine prior research on ethical decision-making in organizations with a rational choice theory of corporate crime from criminology to develop a model of corporate offending (...)that is tested with a sample of U.S. managers. Despite demands for increased sanctioning of corporate offenders, we find that the threat of legal action does not directly affect the likelihood of misconduct. Managersevaluations of the ethics of the act, measured using a multidimensional ethics scale, have a significant effect, as do outcome expectancies that result from being associated with the misconduct but not facing formal sanctions. The threat of formalsanctions appears to operate indirectly, influencing ethical evaluations and outcome expectancies. Obedience to authority also affects illegal intentions, with managers reporting higher prospective offending when they are ordered to engage in misconduct by a supervisor. (shrink)
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  4.  9
    Why Managers Fail to Do the Right Thing: An Empirical Study of Unethical and Illegal Conduct.N. Craig Smith, Sally S. Simpson & Chun-Yao Huang - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):633-667.
    ABSTRACT:We combine prior research on ethical decision-making in organizations with a rational choice theory of corporate crime from criminology to develop a model of corporate offending (...) that is tested with a sample of U.S. managers. Despite demands for increased sanctioning of corporate offenders, we find that the threat of legal action does not directly affect the likelihood of misconduct. Managersevaluations of the ethics of the act, measured using a multidimensional ethics scale, have a significant effect, as do outcome expectancies that result from being associated with the misconduct but not facing formal sanctions. The threat of formal sanctions appears to operate indirectly, influencing ethical evaluations and outcome expectancies. Obedience to authority also affects illegal intentions, with managers reporting higher prospective offending when they are ordered to engage in misconduct by a supervisor. (shrink)
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  5.  7
    Why Managers Fail to Do the Right Thing: An Empirical Study of Unethical and Illegal Conduct.N. Craig Smith, Sally S. Simpson & Chun-Yao Huang - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):633-667.
    We combine prior research on ethical decision-making in organizations with a rational choice theory of corporate crime from criminology to develop a model of corporate offending (...)that is tested with a sample of U.S. managers. Despite demands for increased sanctioning of corporate offenders, we find that the threat of legal action does not directly affect the likelihood of misconduct. Managersevaluations of the ethics of the act, measured using a multidimensional ethics scale, have a significant effect, as do outcome expectancies that result from being associated with the misconduct but not facing formal sanctions. The threat of formalsanctions appears to operate indirectly, influencing ethical evaluations and outcome expectancies. Obedience to authority also affects illegal intentions, with managers reporting higher prospective offending when they are ordered to engage in misconduct by a supervisor. (shrink)
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  6.  19
    Serration Behaviours in Metallic Glasses with Different Plasticity.G. N. Yang, S. Q. Chen, J. L. Gu, S. F. Zhao, J. F. Li, Y. Shao, H. Wang & K. F. Yao - 2016 - Philosophical Magazine 96 (21):2243-2255.
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  7.  4
    FMT and Microbial Medical Products: Generating High-Quality Evidence Through Good Governance.Pilar N. Ossorio & Yao Zhou - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):505-523.
    This article argues that current data for the safety and efficacy of fecal microbiota transplants as a treatment for any indication, including recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection, is (...)
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  8. Diagnosis and Decision Making in Normative Reasoning.Leendert W. N. Torre & Yao-Hua Tan - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (1).
    Diagnosis theory reasons about incomplete knowledge and only considers the past. It distinguishes between violations and non-violations. Qualitative decision theory reasons about decision variables and considers (...)the future. It distinguishes between fulfilled goals and unfulfilled goals. In this paper we formalize normative diagnoses and decisions in the special purpose formalism DIO2 as well as in extensions of the preference-based deontic logic PDL. The DIagnostic and DEcision-theoretic framework for DEontic reasoning DIO2 formalizes reasoning about violations and fulfillments, and is used to characterize the distinction between normative diagnosis theory and decision theory. The extension of the preference-based deontic logic PDL shows how normative diagnostic and decision-theoretic reasoningi.e. reasoning about violations and fulfillmentscan be formalized as an extension of deontic reasoning. (shrink)
     
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  9.  18
    The Explanation of Behaviour.N. S. Sutherland - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (61):379-381.
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  10.  95
    Separating Care and Cure: An Analysis of Historical and Contemporary Images of Nursing and Medicine.N. S. Jecker & D. J. Self - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (3):285-306.
    This paper provides a philosophical critique of professional stereotypes in medicine. In the course of this critique, we also offer a detailed analysis of the concept of (...)
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  11.  27
    The Problem with Rescue Medicine.N. S. Jecker - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (1):64-81.
    Is there a rational and ethical basis for efforts to rescue individuals in dire straits? When does rescue have ethical support, and when does it reflect an (...)
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  12.  66
    The Origins and Meanings of Names Describing Investment Practices That Integrate a Consideration of ESG Issues in the Academic Literature.N. S. Eccles & S. Viviers - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (3):389-402.
    The aim of this study was to reflect on the origins and meanings of names describing investment practices that integrate a consideration of environmental, social and corporate (...)
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  13.  31
    A Philosophical Basis for Decision Aiding.Anthony N. S. Freeling - 1984 - Theory and Decision 16 (2):179-206.
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  14.  25
    Drives and the C. N. S.D. O. Hebb - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (4):243-254.
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  15.  22
    Hospital Ethics Committees in Israel: Structure, Function and Heterogeneity in the Setting of Statutory Ethics Committees.N. S. Wenger - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):177-182.
    Objectives: Hospital ethics committees increasingly affect medical care worldwide, yet there has been little evaluation of these bodies. Israel has the distinction of having ethics committees legally (...)
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  16. An Ethical Framework for Rationing Health Care.N. S. Jecker & R. A. Pearlman - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (1):79-96.
    This paper proposes an ethical framework for rationing publicly financed health care. We begin by classifying alternative rationing criteria according to their ethical basis. We then examine (...)
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  17.  30
    Deviant Managerial Behavior: Costs, Outcomes and Prevention[REVIEW]N. S. Miceli - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):703 - 709.
    This paper examines deviant managerial behavior, and compares such behavior to the clinical psychological sociopathic model. The scope of a multinational corporate operation can enhance or degrade (...)
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  18.  48
    Diagnosis and Decision Making in Normative Reasoning.Leendert W. N. Van Der Torre & Yao-Hua Tan - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (1):51-67.
    Diagnosis theory reasons about incomplete knowledge and only considers the past. It distinguishes between violations and non-violations. Qualitative decision theory reasons about decision variables and considers (...)the future. It distinguishes between fulfilled goals and unfulfilled goals. In this paper we formalize normative diagnoses and decisions in the special purpose formalism DIO(DE)2 as well as in extensions of the preference-based deontic logic PDL. The DIagnostic and DEcision-theoretic framework for DEontic reasoning DIO(DE)2 formalizes reasoning about violations and fulfillments, and is used to characterize the distinction between normative diagnosis theory and (qualitative) decision theory. The extension of the preference-based deontic logic PDL shows how normative diagnostic and decision-theoretic reasoningi.e. reasoning about violations and fulfillmentscan be formalized as an extension of deontic reasoning. (shrink)
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  19.  80
    When Families Request That 'Everything Possible' Be Done.N. S. Jecker & L. J. Schneiderman - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):145-163.
    The paper explores the ethical and psychological issues that arise when family members request thateverything possiblebe done for a particular patient. The paper first illustrates (...)
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  20. Are Animals Stuck in Time or Are They Chronesthetic Creatures?N. S. Clayton, J. Russell & A. Dickinson - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):59-71.
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  21.  5
    Is the Brain a Physical System?'.N. S. Sutherland - 1970 - In Robert Borger (ed.), Explanation in the Behavioural Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
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  22. Motives as Explanations.N. S. Sutherland - 1959 - Mind 68 (270):145-159.
  23.  4
    An Introduction to the Sociology of Law.N. S. Timasheff - 1941 - Philosophical Review 50 (4):447-449.
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  24. The Thing in Itself: From Unknowability to Acquaintance (Kant-Schopenhauer).N. S. Mudragei - 1999 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 38 (3):64-89.
    Today it is a rare journal article that does not begin with the words "on the threshold of the third millennium." Someone might say, "What do you, (...)
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  25. SOAL, S. G. and Bateman, F. -Modern Experiments in Telepathy[REVIEW]N. S. Sutherland - 1956 - Mind 65:561.
     
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  26. Caring for Patients From Different Cultures: a Practical Ethical Model.N. S. Jecker, J. A. Carrese & R. A. Pearlman - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):6-14.
     
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  27.  25
    Moral Distress and the Nurse Practitioner.N. S. Godfrey & K. V. Smith - 2002 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 13 (4):330.
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  28.  13
    New and Hitherto Imperfectly Known Species of African Restionaceae.N. S. Pillans & L. Bolus - 1943 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 30 (3):245-266.
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  29.  15
    Economic Rationalism in the Late Middle Ages.N. S. B. Gras - 1933 - Speculum 8 (3):304-312.
  30.  52
    Gurvitch's Philosophy of Social Law.N. S. Timasheff - 1942 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 17 (4):709-722.
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  31.  35
    Russia's Postwar Economy.N. S. Timasheff - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (4):758-759.
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  32.  4
    The Importance of Pronator Quadratus Repair in the Treatment of Distal Radius Fractures with Volar Plating.Zahab S. Ahsan & Jeffrey Yao - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press. pp. 7--3.
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  33.  6
    New Species of South African Restionaceae.N. S. Pillans & H. M. D. Bolus - 1942 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 29 (4):339-356.
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  34.  43
    Social Philosophies of an Age of Crisis.N. S. Timasheff - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (2):276-277.
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  35.  15
    Commentary: the Moral Status of Patients Who Are Not Strict Persons.N. S. Jecker - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (1):35.
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  36.  6
    Extinction as a Function of the Order of Partial and Consistent Reinforcement.N. S. Sutherland, N. J. Mackintosh & J. B. Wolfe - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):56.
  37. Escaping Emersonian Egocentrism : Poe's Moral Tales of the Haunting Other.N. S. Boone - 2009 - In Donald R. Wehrs & David P. Haney (eds.), Levinas and Nineteenth-Century Literature: Ethics and Otherness From Romanticism Through Realism. University of Delaware Press.
     
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  38. Moscou Aller-Retour.Jacques Derrida, N. S. Avtonomova, V. A. Podoroga & M. K. Ryklin - 1995
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  39.  25
    General Theory of Law and State.N. S. Timasheff - 1946 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 21 (1):187-189.
  40.  8
    La Caria E la Ionia Meridionale in Epoca Ellenistica[REVIEW]N. S. R. Hornblower & A. Mastrocinque - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:202-203.
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  41.  39
    I Was Stalins Prisoner.N. S. Timasheff - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (3):478-479.
  42.  4
    I Was Stalins Prisoner[REVIEW]N. S. Timasheff - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (3):478-479.
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  43.  46
    Russia and the U. S. A.N. S. Timasheff - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (2):197-200.
  44.  4
    The Physician's Role in Completing Advance Directives: Ensuring Patients' Capacity to Make Healthcare Decisions in Advance.N. S. Wenger & J. Halpern - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (4):320.
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  45.  11
    Probably Approximately Correct: Nature's Algorithms for Learning and Prospering in a Complex World.N. S. Yanofsky - 2015 - Common Knowledge 21 (2):340-340.
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  46. Perceiving in Advaita Vedanta Epistemological Analysis and Interpretation.Bina Gupta, N. S. Dharmarajadhvarindra & Anantakrishna Sastri - 1991 - Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
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  47.  15
    The Black Book of Winchester. W. H. B. BirdThe Ancient Usages of the City of Winchester From the Anglo-French Version Preserved in Winchester College. J. S. Furley[REVIEW]N. S. B. Gras - 1928 - Speculum 3 (2):264-265.
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  48.  47
    Technical Rationality in SchN?s Reflective Practice: Dichotomous or Non-Dualistic Epistemological Position.Elizabeth Anne Kinsella - 2007 - Nursing Philosophy 8 (2):102-113.
  49.  4
    The Problems of Contradiction in Mechanical Motion and the Discussions in Filosofskie Nauki.N. S. Narskii - 1965 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 4 (3):24-33.
    A discussion of the problem of contradiction in mechanical motion has been in progress for a long time in the pages of Filosofskie nauki. The attention given (...)
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  50. The Nyāya-Vaiśe $\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{s}$}}{s} " />Ika Explanation of Illusion[REVIEW]N. S. Dravid - 1996 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 24 (1).
     
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