Results for 'Nancy Donaldson'

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  1.  29
    Exploring variation in pressure ulcer prevalence in Sweden and the USA: benchmarking in action.Lena Gunningberg, Nancy Donaldson, Carolyn Aydin & Ewa Idvall - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):904-910.
  2. The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science.Nancy Cartwright - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):699-725.
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  3.  33
    Intentionality.Nancy J. Holland - 1986 - Noûs 20 (1):103-108.
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  4. The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1991 - Mind 100 (3):415-416.
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  5. Presidential Address: Will This Policy Work for You? Predicting Effectiveness Better: How Philosophy Helps.Nancy Cartwright - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):973-989.
    There is a takeover movement fast gaining influence in development economics, a movement that demands that predictions about development outcomes be based on randomized controlled trials. The problem it takes up—of using evidence of efficacy from good studies to predict whether a policy will be effective if we implement it—is a general one, and affects us all. My discussion is the result of a long struggle to develop the right concepts to deal with the problem of warranting effectiveness predictions. Whether (...)
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  6. The Speculum of Ignorance: The Women's Health Movement and Epistemologies of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (3):1-19.
    This essay aims to clarify the value of developing systematic studies of ignorance as a component of any robust theory of knowledge. The author employs feminist efforts to recover and create knowledge of women's bodies in the contemporary women's health movement as a case study for cataloging different types of ignorance and shedding light on the nature of their production. She also helps us understand the ways resistance movements can be a helpful site for understanding how to identify, critique, and (...)
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  7.  90
    Coming to Understand: Orgasm and the Epistemology of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):194-232.
    Lay understanding and scientific accounts of female sexuality and orgasm provide a fertile site for demonstrating the importance of including epistemologies of ignorance within feminist epistemologies. Ignorance is not a simple lack. It is often constructed, maintained, and disseminated and is linked to issues of cognitive authority, doubt, trust, silencing, and uncertainty. Studying both feminist and nonfeminist understandings of female orgasm reveals practices that suppress or erase bodies of knowledge concerning women's sexual pleasures.
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  8. In Favor of Laws that Are Not C eteris Paribus After All.Nancy Cartwright - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (3):425Ð439.
    Opponents of ceteris paribus laws are apt to complain that the laws are vague and untestable. Indeed, claims to this effect are made by Earman, Roberts and Smith in this volume. I argue that these kinds of claims rely on too narrow a view about what kinds of concepts we can and do regularly use in successful sciences and on too optimistic a view about the extent of application of even our most successful non-ceteris paribus laws. When it comes to (...)
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  9.  79
    The cognitive basis of model-based reasoning in science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 133--153.
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  10.  52
    Charting the future.Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Mayris P. Webber & Deborah M. Swiderski - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (6):23-33.
    Clinical ethics consultation has become an important resource, but unlike other health care disciplines, it has no accreditation or accepted curriculum for training programs, no standards for practice, and no way to measure effectiveness. The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project was launched to pilot‐test approaches to train, credential, privilege, and evaluate consultants.
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  11. Measurement.Nancy Cartwright & Rosa Runhardt - 2014 - In Nancy Cartwright & Eleonora Montuschi (eds.), Philosophy of Social Science: A New Introduction. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
     
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  12.  99
    After The Family Wage.Nancy Fraser - 1994 - Political Theory 22 (4):591-618.
  13.  14
    Redistribution Or Recognition: A Philosophical Exchange.Nancy Fraser & Axel Honneth - 2003
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  14.  88
    Epistemic Trust and Social Location.Nancy Daukas - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):109-124.
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  15. Thought Experimenting as Mental Modeling.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):125-161.
    The paper argues that the practice of thought experintenting enables scientists to follow through the implications of a way of representing nature by simulating an exemplary or representative situation that is feasible within that representation. What distinguishes thought experimenting from logical argument and other forms of propositional reasoning is that reasoning by means of a thought experiment involves constructing and simulating a mental model of a representative situation. Although thought experimenting is a creative part of scientific practice, it is a (...)
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  16.  36
    Ethics and Subjectivity.Nancy Luxon - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (3):377-402.
    Contemporary accounts of individual self-formation struggle to articulate a mode of subjectivity not determined by relations of power. In response to this dilemma, Foucault's late lectures on the ancient ethical practices of "fearless speech" (parrhesia) offer a model of ethical self-governance that educates individuals to ethical and political engagement. Rooted in the psychological capacities of curiosity and resolve, such self-governance equips individuals with a "disposition to steadiness" that orients individuals in the face of uncertainty. The practices of parrhesia accomplish this (...)
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  17.  49
    19 Recognition or Redistribution?Nancy Fraser - 2004 - In Colin Farrelly (ed.), Contemporary Political Theory: A Reader. SAGE. pp. 205-220.
  18.  34
    Women, Welfare and the Politics of Need Interpretation.Nancy Fraser - 1987 - Thesis Eleven 17 (1):88-106.
  19.  15
    Algorithmic affordances for productive resistance.Nancy Ettlinger - 2018 - Big Data and Society 5 (1).
    Although overarching if not foundational conceptualizations of digital governance in the field of critical data studies aptly account for and explain subjection, calculated resistance is left conceptually unattended despite case studies that document instances of resistance. I ask at the outset why conceptualizations of digital governance are so bleak, and I argue that all are underscored implicitly by a Deleuzian theory of desire that overlooks agency, defined here in Foucauldian terms. I subsequently conceptualize digital governance as encompassing subjection as well (...)
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  20.  20
    Looking Ahead: Addressing Ethical Challenges in Public Health Practice.Nancy M. Baum, Sarah E. Gollust, Susan D. Goold & Peter D. Jacobson - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):657-667.
    In recent years, scholars have begun to lay the groundwork to justify a distinct application of ethics to the field of public health. They have highlighted important features that differentiate public health ethics from bioethics, especially public health’s emphasis on population health rather than issues of individual health. Articulations of public health ethics also tend to emphasize the role of social justice compared to the predominance of autonomy in the bioethical literature. Now that the field of public health ethics is (...)
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  21.  3
    Les défis de la formation initiale des enseignants et le développement d’une identité professionnelle favorisant le bien-être.Nancy Goyette & Stéphane Martineau - 2018 - Revue Phronesis 7 (4):4-19.
    This paper proposes an essentially theoretical reflection on initial training, a reflection based on four fundamental concepts: professional development, professional identity, well-being and strengths of character. More specifically, recognizing the complexity of the teaching profession, the authors argue that the teacher training in Quebec gives too little room for self-reflection. According to them, this reflection should be based on a search for meaning in terms of a vision of well-being. Positive psychology research on strengths of character may provide useful avenues (...)
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  22.  22
    The Use of Medical Records in Research: What Do Patients Want?Nancy E. Kass, Marvin R. Natowicz, Sara Chandros Hull, Ruth R. Faden, Laura Plantinga, Lawrence O. Gostin & Julia Slutsman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):429-433.
    In the past ten years, there has been growing interest in and concern about protecting the privacy of personal medical information. Insofar as medical records increasingly are stored electronically, and electronic information can be shared easily and widely, there have been legislative efforts as well as scholarly analyses calling for greater privacy protections to ensure that patients can feel safe disclosing personal information to their health-care providers. At the same time, the volume of biomedical research conducted in this country continues (...)
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  23.  51
    The Process of science: contemporary philosophical approaches to understanding scientific practice.Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.) - 1987 - Hingham, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    ' this volume will make a significant contribution to a more adequate understanding of the 'nature of scientific knowledge and inquiry' ' ISIS Vol.79,No.1,1988.
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  24.  69
    Of manners and morals.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (3):272-289.
    In this paper I explore the role of manners and morals. In particular, what is the connection between emotional demeanor and the inner stuff of virtue? Does the fact that we can pose faces and hide our inner sentiments, i.e., 'fake it,' detract from or add to our capacity for virtue? I argue, following a line from the Stoics, that it can add to our virtue and that, as a result, moral education needs to take seriously both a commitment to (...)
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  25.  52
    The Doctor-Proxy Relationship: The Neglected Connection.Nancy Neveloff Dubler - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (4):289-306.
    Advance directives have been lauded by scholars and supported by professional organizations, Congress, and the United States Supreme Court. Despite this encouragement, only a small number of capable patients execute living wills or appoint health care agents. When patients do empower proxies, doctors may be uncertain about the scope of their duties and obligations to these persons who, in theory, stand in the shoes of the patient. This article argues for a conscious focus on the ethical duties, emotional supports, and (...)
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  26.  16
    Why a Consideration of Race is Important to Medical School Admissions.Nancy L. Zisk - 2021 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 49 (2):181-189.
    The tremendous toll that COVID-19 has taken on this country’s minority population is the most recent reminder of the health disparities between people of color and people who classify themselves as white. There are many reasons for these disparities, but one that gets less attention than it deserves is the lack of physicians of color available to treat patients of color.
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  27. From metaphysics to method: Comments on manipulability and the causal Markov condition.Nancy Cartwright - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):197-218.
    Daniel Hausman and James Woodward claim to prove that the causal Markov condition, so important to Bayes-nets methods for causal inference, is the ‘flip side’ of an important metaphysical fact about causation—that causes can be used to manipulate their effects. This paper disagrees. First, the premise of their proof does not demand that causes can be used to manipulate their effects but rather that if a relation passes a certain specific kind of test, it is causal. Second, the proof is (...)
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  28. Heidegger and the problem of consciousness.Nancy J. Holland - 2018 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press, Office of Scholarly Publishing, Herman B Wells Library.
    Charlemagne's monogram -- Introduction -- The problem of consciousness -- The earliest vision -- Truth, being, and mind -- The Kehre -- The essence of truth -- The later Heidegger -- Reading Heidegger after Heidegger -- Being not a soul but the unmediated discovery of being.
     
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  29.  18
    Risk, Autonomy, and Responsibility: Informed Consent for Prenatal Testing.Nancy Press & C. H. Browner - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):S9.
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  30.  10
    Activist mothering:: Cross-generational continuity in the community work of women from low-income urban neighborhoods.Nancy A. Naples - 1992 - Gender and Society 6 (3):441-463.
    This article examines the cross-generational continuity of community work performed by women living and working in low-income communities and demonstrates the complex ways in which gender, race-ethnicity, and class contribute to the social construction of mothering. The analysis of low-income women's community work challenges definitions of mothering that are limited to biological and legal expressions, thus neglecting the significance of community-based nurturing work for geographic communities and racial-ethnic and class-based groups. The analysis utilizes a broadened understanding of labor and contests (...)
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  31.  84
    What makes a capacity a disposition?Nancy Cartwright - 2007 - In Causal powers: what are they? why do we need them? what can be done with them and what cannot? Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science. pp. 46-57.
    Many, if not most, of our highly prized ‘laws’ of physics cannot be adequately rendered as statements of regular association among the values of ‘categorical’ quantities, I have argued.63 This is true even if we do not balk at the concept of natural necessity and are willing to add that the associations hold ‘by law’. They are rather ascriptions of capacities. They tell us what capacities a system will have by virtue of having a given property. The law of gravity (...)
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  32.  77
    Representation of Argumentation in Text with Rhetorical Structure Theory.Nancy L. Green - 2010 - Argumentation 24 (2):181-196.
    Various argumentation analysis tools permit the analyst to represent functional components of an argument (e.g., data, claim, warrant, backing), how arguments are composed of subarguments and defenses against potential counterarguments, and argumentation schemes. In order to facilitate a study of argument presentation in a biomedical corpus, we have developed a hybrid scheme that enables an analyst to encode argumentation analysis within the framework of Rhetorical Structure Theory (RST), which can be used to represent the discourse structure of a text. This (...)
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  33. Renegotiating gender and sexuality in public and private spaces.Nancy Duncan - 1996 - In BodySpace: destabilizing geographies of gender and sexuality. New York: Routledge. pp. 127--145.
  34.  20
    Arts-Based Research Approaches to Studying Mechanisms of Change in the Creative Arts Therapies.Nancy Gerber, Karolina Bryl, Noah Potvin & Carol Ann Blank - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    The purpose of this preliminary qualitative research study is to explore the role and function of multiple dynamic interactive aesthetic and intersubjective phenomena in the creative arts therapies process relative to transformation in perception, behavior, relationship, and well-being. A group of doctoral students and faculty studied these phenomena in an analogous creative arts therapies laboratory context using a method called Intrinsic Arts-Based Research. Intrinsic Arts-Based Research is a systematic study of psychological, emotional, relational, and arts-based phenomena, parallel to those emergent (...)
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  35.  22
    Recognizing rhetoric in science policy arguments.Nancy L. Green - 2020 - Argument and Computation 11 (3):257-268.
    Diligent citizens must critically analyze arguments for science policy recommendations, such as cutting greenhouse gas emissions or growing genetically modified food crops. Science policy articles present arguments for and against such recommendations using scientific evidence and rhetorical devices. In this paper we present an in-depth analysis of argumentation and rhetorical devices in two journal articles on climate change issues. One objective was to gain a better understanding of use of rhetorical devices in this genre, as a prerequisite for designing and (...)
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  36.  21
    Modeling Practices in Conceptual Innovation.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2012 - In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. de Gruyter. pp. 245-270.
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  37. Altogether Now: A Virtue-Theoretic Approach to Pluralism in Feminist Epistemology in.Nancy Daukas - 2011 - In Heidi Grasswick (ed.), Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge. Springer.
    In this paper I develop and support a feminist virtue epistemology and bring it into conversation with feminist contextual empiricism and feminist standpoint theory. The virtue theory I develop is centered on the virtue of epistemic trustworthiness, which foregrounds the social/political character of knowledge practices and products, and the differences between epistemic agencies that perpetuate, on the one hand, and displace, on the other hand, normative patterns of unjust epistemic discrimination. I argue that my view answers important questions regarding epistemic (...)
     
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  38.  8
    Religion and Radical Empiricism: The Importance of Self-Definition in Research.Nancy Frankenberry - 1987 - SUNY Press.
    Rarely in modern times has religion been associated with empiricism except to its own peril. This book represents a comprehensive and systematic effort to retrieve and develop the tradition of American religious empiricism for religious inquiry. Religion and Radical Empiricism offers a challenging account of how and why reflection on religious truth-claims must seek justification of those claims finally in terms of empirical criteria. Ranging through many of the major questions in philosophy of religion, the author weaves together a study (...)
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  39.  28
    How Do We Apply Science?Nancy Delaney Cartwright - 1974 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:713 - 719.
  40.  25
    The Study of Religion after Davidson and Rorty.Nancy Frankenberry - 2014 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (3):195-210.
    One of the enduring questions in the study of religion is how to define the object of our study. I would like to offer a definition, as an opening move in any discussion of religion, not because I think definitions settle anything by themselves, but because very different definitions of religion are at stake in contemporary debates in the academy, particularly in the hyphenated areas such as science and religion, or religion and politics, or religion and gender studies, and I (...)
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  41. Do Women Have a Distinct Nature?Nancy Holmstrom - 1982 - Philosophical Forum 14 (1):25-42.
  42. Can wholism reconcile the inaccuracy of theory with the accuracy of prediction?Nancy Cartwright - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):3 - 13.
    Work by social constructionists over the past decade and a half has reenforced the epistemological pessimist's despair that our system of science could ever be a mirror of nature. Realists argue that the amazing success of modern science at precise prediction and control indicates just the contrary. In response, social constructionists often point out that these successes seldom apply to the world as it comes naturally, but only as it is reconstructed in the scientist's laboratory. But this does not explain (...)
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  43.  10
    Demanding Quality: Worker/consumer Coalitions and “High Road” Strategies in the Care Sector.Nancy Folbre - 2006 - Politics and Society 34 (1):11-32.
    Paid care services such as child care, elder care, teaching, and nursing are vulnerable to competitive pressures that often generate low-pay/low-quality outcomes. Both workers and consumers suffer as a result. This article develops an economic analysis of the “care sector” that emphasizes the potential to build political coalitions that could push for a high-pay/high-quality alternative.
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  44.  15
    Causality, invariance and policy.Nancy Cartwright - 2009 - In . pp. 410--421.
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  45.  9
    La pensée dérobée.Jean-Luc Nancy - 2001 - Galilée.
    « “Je pense comme une fille enlève sa robe.” (Bataille.) La pensée est une mise à nu et la nudité est inachevable : elle n’est pas un état, elle est un mouvement incessant pour se porter à l’extrémité à laquelle n’atteint que ce qui se dérobe encore en atteignant l’extrémité. Mais le dénudement touche aussi au dénuement : aujourd’hui, la pensée doit répondre d’une détresse du monde et d’un souci de l’histoire qui défient toutes nos philosophies, nos religions, nos représentations. (...)
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  46.  66
    Why is 'incommensurability' a problem?Nancy J. Nersessian - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (4):205-218.
    The origins of the ‘ incommensurability problem’ and its central aspect, the ‘ meaning variance thesis’ are traced to the successive collapse of several distinctions maintained by the standard empiricist account of meaning in scientific theories. The crucial distinction is that between a conceptual structure and a theory. The ‘thesis’ and the ‘problem’ follow from critiques of this distinction by Duhem, Quine and Feyerabend. It is maintained that, rather than revealing the ‘problem’, the arguments leading to it simply show the (...)
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  47.  2
    The Virtues of Common Pursuit.Nancy Sherman - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):277-299.
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  48. Nieoczekiwaność zdarzenia.Jean Luc-Nancy - 2001 - Principia.
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  49.  15
    Cultivating conscience: Moral neurohabilitation of adolescents and young adults with conduct and/or antisocial personality disorders.Nancy Tuck & Linda MacDonald Glenn - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (4):337-347.
    Individuals diagnosed with conduct disorder (CD) in childhood and adolescence are at risk for increasingly maladaptive and dangerous behaviors, which unchecked, can lead to antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in adulthood. Children with CD, especially those with the callous unemotional subgroup qualifier (“limited prosocial emotions”/dsm‐5), present with a more severe pattern of delinquency, aggression, and antisocial behavior, all markings of prodrome ASPD. Given this recognized diagnostic trajectory, with a pathological course playing out tragically at the individual, familial, and societal level, and (...)
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  50. How we relate theory to observation.Nancy Cartwright - 1993 - In Paul Horwich (ed.), World Changes: Thomas Kuhn and the Nature of Science. MIT Press. pp. 259--273.
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