Results for 'Nancy J. Annaromao'

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  1.  78
    A Feminist Interpretation of Vulnerability.Nancy J. Annaromao - 1996 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (1):1-7.
    Under patriarchy, the rationally autonomous agent engages in contractual relations in a marketplace society. The contractual model reinforces a negative conception of the vulnerable as weak and as susceptible to injury and exploitation. Recent feminist writing has a positive notion of vulnerability that is in conflict with contractualism. Positive notions of vulnerability, the paper argues, are found in Virginia Held’s conception of mothering, Nel Noddings’ analysis of teaching, and Annette Baier’s development of trust as essential for social relationships.
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  2.  63
    Creating Scientific Concepts.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2008 - MIT Press.
    How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Scientific Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer this central but virtually unasked question in the problem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, novel concepts are shown to arise out of the interplay of three factors: an attempt to solve specific problems; the use of conceptual, analytical, and material resources provided by the (...)
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  3.  33
    Symposium on Nancy J. Hirschmann's The Subject of Liberty: Toward a Feminist Theory of Freedom: Introduction.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 2001 - Hypatia 21 (4):178-181.
  4.  43
    Faraday to Einstein: Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1984 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    PARTI The Philosophical Situation: A Critical Appraisal We must begin with the mistake and find out the truth in it. That is, we must uncover the source of ...
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  5.  16
    Intentionality.Nancy J. Holland - 1986 - Noûs 20 (1):103-108.
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  6. Interactive Team Cognition.Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Christopher W. Myers & Jasmine L. Duran - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):255-285.
    Cognition in work teams has been predominantly understood and explained in terms of shared cognition with a focus on the similarity of static knowledge structures across individual team members. Inspired by the current zeitgeist in cognitive science, as well as by empirical data and pragmatic concerns, we offer an alternative theory of team cognition. Interactive Team Cognition (ITC) theory posits that (1) team cognition is an activity, not a property or a product; (2) team cognition should be measured and studied (...)
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  7.  33
    Model-Based Reasoning in Conceptual Change.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1999 - In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Kluwer/Plenum. pp. 5--22.
  8.  66
    The Cognitive Basis of Model-Based Reasoning in Science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press. pp. 133--153.
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  9.  54
    In the Theoretician's Laboratory: Thought Experimenting as Mental Modeling.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:291 - 301.
    Thought experiments have played a prominent role in numerous cases of conceptual change in science. I propose that research in cognitive psychology into the role of mental modeling in narrative comprehension can illuminate how and why thought experiments work. In thought experimenting a scientist constructs and manipulates a mental simulation of the experimental situation. During this process, she makes use of inferencing mechanisms, existing representations, and general world knowledge to make realistic transformations from one possible physical state to the next. (...)
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  10. Conceptual Change in Science and in Science Education.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1989 - Synthese 80 (1):163 - 183.
    There is substantial evidence that traditional instructional methods have not been successful in helping students to restructure their commonsense conceptions and learn the conceptual structures of scientific theories. This paper argues that the nature of the changes and the kinds of reasoning required in a major conceptual restructuring of a representation of a domain are fundamentally the same in the discovery and in the learning processes. Understanding conceptual change as it occurs in science and in learning science will require the (...)
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  11. How Do Engineering Scientists Think? Model‐Based Simulation in Biomedical Engineering Research Laboratories.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):730-757.
  12. Thought Experimenting as Mental Modeling: Empiricism Without Logic.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):125-161.
    The paper argues that the practice of thought experintenting enables scientists to follow through the implications of a way of representing nature by simulating an exemplary or representative situation that is feasible within that representation. What distinguishes thought experimenting from logical argument and other forms of propositional reasoning is that reasoning by means of a thought experiment involves constructing and simulating a mental model of a representative situation. Although thought experimenting is a creative part of scientific practice, it is a (...)
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  13.  27
    If I Know I Can Be Wrong: The Hidden History of Epistemologies of Ignorance.Nancy J. Holland - 2010 - Philosophy Today 54 (Supplement):122-127.
  14.  21
    Should Physicists Preach What They Practice?Nancy J. Nersessian - 1995 - Science & Education 4 (3):203-226.
  15. Mental Modeling in Conceptual Change.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2010 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1):11-48.
  16.  41
    "With One Headlight": Merleau-Ponty and the Philosophy of Science.Nancy J. Holland - 2002 - Philosophy Today 46 (5):28-33.
    This paper investigates the philosophy of science that is implicit in all of Maurice Merleau-Ponty's work, but made more explicit in the lectures recently published as _Nature<D>. It outlines the relevant argument from these lectures and concludes that Merleau-Ponty's philosophy of science is difficult to see as such because of the way he blends philosophy, science, and philosophy of science in his work by interweaving phenomenology with empirical data from the natural and social sciences.
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  17.  64
    From Maxwell to Microphysics: Aspects of Electromagnetic Theory in the Last Quarter of the Nineteenth Century. Jed Z. Buchwald.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (3):489-490.
  18.  38
    The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice.Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.) - 1987 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    ' this volume will make a significant contribution to a more adequate understanding of the 'nature of scientific knowledge and inquiry' ' ISIS Vol.79,No.1,1988.
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  19.  42
    Aether/Or: The Creation of Scientific Concepts.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (3):175.
  20.  80
    Model‐Based Reasoning in Distributed Cognitive Systems.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):699-709.
    This paper examines the nature of model-based reasoning in the interplay between theory and experiment in the context of biomedical engineering research laboratories, where problem solving involves using physical models. These "model systems" are sites of experimentation where in vitro models are used to screen, control, and simulate specific aspects of in vivo phenomena. As with all models, simulation devices are idealized representations, but they are also systems themselves, possessing engineering constraints. Drawing on research in contemporary cognitive science that construes (...)
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  21.  42
    Abstraction Via Generic Modeling in Concept Formation in Science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):117-144.
    Cases where analogy has played a significant role in the formation of a new scientific concept are well-documented. Yet, how is it that genuinely new representations can be constructed from existing representations? It is argued that the process of ‘generic modeling’ enables abstraction of features common to both the domain of the source of the analogy and of the target phenomena. The analysis focuses on James Clerk Maxwell's construction of the electromagnetic field concept. The mathematical representation Maxwell constructed turned out (...)
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  22. A Cognitive-Historical Approach to Meaning in Scientific Theories.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1987 - In The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  23.  49
    Reasoning From Imagery and Analogy in Scientific Concept Formation.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:41 - 47.
    Concept formation in science is a reasoned process, commensurate with ordinary problem-solving processes. An account of how analogical reasoning and reasoning from imagistic representations generate new scientific concepts is presented. The account derives from case studies of concept formation in science and from computational theories of analogical problem solving in cognitive science. Concept formation by analogy is seen to be a process of increasing abstraction from existing conceptual structures.
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  24.  75
    A Possible Role for Cholinergic Neurons of the Basal Forebrain and Pontomesencephalon in Consciousness.Nancy J. Woolf - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):574-596.
    Excitation at widely dispersed loci in the cerebral cortex may represent a neural correlate of consciousness. Accordingly, each unique combination of excited neurons would determine the content of a conscious moment. This conceptualization would be strengthened if we could identify what orchestrates the various combinations of excited neurons. In the present paper, cholinergic afferents to the cerebral cortex are hypothesized to enhance activity at specific cortical circuits and determine the content of a conscious moment by activating certain combinations of postsynaptic (...)
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  25.  15
    Gender, Class and Freedom in Modern Political Theory.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    In Gender, Class, and Freedom in Modern Political Theory, Nancy Hirschmann demonstrates not merely that modern theories of freedom are susceptible to gender and class analysis but that they must be analyzed in terms of gender and class in order to be understood at all. Through rigorous close readings of major and minor works of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Mill, Hirschmann establishes and examines the gender and class foundations of the modern understanding of freedom. Building on a social (...)
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  26.  7
    Revisioning the Political: Feminist Reconstructions of Traditional Concepts in Western Political Theory.Nancy J. Hirschmann & Christine Di Stefano (eds.) - 1996 - Westview Press.
    Feminist scholars have been remaking the landscape in political theory, and in this important book some of the most important feminist political theorists provide reconstructions of those concepts most central to the tradition of political philosophy. The goal is nothing less than the construction of a blueprint for a positive feminist theory.Many of these papers are completely new; others are extensions of important earlier work; two are reprints of classic papers. The result is a progress report on the continuing feminist (...)
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  27.  58
    Diana Described: Scattered Woman and Scattered Rhyme.Nancy J. Vickers - 1981 - Critical Inquiry 8 (2):265-279.
    The import of Petrarch's description of Laura extends well beyond the confines of his own poetic age; in subsequent times, his portrayal of feminine beauty became authoritative. As a primary canonical text, the Rime sparse consolidated and disseminated a Renaissance mode. Petrarch absorbed a complex network of descriptive strategies and then presented a single, transformed model. In this sense his role in the history of the interpretation and the internalization of woman's "image" by both men and women can scarcely be (...)
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  28.  59
    A Quantum Approach to Visual Consciousness.Nancy J. Woolf & Stuart R. Hameroff - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (11):472-478.
    A theoretical approach relying on quantum computation in microtubules within neurons can potentially resolve the enigmatic features of visual consciousness, but raises other questions. For example, how can delicate quantum states, which in the technological realm demand extreme cold and isolation to avoid environmental ‘decoherence’, manage to survive in the warm, wet brain? And if such states could survive within neuronal cell interiors, how could quantum states grow to encompass the whole brain? We present a physiological model for visual consciousness (...)
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  29.  36
    Rethinking the Therapeutic Misconception: Social Justice, Patient Advocacy, and Cancer Clinical Trial Recruitment in the US Safety Net.Nancy J. Burke - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):68.
    Approximately 20% of adult cancer patients are eligible to participate in a clinical trial, but only 2.5-9% do so. Accrual is even less for minority and medically underserved populations. As a result, critical life-saving treatments and quality of life services developed from research studies may not address their needs. This study questions the utility of the bioethical concern with therapeutic misconception (TM), a misconception that occurs when research subjects fail to distinguish between clinical research and ordinary treatment, and therefore attribute (...)
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  30.  18
    Always Having to Say You're Sorry: An Ethical Response to Making Mistakes in Professional Practice.Nancy J. Crigger - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (6):568-576.
    Efforts to decrease errors in health care are directed at prevention rather than at managing a situation when a mistake has occurred. Consequently, nurses and other health care providers may not know how to respond properly and may lack sufficient support to make a healthy recovery from the mental anguish and emotional suffering that often accompany making mistakes. This article explores the conceptualization of mistakes and the ethical response to making a mistake. There are three parts to an ethical response (...)
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  31.  53
    Towards Understanding the Nature of Conflict of Interest and its Application to the Discipline of Nursing.Nancy J. Crigger - 2009 - Nursing Philosophy 10 (4):253-262.
    Most incidences of dishonesty in research, financial investments that promote personal financial gain, and kickback scandals begin as conflicts of interest (COI). Research indicates that healthcare professionals who maintain COI relationships make less optimal and more expensive patient care choices. The discovery of COI relationships also negatively impact patient and public trust. Many disciplines are addressing this professional issue, but little work has been done towards understanding and applying this moral category within a nursing context. Do COIs occur in nursing (...)
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  32.  48
    Why is 'Incommensurability' a Problem?Nancy J. Nersessian - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (4):205-218.
    The origins of the ‘ incommensurability problem’ and its central aspect, the ‘ meaning variance thesis’ are traced to the successive collapse of several distinctions maintained by the standard empiricist account of meaning in scientific theories. The crucial distinction is that between a conceptual structure and a theory. The ‘thesis’ and the ‘problem’ follow from critiques of this distinction by Duhem, Quine and Feyerabend. It is maintained that, rather than revealing the ‘problem’, the arguments leading to it simply show the (...)
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  33.  9
    Abstraction Via Generic Modeling in Concept Formation in Science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2002 - Mind and Society 3 (1):129-154.
    Cases where analogy has played a significant role in the formation of a new scientific concept are well-documented. Yet, how is it that genuinely new representations can be constructed from existing representations? It is argued that the process of ‘generic modeling’ enables abstraction of features common to both the domain of the source of the analogy and of the target phenomena. The analysis focuses on James Clerk Maxwell's construction of the electromagnetic field concept. The mathematical representation Maxwell constructed turned out (...)
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  34.  42
    Concept Formation and Commensurability.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2001 - In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 275--301.
  35.  71
    Toward a Feminist Theory of Freedom.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 1996 - Political Theory 24 (1):46-67.
  36.  12
    Innovation in Higher Education: Lessons Learned From Creating a Faculty Fellowship Program.Nancy J. Kaufman & Charity Scott - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (s1):97-106.
    This concluding essay offers reflections on core components of the faculty fellowship program, its outcomes and results, and program design and administration. Amid the current calls for reform in legal and other professional education, the lessons we learned and perspectives we gained during this fellowship program may be relevant to any faculty members and university administrations that are seeking to create more effective and engaged professional and graduate school programs, whatever may be their subject-matter discipline.
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  37.  11
    "Why Wasn't Lorentz Einstein?" An Examination of the Scientific Method of H. A. Lorentz.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1986 - Centaurus 29 (3):205-242.
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  38.  17
    Child's Play.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (4):542-546.
  39.  55
    Building Simulations From the Ground Up: Modeling and Theory in Systems Biology.Miles MacLeod & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (4):533-556.
  40.  75
    Western Feminism, Eastern Veiling, and the Question of Free Agency.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 1998 - Constellations 5 (3):345-368.
  41.  11
    Team Cognition in Experienced Command-and-Control Teams.Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Jasmine L. Duran & Amanda R. Taylor - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 13 (3):146-157.
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  42.  6
    The Process of Science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1990 - Erkenntnis 33 (1):121-129.
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  43.  46
    Coupling Simulation and Experiment: The Bimodal Strategy in Integrative Systems Biology.Miles MacLeod & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4a):572-584.
    The importation of computational methods into biology is generating novel methodological strategies for managing complexity which philosophers are only just starting to explore and elaborate. This paper aims to enrich our understanding of methodology in integrative systems biology, which is developing novel epistemic and cognitive strategies for managing complex problem-solving tasks. We illustrate this through developing a case study of a bimodal researcher from our ethnographic investigation of two systems biology research labs. The researcher constructed models of metabolic and cell-signaling (...)
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  44.  8
    Isn't All of Oncology Hermeneutic?Nancy J. Moules, David W. Jardine, Graham P. McCaffrey & Christopher B. Brown - 2013 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2013 (1).
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  45.  34
    Philosophical Counseling as an Alternative Process to Bioethics Mediation.Nancy J. Matchett - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):56-58.
    This commentary shows how philosophical counseling offers an alternative way for consultants to facilitate "closure" in bioethical disputes.
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  46.  23
    Interdisciplinary Problem- Solving: Emerging Modes in Integrative Systems Biology.Miles MacLeod & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (3):401-418.
    Integrative systems biology is an emerging field that attempts to integrate computation, applied mathematics, engineering concepts and methods, and biological experimentation in order to model large-scale complex biochemical networks. The field is thus an important contemporary instance of an interdisciplinary approach to solving complex problems. Interdisciplinary science is a recent topic in the philosophy of science. Determining what is philosophically important and distinct about interdisciplinary practices requires detailed accounts of problem-solving practices that attempt to understand how specific practices address the (...)
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  47.  7
    Is It Really “Yesterday’s War”? What Gadamer Has to Say About What Gets Counted.Nancy J. Moules, Lorraine Venturato, Catherine M. Laing & James C. Field - 2017 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2017 (1).
    In this paper, the authors address the perceived recent trend of funding and publishing bodies that seem to have taken a regard of qualitative research as a subordinate to, or even a subset of, quantitative research. In this reflection, they pull on insights that Hans-Georg Gadamer offered around the history of the natural and human science bifurcation, ending with a plea that qualitative research needs to be received, appraised, judged, and promoted by different lenses and criteria of value.
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  48.  7
    Model-Based Reasoning: Science, Technology, Values.Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian (eds.) - 2002 - Boston, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  49. Peeking Inside the Black Box: A New Kind of Scientific Visualization.Michael T. Stuart & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2018 - Minds and Machines 29 (1):87-107.
    Computational systems biologists create and manipulate computational models of biological systems, but they do not always have straightforward epistemic access to the content and behavioural profile of such models because of their length, coding idiosyncrasies, and formal complexity. This creates difficulties both for modellers in their research groups and for their bioscience collaborators who rely on these models. In this paper we introduce a new kind of visualization that was developed to address just this sort of epistemic opacity. The visualization (...)
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  50.  19
    Towards a Viable and Just Global Nursing Ethics.Nancy J. Crigger - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (1):17-27.
    Globalization, an outgrowth of technology, while informing us about people throughout the world, also raises our awareness of the extreme economic and social disparities that exist among nations. As part of a global discipline, nurses are vitally interested in reducing and eliminating disparities so that better health is achieved for all people. Recent literature in nursing encourages our discipline to engage more actively with social justice issues. Justice in health care is a major commitment of nursing; thus questions in the (...)
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